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Markus Dotterweich

Markus Dotterweich
UDATA GmbH - Environment & Education

Dr.

About

97
Publications
18,648
Reads
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1,898
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2015 - present
UDATA GmbH - Environment & Education
Position
  • Managing Director
August 2014 - present
GEOarch - Applied Geoarchaeology
Position
  • Owner
October 2013 - February 2014
University of Vienna
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (97)
Chapter
Die geoarchäologische Forschung ist in starkem Maße vom jeweiligen Naturraum und seiner geomorphologischen und klimageographischen Ausstattung abhängig. Das Kapitel betrachtet zunächst fluviale Systeme in humiden und ariden Räumen, das heißt Flusslandschaften im Hinblick auf ihre Bedeutung für die menschliche Besiedelungsgeschichte und ihre Erforsc...
Article
Full-text available
The Laacher See Volcano (LSV) is located at the western margin of the Neuwied Basin, the central part of the Middle Rhine Basin of Germany. Its paroxysmal Plinian eruption c. 13 ka ago (Laacher See event; LSE) deposited a complex tephra sequence in the Neuwied Basin, whilst the distal ashes became one of the most important chronostratigraphic marke...
Article
Full-text available
Drainage and rewetting of peatlands changes their carbon (C) dynamics. We measured C stocks in the soil and biomass of drained and rewetted peatland forests in the region of the National Park Hunsrück-Hochwald, Germany. A detailed soil map was produced, showing the important soil properties for soil C stocks. Based on the horizon-substrate combinat...
Chapter
In römischer Zeit erreichte die Stein- und Keramikindustrie im Umland von Mayen ein immenses Produktionsvolumen für den überregionalen Bedarf, das alles vorher da gewesene weit übertraf und lange nicht wieder erreicht wurde. Das nur wenige Quadratkilometer große Segbachtal bietet hier ein besonderes geoarchäologisches Archiv, da dort die römischen...
Chapter
Der Einsatz von digitalen Techniken in der Natur- und Umweltbildung wird seit vielen Jahren kontrovers diskutiert – Naturentfremdung versus Wege zu Naturkontakten und zu Lernanlässen. In diesem Beitrag werden dazu Ergebnisse aus Studien vorgestellt. Digitale Angebote werden in einem neuen Licht betrachtet. Die heutigen Smartphones haben eine Leistu...
Chapter
Durant l'âge du Fer et l'époque romaine des meules de qualité ont été extraites prés de Mayen et largement diffusées via le Rhin et ses affluents. La villa de Mendig « Im Winkel » est située au bord de zone d'extraction de pierres meulières de Mayen et Kottenheim, à 220 m au nord de la coulée de lave du Winfeld. Elle avait deux édifices construites...
Article
Full-text available
Fens are investigated in the current study, which are located in the lower mountain range of southwestern Germany. The organic soils of the fens are shallow. There is a mosaic of different soil types from hydromorphic mineral to organic soils. The hydrological research shows that the water column of the fens depend on the precipitation and the inte...
Technical Report
Die Hitzewellen der Sommer 2003 und 2015 zeigten wie kritisch langanhaltende Trockenheit nicht nur für die Natur, sondern auch für wassernutzende Unternehmen werden kann. Infolge des Klimawandels wird es entlang der Gewässer Baden-Württembergs immer wieder zu verschärften Niedrigwassersituationen kommen, was unter Umständen zu Wassernutzungskonflik...
Article
This review paper examines the potential of (geo)archaeological data of past human-environment systems to contribute to the development of sustainable land use and soil management strategies. Looking at past land use systems and their socio-economic background extends our understanding of the slow processes and low frequency events that appear to b...
Article
Infolge des Klimawandels sind entlang der Gewässer Baden-Württembergs verschärfte Niedrigwassersituationen zu erwarten, die unter Umständen zu Wassernutzungskonflikten der lokalen Akteure führen. Anhand des Kochers und der Murg wurden mit Hilfe einer Stakeholder-Analyse solche Konflikte identifiziert und erste Handlungsoptionen für eine Niedrigwass...
Preprint
Full-text available
Die Natur mit einem digitalen Begleiter zu erkunden, kann einem spannende Perspektiven eröffnen. Wer schon einmal Geocaching ausprobiert hat, kennt das! Man sucht mit einem Smartphone oder einem GPS-Gerät bestimmte Orte auf und kann dabei auch noch interessante Rätsel lösen. Bisher beschränken sich jedoch die meisten Angebote auf klassische Quizfra...
