# Mariusz P. DabrowskiUniversity of Szczecin · Institute of Physics

Mariusz P. Dabrowski

PhD

## About

163

Publications

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2,838

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## Publications

Publications (163)

We discuss the temperature coefficients of reactivity for the Dual Fluid Reactor in its metallic fuel version (DFRm) of 250 MWth design. Three material coefficients (fuel, coolant, reflector) are investigated. We find that all of them are negative, so that the total temperature coefficient of reactivity for the DFRm reactor is also negative. We dem...

In line with Polish national activities and research programs investigating non-electrical-reactor use, the national GOSPOSTRATEG-HTR project was launched, aiming at the development of a novel pre-conceptual design of a High-Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR). The 40 MWth research reactor would serve as a technology demonstrator for future indus...

We consider observational consequences of the entanglement between our universe and a hypothetical twin anti-universe in the third quantization scheme of the canonical quantum gravity. Based on our previous investigations we select some special form of the interuniversal interaction which allows the entanglement entropy of the pair of universes to...

Recently, a new cosmological framework, dubbed Ricci cosmology, has been proposed. Such a framework has emerged from the study of relativistic dynamics of fluids out of equilibrium in a curved background and is characterised by the presence of deviations from the equilibrium pressure in the energy–momentum tensor which are due to linear terms in th...

Recently, a new cosmological framework, dubbed Ricci Cosmology, has been proposed. Such a framework has emerged from the study of relativistic dynamics of fluids out of equilibrium in a curved background and is characterised by the presence of deviations from the equilibrium pressure in the energy-momentum tensor which are due to linear terms in th...

Using the third quantization formalism we study the quantum entanglement of universes created in pairs within the framework of standard homogeneous and isotropic cosmology. In particular, we investigate entanglement quantities (entropy, temperature) around the maxima, minima and inflection points of the classical evolution. The novelty from previou...

We analyze the generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) impact onto the nonextensive black hole thermodynamics by using Rényi entropy. We show that when introducing GUP effects, both Rényi entropy and temperature associated with black holes have finite values at the end of the evaporation process. We also study the sparsity of the radiation, associa...

Using the 3rd quantization formalism we study the quantum entanglement of universes created in pairs within the framework of standard homogeneous and isotropic cosmology. In particular, we investigate entanglement quantities (entropy, temperature) around maxima, minima and inflection points of the classical evolution. The novelty from previous work...

A novel fractal structure for the cosmological horizon, inspired by COVID-19 geometry, which results in a modified area entropy, is applied to cosmology in order to serve dark energy. The constraints based on a complete set of observational data are derived. There is a strong Bayesian evidence in favor of such a dark energy in comparison to a stand...

We analyze the Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP) impact onto the nonextensive black hole thermodynamics by using R\'enyi entropy. We show that when introducing GUP effects, both R\'enyi entropy and temperature associated to black holes have finite values at the end of the evaporation process. We also study the sparsity of the radiation, assoc...

We present a formalism which allows for the perturbative derivation of the Extended Uncertainty Principle (EUP) for arbitrary spatial curvature models and observers. Entering the realm of small position uncertainties, we derive a general asymptotic EUP. The leading 2nd order curvature induced correction is proportional to the Ricci scalar, while th...

A novel fractal structure for the cosmological horizon, inspired by COVID-19 geometry, which results in a modified area entropy, is applied to cosmology in order to serve dark energy. The constraints based on a complete set of observational data are derived. There is a strong Bayesian evidence in favor of such a dark energy in comparison to a stand...

We present a formalism which allows for the perturbative derivation of the Extended Uncertainty Principle (EUP) for arbitrary spatial curvature models and observers. Entering the realm of small position uncertainties, we derive a general asymptotic EUP. The leading 2nd order curvature induced correction is proportional to the Ricci scalar, while th...

Observations of the redshift z = 7.085 quasar J1120+0641 are used to search for variations of the fine structure constant, a, over the redshift range 5:5 to 7:1. Observations at z = 7:1 probe the physics of the universe at only 0.8 billion years old. These are the most distant direct measurements of a to date and the first measurements using a near...

Observations of the redshift z=7.085 quasar J1120+0641 have been used to search for variations of the fine structure constant, alpha, over the redshift range 5.5 to 7.1. Observations at z=7.1 probe the physics of the universe when it was only 0.8 billion years old. These are the most distant direct measurements of alpha to date and the first measur...

