Markus Boeckle

Markus Boeckle
Karl Landsteiner Privatuniversität für Gesundheitswissenschaften · Department of Psychology and Psychodynamics

PostDoc

About

110
Publications
22,996
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,345
Citations
Introduction
Markus Boeckle currently works at the Karl Landsteiner Private University (Austria) and as Psychotherapist. His education and research has focused on an interdisciplinary approach of philosophy of mind, evolutionary biology, cognitive biology and acoustic communication. He focuses on psychotherapy, mainly to understand self-efficacy and intentions during the process of therapy and how it influences treatment outcome. Furthermore he investigates various forms of Psychotherapy Integration.
Additional affiliations
July 2019 - present
Karl Landsteiner Privatuniversität für Gesundheitswissenschaften
Position
  • PostDoc Position
April 2019 - present
Bertha von Suttner Privatuniversität
Position
  • Lecturer
February 2018 - present
Psychotherapist Private Practice
Position
  • Psychotherapist
Education
June 2015 - October 2019
Danube University Krems
Field of study
  • Psychotherapy
March 2013 - September 2013
Vienna Media
Field of study
  • Systemic Coaching
September 2012 - May 2015
Österreichische Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Gruppentherapie und Gruppendynamik
Field of study
  • Psychotherapy - Propädeutikum

Publications

Publications (110)
Article
Full-text available
English Abstract: Austrian adolescents often suffer from psychological stress and mental illness-a condition that was exacerbated by the CoVid-pandemic. Accessing support services such as therapies and counselling is difficult for many young people due to a lack of personal and structural resources; stigma and lack of information also mean that pro...
Article
Full-text available
Adolescence is a crucial developmental time, and it is essential to ensure stable mental health during the transition to adulthood. Peer-to-peer networks seem to be a promising tool to support adolescents during that time. While co-development often concentrates on the end-user, this paper focuses on the peer facilitators of an online peer encourag...
Method
Full-text available
Preregistration for an investigation into what role schizotypy plays in the ability to take another agent's perspective and in different language contexts. Samuel, S., & Boeckle, M. (2021, October 19). Bilingualism & Theory of Mind. https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/BFJEY
Preprint
Full-text available
The Foreign Language Effect (FLE) proposes that adults behave more rationally in a second-language rather than mother-tongue context. In a series of perspective-taking experiments we investigated the potential for a reduced effect of egocentrically biasing privileged information in German-English adult bilinguals when it was presented in their seco...
Preprint
The Foreign Language Effect (FLE) proposes that adults behave more rationally in a second-language rather than mother-tongue context. In a series of perspective-taking experiments we investigated the potential for a reduced effect of egocentrically biasing privileged information in German-English adult bilinguals when it was presented in their seco...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction and hypothesis The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is, looking at different care settings, to examine prevalence rates of psychological distress-level comorbidities in female interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) patients, their impact on Quality of Life (QoL), and the correlation between such comorbiditi...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Im Jugendalter stehen Menschen vor einer Reihe an Entwicklungsaufgaben und biographischen Herausforderungen. Nicht immer fühlen sich die Jugendlichen den Problemen gewachsen, die dieser Lebensabschnitt mit sich bringt und so kommt es mitunter zu erheblichen psychischen Belastungen sowie zu Konflikten und Krisen. Die COVID-19-Pandemi...
Method
Preregistration for an investigation into whether self-assessment of schizotypal traits vary according to the language context of the assessment (first vs. second language). Samuel, S., & Boeckle, M. (2021, November 9). Bilingualism & Schizotypy. Retrieved from www.osf.io/zdg6m
Article
The ability to exert self-control varies within and across taxa. Some species can exert self-control for several seconds whereas others, such as large-brained vertebrates, can tolerate delays of up to several minutes. Advanced self-control has been linked to better performance in cognitive tasks and has been hypothesized to evolve in response to sp...
Article
Zusammenfassung Emotionsregulation ist die Fähigkeit, die eigenen oder fremden Emotionen zu beeinflussen. Dabei werden in Übereinstimmung mit den regulationsbezogenen Zielen sowohl positive als auch negative Emotionen nach oben oder unten reguliert. Aus wissenschaftlicher und praxeologischer Sicht sind effektive sowie persistente Strategien zur E...
Article
Full-text available
Psychische Belastungen und Erkrankungen im Jugendalter sind häufig, oft unerkannt und ungleich verteilt. Mit O.P.E.N., einer Peer-to- Peer-Online-Plattform für Jugendliche mit psychischen Beschwerden, steht jungen Menschen unterschiedlichster sozialer und kultureller Kontexte ein niederschwelliger und wertfreier virtueller Raum zum Austausch über h...