Article
The loess hilly lands of the South-West Foreland of the West Carpathians are characterized by favorable climatic conditions, smooth topography, fertile soils and a long settlement history. For the first time, we document changes to human-induced landforms in a small zero-order dry valley (0.28 km²) with Calcic Chernozem soils and develop a long-ter...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Moorböden ist ein Großteil des terrestrischen Kohlenstoffs gespeichert. Drainage für land-oder forstwirtschaftliche Nutzung von Mooren führt zu einer Freisetzung von Kohlenstoff aus dem Boden in die Atmosphäre. Renaturierung von genutzten Mooren ist ein weitverbreitetes Steuerungsinstrument um die Treibhausgasemissionen von Moorböden zu reduzier...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the last few years, the use of smartphone-apps has become a daily routine in our life. However, only a few approaches have been undertaken to use apps for transferring scientific knowledge to the public audience. The development of learning apps or serious games requires large efforts and several levels of simplification which is different to tr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Excavations at the early Byzantine hillfort-settlement Caričin Grad hint at a relatively short time of active settlement of only 90 years. The cause for abandonment is still unknown, though it is widely assumed that ecological and environmental factors played a pivotal role. This study aims to evaluate, if soils and sediments in the vicinity of the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The 2003 and 2015 occurring heatwaves in Central Europe demonstrated on how dangerous long-lasting droughts and water stress can be for nature, people and companies relying on water. Climate change will increase the chance of low flow events along rivers in Baden-Wuerttemberg in the future leading to possible water-use conflicts amongst the users....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Peatland soils store a great proportion of the global soil carbon pool and are an important component of the global carbon cycle. Drainage of peatlands, for agricultural or forestry usage, leads to a loss of carbon from the soil to the atmosphere and the former carbon sink becomes a carbon source. Peatland rewetting has become a well applicable man...
Article
Full-text available
In dieser Arbeit wird der Frage nachgegangen, ob im Umfeld der frühbyzantinische Stadt Caričin Grad mittels bodenkundlichen und sedimentologischen Untersuchungen Informationen zur Landnutzungsgeschichte gewonnen werden können und ob sich daraus weitere Hinweise zu den Ursachen für die Aufgabe der Siedlung ableiten lassen. Website des Projekts: htt...
Chapter
Full-text available
Geoarchaeology provides methods to reconstruct past landscape settings which are of central importance to understand the function and relevance of ancient settlements. In addition, detailed information about the geographical setting of the sites is missing in many excavation reports. This paper deals with a preliminary study to investigate ‘geo-arc...
Article
Eastern North America has seen widespread soil erosion in recent centuries. While the impact of soil erosion and feedbacks to the environment have been recognized for the period of European settlement, the period of prehistoric cultivation by Native Americans and its effect on soil erosion are largely unexplored. At the Dogwood gully system, a 820,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since the onset of agriculture the erosion processes – water, tillage and wind erosion-have dominated the soil degradation and the loss of soil resources in the agricultural landscapes worldwide. Their influence has varied within time and spatial scales according to changing environmental and societal factors, including human-induced landscape desi...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding social-ecological system dynamics is a major research priority for sustainable management of landscapes, ecosystems and resources. But the lack of multi-decadal records represents an important gap in information that hinders the development of the research agenda. Without improved information on the long-term and complex interactions...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding social-ecological system dynamics is a major research priority for sustainable management of landscapes, ecosystems and resources. But the lack of multi-decadal records represents an important gap in information that hinders the development of the research agenda. Without improved information on the long-term and complex interactions...
Article
Full-text available
Gullies represent one of the most characteristic features of loess relief and an important feature of the cultural landscape of areas used for agriculture. In extensive parts of the Lublin region, the average gully density exceeds 2 km·km-2, and in the vicinity of Kazimierz Dolny (Nałęczów Plateau) and Szczebrzeszyn (Szczebrzeszyn Roztocze), it rea...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a global synopsis about the geomorphic evidence of soil erosion in humid and semihumid areas since the beginning of agriculture. Historical documents, starting from ancient records to data from the mid-twentieth century and numerous literature reviews form an extensive assortment of examples that show how soil erosion has been p...
Poster
Full-text available
A variety of Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) visualization techniques to aid in archaeological prospection at Mammoth Cave National Park are evaluated. Over the past decade the number of visualization techniques for archaeological prospection has increased dramatically thereby allowing more anthropogenic features to be detected. As such, this p...