Motivated by some previous steady‐state burnup calculations (J. Sierchuła et al. IJER 43, 3692 (2019)) we study the Dual Fluid Reactor metallic (DFRm) eutectic design with different fuel compositions. It is just the spent nuclear fuel (SNF) from Light Water Reactors with reactor‐grade Plutonium as the fissile material. The isotope vector used here...

A succesful series of papers devoted to various aspects of an idea of the Multiverse have been gathered together and presented to the readers. In this post-editorial we briefly challenge the content referring to the main issues dealt with by the Authors. We hope that this will inspire other investigators for designing future tests which could make...

The Dual Fluid Reactor (DFR) is a fast reactor concept proposed by the Institute of Solid-state- and Nuclear physics (IFK) in Berlin. The design of DFR aims to combine the GenIV Molten Salt Reactor (MSR) and the Liquid-Metal Cooled Reactor (SFR, LFR), which means that the molten-salt fuel is no more used as coolant while the heat is removed in a se...

This paper evaluates some important aspects of the multiverse concept. Firstly, the most realistic opportunity for it which is the spacetime variability of the physical constants and may deliver worlds with different physics, hopefully fulfilling the conditions of the anthropic principles. Then, more esoteric versions of the multiverse being the re...

We find exact formulas for the Extended Uncertainty Principle (EUP) for the Rindler and Friedmann horizons and show that they can be expanded to obtain asymptotic forms known from the previous literature. We calculate the corrections to Hawking temperature and Bekenstein entropy of a black hole in the universe due to Rindler and Friedmann horizons....

This paper evaluates some important aspects of the multiverse concept. Firstly, the most realistic opportunity for it which is the spacetime variability of the physical constants and may deliver worlds with different physics, hopefully fulfilling the conditions of the anthropic principles. Then, more esoteric versions of the multiverse being the re...

The front cover image is based on the Research Article Determination of the liquid eutectic metal fuel dual fluid reactor (DFRm) design ‐ steady state calculations by Jakub Sierchula et al., https://doi.org/10.1002/er.4523.

The Dual Fluid Reactor (DFR) is a fast reactor concept proposed by the Institute of Solid-state-and Nuclear physics (IFK) in Berlin. The design of DFR aims to combine the Gen-IV Molten Salt Reactor (MSR) and the Liquid-Metal Cooled Reactor (SFR, LFR), which means that the molten-salt fuel is no more used as coolant while the heat is removed in a se...

We find exact formulas for the Extended Uncertainty Principle (EUP) for the Rindler and Friedmann horizons and show that they can be expanded to obtain asymptotic forms known from the previous literature. We calculate the corrections to Hawking temperature and Bekenstein entropy of a black hole in the universe due to Rindler and Friedmann horizons....

The dual fluid reactor (DFR) is a novel concept of a very high‐temperature (fast) reactor that falls off the classification of generation 4 international forum (GIF). DFR makes best of the two previous designs: molten salt reactor (MSR) and lead‐cooled fast reactor (LFR). In this paper, we present a new reactor design Dual Fluid Reactor metallic (D...

We study the spontaneous baryogenesis scenario in the early universe for three different frameworks of varying constants theories. We replace the constants by dynamical scalar fields playing the role of thermions. We first obtain the results for baryogenesis driven by the varying gravitational constant, G, as in the previous literature, then challe...

We study the conformal structure of exotic (non-big-bang) singularity universes using the hybrid big-bang/exotic singularity/big-bang and big-rip/exotic singularity/big-rip models by investigating their appropriate Penrose diagrams. We show that the diagrams have the standard structure for the big-bang and big-rip and that exotic singularities appe...

The existence of a minimal length, predicted by different theories of quantum gravity, can be phenomenologically described in terms of a generalized uncertainty principle. We consider the impact of this quantum gravity motivated effect onto the information budget of a black hole and the sparsity of Hawking radiation during the black hole evaporatio...

We explore cosmological solutions to Lorentz breaking gravity using the gravitational sector of the Standard Model Extension (SME). By using a simple toy model for Lorentz violation and under the assumption that the so-called $\mathfrak{T}$-tensor is covariantly constant, we show that the gravity sector SME influences basic cosmology. If the approa...

