Markus Denzler

Markus Denzler
Hochschule des Bundes für öffentliche Verwaltung · Faculty of Intelligence

Professor

About

23
Publications
7,609
Reads
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740
Citations
Introduction
Judgment and Decision Making in security-related contexts. Particular interest in forecast quality and in improving JDM. In a related vein, I am working on error management and organizational error (management) culture.
Additional affiliations
April 2011 - September 2012
Technische Universität Chemnitz
Position
  • PostDoc Position
April 2009 - May 2010
TU Dortmund
Position
  • Professor
April 2008 - March 2011
University of Amsterdam
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 1997 - July 1998
Bangor University
Field of study
  • Psychology
October 1994 - April 2001
University of Wuerzburg
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (23)
Chapter
Dieses Kapitel bietet eine Einführung in die Sozialpsychologie, indem erklärt wird, was die Sozialpsychologie ist, warum sie nicht das Gleiche ist wie Laienpsychologie und wie sie sich von benachbarten Disziplinen abgrenzen lässt. Im Anschluss daran werden im Überblick methodische Grundlagen der Sozialpsychologie dargestellt: Die Korrelationsmethod...
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel wird dargelegt, wie Personen zu einem Eindruck und einer Beurteilung einer anderen Person kommen. Dabei wird auf die Rolle von äußerlich beobachtbaren Merkmalen des zu Beurteilenden und des Verhaltens einer Person eingegangen. Fehleinschätzungen resultieren häufig daraus, dass bei der Beurteilung von Verhalten situative Gegebenhei...
Chapter
Nach einer Definition des Konstrukts Einstellung wird auf die kognitive und motivationale Funktion von Einstellungen eingegangen. Danach schließen sich Abschnitte zur Einstellungsbildung (genetische Faktoren, Lernprozesse, Selbstwahrnehmungsprozesse und Mere Exposure) und Einstellungsänderung an. In letzterem wird vor allem auf das Streben nach Kon...
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel wird dargestellt, wie sich unser affektives Erleben und unser Denken (z. B. Informationsverarbeitung und Urteilsbildung) wechselseitig beeinflussen. Zunächst wird beschrieben, wie sich der Informationsverarbeitungsstil in Abhängigkeit von der jeweiligen Stimmung unterscheiden kann: Zum einen werden bei Wahrnehmung und Erinnerung s...
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel wird zunächst auf das Selbstkonzept, das aus multiplen Selbstaspekten besteht, und die Wege der Aktivierung von Teilen des Selbstkonzepts eingegangen. Anschließend werden die Funktionen des Selbst, hier vor allem die strukturierende, die motivational-emotionale und die handlungsregulierende Funktion, beschrieben. Des Weiteren werd...
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel werden drei zentrale Urteilsheuristiken vorgestellt. Heuristiken sind einfache Faustregeln, anhand derer Menschen in kurzer Zeit relativ komplexe Entscheidungen treffen können – und das meist hinreichend genau. Allerdings können sie auch zu systematischen Urteilsverzerrungen führen. Es wird zunächst auf die Repräsentativitätsheuri...
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel wird zunächst die soziale Kognition als Informationsverarbeitung im sozialen Kontext eingeführt. Forschungsgegenstand der sozialen Kognition ist, wie sozial relevante Informationen wahrgenommen, abgespeichert (enkodiert), organisiert und abgerufen werden, wie sie Prozesse des Urteilens und der Entscheidungsfindung in sozialen Situ...
Book
Dieses Lehrbuch bietet einen kompakten und leicht verständlichen Überblick über das Fach Sozialpsychologie für Studium und Beruf. In diesem Band erfahren Sie, wie Menschen denken und fühlen, wie sie zu Urteilen und Entscheidungen kommen, welche Faktoren bestimmen, wie sie von anderen Menschen wahrgenommen werden, welche Rolle das Selbst beim Erlebe...
Chapter
In this chapter the field of political psychology is briefly introduced and its relevance for the understandig of privacy (concerns), security and risk is discussed. This discussion shows that more psychological expertise and contributions are needed in the broad field of security-related research.
Chapter
In this chapter the influence of a narcissistic personality (non-clinial) on surveillance, privacy, and security are discussed. This discussion shows that more psychological expertise and research is needed to foster the understanding of individual behavior in important security-related settings.
Article
Full-text available
