Mark A. Kendrick

Mark A. Kendrick
The University of Queensland | UQ · School of Earth and Environmental Sciences

PhD

About

112
Publications
59,766
Reads
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3,194
Citations
Introduction
Associate Professor at the University of Queensland. Interested in the role of fluids in the Earths crust, volatiles in magmas and the exchange of volatile components between the Earth's mantle and surface reservoirs over Earth's 4.56 billion year history.
Additional affiliations
July 2019 - present
The University of Queensland
Position
  • Lecturer
February 2018 - June 2019
Australian National University
Position
  • Fellow
July 2015 - December 2017
ANU
Position
  • Contributor/Convenor
Description
  • 2nd year Geochemistry teacher and then course convenor
Education
October 1997 - December 2000
The University of Manchester
Field of study
  • Isotope Geochemistry
October 1992 - July 1996
The University of Edinburgh
Field of study
  • Geology

Publications

Publications (112)
Article
Full-text available
The extent to which water and halogens in Earth’s mantle have primordial origins, or are dominated by seawater-derived components introduced by subduction is debated. About 90% of non-radiogenic xenon in the Earth’s mantle has a subducted atmospheric origin, but the degree to which atmospheric gases and other seawater components are coupled during...
Article
Ophiolitic serpentinites and secondary peridotites formed by serpentinite dehydration were investigated to improve constraints on the fates of noble gases and halogens during subduction zone metamorphism. The work extends previous studies to encompass F and four stages of serpentinization and serpentinite dehydration including: (i) oceanic serpenti...
Article
Serpentine in modern seafloor and ophiolitic environments incorporates and often retains high concentrations of atmospheric noble gases and seawater-derived halogens. Ancient serpentinites therefore provide the potential to trace the composition of early surface environments. Antigorite-serpentinites locally carbonated to talc-magnesite schist outc...
Article
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In order to better understand the global halogen cycle and the behaviour of halogens during subduction, we investigated the concentrations of F, Cl, Br and I in suites of rare submarine glasses formed during subduction initiation on the Hunter Ridge (N. Fiji Basin) and from the northernmost part of the Tonga Arc. Additional submarine glasses from m...
Article
Halogens are critical elements for transporting metals in hydrothermal solution and tracing the sources of fluids and volatiles in subduction zones. This study tested the suitability of LA-ICPMS for simultaneous measurement of Cl, Br and I with selected trace elements in altered gabbros recovered from the Atlantis Bank core complex close to the SW...
Article
Pyromorphite-group minerals (PyGM), mainly pyromorphite (Pb5(PO4)3Cl), mimetite (Pb5(AsO4)3Cl) and vanadinite (Pb5(VO4)3Cl), are common phases that form by supergene weathering of galena. Their formation is strongly influenced by processes at the Earth's surface and in the soil overlying a lead deposit and they incorporate high amounts of halogens,...
Article
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A series of synthetic Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalt (MORB) glasses with Fe3+/FeTOT from 0 to 1, determined previously by Mössbauer spectroscopy, was used to test methods for quantifying Fe3+/FeTOT by Raman spectroscopy. Six numerical data reduction methods were investigated, based on conventional approaches as well as supervised and unsupervised machine l...
Article
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The halogens (F, Cl, Br and I), H2O and CO2 were investigated in eighteen representative lavas, dykes and a gabbro spanning depths 750–1450 mbsf in the International Ocean Discovery Project (IODP) Hole 1256D. Whole rock analyses of halogens, H2O and CO2, and in situ F and Cl electron microprobe analyses were combined to provide new information abou...
Article
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The processes controlling halogen (F, Cl, Br, I) abundances in gabbroic ocean crust recovered from the 809-m deep Hole U1473A drilled on the Atlantis Bank during International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) Expedition 360 were investigated. The aims were to provide new constraints on hydrothermal alteration and the abundances of halogens potentiall...
Article
The investigation of epigenetic carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn deposits from China and Europe in the Eastern and Western orogens of the Tethyan Domain, have provided a new perspective on the range of processes operating in this deposit class globally. However, improved metallogenic models require new constraints on the timing of mineralization throughout t...
Article
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Fluorine, Cl, Br and I measurements are reported for eight international rock reference materials (BHVO‐2, BCR‐2, BIR‐1a, RGM‐2, AGV‐2, GSP‐2, JB‐2, JR‐1) and new F data are reported for five silicate glass reference materials (NIST SRM 610 and 612, BHVO‐2G, BCR‐2G, BIR‐1G). Fluorine was measured by SHRIMP in the silicate glasses and in Li‐borate f...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter aims to provide a framework for understanding the distribution of halogens in the oceanic lithosphere. It reviews the concentrations of F, Cl, Br and I in seawater, marine sediment pore waters, hydrothermal vent fluids, fluid inclusions from deeper in the crust, and the complementary solid-phase reservoirs of organic matter and mineral...
Article
