Mark T Conner

Mark T Conner
University of Leeds · School of Psychology

PhD

About

408
Publications
305,995
Reads
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41,978
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2011 - present
University College London
January 2009 - present
University of Victoria
January 2008 - present
The University of Edinburgh

Publications

Publications (408)
Article
Full-text available
This manuscript overviews recent research on the intention-behavior gap, focusing on moderators of the intention-behavior relationship. The manuscript draws on the concept of intention strength to make two important points. First, strong intentions provide better predictions of behavior, thereby reducing the intention-behavior gap. However, strong...
Article
This study applies a multilevel model approach to test the predictive effect of the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) plus moral norm, past behaviour and crash history to account for intentions to avoid traffic violations within the context of commuting to or from work. This study also extended the theory by adding psychological stressors of percei...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This qualitative study aimed to explore how pregnant women and new mothers self-report changes to their mood and memory during pregnancy. Background: Researchers have investigated the various changes that women report throughout their pregnancy. Despite this evidence base, there is a notable lack of studies that take a qualitative app...
Article
Background: Preventive behaviors continue to play an important role in reducing the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Purpose: This study aimed to apply the reasoned action approach (RAA) to predict Covid-19 preventive intentions and behavior and to test whether temporal stability moderates relations between RAA constructs and behavior. Methods:...
Article
There has been relatively little study of multiple predictors of attitude strength. Eight predictors (attitude certainty; attitude importance; attitude subjective knowledge; moral basis of attitude; attitude elaboration; felt ambivalence; cognitive‐affective potential ambivalence; cognitive‐affective inconsistency) were tested for individual and co...
Article
Objectives Appearance-related interventions to promote healthy behaviour have been found effective to communicate health risks. The current study aimed to explore women smokers' experiences of age-progression software showing the effects of smoking on the face. Methods A qualitative design was implemented, utilizing both individual interviews and...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To examine the correlates of Covid-19 vaccination intentions and subsequent uptake as outlined in an extended version of protection motivation theory (PMT). Design A two-wave online survey conducted at the start of the vaccination rollout to 50–64 year olds in the UK and three months later. Measures Unvaccinated UK adults (N = 438) age...
Article
Objective: Early signs of serious illness can be difficult to recognize in children and a delayed response can result in poor outcomes. Drawing on the unique knowledge of parents and carers may improve identification of the deteriorating child. However, there is a lack of evidence exploring parental perspectives as part of track and trigger system...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The purpose of bowel cancer screening is to test for signs of cancer before symptoms develop. Financial incentives are one potential method to increase participation rates. Few studies have tested incentives in relation to bowel screening in the United Kingdom (UK). The current research explored reactions to different financial incenti...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Goal prioritization is a promising strategy for promoting health behavior change. The present research (a) tested whether goal prioritization engenders change in multiple health behaviors, (b) compared the effectiveness of prioritizing one versus two health behavior goals, and (c) assessed whether prioritization compromises the perform...
Article
Understanding the factors that increase intention to receive COVID-19 vaccines is essential to maximise the vaccination campaign effectiveness. The present experimental study evaluated the effect of exposure to messages targeting cognitive attitude plus anticipated positive (pride) or negative (regret) affective reactions on intention to get vaccin...
Article
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Objective Adherence to protection behaviours remains key to curbing the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes COVID-19, but there are substantial differences in individual adherence to recommendations according to socio-structural factors. To better understand such differences, the current research examines whether relationships between health...
Article
Objective This study aimed to identify the psychosocial factors involved in Italian parents’ intentions not to vaccinate their children. For this purpose, we used an extended version of the Theory of Planned Behaviour, which included both proximal and distal factors influencing intention not to vaccinate children. Design Participants included 447...
Article
Full-text available
Throughout pregnancy and into the immediate postpartum period, women are generally perceived to be incompetent, stressed, and forgetful. However, the neuropsychological “baby brain” literature remains unclear and contradictory. Across two studies, we provide the first experimental tests of whether perceived cognitive impairment in pregnancy can be...
Article
Full-text available
Temporal stability is assumed to be an important basis for attitudes being strong predictors of behaviour, but this notion has been little tested. The current research reports tests of temporal stability in moderating the attitude–behaviour relationship, specifically in relation to cognitive attitude (i.e., evaluation implied by cognitions about an...
Article
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Stress leads to detrimental health outcomes through direct biological and indirect behavioural changes. Stress can lead to disruption to normal eating behaviours, although the strength of these associations is unknown. This is the first meta-analysis to determine the strength of the stress-eating relationship in healthy adults and to explore the im...