Although research in social psychology has repeatedly refuted the idea that aggression reduces subsequent aggression (e.g., Bushman, 2002), we suggest a more fine-grained analysis of catharsis. We will present and discuss a social-cognitive goal model of cathartic effects in aggression that predicts under which conditions aggression increases or re...
Article
Full-text available
Generally, the accessibility of goal-related constructs is inhibited upon goal fulfillment. In line with this notion, the current studies explored whether violent computer games may reduce relative accessibility of aggression if the game involves the fulfillment of an aggressive goal. Specifically, in Study 1, participants who watched a trailer for...
Article
Full-text available
Rebound of thoughts after thought suppression is widely documented. Much less is known about the effects of suppression on rebound of behavior. The current studies show that suppressing thoughts (Experiment 1 and 2) and suppressing behavior (Experiment 3) may cause rebound of behavior. In Experiment 1 suppressing thoughts of thirst rebounded in enh...
Article
Three experiments examine the hypothesis that subtle cues of approach orientation facilitate access to higher order information, whereas subtle cues of avoidance orientation impede it. To test these predictions, in two studies, a backward-masking paradigm thought to measure access to higher order information at early perceptual stages was used, and...
Article
The present article investigates the conditions under which vengeful episodes are satisfactory for the victim/avenger. Two hypotheses are tested simultaneously: (1) victims are satisfied if they see the offender suffer, even if this suffering was imposed by fate ("comparative suffering" hypothesis) and (2) victims are satisfied if the offender sign...
Article
We suggest that the goal to aggress increases accessibility of aggressive thoughts, and that after goal-fulfillment, accessibility of aggressive content is reduced. Experiment 1 showed an increase in accessibility of aggression after imagining an aggression-eliciting situation compared to non-aggressive content. After goal-fulfillment the accessibi...
Article
Full-text available
This study introduced a motivational compatibility account for the influence of mood on creative generation. Building upon the feelings-as-information framework, it was proposed that positive moods signal to individuals that they are safe, motivating them to take advantage of this presumed safety by seeking stimulation and incentives (i.e., having...
Article
In this study, we tested the hypothesis, derived from the theorizing of Derryberry and Tucker (1994), that the mere enactment of approach or avoidance behavior, without concomitant pursuit of personal approach or avoidance goals, can independently moderate the scope (i.e., breadth or narrowness) of attention on both the perceptual and conceptual le...
Article
The present study tested whether suboptimal priming (which may be defined as 'under viewing conditions rendering conscious identification highly improbable') with alcohol-related stimuli would activate existing expectancies about alcohol's effects on sexual desire. It was predicted that alcohol cues, relative to non-alcohol cues, would activate exp...
Article
Full-text available
Psychology investigates people's affect, cognition, and behavior. One can find in our field a multitude of attempts to explain why people behave, think and feel in different ways. The high specialization led to sophisticated theories on such diverse and specific fields as "achievement orientation", "subjective well being" and "creativity", each of...
Article
To assess relationships between alcohol consumption and two dimensions of drinking restraint (temptation and restriction), American and German college students were given the Khavari Alcohol Test (KAT) and the Temptation and Restraint Inventory (TRI). As hypothesized, drinking temptation was a positive predictor of students' alcohol consumption in...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Topics related to national security are mostly investigated by political scientists and historians. In this project psychological questions regarding national security are investigated. For example, related to intelligence (sevices) the topics of information collection and information analysis are focused on. As in other security-related fields, psychological research on intelligence is scarce, mostly of bad quality (e.g., poor methodological approaches), and at the same time desperately needed (e.g., prediction of terrorism or political behavior). The current prioject aims at filling these and other gaps, in order to contribute to the scientific discourse on security and at the same time to provide pracitioners with reliable psychological knowledge.