Marko Lovec

Marko Lovec
University of Ljubljana · Department of Political Science

Doctor of Philosophy

About

54
Publications
11,602
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173
Citations
Introduction
Research fellow at the International Relations Research Centre and Associate Professor in International Relations at the University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Social Sciences.
Additional affiliations
November 2020 - present
University of Ljubljana
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2016 - March 2018
Central European University
Position
  • Research Associate
Description
  • Horizon 2020 project COHESIFY, case study Slovenia
July 2016 - September 2016
Ústavu mezinárodních vztahů
Position
  • Guest Researcher
Education
September 2010 - September 2013
University of Ljubljana
Field of study
  • International Relations

Publications

Publications (54)
Article
Based on the philosophy of science approach and literature analysis, this contribution demonstrates that over time, the focus of the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy research has shifted from market distortions to international trade and budgetary decision-making frameworks, as well as broader societal issues, such as food, environment a...
Book
Full-text available
The purpose of this research is to reflect upon the recent rise of populism and anti-EU sentiments in CEE by combining existing literature and data with a new empirical research and analysis, with one eye on general theory and the other on the particular context of the region. Chapter one engages with the common discourses suggesting that the rise...
Article
Full-text available
The proposed Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) for the period 2021-2027 will be more flexible and, presumably, more effective. To provide for sufficient ambition and prevent a race to the bottom, national strategic plans will be introduced with quantitative targets covering both policy pillars. This article argues that since formal requirements and...
Article
Full-text available
Several crises over the past decade have shown the inability of the European integration to reconcile the dysfunctionalities associated with the partial transfer of authorities to the transnational level and attracted criticism of the alleged pro-integration bias of the grand theories-neofunctionalism, liberal governmentalism and postfunc-tionalism...
Article
This article builds on the criticism of the international socialisation narrative which mistakenly represents compliance as socialisation and recognises agency only to the extent it fails to comply. It pertains to the argument that such a narrative can lead to stigmatisation which reinforces social orders characterised by specific hierarchies of po...
Book
Full-text available
Skupna kmetijska politika (SKP) Evropske unije (EU) je v procesu prehoda od interesne k intervencijski logiki. V obdobju 2023-2027 bo izvajanje SKP temeljilo na nacionalnih strateških načrtih, ki vključujejo kazalce izvajanja, učinka in vpliva ukrepov. Osnova odločanja na podlagi dejstev so podatki – relevantni, ažurni, točni, natančni in tudi dost...
Article
Full-text available
The bioeconomy occupies the centre of the Green Deal, the EU’s plan to support transformative growth following the COVID-19 episode. However, parts of the EU, such as countries in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) continue to lag behind in harnessing the potential held by the bioeconomy. This article argues that in CEE countries, where the primary a...
Chapter
Full-text available
The yearbook on European integration, compiled by the Institute of European Politics in Berlin, has documented the process of European integration in an up-to-date and detailed way since 1980. The result is a unique record of contemporary European history over a 41 year period. The 2021 edition of the yearbook continues this tradition. In approxima...
Article
Full-text available
Članek izhaja iz (ne)uporabe podatkov v javni razpravi in procesih odločanja na primeru (Skupne) kmetijske politike v Sloveniji. Iz študij, opravljenih v okviru mednarodnega Združenja za raziskovalne podatke, sledi, da pomembno vlogo igrajo opisi podatkovnih virov in struktur za odkrivanje, dostop, povezljivost in ponovno uporabo podatkov, tako v v...
Book
Full-text available
The present volume’s aim is to give an overview on the political and economic relations between Germany and Central Eastern Europe (CEE).After decades of separation before 1990, Germany and most CEE states are now finally common members of institutions such as the EU, NATO and OSCE, working together in various fields. Other CEE countries also feel...
Article
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Among many others, the Covid-19 epidemic has exposed the existing challenges of food systems. The issues of food production and consumption require a fundamental transformation of the organization of policies and challenge some core assumptions of global regulation. What does a systemic approach require and is it possible? [The article is in Slove...
Article
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In the European Union (EU), the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is considered to be the critical public policy in terms of both impacts and funds dedicated to nature conservation, yet the goal of halting biodiversity loss in the EU remains elusive. The present paper examines the degree of biodiversity policy integration into the CAP and the qualit...
Article
Full-text available
The article explores the populist take on international relations via states' foreign policy. It focuses on Central European EU member states where populists have become a major political force. The article builds on a government-preferences-based approach by combining the international system level with the party competition perspective. Mapping o...
Chapter
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to test the club theory argument against a more historical political ‘bounded rationality’ approach by looking at the example of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), which resulted in a European integration crisis in the 1980s due to a lock-in in decision-making and growing redistribution (in the context of growing mem...
Chapter
Full-text available
The yearbook on European integration, compiled by the Institute of European Politics in Berlin, has documented the process of European integration in an up-to-date and detailed way since 1980. The result is a unique record of contemporary European history over a 40 year period. The 2020 edition of the yearbook continues this tradition. In approxima...
Chapter
This article focuses on works that take “central Europe” as a subject of research. There are two conclusions one can draw from the overview that follows. The first one is that there is no common definition of “central Europe” The second one is that in spite of the lack of consensus, the literature on central Europe is abundant. The reason for that...
Chapter
Full-text available
The yearbook on European integration, compiled by the Institute of European Politics in Berlin, has documented the process of European integration in an up-to-date and detailed way since 1980. The result is a unique record of contemporary European history over a 39 year period. The 2019 edition of the yearbook continues this tradition. In approxima...
Article
Full-text available
The paper explores the apparent crisis of the liberal world order, arguing that liberal international-ism is today still more part of the solution. In particular , it argues that political disintegration tendencies reflect the declining costs of independence and ever smaller role of political power in general; that democratic opposition to trade sh...
Book
Full-text available
The purpose of this research was to conduct a comprehensive assessment of Slovenian agricultural policy. It is an attempt at conducting a critical and independent evaluation of this public policy, which operates within the conceptual and legislative framework of the European Union's Common Agricultural policy (CAP). The announced reform of the CAP...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The study assesses the design of the new CAP Strategic Plans as foreseen in the proposal COM (2018) 392. The proposed strategic planning is a step forward in evidence-based policy-making, enabling greater flexibility for Member states and the efficiency of the policy. The remaining challenges are associated with the complexity of the process and li...
Technical Report
Full-text available
V raziskavi smo želeli ovrednotiti, kako slovenska kmetijska politika opredeljuje in dosega zastavljene cilje. Zanimalo nas je, kako so ekonomski, okoljski in socialni vidiki upoštevani in uresničeni skozi aktualne ukrepe in podpore kmetijske politike, kar odraža njene dejanske prioritete. Zanimala nas je tudi povezanost ciljev z ukrepi in uspešnos...
Article
Full-text available
Early parliamentary elections were held in Slovenia on 3 June 2018. The reason for holding early elections was the collapse of the centre-left coalition government due to weak public support, especially for the main coalition party, and attempts by its coalition partners to improve their position by distancing themselves from the coalition leader....
Technical Report
Full-text available
