Mark E. Madsen

Mark E. Madsen
WattIQ Inc

Doctor of Philosophy

About

53
Publications
9,583
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443
Citations

Publications

Publications (53)
Article
Full-text available
Understanding how and why cultural diversity changes in human populations remains a central topic of debate in cultural evolutionary studies. Due to the effects of drift, small and isolated populations face evolutionary challenges in the retention of richness and diversity of cultural information. Such variation, however, can have significant fitne...
Thesis
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Cultural transmission has long been a key organizing principle within anthropology, but the effort to formalize cultural transmission models and fit them to archaeological data is more recent, stimulated by work by Robert Dunnell in the 1970’s. Since then, the use of cultural transmission modeling in archaeology has branched into several research p...
Article
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Conference Paper
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Seriation is a long-standing archaeological method for relative dating that has proven effective in probing regional-scale patterns of inheritance, social networks , and cultural contact in their full spatiotemporal context. The orderings produced by seriation are produced by the continuity of class distributions and uni-modality of class frequenci...
Article
Full-text available
Tool design is a cultural trait—a term long used in anthropology as a unit of transmittable information that encodes particular behavioral characteristics of individuals or groups. After they are transmitted, cultural traits serve as units of replication in that they can be modified as part of a cultural repertoire through processes such as recombi...
Article
Full-text available
Frequency seriation played a key role in the formation of archaeology as a discipline due to its ability to generate chronologies. Interest in its utility for exploring issues of contemporary interest beyond chronology, however, has been limited. This limitation is partly due to a lack of quantitative algorithms that can be used to build determinis...
Conference Paper
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Session: Open methods in archaeology: how to encourage reproducible research as the default practice
Article
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Seriation methods order a set of descriptions given some criterion (e.g., unimodal-ity or minimum distance between similarity scores). Seriation is thus inherently a problem of finding the optimal solution among a set of permutations of objects. In this short technical note, we review the combinatorial structure of the classical seri-ation problem,...
Article
Full-text available
Cultural transmission models are coming to the fore in explaining increases in the Paleolithic toolkit richness and diversity. Analyses suggest that diversity increased due to relaxation of conformism, due to the effects of demographic expansion on cultural diversity, and the effects of extinction and recolonization in metapopulations. During the P...
Article
Unbiased models are foundational in the archaeological study of cultural transmission. Applications have as- sumed that archaeological data represent synchronic samples, despite the accretional nature of the archaeological record. I document the circumstances under which time-averaging alters the distribution of model predictions. Richness is infla...
Article
The Internet is known to have had a powerful impact on on-line retailer strategies in markets characterised by long-tail distribution of sales [C. Anderson, Long Tail: Why the Future of Business is Selling Less of More, Hyperion, New York, 2006]. Such retailers can exploit the long tail of the market, since they are effectively without physical lim...
Article
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The Internet is known to have had a powerful impact on on-line retailer strategies in markets characterised by long-tail distribution of sales. Such retailers can exploit the long tail of the market, since they are effectively without physical limit on the number of choices on offer. Here we examine two extensions of this phenomenon. First, we intr...
Article
Dunnell (1989) proposed that cultural elaboration is likely a consequence of selection within uncertain environments. He developed the theory to the extent that it performs well in explaining the distribution of elaboration within eastern North America at regional scales. More detailed studies require development of the theory so that additional hy...
Article
Full-text available
Researchers have proposed that the distinction between so-called "simple" and "complex" societies can be expressed by an increase in the number of levels at which functional organization, interaction, and thus selection, operate. In spite of the obvious links between this suggestion and research into complex social organization amongst insects and...
Article
Dans cet article, les auteurs passent en revue la liaison entre les notions d'interaction, les mesures de similarite homologue, l'espace et le temps, comme prelude a la demonstration de l'emploi de traits neutres dans la cartographie des modeles d'interaction dans les decouvertes archeologiques. Parce que les donnees des prospections de la vallee i...

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