Marjorita Sormunen

Marjorita Sormunen
University of Eastern Finland | UEF · Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition

PhD in health sciences; Docent (health promotion)

About

68
Publications
9,153
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448
Citations
Introduction
I am a senior lecturer, Ph.D., Adjunct professor (health promotion, especially with school context). My research centers on the area of health promotion. Additionally, I am active in pedagogical research. I have expertise in intervention research, mixed methods methodology, and participatory approaches in research. Currently, I hold the Chair of Schools for Health in Europe network research group. Please, visit https://www.schoolsforhealth.org/

Publications

Publications (68)
Article
The digital competence of health sciences educators is important for the delivery and development of modern education and lifelong learning. The aim of the study was to assess the appearance of digital competence in the work of Finnish health sciences educators and to determine whether educators' background factors are related to the areas of digit...
Article
We face an unprecedented period of history during which COVID-19 is clustered with other global conditions, such as obesity, undernutrition, an infodemic, and climate change. This syndemic (synergy of epidemics) calls for the development of children’s and youth’s health literacy and socioemotional skills, support for behavioural hygiene (e.g. washi...
Article
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This study explored factors affecting quality of life in older adults with hypertension by comparing those living in urban and rural areas. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 420 older adults living in urban and rural areas in Thailand. Data were collected using the WHOQOL-OLD and Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II tools, which measured qu...
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Aim To describe promotive and risk factors for children's mental health at the individual, interpersonal, organizational, community and public policy levels of the socioecological environment. Design A descriptive qualitative interview study. Methods Data were collected in Finland during autumn 2019 via semi-structured interviews. Participants (n...
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The purpose of this pilot study was to explore connection of an educational intervention on the competence of health care educators and educator candidates (n=11) in digital pedagogy as a part of national TerOpe project. An educational intervention, Basics of Digital Pedagogy was developed by the TerOpe project’s experts. The participating educator...
Article
Implementing digital technologies has become a policy priority worldwide among all types of education. The COVID-19 pandemic has further accelerated educational institutions' efforts to reorganize their teaching and introduce new digital learning technologies. Although using digital technologies in higher education, including nursing, is considered...
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The social and health care educator's role in educating future professionals need to be stronger emphasised and deserves international recognition. The purpose of this study was to develop and test an empirical model of social and health care educators' competence in higher and professional education. The presented research employed a cross-section...
Article
Health-promoting behaviors are beneficial for enhancing the older adults’ health, and several factors such as individual, culture, and social factors influence them. Previous studies have shown that their place of residence is associated with healthy lifestyles of older adults; however, the results are inconsistent. This study aimed to 1) compare h...
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The amount of time spent online has increased over the last decade among higher education students. Students engage in online activities related to studies, work, leisure, entertainment and electronic services (e-services) use. The Internet is also used for health-related matters. The increase in the use of the Internet has influenced students’ hea...
Article
Introduction and aim: Cultural differences have significant impacts on classroom behaviours and communication in teaching. The aim of this study is to explore social and healthcare educators' cultural competence in transcultural education. Methodology: Data was collected from semi-structured focus group interviews at universities of applied science...
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Promotion of children’s mental health (MH) plays an important role in preventing further MH problems. In Finland, the wellbeing of children is supported in early childhood education and care (ECEC), basic education, maternity clinics, and child health clinics. Providing these services for children and families requires multiprofessional collaborati...
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Aims: Little is known about how municipal strategies, programmes and plans pay attention to the promotion of children’s mental health and whether it is discussed and reported in the municipal councils, boards and committees. The purpose of this study was to examine how municipalities in one Finnish region promote mental health, with a focus on the...