We study the conformal structure of exotic (non-big-bang) singularity universes using the hybrid big-bang/exotic singularity/big-bang and big-rip/exotic singularity/big-rip models by investigating their appropriate Penrose diagrams. We show that the diagrams have the standard structure for the big-bang and big-rip and that exotic singularities appe...

The existence of a minimal length, predicted by different theories of quantum gravity, can be phenomenologically described in terms of a generalized uncertainty principle. We consider the impact of this quantum gravity motivated effect onto the information budget of a black hole and the sparsity of Hawking radiation during the black hole evaporatio...

We study the spontaneous baryogenesis scenario in the early universe for three different frameworks of varying constants theories. We replace the constants by dynamical scalar fields playing the role of thermions. We first obtain the results for baryogenesis driven by the varying gravitational constant, $G$, as in the previous literature, then chal...

We investigate the Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP) corrections to the entropy content and the information flux of black holes, as well as the corrections to the sparsity of the Hawking radiation at the late stages of evaporation. We find that due to these quantum gravity motivated corrections, the entropy flow per particle reduces its value...

We investigate the generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) corrections to the entropy content and the information flux of black holes, as well as the corrections to the sparsity of the Hawking radiation at the late stages of evaporation. We find that due to these quantum gravity motivated corrections, the entropy flow per particle reduces its value...

Variation of the speed of light is quite a debated issue in cosmology with some benefits, but also with some controversial concerns. Many approaches to develop a consistent varying speed of light (VSL) theory have been developed recently. Although a lot of theoretical debate has sprout out about their feasibility and reliability, the most obvious a...

Many varying speed of light (VSL) theories have been developed recently. Here we address the issue of their observational verification in a fully comprehensive way. By using the most updated cosmological probes, we test three different candidates for a VSL theory (Barrow & Magueijo, Avelino & Martins, and Moffat). We consider many different Ansätze...

We modify the standard relativistic dispersion relation in a way which breaks Lorentz symmetry—the effect is predicted in a high-energy regime of some modern theories of quantum gravity. We show that it is possible to realise this scenario within the framework of Rainbow Gravity which introduces two new energy-dependent functions f1(E) and f2(E) in...

The models of cyclic universes and cyclic multiverses based on the alternative gravity theories of varying constants are considered.

We study scenarios of parallel cyclic multiverses which allow for a different evolution of the physical constants, while having the same geometry. These universes are classically disconnected, but quantum-mechanically entangled. Applying the thermodynamics of entanglement, we calculate the temperature and the entropy of entanglement. It emerges tha...

The standard relativistic dispersion relation is modified to break Lorentz symmetry which is predicted in the high-energy regime of certain theories of quantum gravity. We show that is it possible to realise this scenario in the framework of Rainbow Gravity which in general introduces two new energy-dependent functions $f_1$ and $f_2$ into the disp...

Modified gravity theories with a screening mechanism have acquired much interest recently in the quest for a viable alternative to General Relativity on cosmological scales, given their intrinsic property of being able to pass Solar System scale tests and, at the same time, to possibly drive universe acceleration on much larger scales. Here, we exp...

In this paper we extend a new method to measure possible variation of the speed of light by using Baryon Acoustic Oscillations and the Hubble function presented in our earlier paper [V. Salzano, M. P. D\c{a}browski, and R. Lazkoz, Phys. Rev. D93, 063521 (2016)] onto an inhomogeneous model of the universe. The method relies on the fact that there is...

In [1] a new method to measure the speed of light through Baryon Acoustic
Oscillations (BAO) was introduced. Here, we describe in much more detail the
theoretical basis of that method, its implementation, and give some newly
updated results about its application to the forecast data. In particular, we
will show that SKA will be able to detect a 1%...

We formulate the basic framework of thermodynamical entropic force cosmology which allows variation of the gravitational constant G and the speed of light c. Three different approaches to the formulation of the field equations are presented. Some cosmological solutions for each framework are given and one of them is tested against combined observat...

We present basic ideas of the varying speed of light cosmology, its formulation, benefits and problems. We relate it to the theories of varying fine structure constants and discuss some new tests (redshift drift and angular diameter distance maximum) which may allow measuring timely and spatial change of the speed of light by using the future missi...

