Mark Griffin

Mark Griffin
Curtin University · School of Management

PhD

About

159
Publications
288,537
Reads
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14,240
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
January 2010 - May 2016
University of Western Australia
Position
  • Managing Director
Education
January 1990 - December 1994
Pennsylvania State University
Field of study
  • Industrial/Organizational Psychology
January 1978 - December 1981
University of Melbourne
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (159)
Article
Full-text available
We introduce the concept of ''dynamic safety capability'' (DSC) to describe an organization's capacity to proactively change its core safety systems in environments characterized by change and uncertainty. Drawing on theories of dynamic capability in organizations, we define three core features of DSC: (a) sensing via scanning and attending to the...
Article
Full-text available
The paper outlines a systemic approach to understanding and assessing safety capability in the offshore oil and gas industry. We present a conceptual framework and assessment guide for understanding fitness-to-operate (FTO) that builds a more comprehensive picture of safety capability for regulators and operators of offshore facilities. The FTO fra...
Article
Full-text available
Safety climate is a collective construct derived from individuals' shared perceptions of the various ways that safety is valued in the workplace. Research over the past 35 years shows that safety climate is an important predictor of safety behavior and safety outcomes such as accidents and injury. We first review the conceptual foundations of safet...
Article
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The authors measured perceptions of safety climate, motivation, and behavior at 2 time points and linked them to prior and subsequent levels of accidents over a 5-year period. A series of analyses examined the effects of top-down and bottom-up processes operating simultaneously over time. In terms of top-down effects, average levels of safety clima...
Article
Theory and research identify leadership behaviors as critical for safety outcomes at work. To gain further understanding of the nature of leadership’s link with employee safety behaviors, we examine the joint role of generic perceived leadership behaviors (i.e., leader support and inspirational communication) and employee attributions of their lead...
Article
Self-determination theory has shaped our understanding of what optimizes worker motivation by providing insights into how work context influences basic psychological needs for competence, autonomy and relatedness. As technological innovations change the nature of work, self-determination theory can provide insight into how the resulting uncertainty...
Article
Construction safety has drawn increasing attention from both researchers and practitioners. The relationships between safety-specific leadership behaviors and safety behaviors are well-documented. However, less is known about whether and how other leadership behaviors such as temporal leadership, which focuses on managing time-related resources for...
Article
Although research has thoroughly established that employees’ safety citizenship behaviors (SCBs) are critical to workplace safety, less is known about the patterns by which team-level safety stressors affect SCBs. Extending work stress theories to the team level, this study employs a multilevel model and aims to assess two unique mediating mechanis...
Preprint
Biomathematical models (BMMs) are parametric models that quantitatively predict fatigue and are routinely implemented in fatigue risk management systems in increasingly diverse workplaces. There have been consistent calls for an improved "next generation” of BMMs that provide more accurate and targeted predictions of human fatigue. This review exam...
Article
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Organisational research investigating climate perceptions often use constructs reflecting dispersion and disagreement, termed ‘climate strength’, to investigate situational pressures on behaviour expression. Within safety-specific contexts, research has tended to emphasise the prediction of climate strength rather than an examination of its effects...
Article
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Fatigue is a critically important aspect of crew endurance in submarine operations, with continuously high fatigue being associated with increased risk of human error and long-term negative health ramifications. Submarines pose several unique challenges to fatigue mitigation, including requirements for continuous manning for long durations, a lack...
Article
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Extreme work environments are inherently stressful and involve challenging working and living conditions. In contexts ranging from space exploration to disaster response, people must sustain performance under pressure, and function with limited resources. In this paper we develop the concept of endurance for extreme work environments, which we defi...
Article
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The honesty‐humility factor from the HEXACO model of personality has been found to offer incremental validity in predicting several work‐related criteria over the remaining factors, yet its interplay with other personality factors is rarely examined. In this study, we examined how honesty‐humility (the tendency to be sincere, fair, non‐materialisti...
Article
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Workers in safety critical and 24-hour operating environments face sustained exposure to many stressful situations, ranging from long periods of monotony and boredom, to sudden periods of intense time pressure. This study examines how the combination of overload and underload contributes to fatigue and wellbeing in 943 seafarers. Using latent moder...
Article
Safety voice refers to proactive communication actions that aim to improve safety by identifying current limitations and possibilities to create a safer workplace. This entails individuals to identify hazards and dangerous ways of working in advance, and provide constructive suggestions to generate a positive change. Drawing on goal regulation lite...
Article
Pervasive human and organizational factors (HOFs) within the public sectors play a vital role in the prevention and control of epidemic (PCE). Insufficient analysis of HOFs has helped continue the use of flawed precautions. In this study, we attempted to establish a quantitative model to (a) clarify HOFs within the public sectors with regard to PCE...
Article
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There has been no scarcity in the literature of suggested antecedents of employee safety behavior, and this paper brings together the disaggregated antecedents of safety behavior in the construction field. In total, 101 eligible empirical articles are obtained. Bibliometric and context analyses are combined to identify the influential journals , sc...