The March 2017 issue of Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research included a Comment (Wiedenbeck 2017) on our article about halogens in reference glasses (Marks et al. 2017). The comment presented new unquantified SIMS F/Si and Cl/Si data for the glasses investigated in our study (BHVO-2G, BIR-1G, BCR-2G, GSD-1G, GSE-1G, NIST SRM 610 and NIST SRM 612...
Article
The Sanjiang metallogenic belt includes a variety of economically important carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn deposits that share some similarities with classic Mississippi Valley-type (MVT) ore deposits but are hosted within a thrust belt rather than an orogenic foreland. This study aims to clarify the origin of mineralizing fluids responsible for this style...
Article
We report chlorine (Cl) and fluorine (F) abundances in minerals, interstitial glasses, and melt inclusions in 12 andesitehosted, spinel harzburgite xenoliths and crosscutting pyroxenite veins exhumed from the sub-arc lithospheric mantle beneath Avacha volcano in the Kamchatka Arc (NE Russia). The data are used to calculate equilibrium mineral-melt...
Article
Halogen contents for the widely distributed reference glasses BHVO-2G, BIR-1G, BCR-2G, GSD-1G, GSE-1G, NIST SRM 610 and NIST SRM 612 were investigated by pyrohydrolysis combined with ion chromatography, total reflection X-ray fluorescence analysis, instrumental neutron activation analysis, the noble gas method, electron probe microanalysis and lase...
Article
Full-text available
International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) Expedition 360 was the first leg of Phase I of the SloMo (shorthand for "The nature of the lower crust and Moho at slower spreading ridges") Project, a multiphase drilling program that proposes to drill through the outermost of the global seismic velocity discontinuities, the Mohorovičić seismic disconti...
Chapter
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Definition The halogen group of elements includes the four stable elements , fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), and iodine (I), and the short-lived radioactive element astatine (At) which exists only fleetingly in the Earth's crust (Chang, 2016). The halogens occupy group 17 of the periodic table and are characterized by an S 2 P 5 outer el...
Article
The aim of this paper is to provide a report on the IODP expedition 360 to the Polish geoscientific community. Expedition 360 to the Atlantis Bank along the Southwest Indian Ridge was Leg 1 of the SloMo Project. The primary objective of the SloMo Project is to test competing hypotheses on the nature of the Moho at the slow-spreading oceanic lithosp...
Article
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Six variably amphibolitised metagabbros cut by quartz-epidote veins containing high salinity brine and vapour fluid inclusions were investigated for halogen (Cl, Br, I) and noble gas (He, Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe) concentrations. The primary aims were to investigate fluid sources and interactions in hydrothermal root zones and determine the concentrations an...
Article
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Ocean island basalts (OIB) with extremely radiogenic Pb-isotopic signatures are melts of a mantle component called HIMU (high µ, high 238U/204Pb). Until now, deeply-dredged submarine HIMU glasses have not been available, which has inhibited complete geochemical (in particular, volatile element) characterization of the HIMU mantle. We report major,...
Article
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The Samoan mantle plume samples two or more mantle components including an extreme EM2 composition with 87Sr/86Sr > 0.720 and a primitive component with high 3He/4He. The high 87Sr/86Sr melts have a unique potential to constrain the composition of the EM2 mantle end-member that is commonly attributed to subduction recycling. However, a previous stu...
Article
The Karoo igneous rocks (174–185 Ma) of southern Africa represent one of the largest continental flood basalt provinces on Earth. Available evidence indicates that Karoo magmas either originated in the asthenosphere and were extensively modified by interaction with the lithospheric mantle prior to emplacement in the upper crust; or were produced by...
Article
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Submarine magmatic glasses from the Manus, Woodlark, North Fiji and Lau backarc basins in the Southwest Pacific, and Volcano A on the volcanic front of the Tonga Arc adjacent to the Lau Basin, were investigated to characterise the Cl, Br and I elemental budgets in subduction systems. In particular we seek to determine the extent of variability in t...
Article
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The Maldon gold deposit in central Victoria has geological, geochronological and fluid chemistry characteristics that distinguish it from typical vein-hosted, ‘orogenic’ gold deposits in this region. The deposit lies within the thermal aureole of the Late Devonian Harcourt Granite and associated granitic dykes that postdate regional metamorphism (~...
Article
The formation of unconformity-related uranium deposits in the Proterozoic Athabasca Basin (Canada) involved basin-scale circulation of U-bearing brines during high-grade diagenesis (150–200 °C) at ∼1.6–1.5 Ga. The UO2 ores occur both sides of the unconformity and are associated with extensive brecciation and illite–sudoite–dravite alteration. Quart...
Article
Mantle polymict breccias sampled by kimberlite magmas are complex mixtures of mantle minerals and rock clasts, cemented together by olivine, phlogopite, orthopyroxene, ilmenite, rutile and sulphides. Because of the kimberlite-like texture (i.e. mineral clasts of diverse origin and composition set in a magmatic matrix) and the large geochemical hete...
Article
