Mark Emberton

Mark Emberton
University College London | UCL · Division of Surgery and Interventional Science

MD FRCS Urology

About

1,011
Publications
70,398
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
28,236
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 1998 - present
University College London
Position
  • Managing Director
Description
  • We are a small but dynamic group that has a research focus in three areas in early prostate cancer: improving the accuracy of diagnosis; deriving precise risk stratification; devising treatments that reduce toxicity.

Publications

Publications (1,011)
Article
Full-text available
Multiparametric magnetic-resonance imaging (mpMRI) has proven utility in diagnosing primary prostate cancer. However, the diagnostic potential of prostate-specific membrane antigen positron-emission tomography (PSMA PET) has yet to be established. This study aims to systematically review the current literature comparing the diagnostic performance o...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The Prostate Imaging Quality (PI-QUAL) score is a new metric to evaluate the diagnostic quality of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the prostate. This study assesses the impact of an intervention, namely a prostate MRI quality training lecture, on the participant's ability to apply PI-QUAL. Methods: Sixteen partici...
Article
Purpose: To assess patterns of adoption and population-level outcomes of prostate MRI and association with surgical outcomes across a sample of US elderly. Materials and methods: This population-based retrospective study used Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linked data from 2003-2016 to identify men receiving prostatect...
Article
We commend Veerman et al. for investigating the diagnostic performance of radiological apical tumor involvement (radATI) in preoperative prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and its impact on clinical outcomes in patients with localized prostate cancer. This retrospective study evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of MRI to detect pathological AT...
Preprint
Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) and Hausdorff distance (HD) are widely used for evaluating medical image segmentation. They have also been criticised, when reported alone, for their unclear or even misleading clinical interpretation. DSCs may also differ substantially from HDs, due to boundary smoothness or multiple regions of interest (ROIs) wit...
Article
Full-text available
Background Multiparametric MRI of the prostate followed by targeted biopsy is recommended for patients at risk of prostate cancer. However, multiparametric ultrasound is more readily available than multiparametric MRI. Data from paired-cohort validation studies and randomised, controlled trials support the use of multiparametric MRI, whereas the ev...
Article
Background Recurrent prostate cancer after radiotherapy occurs in one in five patients. The efficacy of prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in recurrent cancer has not been established. Furthermore, high-quality data on new minimally invasive salvage focal ablative treatments are needed. Objective To evaluate the role of prostate MRI in dete...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The ReIMAGINE Consortium was conceived to develop risk-stratification models that might incorporate the full range of novel prostate cancer (PCa) diagnostics (both commercial and academic). Methods ReIMAGINE Risk is an ethics approved (19/LO/1128) multicentre, prospective, observational cohort study which will recruit 1000 treatment-n...
Article
Image quality assessment (IQA) in medical imaging can be used to ensure that downstream clinical tasks can be reliably performed. Quantifying the impact of an image on the specific target tasks, also named as task amenability, is needed. A task-specific IQA has recently been proposed to learn an image-amenability-predicting controller simultaneousl...
Preprint
Image quality assessment (IQA) in medical imaging can be used to ensure that downstream clinical tasks can be reliably performed. Quantifying the impact of an image on the specific target tasks, also named as task amenability, is needed. A task-specific IQA has recently been proposed to learn an image-amenability-predicting controller simultaneousl...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided biopsy for prostate cancer is prone to random and systemic error and has been shown to have a negative predictive value of 70%. PRECISION and PRECISE are among the first randomised studies to evaluate the new MRI-targeted biopsy (MRI-TB) pathway with a non-paired design to detect clinically signific...
Article
Background Focal therapy aims to treat areas of cancer to confer oncological control whilst reducing treatment-related functional detriment. Objective To report oncological outcomes and adverse events following focal high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) for treating nonmetastatic prostate cancer. Design, setting, and participants An analysis...
Article
Full-text available
Recent advancements in 3D in vitro culture have allowed for the development of cancer tissue models which accurately recapitulate the tumour microenvironment. Consequently, there has been increased innovation in therapeutic drug screening. While organoid cultures show great potential, they are limited by the time scale of their growth in vitro and...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is currently limited evidence on the diagnostic accuracy of abbreviated biparametric MRI (a-bpMRI) protocols for prostate cancer (PCa) detection and screening. In the present study, we aim to investigate the performance of a-bpMRI among multiple readers and its potential application to an imaging-based screening setting. (2) Metho...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has improved the triage of men with suspected prostate cancer, through precision prebiopsy identification of clinically significant disease. While multiple important characteristics, including tumour grade and size have been shown to affect conspicuity on mpMRI, tumour location and ass...