Article
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Socially oriented approaches to work systems design are increasingly important as new and disruptive technologies become more prevalent. Existing approaches used by organisations to integrate such technologies are often techno-centric and do not adequately consider human issues. Sociotechnical systems (STS) tools are intended to ensure that the tec...
Article
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Safety researchers and practitioners seeking to have a long lasting impact on important variables such as safety climate typically investigate constructs operating within the immediate organisational environment such as leader support. These frequently have an impact on individual level perceptions. This paper contributes to theoretical development...
Article
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The aim of the present study was to examine how different work demands and resources characteristic to the maritime industry are related to chronic fatigue in seafarers. Moreover, we investigated the role of different fatigue related processes, such as acute fatigue, sleep problems and inter-shift recovery in explaining the association between work...
Article
Full-text available
Some of the most influential theories in organizational sciences explicitly describe a dynamic, multilevel process. Yet the inherent complexity of such theories makes them difficult to test. These theories often describe multiple subprocesses that interact reciprocally over time at different levels of analysis and over different time scales. Comput...
Article
Full-text available
Safety citizenship behaviours (SCBs) are important participative organizational behaviours that emerge in work-groups. SCBs create a work environment that supports individual and team safety, encourages a proactive management of workplace safety, and ultimately, prevents accidents. In spite of the importance of SCBs, little consensus exists on the...
Article
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Initiating a safety oriented change - or safety initiative - is conceptually distinct from other forms of safety participation and safety citizenship behaviour, yet little attention has been given to its performance outcomes or its motivational antecedents. An initial study with a sample composed of middle managers (N = 86) showed that safety initi...
Article
Cycling for transportation has multiple benefits to both individuals and societies. However, in many countries, cycling rates are very low. One major deterrent is hostile or aggressive behaviours directed towards cyclists. Past research has established that negative attitudes towards cyclist are a major driver of aggressive behaviour. However, the...
Chapter
Safety climate is an important leading indicator of safety performance and reflects the priority of safety within industrial operations. Previous research has identified safety climate as a multilevel and multidimensional construct, which involves the interaction of multiple social agents at various levels of organisations, including managers, supe...
Article
Full-text available
Despite a downward trend in injury rates in UK workplaces, accident occurrence remains an on-going issue for the rail workforce. Results from the RSSB annual survey reveal that there were 164 major injuries in 2016/17. Safety climate is defined as “shared perceptions with regard to safety policies, procedures and practices.” Many studies have exami...
Article
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Introduction: Perceived management safety commitment as an aspect of safety climate or culture is a key influence on safety outcomes in organizations. What is unclear is how perceptions of management commitment are created by leaders. Method: To address this gap in the literature, we position safety commitment as a leadership construct viewed fr...
Article
The Publisher regrets that this article is an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published in Journal of Safety Research, 68 (2019) 203-214, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2018.12.011. The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/ab...
Article
Full-text available
Goal orientation is an important psychological attribute for employees, as it has been found to predict a wide range of work‐related outcomes. Although goal orientation has been well‐studied, little is known about the extent to which individuals’ stable, trait‐like goal orientation can be changed and about whether some individuals are more likely t...
Conference Paper
Safety climate refers to the priority of safety management in organizations. It is usually described as "surface features of safety culture discerned from workplace attitudes and perceptions of priority at a given point in time". Research suggests that positive perceptions of safety climate are associated with fewer accidents and less negative cons...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Safety climate is an important leading indicator of safety performance and reflects the priority of safety in industrial operations. Previous research has identified safety climate as a multilevel and multidimensional construct, which involves the interaction of multiple social agents at various levels of organisations, including managers,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Although some of the most influential theories in organizational psychology and organizational behavior explicitly describe a dynamic process, testing dynamic theory is difficult. Standard statistical approaches often do not accurately represent the dynamic process described by the theory. As such, there is often a misalignment between theory and s...
Article
We propose that integrated management of construction risk and stakeholder is feasible and can promote the effectiveness of both risk management (RM) and stakeholder management (SM). A systematic literature review is conducted on the current construction literature involving both RM and SM, through which we identify four linkage modes between risk...
Article
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This research presents a model of employee behaviour related to the use of procedures in safety critical industries. A key contribution is the focus on procedure-related behaviour that is enacted when employees are engaged with their work-such as when they invest personal effort into complying with procedures and voice suggestions or concerns they...
Article
Full-text available
Safety citizenship behaviour (SCB) is an important participation factor in work-groups. Our study aims to study the influence of some antecedents of this safety-specific dimension of organizational citizenship. In the light of the current research stream that distinguishes between prosocial vs. proactive forms of organizational citizenship, we will...