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In order to improve characterisation of volatiles in the EM1 and EM2 mantle sources, which are interpreted to contain subducted sedimentary or lithospheric components, we report electron microprobe, FTIR and SIMS CO2, H2O, S, F and Cl concentrations of variably enriched glasses from Pitcairn and Society seamounts in Polynesia. The analyses compleme...
Article
The noble gas (Ar, Kr, Xe) and halogen (Cl, Br, I) composition of fluid inclusions in hydrothermal quartz and calcite related to the hypogene iron oxide-copper-gold (IOCG) mineralization at Mantoverde and Candelaria, Chile, have been investigated to provide new insights of fluid and salinity sources in Andean IOCG deposits. A combination of mechani...
Article
Full-text available
Volatiles are critically important in controlling the chemical and physical properties of the mantle. However, determining mantle volatile abundances via the preferred proxy of submarine volcanic glass can be hampered by seawater assimilation. This study shows how combined Cl, Br, I, K and H2O abundances can be used to unambiguously constrain the d...
Article
Polymict breccias entrained by kimberlites are mantle xenoliths comprising coarse-grained mantle minerals (porphyroclasts) and rock clasts, cemented together by ilmenite, rutile, phlogopite, olivine and minor sulphides. These unusual xenoliths are generally considered to result from ascending primitive/precursor kimberlite magmas that crystallised...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Paleoproterozoic Athabasca Basin (Canada) hosts numerous world class unconformity-related uranium deposits. Many aspects of their genesis remain debated. The objective here is to review recent fluid inclusion and stable isotope studies that have contributed to a better understanding of: (1) the origin and P-T-X conditions of the mineralizing fl...
Article
Serpentinites form by hydration of ultramafic lithologies in a range of seafloor and shallow subduction zone settings. Serpentinites are recognised as major reservoirs of fluid mobile elements and H2O in subducting oceanic lithosphere, and together with forearc serpentinites formed in the mantle wedge, provide critical information about shallow-lev...
Chapter
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Fluid inclusions provide the only means possible for sampling fluids from the Earth's deep-interior and ancient past. Noble gas isotope analysis can provide quantitative information about the sources of volatile components in fluid inclusions (e.g. atmosphere, crust and mantle), whereas halogens provide complementary information about the fluids, a...
Article
Metasomatism of the lithospheric mantle sometimes produces unusual assemblages containing native metals and alloys, which provide important insight into metasomatic processes in the mantle. In this study, we describe the metasomatic enrichment of a refractory harzburgite xenolith in Ni, Fe and, to a lesser extent, Cu, Co, As and Sb. The xenolith (X...
Article
Full-text available
The flux of halogens into the Earth's mantle at subduction zones is a critical yet poorly constrained parameter in the geochemical evolution of the planet. Here we report the first ever combined high-precision measurements of chlorine, bromine, and iodine for backarc basin basalt (BABB) and ocean island basalt (OIB) glasses. The measurements were u...
Article
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The Argyle lamproite pipe of Western Australia contains diamonds formed at depths exceeding 150 km. We undertook noble gas and carbon isotope ratio (δ13C) analyses of three diamonds (likely of eclogitic paragenesis) from the Argyle lamproite to test for the possible presence of deeply subducted volatile components, and to further constrain the nobl...
Article
Mantle xenoliths sampled by kimberlite and alkali basalt magmas show a range of metasomatic styles, but direct evidence for the nature of the metasomatising fluids is often elusive. It has been suggested that carbonate-rich melts produced by partial melting of carbonated peridotites and eclogites play an important role in modifying the composition...
Article
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The western sub-province of the Paleozoic Lachlan Orogen in Victoria is dominated by thick turbidite sequences overlying Cambrian basement volcanics. The region was subjected to multiple Cambrian to Late Devonian regional deformation events, followed by extensive post-tectonic granitic magmatism. The western Lachlan Orogen is considered a typical ‘...
Article
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The abundance of halogens (Cl, Br and I) in the Earth's mantle has the potential to provide information about mantle metasomatism and volatile recycling in subduction zones. Basalt melts sample different parts of the Earth's mantle, but few data are available for Br or I in basalt melts, and the relative partitioning behaviour of these elements has...
Article
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Fluid inclusion microthermometry, Raman spectroscopy and noble gas plus halogen geochemistry, complemented by published stable isotope data, have been used to assess the origin of gold-rich fluids in the Lachlan Fold Belt of central Victoria, south-eastern Australia. Victorian gold deposits vary from large turbidite-hosted 'orogenic' lode and disse...
Article
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Few techniques are available for analysis of the heavy halogens (Br and I) and characterisation of mineral standards for inter-laboratory comparison is desirable. This study illustrates the noble gas method for precise halogen measurement in neutron-activated samples by laser characterisation of four scapolite gems.The scapolites have Cl concentrat...