Article
Full-text available
Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) of the prostate is used by radiologists to identify, score, and stage abnormalities that may correspond to clinically significant prostate cancer (CSPCa). Automatic assessment of prostate mpMRI using artificial intelligence algorithms may facilitate a reduction in missed cancers and unnecessary bio...
Article
Full-text available
Background For localised prostate cancer, focal therapy offers an organ-sparing alternative to radical treatments (radiotherapy or prostatectomy). Currently, there is no randomised comparative effectiveness data evaluating cancer control of both strategies. Methods Following the eligibility criteria PSA < 20 ng/mL, Gleason score ≤ 7 and T-stage ≤...
Article
Full-text available
Plain English Summary One in eight men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer (PCa). Most will not die of it, but our ability to identify those men whose cancer poses the greatest threat to life has, thus far, been poor. Some men are diagnosed with small cancers which will never cause them a problem, some will have treatment which is unnecessary, o...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The introduction of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) has improved almost every aspect of the prostate cancer diagnostic pathway. However, the novel imaging technique, prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography (PSMA PET) may have demonstrable accuracy in detecting and staging prostate cancer. Here, we describe a protoco...
Article
The role of multiparametric MRI in diagnosis, staging and treatment planning for prostate cancer is well established. However there remain several challenges to widespread adoption. One such challenge is the duration and cost the examination. Abbreviated exams omitting contrast enhanced sequences may help address this challenge. In this review, we...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most frequent cancer diagnosis in men worldwide. Our ability to identify those men whose cancer will decrease their lifespan and/or quality of life remains poor. The ReIMAGINE Consortium has been established to improve PCa diagnosis. Materials and methods MRI will likely become the future cornerstone of...
Article
Background Micro-ultrasound (microUS) is a novel ultrasound-based imaging modality which has demonstrated the ability to visualize prostate cancer. Multiparametric MRI/ultrasound (mpMRI/US) fusion has recognized advantages for the performance of prostate biopsy, however, it encompasses additional cost, time and technical expertise to performing pro...
Article
Full-text available
The technical requirements for the acquisition of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) of the prostate have been clearly outlined in the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) guidelines, but there is still huge variability in image quality among centres across the world. It has been difficult to quantify what constitute...
Chapter
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in males and the second-leading cancer-related cause of death in the Western world. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening, and changes in the diagnostic pathway of prostate cancer, has resulted in proportionally more men being diagnosed with early-stage prostate cancer still confined to the prostate. Pa...
Article
Context Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) is a novel imaging technique with several potential applications in the prostate cancer (PCa) setting. Objective To perform a systematic review of the current evidence regarding the diagnostic performance of PSMA PET/MRI in patients...
Article
Context: Focal therapy has emerged as a promising option to treat well-selected men with localised prostate cancer while preserving healthy prostate tissue and key structures, such as the urethral sphincter and neurovascular bundles. However, how this tissue preservation may translate into improved outcomes, particularly into improved sexual outco...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The primary objective of the ReIMAGINE Prostate Cancer Screening Study is to explore the uptake of an invitation to prostate cancer screening using MRI. Methods and analysis The ReIMAGINE Prostate Cancer Screening Study is a prospective single-centre feasibility study. Eligible men aged 50–75 years with no prior prostate cancer diagno...
Article
Full-text available
Background Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has improved risk stratification for suspected prostate cancer in patients following prior biopsy. However, not all significant cancers are detected by mpMRI. The PICTURE study provides the ideal opportunity to investigate cancer undetected by mpMRI owing to the use of 5 mm transperineal...
Article
Full-text available
There is increasing interest in the use of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) in the prostate cancer pathway. The European Association of Urology (EAU) and the British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS) now advise mpMRI prior to biopsy, and the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) recommendations set out the m...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in lesion volume on serial multiparametric magnetic resonance (mpMRI) during active surveillance for prostate cancer. Methods A total of 160 patients with a targeted biopsy-confirmed visible lesion on mpMRI, stratified by low- and intermediate-risk disease (Gleason Grade Group 1 vs Gleas...
Article
ReIMAGINE represents the first efforts to define prostate cancer risk using the full spectrum of emerging diagnostics (both commercial and academic). The outputs will provide image-based data sets that will replace, or adjust, historical and flawed risk calculators.