Article
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Safety researchers are frequently faced with a dilemma in field research: whether to increase both participant engagement and the efficiency of their data collection by using brief construct measures, or to instead use exhaustive and thorough measures to capture the full range of statistical variance in relationships of interest. Using a safety cli...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Individual safety performance (behavior) critically influences safety outcomes in high-risk workplaces. Compared to the study of generic work performance on different measurements, few studies have investigated different measurements of safety performance, typically relying on employees' self-reflection of their safety behavior. This...
Article
Full-text available
Adherence to procedures is critical to the safety and performance of maintenance tasks; however, few studies of procedure compliance among maintenance personnel have been reported. The present study evaluated a theoretical model in which management approaches to procedure compliance were linked to compliance outcomes through user perceptions of pos...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many companies maintain human-written logs to capture data on events such as workplace incidents and equipment failures. However, the sheer volume and unstructured nature of this data prevent it from being utilised for knowledge acquisition. Our web-based prototype software system provides a cohesive computational methodology for analysing and visu...
Article
Full-text available
Aim. The paper outlines a systemic approach to understanding and assessing safety capability in high-risk industries, like off-shore oil, gas industry, chemical operators. The “Fitness to Operate” framework (acronym: FTO) (Griffin et al., 2014) has been recently defined by three enabling capitals that create safety capability: organizational capita...
Article
It has been estimated that one-third of all work-related deaths occur while driving for work-related purposes. Despite this, many organisations are unaware of the practices, beyond those that identify and control the impact of unforeseen events (i.e., risk management), that predispose drivers to risk. This study addresses the issue by identifying t...
Article
Full-text available
Individual work performance has been a central topic for scholars over the past century. There is a mass of research on performance but it is embodied in a variety of disconnected literatures each using their own set of constructs and theoretical lenses. In this paper, we synthesize this disparate literature to better understand individual work per...
Article
Objective: Statistics indicate that employees commuting or traveling as part of their work are overrepresented in workplace injury and death. Despite this, many organizations are unaware of the factors within their organizations that are likely to influence potential reductions in work-related road traffic injury. Methods: This article presents...
Article
Full-text available
Safety climate research has reached a mature stage of development, with a number of meta-analyses demonstrating the link between safety climate and safety outcomes. More recently, there has been interest from systems theorists in integrating the concept of safety culture and to a lesser extent, safety climate into systems-based models of organizati...
Article
In Australia, more than 30% of the traffic volume can be attributed to work-related vehicles. Although work-related driver safety has been given increasing attention in the scientific literature, it is uncertain how well this knowledge has been translated into practice in industry. It is also unclear how current practice in industry can inform scie...
Article
We integrate insights from the social identity complexity and dual identification literature to explore the influence of workplace identification on cross-functional conflicts at work. We propose that patterns of identification across multiple identity targets will affect the development of cross-functional conflicts within an organization. We test...
Conference Paper
Practitioner views on good safety leadership constitute implicit leadership theories. Themes in the descriptions of best practices in safety leadership, illustrate what behaviours are seen as most effective and may be most beneficial in leader development. Paricipants of this study (n=112) completed an online survey consisting of open questions reg...
Article
Full-text available
Goal orientation has become one of the most studied motivational constructs in the psychology literature. However, in organizational contexts, the research focus to date has largely centered on the relationship between goal orientation and task performance—neglecting the valuable contribution of non-task work behaviors, such as workplace deviance a...
Article
Research into the technology acceptance model (TAM) and safety performance was used to develop a model in which perceived organizational and supervisor support for safety affect employees' compliance with a risk-awareness safety procedure via cognitive-motivational mechanisms. Cross-sectional survey data were collected from 374 employees of a large...
Chapter
Literature on organizational climate recognizes that practices, policies, and procedures vary for different domains within an organization. This chapter begins by reviewing literature on organizational climate and workplace health and well-being and then addresses research on organizational factors and workplace safety with a particular focus on th...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of this follow-up research was to: • develop a more refined measurement of individual safety beliefs, to allow an improved understanding of how safety beliefs influence safety related outcomes in the mining sector in South America • complement the existing data for Asia-Pacific and African countries collected through the ‘International Safe...
Article
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An internal locus of control has benefits for individuals across multiple life domains. Nevertheless, whether it is possible to enhance an individual’s internal locus of control has rarely been considered. The authors propose that the presence of job autonomy and skill utilization in work can enhance internal locus of control, both directly and ind...
Article
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Cross-lagged regression coefficients are frequently used to test hypotheses in panel designs. However, these coefficients have particular properties making them difficult to interpret. In particular, cross-lagged regression coefficients may vary, depending on the respective time lags between different sets of measurement occasions. This article int...
Article
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We explore the influence of hierarchy on workers' identification and well-being. Specifically, we hypothesize that the accessibility of different identity targets will vary according to the distinct priorities and perspectives found at different hierarchical levels, and that this will have implications for the identification and well-being of worke...
Article
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Purpose – This paper aims to investigate whether leaders whose transformational leadership behavior improves after training exhibit different psychological reactions compared to leaders whose leadership behavior does not improve. Design/methodology/approach – The authors followed 56 leaders taking part in a transformational leadership training pro...