Mark Faghy

Mark Faghy
University of Derby · Human Sciences Research Centre

PhD in Respiratory Physiology

About

79
Publications
10,163
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
329
Citations
Introduction
An enthusiastic respiratory researcher with experience in applied sports performance and the use of interventions from the exercise sciences applied into clinical respiratory settings. Currently using cross-disciplinary approaches to help those suffering from persistent symptom profiles in the post-COVID-19 period and trying to encourage increased collaboration between clinical and the exercise sciences.
Additional affiliations
April 2011 - August 2015
University of Derby
Position
  • Associate Lecturer and Postgraduate Researcher

Publications

Publications (79)
Preprint
Background: Changes in lifestyle patterns and the dependence on technology have contributed to an increase in prevalence of inactivity. To address this there is a need to identify the predictors of physical inactivity using the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF). Methods: One hundred and twenty-one university administrative staff and 114 PhD stude...
Article
Full-text available
We have been amid unhealthy living and related chronic disease pandemics for several decades. These longstanding crises have troublingly synergized with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The need to establish research priorities in response to COVID-19 can be used to address broad health and wellbeing, social and economic impacts fo...
Article
Irrespective of geographical location, disadvantaged people are disproportionately affected by unnecessary disease and suffering caused by inequalities in health. Although equal access to opportunities for healthy living medicine regardless of legal, political, economic, or other circumstances should be a basic human right, it is increasingly impro...
Article
Background: Long-COVID diagnosis is prominent, and our attention must support those experiencing debilitating and long-standing symptoms. To establish patient pathways, we must consider the societal and economic impacts of sustained COVID-19. Accordingly, we sought to determine the pertinent areas impacting quality of life (QoL) following a COVID-...
Article
Full-text available
Strict lockdown measures were introduced in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, which caused mass disruption to adolescent swimmers’ daily routines. To measure how lockdown impacted nutritional practices in this cohort, three-day photograph food diaries were analysed at three time points: before (January), during (April), and after (September) the f...
Article
Full-text available
Less than 20% of cancer patients meet the recommended physical activity (PA) guidelines, partially due to poor knowledge and enforcement/encouragement amongst health-care professionals (HCPs). The primary aim of this study was to explore the perceptions of exercise practitioners on the role of PA and the physiological and psychological benefits to...
Preprint
Background: Physical inactivity is an increasing public health issue which has been associated with several chronic illnesses. However, despite strong evidence indicating the health benefits of physical activity, many university staff and students tend to be physically inactive. The aim of this study was to examine the perceived barriers to and ena...
Article
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type-2 (SARS-CoV-2) transmission continues to impact people globally. Whilst the acute symptoms and management strategies are well documented, millions of people globally are experiencing a prolonged and debilitating symptom profile that is reported to last months and even years. COVID-19 is a multi...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 has severely impacted population health and well-being globally. Acknowledging that COVID-19 will not be the world’s last pandemic, improving healthy living factors (i.e., physical activity, healthful nutrition, healthy weight), which are important in mitigating negative outcomes of future infectious disease pandemics, should be prioritize...
Article
Traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) have long been the focus of preventive strategies. The impact of family stress, depression, anxiety, hostility, pessimism, job strain, social isolation, lack of purpose in life and social support, are well recognized risks for CVD development, however they are under-appreciated in clinical p...
Article
The study examined the synergistic and independent effects of carbohydrate-caffeine mouth rinse on repeated sprint performance during simulated soccer match play. Nine male soccer players (21 ± 3 years, 1.75 ± 0.05 m, 68.0 ± 9.0 kg) completed four trials with either 6 mg·kg⁻¹ caffeine + 10% maltodextrin (CHO+CAFMR), 6 mg·kg⁻¹ caffeine (CAFMR), 10%...
Article
Full-text available
As a nitric oxide (NO) enhancer, citrulline malate (CM) has recently been touted as a potential ergogenic aid to both resistance and high-intensity exercise performance, as well as the recovery of muscular performance. The mechanism has been associated with enhanced blood flow to active musculature, however, it might be more far-reaching as either...
Article
Increased sedentary behavior has been an unintended consequence of social and physical distancing restrictions needed to limit transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19. Sedentary behavior is defined as any waking behavior characterized by an energy expenditure ≤1.5 METs while in a sitting, reclining, or lying posture....
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To evaluate if sedentary time (ST) is associated with heart rate (HR) and variability (HRV) in adults. Methods: We systematically searched PubMed and Google Scholar through June 2020. Inclusion criteria were observational design, humans, adults, English language, ST as the exposure, resting HR/HRV as the outcome, and (meta-analysis only...