Article
Stress leads to detrimental health outcomes through direct biological and indirect behavioural changes. Stress can lead to disruption to normal eating behaviours, although the strength of these associations is unknown. This is the first meta-analysis to determine the strength of the stress-eating relationship in healthy adults and to explore the im...
Preprint
Stress leads to detrimental health outcomes through direct biological and indirect behavioural changes. Stress can lead to disruption to normal eating behaviours, although the strength of these associations is unknown. This is the first meta-analysis to determine the strength of the stress-eating relationship in healthy adults and to explore the im...
Article
Full-text available
Background Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health crisis but reducing antibiotic use can help. Some antibiotic use is driven by patient demand. Objectives To develop an intervention to discourage antibiotic-seeking behaviour in adults. Methods Literature reviewed to identify behaviours for acquiring antibiotics among adults in the comm...
Article
Existing stress-eating research has shown that daily hassles are associated with increases in food intake and that cortisol reactivity to stress has been found to influence the stress-eating relationship. However, the moderating effects of daily cortisol levels (e.g., the cortisol awakening response, CAR) remain unknown. Moreover, recent evidence h...
Article
This paper examined the under‐studied relationship between work–family conflict and dangerous driving behaviours in a sample of employees, and job‐related affect as a mediator of this relationship. The sample consisted of 476 Malaysian drivers (44.7% male; 55.3% female) aged 19 to 60 years. The participants completed scales measuring bidirectional...
Article
PURPOSE Electronic patient self-Reporting of Adverse-events: Patient Information and aDvice (eRAPID) is an online eHealth system for patients to self-report symptoms during cancer treatment. It provides automated severity-dependent patient advice guiding self-management or medical contact and displays the reports in electronic patient records. This...
Article
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Background and Aims Association of electronic cigarette use and subsequent smoking has received considerable attention, although age of first use has not. This study tested differences in regular (e‐cigarettes, cigarettes) and ever (cigarettes) use between e‐cigarette user groups: early versus never users, late versus never users, early versus late...
Article
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This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between stress and unhealthy eating among undergraduate students, considering the moderation effects of BMI, eating style, and nationality. A total of 748 Italian and French students completed self-report measures of academic stress, emotional eating, restrained eating, BMI, and unhealthy eating intake....
Article
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The literature on affective determinants of physical activity (PA) is growing rapidly. The present paper aims to provide greater clarity regarding the definition and distinctions among the various affect-related constructs that have been examined in relation to PA. Affective constructs are organized according to the Affect and Health Behavior Frame...
Article
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Objectives: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer death worldwide, although effective uptake of bowel cancer screening is below 60% in England. This trial investigated the influence of volitional and motivational interventions and their combination on increasing guaiac fecal occult blood testing (gFOBT) screening uptake. Method: I...
Preprint
Background: Socioeconomic differences in health-related behaviors are a major cause ofhealth inequalities. However, the mechanisms (mediation / moderation) by which socioeconomic status (SES) affects health behavior are a topic of ongoing debate.Purpose: Current research on SES as moderator of the health cognitions - health behavior relation is inc...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Behaviour change techniques are fundamental to the development of any behaviour change intervention, but surprisingly little is known about their properties. Key questions include when, why, how, in which contexts, for which behaviours, in what combinations, compared with what, and for whom behaviour change techniques are typically effect...
Article
Background: This study aimed to test the efficacy of a messaging intervention targeting psychological or physical benefits plus goal setting and self-monitoring strategies to promote walking activity in the university context. Methods: Two hundred and thirty university students from the University of Naples Federico II were randomly allocated to...
Article
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This study analyzed the psychosocial aspects that predict intention to reduce red/processed meat consumption, proposing an integration of the Theory of PlannedBehavior (TPB) and the Value-Belief-Norm (VBN) approaches. Participants (N = 233) filled in a self-report online questionnaire, measuring the intention to reduce red/processed meat consumptio...
Article
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Objective: Cervical cancer is the fourth most commonly occurring cancer in women worldwide. The UK has one of the highest cervical screening rates in Europe, yet attendance has been decreasing. This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to screening attendance and assess the perceived importance of these factors. Methods: 194 women livi...
Article
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This research explored whether overall attitude is a stronger predictor of behavior when underlying cognitive-affective inconsistency or ambivalence is low versus high. Across three prospective studies in different behaviors and populations (Study 1: eating a low-fat diet, N = 136 adults, eating five fruit and vegetables per day, N = 135 adults; St...