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Abstract Aim: This study aimed to describe the learning experiences of social and healthcare students and professionals of an interprofessional large-group simulation. A simulation on sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) was organized in collaboration between a Finnish university, university hospital and university of applied sciences. Design: A cas...
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Aim This study aimed to describe the learning experiences of social and healthcare students and professionals of an interprofessional large‐group simulation. A simulation on sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) was organized in collaboration between a Finnish university, university hospital and university of applied sciences. Design A case study....
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This scoping review was undertaken to synthesize and describe research related to digital learning interventions in higher education, focusing on technological outcomes. Five electronic databases were searched, and 86 articles were included in the review. The data related to positive and negative technological outcomes and authors' suggestions were...
Article
Background Digitalisation has made digital competence a necessity for those working in social and healthcare. A high degree of competence in digital pedagogy is required of educators to meet the challenge of educating future professionals who are themselves highly digitally competent. Objectives The aim of this study was to describe the perception...
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to introduce the official statement of the Fifth European Conference on Health-Promoting Schools. Design/methodology/approach The Fifth European Conference on Health-Promoting Schools was held on 20–22 November 2019 in Moscow, Russian Federation, with over 450 participants from 40 countries. A writing group was...
Article
Background: Health and social care education is highly important for preparing future professionals for their future roles in sustainable health and social care. However, previous studies have emphasized that health and social care educators' competence is complex and poorly defined. Thus, there is a clear need for a psychometrically validated ins...
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Background and purpose Educators’ ethical competence is of crucial importance for developing students’ ethical thinking. Previous studies describe educators’ ethical codes and principles. This article aims to widen the understanding of health- and social care educators’ ethical competence in relation to core values and ethos. Theoretical backgroun...
Article
Competent educators are needed to ensure that social and healthcare professionals are effective and highly competent. However, there is too little evidence‐based knowledge of current and required enhancements of educators' competences in this field. The aim of this study was to describe social and healthcare educators’ perceptions of their competen...
Article
Background: Increasing numbers of children are facing health problems as a result of physical inactivity. Besides the home, school is a natural place to promote children’s daily physical activity (PA). Knowledge about factors promoting or preventing children’s PA at school, from the perspective of children, is limited. Purpose: The purpose of this...
Article
This study undertaken as part of the project AHIC (Addressing Challenging Health Inequalities of Children and Youth between two Karelias 2013-2014), aimed to explore the interaction between home and school from a cross-cultural perspective. The study sample comprised 60 parents and 18 teachers from two schools in North Karelia, Finland, and 154 par...
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The purpose of this study was to describe what channels of information acquisition are used in municipal committees and what kind of information the elected representatives and officials in the committees feel they need in policy measures related to the well-being of children and young people. The research data (n=13) were collected through qualita...
Article
This study examined how parents and teachers of pupils aged 10–11 in North Karelia, Finland, and the Republic of Karelia, Russia, perceived the home and school responsibilities associated with providing children with information related to different health learning content areas. The majority of parents and teachers considered guiding pupils’ healt...
Article
Ensuring that schools, families and communities work in partnership to reduce the gradient in health, well-being, and resilience of children and young people is considered a priority among public health objectives. This study aimed to explore the factors having an influence on the home–school relationship in general and in the field of health. Emph...
Article
Purpose Early detection and timely treatment of child psychiatric problems require multi-professional collaboration and interaction between primary and specialized health care. The “eHealth Services for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (eCAP), 2015-2018” project aims at improving child psychiatric services in peripheral areas by developing eHealth t...