Article
Full-text available
Preventative measures taken worldwide to decrease the transmission of COVID-19 have had a tremendous impact on youth. Following social restrictions, youth with and without physical disabilities are engaging in less physical activity, more increased sedentary behavior, and poor sleep habits. Specifically, youth wheelchair users (YWU) are likely disp...
Article
Full-text available
Public health guidelines for physical activity now include recommendations to break up prolonged sitting with light-intensity activities. Concurrently, interventions to increase standing have emerged, especially within the workplace in the form of sit-stand or standing workstations. Moreover, in short-duration studies, breaking up prolonged sitting...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a seven-week nutrition education intervention on the sports nutrition knowledge (SNK) of highly trained UK adolescent swimmers. Fifteen national and international adolescent swimmers (males = 5; females = 10, 15.5 ± 1.1 years, 170.2 ± 7.5 cm, 60.3 ± 5.7 kg) participated in the study during seven...
Article
Which came first, the chicken or the egg? This causality dilemma was first proposed by the Greek biographer Plutarch in the 1st century CE. While the cause-effect relationship between lifestyle behaviors and chronic disease is not always a certainty, and genetic predisposition can independently lead to premature chronic disease, the likelihood of d...
Article
People with spinal cord injury (SCI) face unique challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic, including greater risk of poor COVID-19-related outcomes, increased social isolation, and restricted access to important services. Furthermore, COVID-19 related restrictions have decreased already low levels of physical activity (PA) in this population. Theref...
Article
Full-text available
Interventions to increase physical activity in children have adopted broad approaches and achieved varying success. There is a need to adopt approaches underpinned with a theoretical basis. Accordingly, the aim here was to implement and evaluate a 12-week intervention designed using the concepts of the COM-B model to determine the effect this has o...
Article
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to have a devastating effect on a global scale. COVID-19 variants continue to arise and counteract vaccination efficacy. As such, preventative health measures, such as social distancing and stay at home mandates, will continue for the foreseeable future. Evidence on those at greatest risk for poor outco...
Article
Background Lockdowns imposed during the COVID-19 pandemic have impacted the living and working habits of millions of people, with potentially important implications for their physical, mental, and social well-being. Objective The primary objective of this study was to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on remote workers who were not d...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Lockdowns imposed during the COVID-19 pandemic have impacted the living and working habits of millions of people, with potentially important implications for their physical, mental, and social well-being. OBJECTIVE The primary objective of this study was to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on remote workers who were not d...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction: Imposed lockdowns during the COVID-19 pandemic have impacted the living and working habits of millions, with potentially important implications for physical, mental, and social wellbeing.Objectives: The primary objective was to investigate the impact of the pandemic on remote workers not directly affected by the virus.Methods: This wa...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is now an established vital sign. CRF, along with muscle function and bone and joint health is related to functional independence and a higher quality of life. Wasserman and colleagues proposed a gear model illustrating the integrated role of the respiratory, cardiovascular, and skeletal muscle systems during aerobic...
Article
Full-text available
There is a lack of information available for physical education (PE) provision in the early years foundation stage (EYFS), prompting concern about what is currently delivered in schools and the values behind the approaches taken. Using semi-structured interviews, this study investigated educators’ perspectives on the value of PE and physical activi...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Patients experience substantial morbidity following discharge from hospital and during recovery from communi-ty-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) has demonstrated improved functional capacity and reduced patient-reported symptoms. To date the safety and tolerability of these methods have not been determined...
Article
Objective. Reducing sedentary behaviours at work is imperative. Before effective strategies can be developed there is a need to understand profiles of activity within particular roles and organizations. This study aimed to determine activity profiles of staff by job title at a UK university. Methods. Three-hundred and seventeen participants complet...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction It has become increasingly evident that COVID-19 contributes to multiorgan pathophysiology. The systemic inflammatory response increases both pro-inflammatory cytokine and chemokine levels, leading to immune dysregulation and increasing the likelihood of incurring cardiac and pulmonary injuries. Areas covered Longer periods of hospita...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 is one of the biggest health crises that the world has seen. Whilst measures to abate transmission and infection are ongoing, there continues to be growing numbers of patients requiring chronic support, which is already putting a strain on health care systems around the world and which may do so for years to come. A legacy of COVID-19 will...
