Mark D. Robbins

Mark D. Robbins
Transport Canada

About

29
Publications
9,438
Reads
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25
Citations
Citations since 2017
18 Research Items
20 Citations
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Additional affiliations
September 2017 - present
The Institute on Governance
Position
  • Senior Researcher
September 2016 - September 2018
University of Toronto
Position
  • Researcher
October 2014 - September 2016
The Conference Board of Canada
Position
  • Research Associate
Education
September 2017 - July 2022
University of Toronto
Field of study
  • Political Science
September 2013 - May 2015
Carleton University
Field of study
  • Political Economy
September 2011 - August 2013
Mohawk College
Field of study
  • Business

Publications

Publications (29)
Technical Report
Full-text available
1 A special thanks to the contributors to the project whose support allowed for this study to be produced Bryony McAllister, Sasan Ebrahimi, Tim Litchi, Jonah Robbins and the Innovative Solutions Canada program. 2 Micro Utility Devices (MUDs) or sidewalk robotics are an increasingly pervasive feature of city sidewalks worldwide. These devices are u...
Article
We assess Canada's labour market policy mix in order to determine whether the inclusive growth and innovation agenda indicates that technological change has triggered a policy paradigm shift. Our analysis of four policy areas concerning labour market access indicates no paradigm shift has occurred. Instead, the agenda is an example of policy resist...
Presentation
Full-text available
This presentation provides an outline of augmented reality including its existing uses, technological readiness and potential uses for addressing issues of public policy in the transportation sector. In particular, this presentation was used in a Transport Canada pitch contest to select proposals that would receive funding under the Innovative Solu...
Article
Full-text available
This primer explores the concept of artificial intelligence (AI) explainability, an often discussed but poorly defined concept that touches on the transparency and accountability requirements for AI. The primer outlines on a blend of technical, legal and normative considerations including calls for explainability, real-world legal requirements, how...
Article
Full-text available
Ce document d’introduction explore le concept du caractère explicable de l’intelligence artificielle, un concept qui est souvent discuter mais mal définie qui se penche sur la transparence et responsabilisation pour l’IA. Le document d’introduction touche sur un mélange de considérations technique, légal, et normative, tel que des appels pour un ca...
Article
Full-text available
The nature of accessibility in transportation is changing. With new and enhanced approaches to mobility becoming commonplace along with the growing needs for accessibility that come with an aging population, accessible transportation is of ever growing importance. The principal site for accessibility barriers occur today around the barriers that ar...
Article
Full-text available
In 2017 Vladimir Putin boldly declared that “whoever leads in artificial intelligence will rule the world.” While perhaps overstated, there AI industries nonetheless hold a clear importance to global leadership in the 21st century. AI serves both as an economic growth engine and as a tool of politics with many claiming that AI leadership will be cr...
Article
Full-text available
There are different theories about how “the centre” of government relates to other state and legislative institutions. The most popular comes from Donald Savoie, who suggests that a growing concentration of power at “the centre” detracts from government effectiveness and the quality of democracy. A contrasting vision comes from Ian Brodie who propo...
Article
Full-text available
Executive Summary There has been a sustained increase in the amount of innovation intermediaries in Canada and the capacity for supports in this space. As part of an ambitious innovation agenda, the government of Canada has sought to support these actors with targeted funding programs, such as the Canadian Incubator and Accelerator Program (CAIP),...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the Creative Insecurity hypothesis from Mark Zachary Taylor's 2016 book, "The Politics of Innovation". Taylor's work contends with the myths of innovation, but in doing so, it too falls victim to these popular by untested hypotheses about the relationship between bellicosity and innovation, demonstrating the real risks of embe...
Article
Full-text available
Estonia is widely cited for its exceptional progress at incorporating digital technologies into government. Yet Estonia's progress is too often brushed-aside by policy practitioners and intellectuals as being a function of exceptional circumstances in Estonia that are ultimately not replicable in other jurisdictions. This work addresses the circums...
Article
Full-text available
Rising use of digital technologies in the service sector is altering the rules of economic governance and of international trade. Theories of economic development and political economy, such as world-systems theory and Petty’s Law, are being contested by the digital revolution. As technological advances bypass old theory, the service sector is loca...
Research
Full-text available
The rail lines through Stoney Creek and the Niagara region sparsely incite more than a passing interest for locals today, yet these railways once formed the key artery for the region and the focal point for the community. These articles represent a collection of the written and oral history of the railway age in Stoney Creek as part of an effort to...
Article
Full-text available
A national military industry is argued to have substantial spinoffs and wider economic benefits, but is this a realistic aspiration for all countries? This analysis demonstrates that Canada's ability to pursue a viable national defence industry is likely quite low. Furthermore, it finds that calls for a national system of defence industries are lik...
