Mario R Romano

Mario R Romano
Istituto Clinico Humanitas IRCCS | Humanitas · Department of Ophthalmology

About

261
Publications
45,648
Reads
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4,678
Citations
Citations since 2017
102 Research Items
3167 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230200400600
20172018201920202021202220230200400600
20172018201920202021202220230200400600
Additional affiliations
December 2013 - present
University of Naples Federico II
Position
  • Lecturer
January 2012 - present
January 2012 - present
Education
October 2007 - March 2010
University of Ferrara
Field of study
January 2007 - August 2008
Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals NHS Trust
Field of study
  • Fellowship in Vitreoretinal Surgery
October 2005 - June 2006
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary
Field of study
  • Research fellowship

Publications

Publications (261)
Article
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Purpose: To assess the safety profile of a new lutein-based vitreous dye (LB-VD) formulation compared with various triamcinolone acetonide (TA) formulations with and without subsequent exposure to perfluorodecalin (PFD) in vitro. Methods: Human adult retinal pigment epithelial cells (ARPE-19) were treated with the following formulations: undilut...
Article
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The purpose of this study is to compare the in vitro cytotoxicity tests according to the ISO 10993-5 (2009) standards using direct contact and the test on liquid extracts of compounds previously identified as possible toxic impurities in perfluorocarbon liquids (PFCLs) for use in vitreoretinal surgery. Compounds including perfluorooctanoic acid (PF...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose Evaluating the optical transmission and geometrical aberrations of an intraocular device, namely, the Small-Incision New Generation Implantable Miniature Telescope (SING IMT™, Samsara Vision), designed to correct age-related macular degeneration. Methods Optical transmission in the spectral range 350-750 nm of the implantable optics was re...
Article
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Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a complex and multifactorial disease, resulting from the interaction of environmental and genetic factors. The continuous discovery of associations between genetic polymorphisms and AMD gives reason for the pivotal role attributed to the genetic component to its development. In that light, genetic tests and...
Article
Journal of Fluids and Structures Volume 115, November 2022, 103766 A simple mathematical model of retinal reattachment after scleral buckling Author links open overlay panelSasanKheirandishacJan O.Pralitsa https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2022.103766 Get rights and content Abstract Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) is a dangerous patho...
Article
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Silicone oils (SO) are used as long-term intraocular tamponades and have an irreplaceable role in vitreoretinal surgery. They can, however, be associated with multiple and potentially severe complications, involving different ocular tissues, in particular retina and cornea. Recent advances in ophthalmic imaging have allowed the precise characteriza...
Article
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Objective: The objective of this study was to analyze the status of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) by means of the spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) overlying the myopic neovascular lesions in the involutive phase, looking for any correlations between the status of the RPE and the size of the lesions and the type and durat...
Article
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Purpose: To accurately evaluate pressure changes during vitrectomy in a rigid model of the vitreous chamber and to test the efficiency of the EVA phacovitrectomy system (Dutch Ophthalmic Research Center) in terms of compensation of intraocular pressure variations. Methods: We tested 23-, 25-, and 27-gauge double-blade vitreous cutters in both ve...
Article
Background and objective To compare pneumatic retinopexy (PnR) and scleral buckling (SB) for repair of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Materials and Methods Single-centre retrospective analysis of patients undergoing PnR and SB. Inclusion criteria comprehend phakic patients with a single retinal break or a group of breaks in detached re...
Article
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Purpose: To identify audience and faculty preferences to optimize digital education sessions in ophthalmology. Methods: We distributed an online survey to ophthalmology trainees and specialists worldwide. The survey investigated respondents' preferences on various findings of hypothetical digital educational sessions. Data were analyzed using de...
Article
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Recent evidence in basic science is leading to a growing interest in the possible role of curcumin in treating retinal diseases. Curcumin has been demonstrated to be able to modulate gene transcription and reduce ganglion cell apoptosis, downgrade VEGF, modulate glucose levels and decrease vascular dysfunction. So far, the use of curcumin has been...
Article
The primary repair of full-thickness macular holes (FTMHs) through pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling and gas tamponade is the current standard of practice and offers a high closure rate of approximately 90%. On the contrary, the surgical management of refractory (or persistent) and recurrent FTMHs is still a challe...
Article
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The retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) plays a pivotal role in retinal homeostasis. It is therefore an interesting target to fill the unmet medical need of different retinal diseases, including age-related macular degeneration and Stargardt disease. RPE replacement therapy may use different cellular sources: induced pluripotent stem cells or embryo...