Article
We continue to increase our cognizance and recognition of the importance of healthy living (HL) behaviors and HL medicine (HLM) to prevent and treat chronic disease. The continually unfolding events precipitated by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic have further highlighted the importance of HL behaviors, as indicated by the character...
Article
Purpose: Reducing sedentary behaviours at work is imperative. Before effective strategies can be developed there is a need to understand profiles of activity within particular roles and organisations. This study aimed to determine activity profiles of staff by job title at a UK University. Methods: Three-hundred and seventeen participants completed...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: There is little evidence of the ergogenic effect of flow-resistive masks worn during exercise. We compared a flow-resistive face mask (MASK) worn during high-intensity interval training (HIIT) against pressure threshold loading inspiratory muscle training (IMT). Methods: 23 participants (13 males) completed a 5 km time trial and six wee...
Article
Purpose: Masking has been employed as a strategy for reducing transmission of a variety of communicable diseases. With the outbreak of SARS-CoV-2, many countries have implemented mandatory public masking. However, the perceived impact of mask use on pulmonary function has been a deterrent to public compliance with recommendations. COVID-19 has she...
Article
Full-text available
Early childhood is a key period for children to begin developing and practicing fundamental movement skills (FMS), while aiming to perform sufficient physical activity (PA). This study reviews the current evidence for the levels of achievement in FMS and PA measured using accelerometers among 4-5-year-old children and examines differences by gender...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper proposes a biopsychosocial (BPS) analysis of COVID-19 experiences which enhances understanding of complex and interrelated factors and leads to the proposition of a BPS recovery framework. Design/methodology/approach Online narrative research was used to explore people's experiences of COVID-19 and was conducted over a four-mont...
Article
Full-text available
Background. There is growing interest in conceptualising public health problems such as physical inactivity as the outcome of multiple interacting factors within complex systems. Methods. We worked with stakeholders involved in a city-wide physical activity promotion programme in Derby, UK to prodiuce conceptual maps of the major modifiable drivers...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the effects of two sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) doses on estimated energy system contribution and performance during an intermittent high-intensity cycling test (HICT), and time-to-exhaustion (TTE) exercise. Twelve healthy males (stature: 1.75 ± 0.08 m; body mass: 67.5 ± 6.3 kg; age: 21.0 ± 1.4 years; maximal oxygen consumpti...
Article
1) Background: This study sought to calibrate triaxial accelerometery, worn on both wrists, waist and both ankles, during children's physical activity (PA), with particular attention to object control motor skills performed at a fast and slow cadence, and to cross-validate the accelerometer cut-points derived from the calibration using an independe...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: To cross-validate previously calibrated Actigraph cut points in children. Methods: Twenty eight children (50%boys) aged between 8 and 11 years of age (9.4 ± 1.4 years) performed a series of 5 minute bouts of activity reflective of different levels of PA from sedentary behaviour (SB) to moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA); V ˙ O...
Article
Inspiratory Muscle Training (IMT) whilst adopting body positions that mimic exercise (functional IMT; IMTF) improves running performance above traditional IMT methods in unloaded exercise. We investigated the effect of IMTF during load carriage tasks. Seventeen males completed 60 min walking at 6.5 km·h⁻¹ followed by a 2.4 km load carriage time-tri...
Article
Full-text available
Accelerometers are widely used to assess physical activity, but it is unclear how effective accelerometers are in capturing fundamental movement skills in children. This study examined the energy expenditure during different physical activities (PA) and calibrated triaxial accelerometry, worn at the wrist, waist and ankle, during children’s PA with...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Patients report significant morbidity following community-acquired pneumonia (CAP); 70% report persistent symptoms and up to 50% impaired daily activity at 4 weeks post-discharge. Respiratory muscle weakness is one possible mechanism for delayed recovery. Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) increases strength and endurance of inspirator...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Swimming requires sustained high performance, with limited recovery between heats, recovery strategies are essential to performance but are often self-regulated and sub- optimal. Accordingly, we investigated a physiologically determined recovery protocol. METHODS: Fifteen (m=9, f=6) international junior age group swimmers participated...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: Derby a City on the Move (DaCotM) aims to tackle physical inactivity across Derby, UK and provided impetus and focus to utilising a whole systems approach to tackling inactivity. A consortium of partners work together on the project aiming to develop understanding of the way ‘systems thinking’ can be translated into action, and to inf...
