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Markus Fjellström

Markus Fjellström
Oulu Univeristy · History, Culture and Communication Studies, Faculty of Humanities, P.O. Box 1000, 90014 University of Oulu, Finland

Doctor Archaeological Science

About

21
Publications
2,785
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119
Citations
Introduction
I am currently working on my PostDoc in the project Domestication in Action at Oulu Univeristy, a project held by Anna-Kaisa Salmi. I graduated from my doctoral studies in may 2020 on diet, mobility and climate changes in northern Fennoscandia from Late Iron Age until late historic times (AD 800 - AD 1800). My main interests are in Sámi Archaeology, as well as the study of diet and mobility. Recently I have also been working on Glacial Archaeology.
Additional affiliations
October 2014 - October 2019
Archaeological Research Laboratory
Position
  • PhD Student
May 2011 - present
Archaeological Research Laboratory, Stockholm University
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
October 2014 - October 2019
Archaeological Research Laboratory, Stockholm University
Field of study
  • Archaeological Science
September 2009 - July 2011
Archaeological Research Laboratory, Stockholm University
Field of study
  • Archaeological Science
September 2007 - July 2009
Instituionen för Arkeologi och antikens kultur
Field of study
  • Archaeology

Publications

Publications (21)
Book
Full-text available
A Viking Age shipyard at Kugghamn, Birka. This is a report of an archaeological investigation of maritime remains close to and connected to the Viking Age town of Birka on Björkö, Uppland, Sweden. The investigations included surveys using GNSS receivers and drones, geochemical mapping, and the excavation of four trenches, carried out in August 2020...
Chapter
In this chapter, we introduce different ways of studying reindeer mobility in Sápmi. Through the application of landscape-level Geographical Information Systems (GIS), geochemical soil, and stable isotope analysis, we aim to present different interdisciplinary methods used in archaeology to trace human–reindeer relationships. To do this, we have ex...
Chapter
In this chapter, we discuss the Sámi habitation site types connected with reindeer domestication and pastoralism, and their chronologies and spatial distributions. The changes in the archaeological site and feature types mirror the development of livelihoods over time, from hunter-herder society, with some domesticated animals and more tethered ann...
Chapter
Reindeer winter feeding is increasingly important to reindeer herders due to the effects of larger reindeer herds, fragmentation of pastures due to other land use, and climate change on the quantity and quality of winter pastures. Feeding also plays an important role in taming individuals selected for draught reindeer training. In traditional reind...
Article
Vivallen is a Late Iron Age/Early Middle Ages South Saami site with a burial ground as well as a large dwelling site in Härjedalen, Sweden, located in the borderland between Saami and Norse groups. As food can be used as an indicator of cultural affiliation, we investigated the relative importance of various foodstuffs at this site, performing δ13C...
Article
Established in 1635, the silver mine of Nasafjäll and the smeltery site in Silbojokk in Swedish Sápmi were used during several phases until the late 19th century. Excavations in Silbojokk, c. 40 km from Nasafjäll, have revealed buildings such as a smeltery, living houses, a bakery, and a church with a churchyard. From the beginning, both local and...
Article
Full-text available
An unusual ski from the Låktatjåhkå / Loktacohkka glacier in Sápmi – Use, wax, 14C and lipid residue analysis: Archaeological skis dated from the Stone Age to today, are not unusual finds in bogs and wetlands. They are found all over Sápmi, from Norway to the Kola peninsula in the Russian federation. Skis are also represented in rock art at differe...
Book
Peer-reviewed open access conference proceedings after 2018 conference on "Advances in Sámi Archaeology". Full-text available here: http://www.sarks.fi/masf/masf_9/masf_9.html
Chapter
Full-text available
Introduction to "Currents of Saami pasts. Recent advances in Saami archaeology". Fulltext of book available here: http://www.sarks.fi/masf/masf_9/masf_9.html
Article
Full-text available
A strong cultural connection exists between reindeer and modern Sámi identity and economy. Reindeer domestication is, however, a rather late event, and there are many Sámi who live off resources other than reindeer herding. The use of stable isotope analysis on historic reindeer from different geographic areas can contribute to analysing both the p...
Thesis
The aim of this thesis is to highlight the heterogeneous cultural landscape in Sápmi through the study of food. By studying food and the choices of specific foodstuffs in Sápmi AD 600–1900, a greater understanding can be gained on the history of this area during the period. A number of well-known archaeological sites in Sápmi have been chosen as th...
Article
This paper presents new osteometric and stable isotope evidence of Sámi reindeer offerings. Previous archaeological studies have shown that reindeer domestication and intensification of reindeer herding transformed Sámi indigenous religion. However, because of the methodological challenges in the identification of wild and domesticated reindeer in...
Poster
Reindeer domestication process began in Northern Fennoscandia probably ca. 800-900 AD. Reindeer pastoralism was a major source of livelihood and an important cultural focus for many Sámi groups in the 15th century and it still remains an important part of many northern cultures. Although there is a general agreement on the rough timeline of reindee...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we used stable isotope analysis and radiocarbon dating to study diet, mobility and chronology in two late medieval/historical coastal populations in northern Norway. We have shown that the individuals buried at Kirkegårdsøya date between 1331 and 1953 cal AD and had a homogenous marine diet, whereas the individuals buried at Gullholm...
Article
Datings of sheep and dog bone samples from a so-called ‘Sámi circular offering site’ at Bealjalgnai in Karasjok Municipality, Finnmark, Norway, show that they were deposited in the Middle Ages. They are among the earliest dated bones from such structures, and the sheep is the oldest known example from this part of inland Finnmark. Isotope analyses...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the relationship between dietary patterns and social structure in a pre-industrial mining community in Salberget, Sweden c. 1470 to 1600 A.D. using a combination of different research approaches and tools, including archaeology, osteology, bone chemistry and history. The correlation between demographic criteria (sex and age) and...
Article
Full-text available
Human burials from the cemetery at the Rounala church, northern Sweden, were radiocarbon ( ¹⁴ C) dated to shed light on the use of the cemetery. Carbon, nitrogen and sulfur stable isotope analysis of bone collagen from 19 distinct individuals indicated that these individuals had a mixed diet consisting of freshwater, marine and terrestrial resource...
Article
Archaeological evidence for ritual animal offerings is key to understanding the formation and evolution of indigenous Sámi identity in Northern Fennoscandia from the Iron Age to the seventeenth century AD. An examination of such evidence can illuminate how major changes, such as the shift from hunting to reindeer pastoralism, colonialism by emergin...
Article
Unna Saiva is a Sámi offering site situated in Gällivare in Northern Sweden. The site was excavated in the early 20th century. It yielded a large number of finds, including objects of silver, pewter and other metals, coins, and animal bones. The metal objects and coins date mainly to the late 10th century and 11th century AD, whereas the animal bon...

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