Evropska komisija je novembra 2017 objavila sporočilo »Prihodnost hrane in kmetijstva«, ki je postavilo strateški okvir za SKP po letu 2020, temu pa je sledila objava predloga prihodnje finančne perspektive (2. maj 2018) in uredb (1. junij 2018). Predlogi bistveno ne spreminjajo obstoječih ciljev in ukrepov politike, spreminjajo pa način izvajanja...
Chapter
Much like across the rest of Europe, the vote by the British people to leave the European Union was not expected by the countries of south- eastern Europe. Amongst the newest members of the EU, they had all striven to become members of an organization that, along with NATO, had come to define European politics. Th is amplified the shock that the Un...
Chapter
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Conference Paper
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This paper explores how methodology as a particular and contested logic of research defined the development of International Relations discipline in the course of the great disciplinary debates. It argues that in the first debate, scientific method evoked by both realists and liberals legitimized the independent object of research. In the second de...
Article
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This article deals with the negotiations between the United States of America (USA) and the European Union (EU) on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, with a specific focus on agriculture and food. Drawing on the negotiations strategy/ politics of international trade negotiations approach, it conceptualises the setting in terms of p...
Chapter
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The Schengen/Dublin system requiring the first EU member state of entry to take full responsibility for migrants and applicants for asylum has placed an asymmetrical burden on EU border states, resulting in an emphasis being placed on the fight against illegal migration and the reduction of protections for refugees. The system has been explained in...
Chapter
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Article
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This paper revisits the Common Agricultural Policy crisis of the 1970s/1980s, when growing policy expenditures became a stumbling block for European integrations. It explores the role of two conceptually different approaches - one based on the logic of appropriateness derived from the idea of institutionalised behaviour, and the other based on the...
Article
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The attempt of European Union’s institutions to enforce the new banking rules by using Slovenia as an example had counterproductive effects. While the Post-functionalist theory suggests that the overcoming of domestic constraints might require empowering of supranational institutions and/or identities, the Liberal institutional theory warns from th...
Article
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This is a preliminary study of the role played by national stereotypes in the relations between Western Balkan countries. According to a model that is proposed, stereotypes co-determine bilateral relations together with structural factors such as competition for political and economic resources, with physical distance serving as a proxy for the rol...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to explain the negotiations between the United States (US) and the European Union (EU) on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership in agriculture and food from a negotiations strategy perspective. It argues that in the context of 'behind the border' concerns, defensive interests in the EU were able to put pressure...
Book
This book engages in the controversies of the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reforms, demonstrating how these are reiterated by mainstream theoretical approaches in the field. The reforms that the European Union’s CAP underwent during the last three decades were intended to make it less trade-distorting, more taxpayer-friendly a...
Chapter
In conclusion, the results of the research are summarized. Rationalist, ideational and critical realist approaches are considered not simply as alternative explanations, but also as alternative approaches to science. By being based on broader meta-theoretical assumptions, the critical realist approach enables reflection on and endorsement of existi...
Chapter
This chapter begins by presenting the results of empirical research of the early CAP introduced by the EEC in the 1960s. Implications of price and production supports for different groups of farmers and production factor owners in agriculture and for individual member states are explained. Specific attention is paid to the decision-making procedure...
Chapter
The focus of this chapter is on the three major reforms CAP has undergone from the beginning of the 2000s. The first part of the chapter analyses the ‘Fischler reform’ of 2003, which ‘decoupled’ support from production, meaning that farmers were no longer required to produce. The reform took place in the context of the Doha Development Round (DDR)...
Chapter
This chapter reflects on the limitations and contradictions of mainstream approaches from the perspective of various theories of science. It argues that, while mainstream approaches to explaining CAP reforms are hindered by the rationalist assumption of knowledge of things characterizing a ‘positivist’ theory of science, the ideational alternative...
Chapter
This chapter presents the existing approaches towards explaining and understanding CAP reforms. Firstly, rational and public choice theories based explanations of CAP as an agricultural supports policy are elaborated. Secondly, it is argued that explanation of the international dimension of CAP has been developed within Liberal intergovernmental th...
Chapter
During the last thirty years, the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the European Union (EU) has undergone substantial reforms. It is argued that the theoretical approaches used to explain and understand CAP reforms face certain empirical contradictions and limitations. The author posits that these can be explained by reductionist, rationalist and...
Chapter
This chapter explains the reforms CAP underwent during the 1990s. The first part of the chapter is focused on the 1992 ‘MacSharry’ reform, which reduced price and production supports in the main commodity groups and introduced ‘compensatory’ payments to farmers. Particular attention is paid to the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture of 1994, whi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Growing food commodity prices on world markets, resulting in economic pressures on the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) as the largest net food-importing region in the world and contributing to political instability, highlighted the importance of the development of agriculture. The latter has long been neglected by the policies pursued by nation...
Article
Full-text available
Since the 1980s, the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy has undergone a series of reforms that were facilitated by the changes in decision-making rules such as the introduction of the qualified majority vote. This article argues that the introduction of the co-decision procedure under the Lisbon Treaty, which increased the European Parliam...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the fiscal savings measures that have been supported by the prevailing neoliberal economic theory, the economy has hit a new low. Eurozone member states, including Slovenia, have faced economic turmoil. In the academic world, pro-cyclical effects caused by mainstream economic theory have raised questions about its political nature and possib...
Article
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This article confronts the dominant liberal institutional explanation of the impact of EU membership on economic welfare, institutional quality and relative power capacity of Slovenia with the alternative critical realist explanation. According to the critical realist explanation, market integration produces relative benefits for the relevant count...
Article
In 2008, the ministers of agriculture of European Union member states made a political agreement on the Common Agricultural Policy reform, also known as the Health Check. The reform coincided with three things: the ongoing Doha round of the World Trade Organization negotiations; political pressures to limit the costs of the policy financed from the...
Article
Full-text available
The article analyses the influence of the 2004 enlargement and of the 1998-2002 accession negotiations on the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform. In contrast to the dominant liberal institutional political economy models that explain preenlargement CAP reforms in terms of the negative trade related policy externalities, the common budget expen...
Article
Full-text available
Central and Eastern European countries (CEEC) were expected to benefit substantially from European Union (EU) membership. As full members, they would take advantage of formal decision-making powers. Furthermore, EU instruments and norms would influence distributional issues and the common market would facilitate economic convergence. However, these...
Article
Full-text available
2011, letn. 98, št. 1, str. 21-31. The article analyses Common agricultural policy (CAP) Health Check (HC) negotiations process and outcome. It pro-poses realist, structural economic model, based on Moravcsik's liberal intergovernmental theory, which has distinct concep-tual and methodological characteristics from major theoretical models on recent...