Article
Lomax, M, Kapus, J, Brown, PI, and Faghy, M. Impact of weekly swimming training distance on the ergogenicity of inspiratory muscle training in well-trained youth swimmers. J Strength Cond Res 33(8): 2185-2193, 2019-The aim of this study was to examine the impact of weekly swimming training distance on the ergogenicity of inspiratory muscle training...
Article
Full-text available
Whole body active warm ups (AWU) and inspiratory muscle warm up (IMW) prior to exercise improves performance on some endurance exercise tasks. This study investigated the effects of AWU with and without IMW upon 2.4 km running time-trial performance while carrying a 25 kg backpack, a common task and backpack load in physically demanding occupations...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether loads carried in a backpack, with a load mass ranging from 0 to 20 kg, causes respiratory muscle fatigue. Methods: Eight males performed four randomised load carriage (LC) trials comprising 60 min walking at 6.5 km∙h-1 wearing a backpack of either 0 (LC0), 10 (LC10), 15 (LC15) or 20 kg...
Conference Paper
Background: Dyspnoea is a common symptom of advanced cancer patients, and can impact on physical, social and psychological wellbeing. Currently the use of opioids is recommended for people suffering with chronic dyspnoea, despite an association to longer term health problems. Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) promotes chronic adaptations within the...
Conference Paper
Background: The addition of external thoracic loads is common in occupational groups such as the military. The positioning upon the thorax poses a unique challenge to breathing mechanics and causes respiratory muscle fatigue (RMF) following exercise. IMT techniques provide a positive impact to exercise performance as well as attenuating RMF in both...
Article
Full-text available
Load carriage (LC) exercise in physically demanding occupations is typically characterised by periods of low-intensity steady-state exercise and short duration, high-intensity exercise while carrying an external mass in a backpack; this form of exercise is also known as LC exercise. This induces inspiratory muscle fatigue and reduces whole-body per...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Purpose: The addition of an inspiratory muscle warm-up (IMWU) to active warm up (AWU) has demonstrated increases in performance on maximal exercise tasks. This is attributed to the priming of the respiratory musculature prior to exercise attenuating exertional dyspnoea, lactate accumulation and respiratory muscle fatigue. To date, these observation...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction Load carriage (LC) is an important part of many occupational and recreational tasks such as the military, research has acknowledged that such activity causes fatigue of both the respiratory and locomotor muscles after prolonged exercise. It is suggested that the two are linked through a reflex mechanism known as the metaboreflex which...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction Inspiratory muscle fatigue has been observed at reduced exercise intensities (58% V̇O2 Max) when exercising with a 25 kg load. LC reduces operational lung volume and places the respiratory musculature on a less efficient place on their length tension curve. This causes increased work of breathing, respiratory muscle fatigue and reducin...
Poster
Full-text available
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Thoracic load carriage poses a unique challenge to respiratory function and breathing mechanics under conditions with thoracic restriction. Continued exposure to such scenarios results in specific respiratory muscle fatigue (RMF); increasing physiological responses, perceived exertion, reducing whole body performance and posing heighte...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Numerous studies have investigated the effects of respiratory muscle training (RMT) on rowing, running, swimming and cycling using a variety of different protocols and training devices that have resulted in improved athletic performance in thermo-neutral conditions. However, there appears to be a gap in the research literature with res...
Article
The relevance and importance of load carriage in recreational and occupational tasks has stimulated a large body of research. Exercise protocols have been criticized for a lack of relevance to occupational activities; accordingly, the aim of this study was to assess the reliability of a preloaded time-trial protocol for load carriage assessment. Af...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the effect of carrying a 25 kg backpack upon exercise-induced respiratory muscle fatigue, pulmonary function and physiological and perceptual responses to exercise. Nineteen healthy males performed 60 min walking at 6.5 km h(-1) and 0 % gradient with a 25 kg backpack (load carriage; LC). Following 15 min recovery participants then c...
Article
Full-text available
Resistance training activates the ventilatory muscles providing a stimulus similar to ventilatory muscle training. We examined the effects of elite powerlifting training upon ventilatory muscle strength, pulmonary function and diaphragm thickness in world-class powerlifters (POWER) and a control group (CON) with no history of endurance or resistanc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Load carriage presents a unique challenge to the respiratory system by combining chest wall loading and restriction to which evidence clearly demonstrates impaired pulmonary function. This alters breathing mechanics during exercise subsequently increasing the work of breathing, as the respiratory muscles are forced to work away from the...

Network