Mark Krause

Mark Krause
Southern Oregon University | SOU · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

36
Publications
7,166
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486
Citations
Citations since 2017
15 Research Items
194 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202301020304050

Publications

Publications (36)
Chapter
Evolution of Learning and Memory Mechanisms is an exploration of laboratory and field research on the many ways that evolution has influenced learning and memory processes, such as associative learning, social learning, and spatial, working, and episodic memory systems. This volume features research by both outstanding early-career scientists as we...
Chapter
Full-text available
Evolution of Learning and Memory Mechanisms is an exploration of laboratory and field research on the many ways that evolution has influenced learning and memory processes, such as associative learning, social learning, and spatial, working, and episodic memory systems. This volume features research by both outstanding early-career scientists as we...
Book
Evolution of Learning and Memory Mechanisms is an exploration of laboratory and field research on the many ways that evolution has influenced learning and memory processes, such as associative learning, social learning, and spatial, working, and episodic memory systems. This volume features research by both outstanding early-career scientists as we...
Article
Evolution of Learning and Memory Mechanisms is an exploration of laboratory and field research on the many ways that evolution has influenced learning and memory processes, such as associative learning, social learning, and spatial, working, and episodic memory systems. This volume features research by both outstanding early-career scientists as we...
Article
Beginning in the 1960s the first systematic projects dedicated to testing whether great apes could acquire some aspects of human language were conducted. The ape subjects demonstrated remarkable capacities to learn and use elements of either sign language or an artificial language. The results from research across several laboratories drew a mixtur...
Article
Full-text available
Laboratory investigations of Pavlovian conditioning typically involve the association of an arbitrary conditioned stimulus (CS) with an unconditioned stimulus (US) that has no inherent relation to the CS. However, arbitrary CSs are unlikely to become conditioned outside the laboratory, because they do not occur often enough with the US to result in...
Chapter
How has evolution influenced human learning and memory processes? A complex question like this needs multiple sources of data and evidence just to arrive at what will be, for the time being, a best guess. Also, we cannot expect to answer this question by limiting ourselves to a relatively short snapshot of evolutionary time, no matter how influenti...
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The past 30 years have witnessed a continued and growing interest in the production and comprehension of manual pointing gestures in nonhuman animals. Captive primates with diverse rearing histories have shown evidence of both pointing production and comprehension, though there certainly are individual and species differences, as well as substantiv...
Chapter
Investigators of conditioning phenomena at the behavioral level have always sought to identify general principles or processes. That effort has been challenged by instances of learning that are specific to the responses, stimuli, and reinforcers involved in a particular instrumental or Pavlovian conditioning situation. This chapter reviews the theo...
Chapter
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Pavlovian conditioning is a fundamental mechanism guiding behavioral change. It enables organisms to adjust to their environments and facilitates their interactions with ecologically relevant resources, conspecifics, and threats. Associative learning is extraordinarily common, and even exists among invertebrates with remarkably simple nervous syste...
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Inquiry into evolutionary adaptations has flourished since the modern synthesis of evolutionary biology. Comparative methods, genetic techniques and various experimental and modeling approaches are used to test adaptive hypotheses. In psychology the concept of adaptation is broadly applied and is central to comparative psychology and cognition. The...
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Full-text available
Testing hypotheses about evolved psychological adaptations is the purview of human evolutionary psychology (HEP). A basic tenet of HEP is that the brain is comprised of specialized modules that evolved in response to selection pressures present in ancestral environments, and these modules support domain specific behavioral and cognitive processes t...
Article
Despite the evidence that exercise improves cognitive behavior in animal models, little is known about these beneficial effects in animal models of pathology. We examined the effects of activity wheel (AW) running on contextual fear conditioning (CFC) and locomotor/exploratory behavior in the olfactory bulbectomy (OBX) model of depression, which is...
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Full-text available
Morphological and behavioral differences between sexes are commonplace throughout the animal kingdom. Body size is one of the most obvious sex differences frequently found in snakes. However, the developmental origins of size differences in many species, including snakes, are not well known. We examined post-natal variation in sexual size dimorphis...
Article
Full-text available
Laboratory investigations of Pavlovian conditioning typically involve the association of an arbitrary conditioned stimulus (CS) with an unconditioned stimulus (US) that has no inherent relation to the CS. However, arbitrary CSs are unlikely to become conditioned outside the laboratory, because they do not occur often enough with the US to result in...
Article
Full-text available
The authors examined how a conditioned stimulus (CS) that included species-typical cues affected the acquisition and extinction of conditioned sexual responses in male quail (Coturnix japonica). Some subjects were conditioned with a CS that supported sexual responses and included a taxidermic head of a female quail. Others were conditioned with a s...
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Full-text available
Searches conducted with Medline and PsycInfo showed that the number of publications dealing with learning in animals increased between 1975 and 2000 and that the increase was substantially greater in Medline than in PsycInfo. An examination of major journals dealing with behavioral studies of conditioning and learning for the years 1953, 1963, 1973...
Article
Biorobots may model the causation of relatively simple behaviors, but many animal behaviorists are concerned with complex cognitive traits and their evolution. Biorobotics seems limited in its ability to model cognition and to provide evolutionary explanations. Also, if robots could model complex traits, such as theory of mind, underdetermination c...
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Full-text available
The widely distributed Common Gartersnake (Thamnophis sirtalis) thrives in a variety of environments and preys upon a diversity of species. Phenotypic plasticity (including learning), as well as genetic diversity, may underlie the success of this species. We examined how different types of feeding experience influence the ontogeny of foraging behav...
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Full-text available
The ontogeny of foraging was studied in 107 neonatal garter snakes ( Thamnophis sirtalis) reared on 3 different diets: fish, leafworms, or mixed. Times to approach, capture, handle, and swallow prey were measured during each snake's first feeding and again after 11 to 12 meals. Overall times to consume prey decreased between the first and last test...
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Reptile species are rarely the subjects of environmental enrichment programs, and there is little data available in the literature from enrichment studies involving these species. The authors share their studies of enriching the environments of Nile soft-shelled turtles.
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Full-text available
The manual pointing of 2 signing chimpanzees, Moja and Tatu, was examined in 2 experiments. Experiment 1 investigated eye-gaze direction, hand use, and hand shape while pointing. Both chimpanzees obtained the attention of a human before pointing toward an unreachable object. During 100 trials, the chimpanzees alternated their eye gaze between the o...
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If there is to be a natural theory of consciousness that would satisfy both philosophers and scientists, it must be based on naturalistic data and minimal clutter accumulated from semantic arguments. Carruthers offers a 'natural' theory of consciousness that is rather myopic. To explore the evolutionary basis of consciousness, a natural theory shou...
Article
The comprehension and production of manual pointing and joint visual attention are already well developed when human infants reach their 2nd year. These early developmental milestones mark the infant's transition into accelerated linguistic competence and shared experiences with others. The ability to draw another's attention toward distal objects...
Article
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 2000. Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 167-186).

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