Chapter
Die Wissenschaften sind eine systematische Auseinandersetzung mit Phänomenen, Prozessen, Objekten etc. Dabei gibt es unterschiedliche Herangehensweisen. Zum einen können geisteswissenschaftliche (theoretische), zum anderen naturwissenschaftliche (empirische) Untersuchungen voneinander unterschieden werden. Geisteswissenschaften beschäftigen sich da...
Article
Since 2018, the D.O.T. (die offene Tür – the open door) research group at the Karl Landsteiner Private University has been working on complex interventions to strengthen social cohesion and the mental well-being of children and young people. The research group emerged from a Citizen Science project by the Ludwig Boltzmann Society and has already be...
Method
Preregistered Methodology for the paper: New Caledonian crows plan for specific future tool use http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2020.1490
Article
This video is the supporting information video for the paper: New Caledonian crows flexibly plan for specific future tool use. Data was collected during the field season 2018 in New Caledonia. It shows an individual being tested in a future planning paradigm. Crows are given alternating trials condition 3 and 4, where they see the platform apparatu...
Data
Prior Experience Tool Use Training: To train crows to use a stone as a tool, subjects were first trained to drop stones into the dispenser apparatus by placing small pieces of meat underneath a stone, which was placed on the edge to the opening of the dispenser. The pieces of meat gradually decreased in size and once the crow started pushing the st...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to plan for future events is one of the defining features of human intelligence. Whether non-human animals can plan for specific future situations remains contentious: despite a sustained research effort over the last two decades, there is still no consensus on this question. Here, we show that New Caledonian crows can use tools to plan...
Article
Full-text available
The soft-bodied cephalopods including octopus, cuttlefish, and squid are broadly considered to be the most cognitively advanced group of invertebrates. Previous research has demonstrated that these large-brained molluscs possess a suite of cognitive attributes that are comparable to those found in some vertebrates, including highly developed percep...
Article
Full-text available
Eurasian jays (Garrulus glandarius) do not habitually use tools, yet they can be trained to solve object-dropping tasks, i.e., to insert a tool into an apparatus to release a food reward. Previous research suggests that these jays can learn a preference toward functional tools-objects allowing them to obtain a food reward placed inside an apparatus...
Article
Full-text available
Due to a legislative amendment in Austria to determine breath alcohol (BrAC) instead of blood alcohol (BAC) in connection with traffic offences, many results of blood alcohol calculations were simply converted using distinct conversion factors. In Austria, the transformation of BAC to BrAC was carried out by using a factor of 1:2000, which, however...
Article
Full-text available
In adult humans, decisions involving the choice and use of tools for future events typically require episodic foresight. Previous studies suggest some non-human species are capable of future planning; however, these experiments often cannot fully exclude alternative learning explanations. Here, we used a novel tool-use paradigm aiming to address th...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to make profitable decisions in natural foraging contexts may be influenced by an additional requirement of tool-use, due to increased levels of relational complexity and additional work-effort imposed by tool-use, compared with simply choosing between an immediate and delayed food item. We examined the flexibility for making the most p...
Article
Full-text available
Direct replication studies follow an original experiment’s methods as closely as possible. They provide information about the reliability and validity of an original study’s findings. The present paper asks what comparative cognition should expect if its studies were directly replicated, and how researchers can use this information to improve the r...
Preprint
Full-text available
Eurasian jays (Garrulus glandarius) do not habitually use tools, yet they can be trained to solve object-dropping tasks, i.e. to insert a tool into an apparatus to release a food reward. Previous research suggests the these jays can learn a preference toward functional tools - objects allowing to obtain a food reward placed inside an apparatus - ac...
Thesis
Deutsch: (English Version below): Das Konzept der Selbstwirksamkeit ist zentral in der Behandlung von PatientInnen und KlientInnen. Innerhalb der Psychologie wurden unterschiedliche Selbstwirksamkeitsmodelle erstellt. Diese werden im ersten Schritt beschrieben und dann kritisch miteinander verglichen. Diese Modelle aus der Psychologie werden danach...
Preprint
Full-text available
The ability to make profitable decisions in natural foraging contexts may be influenced by an additional requirement of tool-use, due to increased levels of relational complexity and additional work-effort imposed by tool-use, compared with simply choosing between an immediate and delayed food item. We examined the flexibility for making the most p...