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Mobile devices are increasingly being used, in various ways, to collect data and are also increasingly related to individuals’ health behaviors. Because of the paucity of available data about the process of mobile data collection in tracking daily health behaviors among children, we designed this pilot study to determine the possibilities and the e...
Article
Background: By and large, in health professions training, the direction of the effect of e-learning, positive or negative, strongly depends on the learning outcome in question as well as on learning methods which e-learning is compared to. In nursing education, meta-analytically generated knowledge regarding the comparisons between conventional and...
Article
Lasten arki on muuttunut. Uusi verkko-oppimisalusta tarjoaa tietoa, kun tavoitteena on lasten ja nuorten fyysinen aktiivisuus ja terveelinen ravitsemus.
Poster
Promoting the health of pupils is an important part of school nurses’ work. However, they may lack the time or competencies for mental health promotion. This study investigated the current views, resources and training needs of school nurses in terms of promoting mental wellbeing of pupils in North Karelia, Finland and in the City of Petrozavodsk,...
Poster
School and daycare are important developmental environments for children, and therefore the professionals working in them have a key role in detecting and reacting to children’s mental health problems. This study aimed to explore the teachers’ means to preventively support the children with mental health problems in school or daycare, and to find o...
Poster
Full-text available
At primary school, every age group has its own needs related to physical activity. Information about promoting or preventing factors is needed for increasing physical activity levels during school days. The purpose of this study is to explore children’s perceptions of the factors influencing their physical activity at school. The study was implemen...
Poster
Full-text available
Promoting health of children and young people belongs to the strategic decision-making in municipalities. The project HEPCOM (Promoting Healthy Eating and Physical Activity in Local Communities, 2013-2016, 16 European countries) aims to promote the health of children and young people by increasing physical activity and healthy nutrition. One concre...
Conference Paper
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Mobile devices are nowadays increasingly used in collecting research data (Sahin & Yan 2013). Most usually, the electronic data are collected in a cross-sectional study design, concretely by answering a quantitative survey using an electronic device. Mobile technology, however, offers much more versatile possibilities in data collection. One altern...
Article
Using self-reported data from children at age 10–11 years in 2008 and at age 12–13 years in 2010 (n=113), this study examines bedtime habits, parental permissiveness about television viewing and the most-viewed television programmes. Later bedtimes (both during the week and at the weekend) were reported in 2010 and were related to reported parental...
Article
Suunterveyden opetuksessa on tullut esille tarve monitahoiseen yhteistyöhön, missä on mukana niin koulu ja suun terveydenhuolto, kuin perhe ja muu yhteisö.
Article
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Examinations were conducted among 11–12 aged children of in the Republic of Karelia and Finland with the aim of detecting the hygienic habits in health maintenance of the oral cavity and the influence of parents upon the formation of these habits, as well as teachers, promoting the healthy lifestyle of schoolchildren. A comparative analysis of the...
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify and describe adolescents’ health-related behaviours from a socio-ecological perspective. Socio-ecological factors have been widely shown to be related to health behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and diet) in adolescence and to affect health. The review integrates evidence...
Conference Paper
Parents’ opinions of ninth-graders sexual education in Finland Keywords: Sexual education, parents, schools, Finland General description on research questions, objectives and theoretical framework Parents have a big influence on their children’s sexual health and sexual development (Grossman 2014, Somers & Anagurthi 2014). According to previou...
Conference Paper
The health behaviors and health risks of children change alongside with the changes in society. Today’s rapid changes in society with greater knowledge and variety of opinions; busy lifestyles and changing values; and choices between healthy and unhealthy behaviors also influence on parents, engendering a complex decision-making climate for them in...
Conference Paper
School age is a propitious development stage for adopting healthy life style, when nearly all pupils with their families can be easily reached by the school health services (Naylor & McKay 2009, McCabe 2011, Wright et al. 2013). School nurses monitor development of children and adolescents, provide first aid, prevent and treat diseases and coopera...
Article
Developing a theory is a long-term, multi-phased process that can be used to produce models applicable to workplace health promotion in school communities. The study described in this chapter employed the action research method to empirically test a theoretical model for the occupational well-being of school staff. Inductive and deductive research...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
