Mark Johnson

Mark Johnson
University of Oregon | UO · Department of Philosophy

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40
Publications
19,441
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48,309
Citations

Publications

Publications (40)
Book
All too often, we think of our minds and bodies separately. The reality couldn’t be more different: the fundamental fact about our mind is that it is embodied. We have a deep visceral, emotional, and qualitative relationship to the world—and any scientifically and philosophically satisfactory view of the mind must take into account the ways that co...
Book
This book brings together a selection of essays from the past two decades that build a powerful argument that any scientifically and philosophically satisfactory view of mind and thought must ultimately explain how bodily perception and action give rise to cognition, meaning, language, action, and values. A brief account of Johnson’s own intellect...
Book
Cómo la ciencia cognitiva reabre las preguntas filosóficas centrales: • La mente está inherentemente encarnada • El pensamiento es principalmente inconsciente • Los conceptos abstractos son en gran parte metafóricos Estos son tres grandes hallazgos de la ciencia cognitiva. Se terminaron más de dos milenios de especulación filosófica a priori acerc...
Chapter
At least since the Enlightenment, aesthetics has suffered from what Gadamer calls a “subjectivism” that relegates aesthetics to a theory of judgments based on feeling, where feelings are regarded as non-cognitive, non-rational, and private. I argue, to the contrary, that aesthetics lies at the heart of our capacity for meaningful experience. Aesthe...
Article
Full-text available
Western culture has inherited a view of understanding as an intellectual cognitive operation of grasping of concepts and their relations. However, cognitive science research has shown that this received intellectualist conception is substantially out of touch with how humans actually make and experience meaning. The view emerging from the mind scie...
Article
David Kirkby argues that I have misrepresented Marc Hauser's conception of a moral faculty, in a way that invalidates my chief arguments against the existence and necessity of such a faculty. The core of Kirkby's challenge is that what Hauser lists as necessary conditions for the moral faculty to do its work are not themselves components of that fa...
Article
Dewey's ethical naturalism has provided an exemplary model for many contemporary naturalistic treatments of morality. However, in some recent work there is an unfortunate tendency to presuppose a moral faculty as the alleged source of what are claimed to be nearly universal moral judgments. Marc Hauser's Moral minds (2006) thus argues that our shar...
Chapter
Over the past half century metaphor has moved from being a peripheral topic in the philosophy of art to the status of a major philosophical, linguistic, psychological, and scientific issue in the theory of cognition. For over 2,000 years prior to this dramatic change of status, metaphor was regarded as nothing more than a figure of speech serving v...
Article
Change, as John Dewey observed, is a basic fact of human experience. We are temporal creatures, and the situations we find ourselves in, the situations that make up the fabric of our lives, are always evolving and developing. The omnipresence of change throughout all human experience thus creates a fundamental problem for law, namely, how can law p...
Article
In The Meaning of the Body, Mark Johnson continues his pioneering work on the exciting connections between cognitive science, language, and meaning first begun in the classic Metaphors We Live By. Johnson uses recent research into infant psychology to show how the body generates meaning even before self-consciousness has fully developed. From there...
Article
Our most fundamental concepts of musical motion and space, used by laypeople and music theorists alike, are defined by conceptual metaphors that are based on our experience of physical motion. We analyze the 3 most important metaphors of musical motion: the 'MOVING MUSIC' metaphor, the 'MUSICAL LANDSCAPE' metaphor, and the 'MOVING FORCE' metaphor....
Article
Full-text available
Scientific concepts are defined by metaphors. These metaphors determine what attention is and what count as adequate explanations of the phenomenon. The authors analyze these metaphors within 3 types of attention theories: (a) "cause" theories, in which attention is presumed to modulate information processing (e.g., attention as a spotlight; attent...
Article
Why cognitive linguistics requires embodied realism MARK JOHNSON and GEORGE LAKOFF In our book Metaphors We Live By (1980), we presented evidence that taking the existence of conceptual metaphor seriously would require a massive rethinking of many foundational assumptions in the Western philosophical tradition concerning meaning, conceptualization,...
Chapter
Theories of attention in cognitive psychology are based on various metaphoric models that determine how the phenomena of attention are identified, how they are studied experimentally, and how they are explained theoretically. Three of the central models in contemporary research programs are the Attention-Spotlight metaphor, the Attention As Limited...
Article
Vyd. 1. Přeloženo z angličtiny
Book
George Lakoff and Mark Johnson take on the daunting task of rebuilding Western philosophy in alignment with three fundamental lessons from cognitive science: The mind is inherently embodied, thought is mostly unconscious, and abstract concepts are largely metaphorical. Why so daunting? "Cognitive science--the empirical study of the mind--calls upon...
Article
The concept of attention is defined by multiple inconsistent metaphors that scientists use to identify relevant phenomena, frame hypotheses, construct experiments, and interpret data. 1.(1) The Filter metaphor shapes debates about partial vs. complete filtering, early vs. late selection, and information filtering vs. enhancement.2.(2) The Spotlight...
Article
Using path-breaking discoveries of cognitive science, Mark Johnson argues that humans are fundamentally imaginative moral animals, challenging the view that morality is simply a system of universal laws dictated by reason. According to the Western moral tradition, we make ethical decisions by applying universal laws to concrete situations. But John...
Article
We are beings of the flesh. Our sensorimotor motor experience is the basis for the structure of our higher cognitive functions of conceptual cognition and reasoning. Consequently, our subjectivity is intimately tied up with the nature of our embodied experience. This runs directly counter to views of self-identity dominant in contemporary cognitive...
Article
Metametaphorical Issues The Metaphorical Logic of Rapel George Lakoff University of California at Berkeley and Mark Johnson Southern Illinois University There is a classical theory of metaphor that says that metaphor is merely a matter of naming -- of attaching words to concepts they ordinarily wouldn't go with. The naming theory contrasts with the...
Article
The now-classic Metaphors We Live By changed our understanding of metaphor and its role in language and the mind. Metaphor, the authors explain, is a fundamental mechanism of mind, one that allows us to use what we know about our physical and social experience to provide understanding of countless other subjects. Because such metaphors structure ou...
Book
The now-classic Metaphors We Live By changed our understanding of metaphor and its role in language and the mind. Metaphor, the authors explain, is a fundamental mechanism of mind, one that allows us to use what we know about our physical and social experience to provide understanding of countless other subjects. Because such metaphors structure ou...
Article
Metafory, kterými žijeme. Brno: Host, 2002, 280 stran, ISBN 80-7294-071-6 (signatura knihovny ÚMV 49 649). Francis A. Beer – Christ'l De Landtsheer (eds.): Metaphorical World Politics. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2004, 342 stran, ISBN 0-87013-762-3 (sig-natura knihovny ÚMV 52 022). Andreas Musolff: Mirror images of Europe. Metaph...
Article
Traducción de: Metaphors We Live by Estudio filosófico-lingüístico acerca de la metáfora, vista como una expresión del lenguaje cotidiano que incide en la percepción, el pensamiento, los procesos de significación y la acción de los humanos.

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