Article
Information about novel environments or foods can be gathered via individual or social learning. Whereas individual learning is assumed to be more costly and less effective than social learning, it also yields more detailed information. Juveniles are often found to be more explorative than adults. Still under the protection of their parents, this a...
Article
Full-text available
Self‐control is critical for both humans and nonhuman animals because it underlies complex cognitive abilities, such as decision‐making and future planning, enabling goal‐directed behavior. For instance, it is positively associated with social competence and life success measures in humans. We present the first review of delay of gratification as a...
Article
Full-text available
In cities and densely populated areas, several corvid species are considered nuisance animals. In Austria, particularly carrion (Corvus corone) and hooded crows (C. cornix) are regarded as pests by the general public that frequently cause damage to crops, feed on human waste, and thus spread trash. We conducted a detailed one-year field survey to e...
Data
Data S1. Data on the Training Stages and Three Experiments, Related to Figures 1–3
Article
Full-text available
One of the mysteries of animal problem-solving is the extent to which animals mentally represent problems in their minds. Humans can imagine both the solution to a problem and the stages along the way [1–3], such as when we plan one or two moves ahead in chess. The extent to which other animals can do the same is far less clear [4–25]. Here, we pre...
Article
Full-text available
Humans use a variety of cues to infer an object's weight, including how easily objects can be moved. For example, if we observe an object being blown down the street by the wind, we can infer that it is light. Here, we tested whether New Caledonian crows make this type of inference. After training that only one type of object (either light or heavy...
Article
Intelligence in large-brained vertebrates might have evolved through independent, yet similar processes based on comparable socioecological pressures and slow life histories. This convergent evolutionary route, however, cannot explain why cephalopods developed large brains and flexible behavioural repertoires: cephalopods have fast life histories a...
Article
Full-text available
African savanna elephants live in dynamic fission⁻fusion societies and exhibit a sophisticated vocal communication system. Their most frequent call-type is the 'rumble', with a fundamental frequency (which refers to the lowest vocal fold vibration rate when producing a vocalization) near or in the infrasonic range. Rumbles are used in a wide variet...
Chapter
Die Wissenschaften sind eine systematische Auseinandersetzung von Phänome- nen, Prozessen, Objekten etc Dabei gibt es unterschiedliche Herangehenswei- sen Zum einen können geisteswissenschaftliche (theoretische), zum anderen naturwissenschaftliche (empirische) Untersuchungen voneinander unterschieden werden Geisteswissenschaften beschäftigen sich d...
Chapter
Theory of Mind (ToM) is one of the most important cognitive mechanisms underpinning social interactions in humans. It is the capacity to represent mental states of oneself and of others in order to understand, predict, and manipulate their behavior or mental states. In the day to day life, we attribute to our fellow humans a mind that has beliefs,...
Article
Full-text available
Auf der diesjährigen Konferenz der SEPI, die wohl als "die internationale Konferenz" für integrative Therapie benannt werden kann, waren mehrere hundert TeilnehmerInnen mit einer offenen, sich gegenseitig fördernden Stimmung anwesend. Das wissenschaftliche Programm als auch das soziale Rahmenprogram war hervorragend gestaltet und bot auf allen Eben...
Article
Die Wirksamkeit von Psychotherapie bei verschiedensten psychischen Störungen ist ausgezeichnet belegt. Dennoch ist die Versorgung psychisch kranker Personen in Österreich alles andere als ideal. Dies hat mehrere Gründe: mangelnde Finanzierung der Psychotherapie auf Kasse, bundesländerspezifische Regelungen zur Finanzierung von Psychotherapie auf Ka...
Article
Full-text available
Background Acoustic parameters of animal signals have been shown to correlate with various phenotypic characteristics of the sender. These acoustic characteristics can be learned and categorized and thus are a basis for perceivers’ recognition abilities. One of the most demanding capacities is individual recognition, achievable only after repeated...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Chronic pain (CP) and sleep disorders (SD) are highly prevalent in the general population. However, comprehensive data regarding the prevalence and characteristics of pain and SD in primary care are rare. Methods: From N= 578 patients N= 570 were included within 8 weeks (mean age: 50.8 ± 18.7 years, females: 289). Sociodemographic data,...
Article
The human brain stores memories of past events to guide decision-making about current and future events. Researchers long assumed that animals do not use memories in this way but rather exist in a constant stream of present needs, unable to plan for the future (1). Studies on nonhuman primates and corvids challenge this view and show that some spec...