Article
Self‐objectification is a pervasive phenomenon, related to specific socio‐cultural context, that can lead to many psychological and interpersonal consequences. With the present study, we investigated the correlates of self‐objectification in young Italian women analyzing both its traditional antecedents and its consequences for self‐presentation on...
Book
Full-text available
Despite the enhanced public awareness on the impact of food choices both on health and the environment, convincing people to change their eating habits still faces many barriers, such as complex mixture of beliefs, ethics, norms, and personal features. Thus the psychological, social, cultural, epidemiological and economic research fields have a nee...
Article
Colorectal cancer (CRC) represents a global public health concern. CRC screening is associated with significant reductions in CRC incidence and mortality, however, uptake is suboptimal. This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials explored the effectiveness of interventions designed to increase screening uptake, plus the...
Article
Full-text available
It is well established that stress can elicit change in a range of eating behaviours, however, less is known about these effects in children and young adults. In addition, there is a growing interest in investigating the role of positive as well as negative emotions as triggers of food intake in children. Therefore, the current study aimed to explo...
Article
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Background: Although avoiding sedentary behavior has many health benefits, adults often sit for long periods at work. The purpose of this study was to compare affective attitude, instrumental attitude, and self-regulation messaging interventions on sitting in the workplace. Methods: Using a cluster randomised controlled trial design, participant...
Article
It is well established that stress is positively associated with unhealthy eating behaviours and that cortisol reactivity to stress has been found to influence the stress-eating relationship in adults. However, there is a paucity of research that has explored the daily stress-cortisol-eating relationship amongst children. Therefore, the current stu...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Measures exist to improve early recognition of and response to deteriorating patients in hospital. However, management of critical illness remains a problem globally; in the United Kingdom, 7% of the deaths reported to National Reporting and Learning System from acute hospitals in 2015 related to failure to recognize or respond to deter...
Chapter
This entry defines smoking and focuses on the most common form of smoking, which is cigarette smoking. Evidence relating to the prevalence of smoking, and the associated health effects, are then reviewed. The predictors of smoking initiation in adolescents, and interventions to reduce smoking initiation in this group, are explored, as are work on e...
Article
Parks are increasingly understood to be key community resources for public health, particularly for ethnic minority and low socioeconomic groups. At the same time, research suggests parks are underutilised by these groups. In order to design effective interventions to promote health, the determinants of park use for these groups must be understood....
Article
The decision‐making process underlying cosmetic surgery for esthetic purposes has been rarely investigated. To fill in this gap, we examined the determinants of undergoing plastic surgery among women within a framework that considers that the intentions to undergo and to not undergo surgery are related to different motivational systems that could b...
Preprint
Full-text available
Parks are increasingly understood to be key community resources for public health, particularly for ethnic minority and low socioeconomic groups. At the same time, research suggests parks are underutilised by these groups. In order to design effective interventions to promote health, the determinants of park use for these groups must be understood....
Article
Parks are increasingly understood to be key community resources for public health, particularly for ethnic minority and low socioeconomic groups. At the same time, research suggests parks are underutilised by these groups. In order to design effective interventions to promote health, the determinants of park use for these groups must be understood....
Article
Background Measures exist to improve early recognition of, and response to deteriorating patients in hospital. Despite these, 7% of the deaths reported to the National Reporting and Learning System from acute hospitals in 2015 related to a failure to recognise or respond to deterioration. Interventions have been developed that allow patients and re...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Aims: To assess prevalence and predictors of e-cigarettes/cigarettes patterns of use in adolescents in England. Design: Prospective study with 24-month follow-up of e-cigarette/cigarette ever/regular use with data from an intervention evaluation. Setting: Forty-five schools in England (Staffordshire and Yorkshire). Participants: A...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study provides the first comprehensive meta-analysis of the relationship between executive function (EF) and performance of health behaviours in healthy populations. Method: Electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Web of Science) were searched, and forward and backward citation tracking was undertaken to identify articles i...
Article
Full-text available
Background Socioeconomic differences in health-related behaviors are a major cause of health inequalities. However, the mechanisms (mediation/moderation) by which socioeconomic status (SES) affects health behavior are a topic of ongoing debate. Purpose Current research on SES as moderator of the health cognitions–health behavior relation is incons...
Article
The current study tested the impact of different messaging interventions on changing attitude and behaviour in relation to Red and Processed Meat Consumption (RPMC). The study compared the effectiveness of receiving fourteen daily messages on the health, environment, or health + environment benefits of reduced RPMC, against a no message control con...
