Marjorie Murray

Marjorie Murray
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile | UC · Escuela de Antropología

PhD Anthropology

About

33
Publications
26,333
Reads
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318
Citations

Publications

Publications (33)
Article
Based on an ethnographic research on early mothering with a small and heterogeneous group of women living in different areas of Santiago, Chile – and a follow-up study six years later – in this article we look closely at how mothering takes place through a sense of optimism while living in a hostile world, contrasting our findings with similar rese...
Article
Nadie es Perfecto (Nobody’s Perfect, or NEP) is a parenting skills workshop aimed at ‘sharing experiences and receiving guidance on everyday problems to strengthen child development’. This article explores this workshop in terms of its relationship with the daily lives of participants, based on one year of fieldwork focused on families with young c...
Chapter
In Chile, paediatrics, developmental psychology, economics, and educational research are the most important approaches to childhood studies in terms of volume of research, visibility, and influence. (...)
Chapter
In this chapter we approach the implications of a CCT programme called ‘Ingreso Ético Familiar' (IEF) in the lives of a group of rural Mapuche women. By focusing on a case study, we tackle the extent to which long-term historical experiences with CCT programmes (that do not imply substantial amounts of money) aimed at the overcoming of poverty, has...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Short Abstract: This panel calls for papers on parenting interventions, i.e. institutionalized measures aiming at re-educating parents, specifically in transcultural, transnational or minoritarian settings. It focuses on the political and affective dynamics, patterns, and conflicts involved in these interventions.
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the parent intervention program evaluated by Weber et al. (2017) and argues that there are scientific and ethical problems with such intervention efforts in applied developmental science. Scientifically, these programs rely on data from a small and narrow sample of the world's population; assume the existence of fixed developm...
Article
Full-text available
This article considers claims of Mesman et al. (2017) that sensitive responsiveness as defined by Ainsworth, while not uniformly expressed across cultural contexts, is universal. Evidence presented demonstrates that none of the components of sensitive responsiveness (i.e., which partner takes the lead, whose point of view is primary , and the turn-...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores ethical issues raised by parenting interventions implemented in communities in low- to middle-income countries (LMICs) with rural, subsistence lifestyles. Many of these interventions foster “positive parenting practices” to improve children’s chances of fulfilling their developmental potential. The practices are derived from a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the parent intervention program evaluated by Weber, Fernald and Diop (2017), and argues that there are scientific and ethical problems with such intervention efforts in applied developmental science. Scientifically, these programs: rely on data from a small and narrow sample of the world’s population; assume the existence of fix...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper considers claims of Mesman et al. (2017) that sensitive responsiveness as defined by Ainsworth, while not uniformly expressed across cultural contexts, is universal. Evidence presented demonstrates that none of the components of sensitive responsiveness (i.e., which partner takes the lead, whose point of view is primary, and the turn-tak...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper explores ethical issues raised by parenting interventions implemented in communities in low- to middle-income countries (LMICs) with rural, subsistence lifestyles. Many of these interventions foster “positive parenting practices" to improve children’s chances of fulfilling their developmental potential. The practices are derived from att...
Chapter
Full-text available
Attachment theory has its roots in an ethnocentric complex of ideas, longstanding in the United States, under the rubric of “intensive mothering.” Among these various approaches and programs, attachment theory has had an inordinate and wide-ranging influence on a wide range these four of professions concerned with children: family therapy, educatio...
Chapter
Full-text available
Attachment theory has its roots in an ethnocentric complex of ideas, longstanding in the United States, under the rubric of "intensive mothering." Among these various approaches and programs, attachment theory has had an inordinate influence on a wide range of professions concerned with children (family therapy, education, the legal system, and pub...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter presents an alternative view to classic attachment theory and research, arguing for systematic, ethnographically informed, approaches to the study of child development. It begins with the observation that the attachments children develop are locally determined, and insists that these features of attachment can only be captured through...
Article
Based on ethnographic fieldwork in the Araucanía region of Chile, this article analyzes the caring practices of rural Mapuche women through relatedness, investigating how the study of mutual care illuminates the acknowledgment of sociality and personhood. Recounting concrete daily practices of mutual care—ayuda (help), estar atenta(being aware), an...
Article
On the basis of ethnographic fieldwork with rural Mapuche families in the Araucanía region of Chile, this article analyzes ways in which Mapuche parenting practices and the process of socialization during early childhood involve and transmit a sense of volition that is intrinsic to Mapuche notions of personhood and autonomy. Recounting concrete dai...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, I reflect on the negotiations involved in childcare arrangements during the first year of life in two groups of mothers in Santiago. I focus on the ways in which local imageries of motherhood interact with global tendencies in intensive mothering and the current public encouragement of increasing women’s participation in the workfo...
Article
On the basis of ethnographic work with women from different economic and educational backgrounds in Santiago, I describe the experiences of labor and birth from the point of view of women's priorities, socioeconomic constraints, and relationships with the medical system. I specifically focus on their desires expressed during the late prenatal perio...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El siguiente documento presenta un resumen ejecutivo del proyecto “Evaluación los primeros años del Programa de Subvención Escolar Preferencial, de la Subsecretaría de Educación”, requerido por la Dirección de Presupuestos del Ministerio de Hacienda (DIPRES), realizado por el Centro de Políticas Públicas de la Universidad Católica.