Article
Full-text available
Fragestellung: Bestimmung der Häufigkeit von somatoformen Syndromen und komorbiden Syndromen (Depression, Angst) in der allgemeinmedizinischen Praxis. Methode: PHQ-D und ärztliche Einschätzung wurden eingesetzt, um die Häufigkeit somatoformer Syndrome konsekutiver Patienten einer allgemeinärztlichen Praxis in Österreich innerhalb von acht Wochen z...
Poster
Theory: Individuals subjected to criminal offences often have to face massive changes in their personal lives. Violence and abuse can cause traumatisation which leads to a great deal of psychological stress. People who become victims of a crime are particularly at risk of developing a psychological disease. The objective of the project is – in coop...
Poster
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to estimate the frequency of somatic syndromes and comorbid syndromes (depression, anxiety) in primary care.
Article
»Well, now I’ve got back to where I was before« – A research perspective on work with victims of crime Victims of crime have been confronted with exceptional situations that can lead to changes in their subjective experiencing and behaviour. The associated traumatisation increases the risk of developing pathological psychological sequelae. It is th...
Article
Eine empirische Studie zum Bedarf an ambulanter Psychotherapie in Österreich und der tatsächlichen Bedarfsabdeckung wird vorgestellt. Im Rahmen der Untersuchung wurde der ambulante Psychotherapiebedarf mittels Schätzmodellen anhand der Gesamtbevölkerung sowie der Prävalenz psychischer Erkrankungen erhoben. Das Behandlungskontingent wurde mittels de...
Article
Full-text available
In anurans, males have larger laryngeal structures than females and produce conspicuous species-specific calls in various social contexts. Knowledge of female vocalisations is not well established and we start by summarising available spectral and behavioural information on calls in females. We then present novel data on female and male calls in St...
Article
Full-text available
Language's intentional nature has been highlighted as a crucial feature distinguishing it from other communication systems. Specifically, language is often thought to depend on highly structured intentional action and mutual mindreading by a communicator and recipient. Whilst similar abilities in animals can shed light on the evolution of intention...
Presentation
Full-text available
This presentation focuses on the influences of sleep deprivation on pain perception
Article
Full-text available
Background Conversion Disorders (CD) are prevalent functional disorders. Although the pathogenesis is still not completely understood, an interaction of genetic, neurobiological, and psychosocial factors is quite likely. The aim of this study is to provide a systematic overview on imaging studies on CDs and investigate neuronal areas involved in Mo...
Article
Full-text available
Human language involves combining items into meaningful, syntactically structured wholes. The evolutionary origin of syntactic abilities has been investigated by testing pattern perception capacities in nonhuman animals. New World primates can respond spontaneously to structural changes in acoustic sequences and songbirds can learn to discriminate...
Article
Up to 30% of the population in Western countries suffer from chronic pain. The treatment of chronic pain causes medical and socioeconomic problems. Guided self-help (GSH) might be an effective supplementary treatment, however, the size of this effect is unclear. This meta-analysis quantifies the effect of GSH on chronic pain. A systematic literatur...
Chapter
In Forschung wie Praxis gelten Interdisziplinarität und Integration inzwischen als selbstverständlich. Sehr viel seltener jedoch werden diese Versprechen auch nur annähernd eingelöst oder gar bis ins Detail einer theoretischen Vorgehensweise bzw. einer praktischen. Handlung durchdekliniert. Stets hängt es an einzelnen Engagierten im Fach- und Profe...
Article
Full-text available
Somatoform disorders(SD)are common medical disorders with prevalence rates between3.5%and 18.4%,depending on country and medical setting. SD as outlined in the ICD-10 exhibits various biological, social, and psychological pathogenic factors. Little is known about the neural correlates of SD. The aims of this meta-analysis are to identify neuronal a...
Data
Table S1. Parameters extracted from audio files and used in the statistical analysis, together with their definitions (see also Gingras & Fitch 2013). Table S2. Proportion of call types associated with each behavioral context. Table S3. Proportion of behavioral contexts associated with each call type. Table S4. Classification agreement between p...
Poster
Full-text available
Therapeutengestützte Selbsthilfe stellt eine effektive Option für die Behandlung des Reizdarmsyndroms dar. Allerdings finden sich große Effektivitätsunterschiede zwischen einzelnen Studien, deren Ursachen in der vorliegenden Untersuchung nicht geklärt werden konnten. Aufgrund der relativ einfachen Umsetzbarkeit erscheint die Implementierung therape...