Article
Full-text available
Background The electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use to subsequent smoking relationship in adolescents has received much attention. Whether an intervention to reduce smoking initiation attenuated this relationship was assessed. Method Data were from 3994 adolescent never smokers (aged 13–14 years at baseline) as part of a cluster randomised contr...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims: To assess prevalence and predictors of e-cigarettes/cigarettes patterns of use in adolescents in England. Design: Prospective study with 24-month follow-up of e-cigarette/cigarette ever/regular use with data from an intervention evaluation. Setting: Forty-five schools in England (Staffordshire and Yorkshire). Participants...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Gender stereotypes pervade most aspects of Western society. Generally speaking, these stereotypes are mostly ‘ambivalent’ or even hostile towards women (Glick & Fiske, 2001). Pregnant women, according to social convention, represent the ultimate embodiment of femininity (Nash, 2012). Therefore, in theory, pregnant women are especially susceptible t...
Article
Objectives: To assess the feasibility, and demonstrate the preliminary relative efficacy of, individual and/or combined financial incentives interventions for physical activity. Design: Eighty participants were randomised to conditions receiving either: (i) a monetary contingency contract (where individuals deposit money, forfeited or returned dep...
Article
Background People often fail to translate their intentions into health behaviors. Purpose The present research examined a new potential moderator of intention–behavior relations, namely, how realistic or unrealistic are respective goal intentions. Goal realism was defined as the degree to which intentions are aligned with expectations (i.e., predi...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Forming implementation intentions (if-then plans) about how to refuse cigarette offers plus antismoking messages was tested for reducing adolescent smoking. Method: Cluster randomized controlled trial with schools randomized (1:1) to receive implementation intention intervention and messages targeting not smoking (intervention) or com...
Article
Evidence supporting the incorporation of affective constructs, such as affective attitudes and anticipated regret, into theoretical models of health behavior has been mounting in recent years; however, the role of positive anticipated affective reactions (e.g., pride) has been largely unexplored. The purpose of the present investigation was to asse...
Article
Background: Research is needed to understand factors that attenuate the association between habits and health behavior performance. Purpose: We tested whether degree of reasoned action (DRA) moderates both intention-behavior and habit-behavior relations. DRA was defined by how well cognitions predict behavioral intentions, and was measured by the r...
Article
Full-text available
Background Risk aversion among junior doctors that manifests as greater intervention (ordering of tests, diagnostic procedures and so on) has been proposed as one of the possible causes for increased pressure in emergency departments (EDs). Here we tested the prediction that doctors with more experience would be more tolerant of uncertainty and the...
Article
Background: There has been a dramatic increase in the development of electronic systems to support cancer patients to report and manage side effects of treatment from home. Systems vary in features that they offer to patients which may impact on how patients engage with them, and subsequently on the benefit that may be derived in terms of patient c...
Article
The present research focused on water intake (WI) in young adults. Study 1 (N = 272) was a correlational study and showed affective attitude, perceived behavioural control, past behaviour and anticipated negative affective reactions (ANAR) to predict WI intentions. It also showed intentions, instrumental attitude, perceived behavioural control, and...
Article
Full-text available
Asking questions about a behavior has been found to influence subsequent performance of that behavior, a phenomenon termed the question-behavior effect (QBE). The present study addressed two under-researched questions concerning the QBE: (1) Can the QBE be used to change multiple health behaviors, and (2) does enhancing dissonance during questionna...
Preprint
BACKGROUND There has been a dramatic increase in the development of electronic systems to support cancer patients to report and manage side effects of treatment from home. Systems vary in the features they offer to patients, which may affect how patients engage with them and how they improve patient-centered outcomes. OBJECTIVE This review aimed t...
Article
Full-text available
Background There has been a dramatic increase in the development of electronic systems to support cancer patients to report and manage side effects of treatment from home. Systems vary in the features they offer to patients, which may affect how patients engage with them and how they improve patient-centered outcomes. Objective This review aimed t...
Article
There is increasing evidence to suggest that work-family conflict is implicated in poor eating patterns. Yet, the underlying mechanism remains unexplored. The objectives of the present study were to demonstrate the interplay between work-family conflict, eating style, and unhealthy eating, and to test whether body mass index (BMI) and its interacti...
Article
Full-text available
Background Uptake of health checks for cardiovascular risk assessment in primary care in England is lower than anticipated. The question-behavior effect (QBE) may offer a simple, scalable intervention to increase health check uptake. Purpose The present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of enhanced invitation methods employing the QBE, wit...