School healthcare plays a central role in promoting the physical and mental health of children and adolescents. However, the workers may lack the resources or skills. This study investigated the practices and resources of school health care workers in relation to mental wellbeing of pupils in North Karelia, Finland and in the Republic of Karelia, R...
Article
Statement: The aims of this systematic integrative review were to identify evidence for the use of patient simulation teaching methods in pharmacotherapy education and to explore related learning outcomes. A systematic literature search was conducted using 6 databases as follows: CINAHL, PubMed, SCOPUS, ERIC, MEDIC, and the Cochrane Library, using...
Conference Paper
Many official and guiding documents, provided by a number of organizations, emphasize the importance of both home and school in bringing up and educating children. However, research has demonstrated that there is some confusion about roles and expectations among teachers and parents who have diverging goals, demands, values and competencies (Kellag...
Article
Terveyden edistäminen sisältää laajan kirjon keinoja vaikuttaa yksilön tai ihmisryhmien toimintaan suotuisasti. Sosiaalisessa markkinoinnissa sovelletaan kaupallisen markkinoinnin periaatteita ja käsitteitä yksilön tai yhteisön terveempien elintapojen ja/tai sosiaalisen hyvän tuottamiseen tai säilyttämiseen. Tässä artikkelissa luodaan katsaus sosia...
Article
Full-text available
Monimenetelmätutkimus yhdistää määrällisen ja laadullisen metodologian. Tieteenfilosofisena suuntauksena monimenetelmätutkimus pohjautuu enimmäkseen pragmatismiin, korostaen tiedon käytännöllistä luonnetta. Monimenetelmätutkimus on saavuttanut vakiintuneen aseman usealla tieteenalalla ja sitä käytetään enenevästi myös terveystieteissä tutkimuskysym...
Article
Full-text available
Using simulation as a method of teaching and learning has become more prevalent on both the national and international levels. We developed and implemented an educational simulation-learning event for second-year nurse teacher students of the University of Eastern Finland, which is carried out every year. This study aims to explore how the students...
Article
A 2-year, participatory action research school health study focused on developing components for home-school partnerships to support children's health learning process. Two intervention schools implemented strengthened health and collaboration-orientated activities; two control schools followed the national core curriculum without extracurricular a...
Conference Paper
This participatory action research project, executed in ‘Schools for Health in Europe’ program (SHE), targeted to examine and develop home-school collaboration toward a home-school health partnership by establishing sustainable practices between home and school to support children’s health learning. The presentation demonstrates how the components...
Article
Purpose – This paper aims to present the process evaluation for a two-year (2008-2010) participatory action research project focusing on home-school partnership in health learning, undertaken within the Schools for Health in Europe (SHE) in Eastern Finland. Design/methodology/approach – Two intervention schools and two control schools (grade 5 pupi...
Article
Purpose – This paper aims to present the baseline results of a research and development project targeted to improve the occupational well-being of school staff and maintain their ability to work, in Finland and Estonia. It reveals the most problematic factors in the various aspects of the school community and professional competence and outlines de...
Article
Full-text available
A variety of legislation, initiatives and organizations exist to support, encourage and even oblige schools to collaborate more effectively with parents or guardians. However, there is minimal understanding of the experiences and opinions of parents and school staff about their roles, especially in relation to children's health education. This stud...
Article
Although Finland currently holds the top ratings in international comparisons ranking education and children’s health, there is evidence that the health of Finnish adolescents is being threatened by increasing obesity, serious risk behavior, and other health problems. In addition, subjective well-being at school is regarded as low by students. Besi...

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Projects (6)
Project
Based on the current pandemic crisis caused by the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), a large amount of health information is available on the Internet considering issues such as diagnosis, treatment, protective behaviour, preventive measures, dashboard statistics and public recommendations. In response, and to pursue health and social science research questions in relation to corona and COVID-19, the Public Health Centre Fulda (PHZF) at Fulda University of Applied Sciences and the Interdisciplinary Centre for Health Literacy Research (IZGK) at Bielefeld University launched a research consortium (COVID-HL Consortium). The main goal of this consortium is to conduct health and social science research in different settings and population groups. The recent research activities include the implementation of two global studies: (1) the COVID-HL university students survey, and (2) the COVID-HL school survey.
Project