This paper is devoted to some simple approach based on general physics tools
to describe the physical properties of a hypothetical particle which can be the
source of dark energy in the Universe known as phantom. Phantom is
characterized by the fact that it possesses negative momentum and kinetic
energy and that it gives large negative pressure whi...

Using the idea of regularisation of singularities due to the variability of the fundamental constants in cosmology we study
the cyclic universe models. We find two models of oscillating and non-singular mass density and pressure (”non-singular” bounce)
regularised by varying gravitational constant G despite the scale factor evolution is oscillating...

We find the series of example theories for which the relativistic limit of
maximum tension $F_{max} = c^4/4G$ represented by the entropic force can be
abolished. Among them the varying constants theories, some generalized entropy
models applied both for cosmological and black hole horizons as well as some
generalized uncertainty principle models.

We formulate the basic framework of thermodynamical entropic force cosmology
which allows variation of the gravitational constant $G$ and the speed of light
$c$. Three different approaches to the formulation of the field equations are
presented. Some cosmological solutions for each framework are given and one of
them is tested against combined obse...

In this letter we describe a new method to use Baryon Acoustic Oscillations
(BAO) to derive a constraint on the possible variation of the speed of light.
The method relies on the fact that there is a simple relation between the
angular diameter distance $(D_{A})$ maximum and the Hubble function $(H)$
evaluated at the same maximum-condition redshift...

We discuss minisuperspace models within the framework of varying physical
constants theories including $\Lambda$-term. In particular, we consider the
varying speed of light (VSL) theory and varying gravitational constant theory
(VG) using the specific ans\"atze for the variability of constants: $c(a) = c_0
a^n$ and $G(a)=G_0 a^q$. We find that most...

We consider spherically symmetric inhomogeneous Stephani universes, the
center of symmetry being our location. We emphasize that in these models
comoving observers do not follow geodesics, in particular comoving perfect
fluids have necessarily a radial dependent pressure. We consider a subclass of
these models characterized by some inhomogeneity pa...

We refer to the classic definition of a singularity in Einstein's general
relativity (based on geodesic incompletness) as well as to some other criteria
to evaluate the nature of singularities in cosmology. We review what different
(non-Big-Bang) types of singularities are possible even in the simplest
cosmological framework of Friedmann cosmology....

Various classes of exotic singularity models have been studied as possible
mimic models for the observed recent acceleration of the universe. Here we
further study one of these classes and, under the assumption that they are
phenomenological toy models for the behavior of an underlying scalar field
which also couples to the electromagnetic sector o...

We derive a luminosity distance formula for the varying speed of light (VSL)
theory which involves higher order characteristics of expansion such as jerk,
snap and lerk which can test the impact of varying $c$ onto the evolution of
the universe. We show that the effect of varying $c$ is possible to be isolated
due to the relations connecting observ...

We discuss how dynamical dark energy universes with exotic singularities may
be distinguished from the standard $\Lambda$CDM model on the basis of their
redshift drift signal, for which measurements both in the acceleration phase
and in the deep matter era will be provided by forthcoming astrophysical
facilities. Two specific classes of exotic sing...

We derive a redshift drift formula within the framework of varying speed of
light (VSL) theory using the specific ansatz for the variability of $c(t) = c_0
a^n(t)$. We show that negative values of the parameter $n$, which correspond to
diminishing value of the speed of light during the evolution of the universe,
effectively rescales dust matter to...

Exact luminosity distance and apparent magnitude formulas are applied to
Union2 557 supernovae sample in order to constrain possible position of an
observer outside of the center of symmetry in spherically symmetric
inhomogeneous pressure Stephani universes which are complementary to
inhomogeneous density Lema\^itre-Tolman-Bondi (LTB) void models....

We derive a redshift drift formula within the framework of varying speed of
light (VSL) theory using the specific ansatz for the variability of $c(t) = c_0
a^n(t)$. We show that negative values of the parameter $n$, which corresponds
to diminishing value of the speed of light during the evolution of the
universe, effectively rescales dust matter to...

We review the variety of new singularities in homogeneous and isotropic FRW
cosmology which differ from standard Big-Bang and Big-Crunch singularities and
suggest how the nature of these singularities can be influenced by the varying
fundamental constants.