Article
In humid climate zones, like Central Europe, past soil erosion and gullying are strongly connected with agricultural expansion, and extreme soil erosion events often play an important role in land abandonment. This paper provides a case study to demonstrate the interaction between land use, soil erosion, floodplain development, and land use changes...
Article
a b s t r a c t This paper presents the dynamics of sedimentation processes and soil development of a steeply sloping 0-order catchment in the sandy Lower Bunter of the south-western mid-range mountains in the Palatinate Forest (Germany) during the transition period from the Late Glacial to the Early Holocene. Field investigations, chemical, physic...
Article
Full-text available
Biochar (BC) and terra preta substrates (TPS) have recently been promoted as soil amendments suitable for soil stabilization, soil amelioration and long-term carbon sequestration. BC is a carbon-enriched substance produced by thermal decomposition of organic material. TPS is composed of liquid and solid organic matter, including BC, altered by acid...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The loessic hilly lands in the Danube Basin (Slovakia) are characterised by favourable climatic conditions, smooth topography, fertile soils and a long land-use history. In a 28 ha large zero-order catchment (Voderady) differentiation of Chernozem cover was studied based on 219 soil augerings and 4 trenches. Severe erosion on the hillslopes was det...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of 40 years of research on the gully system in the Doły Podmularskie catchment (0.35 km² in size), which is situated in the south-western part of the loess-covered Nałęczów Plateau in SE-Poland. Topographic, stratigraphic and pedologic investigations, and monitoring of a tributary gully (gully area: 0.7 ha, catchment...
Article
Since the beginning of agriculture during the Neolithic Revolution, many phases of agricultural expansion and regression occurred with associated land clearance and reforestation. As a result, soil has been washed downslope by soil erosion and gullies have incised, leading to the development of colluvial and alluvial deposits in many areas worldwid...
Article
During the Holocene, geomorphic processes have been greatly hindered by the natural vegetation cover in central Europe. On the majority of land surfaces, processes of soil development dominate, hence producing stable geomorphodynamic systems. The removal of trees for timber, the construction of pathways or clear-cuts to enable agriculture creates t...
Article
This paper presents current research and application projects on innovative system solutions which are based on the implementation of a regional resource efficient material flow management as well as utilising "Terra-Preta-Technology" as an innovative system component. Terra Preta Substrate (TPS) is a recently developed substance composed of liquid...
Article
Full-text available
This paper will review the current state of knowledge about the dynamics of past soil erosion and gullying in small catchments, their effects on adjacent fluvial systems, and possible feedback mechanisms to land-use changes over the last 7,000 years in central Europe. The discussed studies were conducted on hillslopes and gully systems in low mount...
Chapter
Full-text available
Landschaftsentwicklung seit der Römerzeit im westlichen Segbachtal bei Mayen (Lkr. Mayen-Koblenz) in der Osteifel. Erste Teilprojektergebnisse des DFG-Projekts »Zur Landnutzung im Umfeld eines römischen Industriereviers« *** Bodenkundlich-sedimentologische Untersuchungen an Hangkolluvien, Auensedimenten und Altflurrelikten im westlichen Segbachtal...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
ABSTRACT This paper focuses on the dynamics of sedimentation processes and soil development in a steep slope 0-order catchment in the sandy Lower Bunter of the south-western mid-range mountains in Germany during the transition period from the late Glacial to the early Holocene. Italso discusses how late Palaeolithic gatherers and hunters may have i...
Chapter
Full-text available
New integrations of historical information at regional scales are needed in order to provide a stronger basis for developing strategies for sustainable management and adaptation to global environmental change. Increasingly, international and national reports (e.g., Millennium Ecosystem As-sessment, 2005; UK National Ecosystem Assessment, 2010) high...
Article
Long-term sediment budgets of forested mountain catchments are scarcely investigated today. This is because they are traditionally expected to show few erosion features and low sediment delivery. This opinion originates from process-based hydrological studies proving the runoff preventing properties of trees and forest soils. In addition mountain a...
Article
kurzer Vorbericht zu einem geoarchäologischen Schnitt, der im Herbst 2010 in einem Tälchen unterhalb der Wüstung Würzbach angelegt werden konnte.
Article
Recent research on the contribution of soil erosion on agricultural land to atmospheric CO2 emphasizes either the contribution of soil organic matter (SOM) mineralization during transport as source for atmospheric CO2, or the deep burial of SOM-rich sediment in agricultural landscapes as a sink. The contribution of either process is subject to a co...