Article
Full-text available
Questions about the relationship between finance and war have occupied political-economy since the early origins of the discipline. With the 2016 election of Donald Trump, the populist whiplash of the Brexit vote and the resurgence of nationalism in the Western world more generally, it becomes necessary to probe this relationship in a renewed light...
Presentation
Full-text available
Innovation intermediaries are used with increasing frequency as a tool for promoting economic development, competitiveness, and research commercialization. But how effective have these tools been? This presentation shares preliminary results from a study on the Canadian Incubator and Accelerator Program (CAIP) undertaken as part of the "Creating Di...
Presentation
Full-text available
Countries developed their regimes for understanding and regulating international trade basically at the emergence of the state system in 1648. As a result, all of the policy instruments for trade are dependant on an understanding of trade as physical goods that cross the border at designed points. This systematically understates trade in the non-ma...
Presentation
Full-text available
Questions about the relationship between finance and war have occupied political-economy since the early origins of the discipline. With the 2016 election of Donald Trump, the populist whiplash of the Brexit vote and the resurgence of nationalism in the Western world more generally, it becomes necessary to probe this relationship in a renewed light...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Russia’s higher education system is a reflection of the unique circumstances arising from the fall of the Soviet Union in the 1990s. These include radical privatization reform, the doubling of the number of universities between 1990 and 2010, and the dramatic deterioration of credential value. In 2008, events were set in motion to reform and repair...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Brazil experiences great income inequality, a challenge that it tries to address, in part, through the education system. By improving the accessibility of higher education and emphasizing equality of opportunity, Brazil seeks to heighten fairness and meritocracy in its society. Yet, many Brazilian initiatives to improve access to higher education h...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs) were expected to change the nature of higher education, and they have—but perhaps not as expected. The initial optimism for MOOCs surpassed realistic goals of what they would be able to accomplish. The disappointment that followed has often overshadowed the valuable contributions that are still being made by MOOC...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Online and blended learning presents advantages to institutions of higher education that are able to successfully incorporate new technologies into their processes. Although a comparative latecomer to online learning, Université Laval has ramped up quickly and is now the largest provider of online higher education in French-speaking Canada and one...
Technical Report
Full-text available
OntarioLearn’s main objective is to improve the delivery and availability of college courses, while reducing costs and promoting new course offerings. E-learning opportunities address the challenge of reaching students who are geographically distant from college campuses. E-learning also makes college courses more accessible for groups that often f...
Technical Report
Full-text available
China has undergone a rapid expansion of its higher education system to meet increasing internal demands. The annual number of graduates from Chinese institutions increased from 1 million in 2000 to 7 million in 2010. This huge increase occurred simultaneously with efforts to improve the overall quality of education being provided at Chinese univer...
Research
Full-text available
Research commercialization is key to the process of innovation but is often a difficult process to support and execute successful. Saskatchewan has often come out at a leader in this area by successfully supporting innovation intermediaries and the effective promotion of collaboration between industry and the academy.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Co-location of businesses with researchers has proved to be an important factor in commercializing research, and the McMaster University Innovation Park (MIP) has shown itself as a leader in the research-commercialization ecosystem. With the support of its host university, government, and the public, MIP seeks to make university research more appl...
Technical Report
Full-text available
International partnerships and business incubation can substantially improve the transition from mind to market, especially when used together. This briefing highlights an international partnership between the business incubation centres of Ryerson University in Canada and the Bombay Stock Exchange Institute India that seeks to improve the research...
Thesis
Full-text available
Although the direct costs of the military are well known, there is regular reference to the ‘spin-offs’ that supposedly justify military expenditure. Unfortunately, the sheer heterogeneity and complexity of military institutions and political-economic landscapes have consistently eluded an even-keel and scientific analysis of military spinoffs. To...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The research investigated the various implications of digital proliferation for governments in the 21st century. This includes for democracy, regulation, service delivery, institutional structure and good governance.
Archived project
This project was part of the Conference Board of Canada's Centre for Skills and Post-Secondary Education research program. My work focused on snapshots of various noteworthy practices in Canada and abroad.