Scitation is the online home of leading journals and conference proceedings from AIP Publishing and AIP Member Societies

We review standard and non-standard cosmological singularities paying
special attention onto those which are of a weak type and do not
necessarily exhibit geodesic incompletness. Then, we discuss how these
singularities can be weakened, strengthened, or avoided due to the
time-variation of the physical constants such as the speed of light c
and the...

We derive a redshift drift formula for the spherically symmetric
inhomogeneous pressure Stephani universes which are complementary to the
spherically symmetric inhomogeneous density Lema\^itre-Tolman-Bondi models. We
show that there is a clear difference between redshift drift predictions for
these two models as well as between the Stephani models...

Varying physical constant cosmologies were claimed to solve standard
cosmological problems such as the horizon, the flatness and the
$\Lambda$-problem. In this paper, we suggest yet another possible application
of these theories: solving the singularity problem. By specifying some examples
we show that various cosmological singularities may be regu...

We discuss combined constraints, coming from the cosmic microwave background
shift parameter $\mathcal{R}$, baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) distance
parameter $\mathcal{A}$, and from the latest type Ia supernovae data, imposed
on cosmological models which allow sudden future singularities of pressure. We
show that due to their weakness such sudd...

By setting some special boundary conditions in the variational principle we
obtain junction conditions for the five-dimensional $f(R)$ gravity which in the
Einstein limit $f(R)\rightarrow R$ transform into the standard Randall-Sundrum
junction conditions. We apply these junction conditions to a particular model
of a Friedmann universe on the brane...

Taking a spacetime average as a measure of the strength of singularities we
show that big-rips (type I) are stronger than big-bangs. The former have
infinite spacetime averages while the latter have them equal to zero. The
sudden future singularities (type II) and $w-$singularities (type V) have
finite spacetime averages. The finite scale factor (t...

Current observational evidence does not yet exclude the possibility that dark
energy could be in the form of phantom energy. A universe consisting of a
phantom constituent will be driven toward a drastic end known as the `Big Rip'
singularity where all the matter in the universe will be destroyed. Motivated
by this possibility, other evolutionary s...

I describe an opportunity to mimic dark energy leading to a current acceleration of the universe by the application of the pressure singularities surrounding an observer. Two essentially different models are investigated. In the first one, the acceleration is due to an approach to a pressure singularity which appears on a constant time hypersurface...

By the application of the generalized Israel junction conditions we derive cosmological equations for the fourth-order $f(R)$ brane gravity and study their cosmological solutions. We show that there exists a non-static solution which describes a four-dimensional de-Sitter $(dS_4)$ brane embedded in a five-dimensional anti-de-Sitter $(AdS_5)$ bulk f...

I describe an opportunity to mimic dark energy leading to a current acceleration of the universe by the application of the pressure singularities surrounding an observer. Two essentially different models are investigated. In the first one, the acceleration is due to an approach to a pressure singularity which appears on a constant time hypersurface...

We discuss various types of exotic (non-standard) singularities in the Universe: a Big-Rip (BR or type I), a Sudden Future Singularity (SFS or type II), a Generalized Sudden Future Singularity, a Finite Scale Factor singularity (FSF or type III), a Big-Separation (BS or type IV) and a $w$-singularity. They are characterized by violation of all or s...

We discuss a very general theory of gravity, of which Lagrangian is an arbitrary function of the curvature invariants, on the brane. In general, the formulation of the junction conditions (except for Euler characteristics such as Gauss-Bonnet term) leads to the powers of the delta function and requires regularization. We suggest the way to avoid su...

The superenergy of the universe is a tensorial quantity and it is a general relativistic analogue of the Appell's energy of acceleration in classical mechanics. We propose the measurement of this quantity by the observational parameters such as the Hubble parameter, the deceleration parameter, the jerk and the snap (kerk) known as statefinders. We...

I discuss the construction of the fourth‐order gravity models with the main stress put onto the brane models of this type. I suggest that these models can naturally be verified observationally by higher‐order characteristics of the universe expansion called statefinders (jerk, kerk∕snap, lerk∕crackle, merk∕pop etc.). I tight these to the occurrence...

We find an explicit cosmological model which allows a special type of cosmological singularity which we call a $w$-singularity. This singularity has the scale factor finite, the energy density and pressure vanishing, and the only singular behaviour appears in a time-dependent barotropic index $w(t)$. It is different from the type IV cosmological si...