Article
During the last few decades, many case studies focused on the dynamics of fluvial systems in response to hillslope erosion, land-use impact, and climate changes. This paper will review the current state of knowledge of the dynamics of past soil erosion and gullying in small catchments (< 1 km2), the effects to adjacent fluvial systems and possible...
Chapter
Full-text available
To reconstruct past environmental conditions and feedback mechanisms between human activities and the environment, geoarchives are an important scientific source of information. Especially colluvial sediments originating from soil erosion can be used to explain environmental effects of land use. Here, results of two case studies from adjacent sites...
Article
Closed depressions (CDs) are lower lying areas where the sediment eroded from the surrounding soil surfaces draining towards the CD is trapped in the system. CDs have been reported in several regions of the European loess belt and are attributed either to natural processes (e.g. dissolution of subsurface horizons) or to human intervention (e.g. qua...
Article
Full-text available
Die Jahrtausendflut im Juli 1342 bildete den Höhepunkt einer Serie von extremen Witterungsereignissen. Mit naturwissenschaftlichen Methoden ist es heute möglich, in Böden und Sedimenten die Wirkungen von Witterungsextremen zu identifizieren und mit archäologischen sowie historischen Erkenntnissen zu verknüpfen.
Article
Key catchments of the Roztocze loess area in south-east Poland have a great potential of revealing the history of long-term soil erosion and changes in land use. The knowledge of how and when soil erosion took place in the past helps one understand the impact of land use changes on the landscapes [Bork, H.-R., 1989. Soil erosion during the past Mil...
Article
In contrast with the understanding of present-day soil erosion processes, knowledge on past soil erosion phenomena is still rather limited. Although some studies report on severe gully erosion phases during the fourteenth and eighteenth centuries, almost no evidence is available that documents earlier gully erosion phases. This study investigates t...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of historical gullying and long-term processes of interactions between land use and gullying is still rather limited. Here, I review results from case studies in Germany and neighbouring countries and exmine the complex development of a gully system in northern Bavaria, integrating land-use changes and their interactions within a conceptu...
Conference Paper
Analysis of contemporary and past gully erosion and infilling processes allowed to reconstruct the long-term evolution of a permanent gully system under cropland. An active and a buried gully under cropland were investigated. The recent sediment deposits within the active gully, adjacent to the buried gully, showed that the recent gully was filling...
Article
Analysis of contemporary and past gully erosion and infilling processes allowed to reconstruct the long-term evolution of a permanent gully system under cropland. An active and a buried gully under cropland were investigated. The recent sediment deposits within the active gully, adjacent to the buried gully, showed that the recent gully was filling...
Article
Human impacts on soil erosion and landscape evolution during the late Holocene were quantified in a small catchment near the city of Bamberg in northern Bavaria, Germany. Along the valley of the Wolfsgraben, a 400-m-long ravine, a gully has been incised to a depth of 3 m into colluvial sediments. Field investigations and historical data are used to...
Article
The Wolfsgraben is one of many ravines that cut into the silty–sandy material of the Triassic benchlands of northern Bavaria, Germany. Within the research area, a gully—several meters in depth—has carved in to a bluff 500 m west of the upper Main valley. An analysis of 17 exposures and 30 drillings was conducted within the gully and its colluvial f...
Article
Full-text available
ZUSAMMENFASSUNG Der Anbau von Wein und Hopfen sowie die intensive Waldnutzung durch die Landsgemeinde waren die Ursache für die im Wolfsgraben in historischer Zeit stattgefundene Bodenerosion. Ausgelöst durch Starkniederschläge hat die Bo-denerosion das Relief und die Bodenfruchtbarkeit im Wolfsgraben für die Land-nutzung nachteilig verändert. Im W...
Chapter
Full-text available
ZUSAMMENFASSUNG Der Anbau von Wein und Hopfen sowie die intensive Waldnutzung durch die Landsgemeinde waren die Ursache für die im Wolfsgraben in historischer Zeit stattgefundene Bodenerosion. Ausgelöst durch Starkniederschläge hat die Bo-denerosion das Relief und die Bodenfruchtbarkeit im Wolfsgraben für die Land-nutzung nachteilig verändert. Im W...
Article
Full-text available
Beitrag zur Physischen Geographie Mit 2 Figuren, 2 Photos und 2 Tabellen S. 431-450 Seit Beginn der ersten Rodungen im Neolithikum findet in Mitteleuropa eine mehr oder minder intensiv ausgeprägte landwirtschaftliche Nutzung statt. Abhängig von der Nutzungsintensität, beein-flusst durch Klima und Relief, führte dies zu Veränderungen der Wasser-und...