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
-To build and consolidate a Latin American Network for Social Studies in parenting, which contributes to the production of knowledge linking this theme with the particular historical and cultural contexts of the region as well as with more global processes. -Configurar una Red Latinoamericana de Estudios Sociales en Parentalidades, que contribuya a la producción de conocimiento, vinculando este tema con los contextos históricos y culturales particulares de la Región, así como con procesos más globales. CENTRES AND PROGRAMMES/CENTROS Y PROGRAMAS: -Centro de Estudios Enzo Faletto, USACH, Chile. -Centro de Estudios Sujetos, Desigualdades e Instituciones, U.Nacional de San Martín, Argentina -Programa de Investigación Social en Infancia y Juventud, UDP, Chile. -Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas, Económicas, Políticas y Antropológicas, PUC-Perú. -Centro de Estudios Migratorios, USACH, Chile. -Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Niñez y Juventud, Colombia.
Project
El Núcleo Milenio Arte Performatividad y Activismo (NMAPA) es la primera iniciativa de investigación interdisciplinaria financiada por Iniciativa Milenio que surge desde el ámbito de las artes y las humanidades. En NMAPA convergen especialistas en teatro, performances, literatura, sociología, historia y estudios urbanos, comprometidos con el estudio de la dimensión performativa de las prácticas de activismo que, con su fuerza transformadora, reconfiguran la sociedad chilena. Con esta misión, el núcleo despliega cuatro ejes de acción: investigación científica de excelencia, apoyo a la formación de capital humano avanzado, generación de redes internacionales y la vinculación con el medio.
Project
By approaching a specific ethnographic context in which class, ethnicity, and more widely alterity take place together with dynamisms of social and territorial mobility, this project studies recent trends in parenting in Chile. More specifically, this study seeks to understand and characterize parenting and care during early childhood in Chilean and Mapuche families experiencing social mobility and migration, tackling the intertwining of relationships involved in parenting and care of young children (aged between 1 and 3) in situ in a context in which people coming from different cultural and territorial backgrounds interact every day. This project aims at contributing to the comprehension of parenting and early socialization in a neoliberal context in which social aspirations, territorial and cultural flows take place together with an intensification of normativity and social demands upon parenting. Methodologically, an ethnographic approach illuminates the whole project; the specific methods, sampling and analytical plan. The bulk of the study will consist in long-term ethnographic involvement in one neighbourhood in Santiago de Chile, deepening in the everyday lives of 20 caregiving – child units with different sociocultural, ethnic and territorial backgrounds and aspirations, also including multisited fieldwork in the study of a subgroup of cases. The approach is also careful in including methodologies for understanding children as active agents and capable of giving care. This project will contribute to the understanding of parenting and early childhood in contexts of social and territorial mobility in Chile. It will develop analytical and theoretical tools that enrich current research on parenting and early childhood in Chile, consolidating an instance of reflection upon parenting, early childhood, social mobility and migration from an interdisciplinary perspective that bridges sociological, anthropological, psychological, and policy related approaches. It will also contribute to the public discussion in these issues, generating empirical data that critically analyses and contextualizes quantitative measurements of early childhood and parenting. The diffusion of results will include: presentation of findings to professionals and policymakers; elaboration and dissemination of ethnographic films; and organization of an interdisciplinary seminar will broaden the findings and reflections to a wider audience including a range of professionals and policymakers.