Article
Senescent cells accumulate with age in all tissues. Although senescent cells undergo cell-cycle arrest, these cells remain metabolically active and their secretome — known as the senescence-associated secretory phenotype — is responsible for a systemic pro-inflammatory state, which contributes to an inflammatory microenvironment. Senescent cells ca...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The Prostate Imaging Quality (PI-QUAL) score assesses the quality of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI). A score of 1 means all sequences are below the minimum standard of diagnostic quality, 3 implies that the scan is of sufficient diagnostic quality, and 5 means that all three sequences are of optimal diagnostic quality. We investigated the i...
Article
Full-text available
Prostate cancer affects a significant proportion of men worldwide. Evidence from genetic and clinical studies suggests that there may be a causal association between prostate cancer and the human papilloma virus (HPV). As HPV is a vaccine-preventable pathogen, the possibility of a role in prostate cancer causation may reinforce the importance of ef...
Article
Full-text available
Focal therapy (FT) ablates areas of prostate cancer rather than treating the whole gland. We compared oncological outcomes of FT to radical prostatectomy (RP). Using prospective multicentre databases of 761 FT and 572 RP cases (November/2005-September/2018), patients with PSA < 20 ng/ml, Gleason </= 4 + 3 and stage </= T2c were 1–1 propensity score...
Article
Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) of prostate cancer (PCa) using multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) is actively being investigated as a means to provide clinical decision support to radiologists. Typically, these systems are trained using lesion annotations. However, lesion annotations are expensive to obtain and inadequate for charact...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has improved risk stratification for suspected prostate cancer in patients following prior biopsy. However, not all significant cancers are detected by mpMRI. The PICTURE study provides the ideal opportunity to investigate cancer undetected by mpMRI owing to the use of 5 mm transperinea...
Article
5009 Background: Radiotherapy is a common and effective treatment for localised prostate cancer. However, recurrence of cancer can occur in 10-15% of men in the following 5 years. Most patients with recurrence are managed using hormonal therapy with associated systemic side-effects and subsequent development of castrate resistance. Salvage prostate...
Article
5008 Background: Multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) of the prostate followed by targeted biopsy is recommended in men at risk of prostate cancer. Dissemination of this pathway may be limited by cost, variable scan and reporting quality, and contraindicated in the presence of metallic implants and claustrophobia. Multi-parametric ultrasound (mpUSS) is a po...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: There is an increasing body of evidence to suggest that visibility of prostate cancer on magnetic resonance (MRI) may be related to likelihood of adverse pathological outcomes. Biochemical recurrence (BCR) after radical prostatectomy remains a significant clinical challenge and a means of predicting likelihood of this prior to surger...
Article
Full-text available
Prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of high diagnostic quality is a key determinant for either detection or exclusion of prostate cancer. Adequate high spatial resolution on T2-weighted imaging, good diffusion-weighted imaging and dynamic contrast-enhanced sequences of high signal-to-noise ratio are the prerequisite for a high-quality MRI stu...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Focal salvage HIFU is a feasible therapeutic option in some men who have recurrence after primary radiotherapy for prostate cancer. We aimed to determine if multi-parametric quantitative parameters, in addition to clinical factors, might have a role in independently predicting focal salvage HIFU outcomes. Methods A retrospective registr...
Conference Paper
Introduction The implications of tumour location on mpMRI conspicuity are not fully understood. Identifying topographical correlates that influence conspicuity may improve outcomes. Here, we present the first systematic review and meta-analysis describing the effect of tumour location on prostate cancer conspicuity on mpMRI. Methods Medline, PubMed...
Article
Objectives: To report toxicity of treatment observed in men participating in the Robotic surgery After Focal Therapy (RAFT) clinical trial. Subjects/patients and methods: Men were eligible for this prospective single group interventional study if they had histologically confirmed recurrent/residual prostate adenocarcinoma following primary FT. T...
Article
ReIMAGINE Screening is a single-centre study assessing the feasibility of biparametric magnetic resonance imaging as a screening tool for prostate cancer. The study outcomes will take us a step towards more accurate and less harmful prostate cancer screening.
Article
Full-text available
Pancreatic cancer is a unique cancer in that up to 90% of its tumour mass is composed of a hypovascular and fibrotic stroma. This makes it extremely difficult for chemotherapies to be delivered into the core of the cancer mass. We tissue-engineered a biomimetic 3D pancreatic cancer (“tumouroid”) model comprised of a central artificial cancer mass (...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To assess the clinical outcomes of mpMRI before biopsy and evaluate the space remaining for novel biomarkers. Methods: The INNOVATE study was set up to evaluate the validity of novel fluidic biomarkers in men with suspected prostate cancer who undergo pre-biopsy mpMRI. We report the characteristics of this clinical cohort, the distribut...