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (7)
Archived project
Nationalist-populistic discourse is gaining momentum in many EU-member states, not least in the Central European region. European approaches to cope with the manifold challenges the EU and its members are currently facing, are meeting resistance, while trust in the capacity and ability of common European cross-border solutions is rather low. Trends to recur to a national political agenda have the potential to jeopardise the cornerstones of European integration and democracy and, thus, diminish the EU´s unity, its global weight and its credibility. A joint project by the Austrian Society for European Politics, the Center for European Neighborhood Studies (Central European University Budapest), EUROPEUM Prague, the Faculty of Social Sciences (University of Ljubljana) and GLOBSEC Policy Institute Bratislava examines on the basis of representative opinion polls if people in Austria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia and Slovenia buy into anti-EU rhetoric and to what extent the respective national EU debate affects EU public opinion. The project “Anti EU-rhetoric against national interests? Nationalistic populism and its reception in Central Europe” is co-funded by the Europe for Citizens programme of the European Union.
Archived project
Design of information-technology solutions in support of data-based implementation of Common agricultural policy of the European Union (in Slovenia). Funded by Slovenian national research agency under grant agreement V5-1810. https://www.fdv.uni-lj.si/en/research/institute-of-social-science/national-research-projects/V5-1810
Archived project
To map migrations challenges in the selected EU transit and destination countries. Funded by IEMed/Euromesco https://www.iemed.org/publication/mapping-migration-challenges-in-the-eu-transit-and-destination-countries/