Article
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Age related macular degeneration (AMD) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) are multifactorial, neurodegenerative and inflammatory diseases of the eye primarily involving cellular and molecular components of the outer and inner blood-retina barriers (BRB), respectively. Largely contributed by genetic factors, particularly polymorphisms in complement genes...
Article
Purpose: To critically review data published in the recent past to scrutinize a causal relationship between retinal vascular occlusion and COVID-19. Method: A comprehensive literature search was performed on Pubmed with the key words retinal vascular occlusion, retinal vein occlusion, retinal artery occlusion and COVID-19. Results: A total of...
Article
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PurposeThis study aims to describe vessel density differences in tractional versus exudative macular oedema with the aid of novel custom imaging analysis techniques.Methods In this retrospective study, patients with exudative and tractional macular oedema were imaged with optical coherence tomography (OCT), en-face OCT, OCT-angiography and fluoresc...
Article
This study aimed to evaluate viability of retinal cells after the use of multiple intraoperative devices, namely a vitreal dye (triamcinolone acetonide,TA), a ERM/ILM dye (solution of trypan blue 0.15% and brilliant blue 0.025%), and two intraocular tamponades, namely perfluoroctane, (PFO) and silicone oil (SO 1000 cSt), with minimal and maximal re...
Article
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Purpose: To assess outcomes and recovery strategy of patients undergoing intravitreal injections for exudative age-related macular degeneration who experienced COVID-19 related interruption in treatment during complete lockdown. Methods: This was a retrospective, observational case study. We used a mixed effect model with random intercepts to ev...
Article
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Lamellar macular holes (LMHs) may show morphological and functional deterioration over time, yet no definite prognostic factor for progression has been identified. Since neurovascular retinal unit impairment may take part in neurodegeneration, we compare progressive LMHs to stable ones in optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography parameters....
Article
Full-text available
Toxic tumour syndrome (TTS) is a particularly aggressive form of secondary vasculopathy occurring after radiation therapy of uveal melanoma due to the persistence of the necrotic tumour mass inside the eye. The development of TTS confers a particularly unfavourable functional and anatomical ocular prognosis, ultimately requiring enucleation in most...
Article
Introduction The COVID-19 contagion curve is steeply increasing again worldwide, however, this time we face the emergency with different knowledge. Areas covered In this review article we present international guidelines and updated literature merged with our experience from hospitals in Bergamo, the epicenter of the first European COVID-19 outbre...
Article
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Purpose: This study assessed the cytotoxicity of the impurities detected in the perfluorooctane (PFO) batches for vitreoretinal surgery that were associated with serious adverse incidents of ocular toxicity, namely, the perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), 1H,1H,7H-dodecafluoro-1-heptanol (DFH), 1H-perfluorooctane (1H-PFO), ethylbenzene, anhydrous p-xyl...
Article
statement: Surgical technique: an innovative way of using cohesive viscoelastic to stabilize the ILM flap during the cover inverted-flap and free-flap procedures. Summary statement: Surgical technique: an innovative way of using cohesive viscoelastic to stabilize the ILM flap during the covering step in the inverted-flap and free-flap procedures.
Article
Purpose: To evaluate safety, effectiveness and the best parameters setup of hypersonic vitrectomy (HV). Methods: Prospective, multicentric, interventional study on 50 eyes that had undergone HV due to various vitreoretinal diseases. We primarily assessed effectiveness of vitreous removal, intraoperative complications and surgical setup. Secondar...
Article
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Purpose To assess the influence of rheological properties of an artificial vitreous (AV) on the performance of double-blade (DB) and single-blade (SB) guillotine vitreous cutters, with 23-, 25-, and 27-gauge (G) probes. Methods We evaluate the aspiration flow rate, using an optical method, based on image processing. Experiments are conducted using...
Article
Intraocular liquids tamponade agents, such as perfluorocarbon liquids (PFCLs), semifluorinated alkanes (SFAs), silicone oils (SOs) and heavy silicone oils (HSOs), are a crucial intraoperative and/or postoperative tool in vitreoretinal surgery, in particular for the management of complex vitreoretinal diseases. However, their use is not without comp...
Article
To investigate effectiveness and safety of a curcumin-based nutritional supplement in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). We conducted a controlled retrospective study, reviewing the medical records of patients referred to the Eye Center, Humanitas Hospital, Bergamo due to neovascular AMD and treated with antivascular endothelial gr...
Article
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Purpose To introduce a novel method to quantitively analyse in three dimensions traction forces in a vast area of the ocular posterior pole. Methods Retrospective analysis of 14 eyes who underwent peeling surgery for idiopathic, symptomatic and progressive epiretinal membrane. The technique measures the shift in position of vascular crossings afte...
Article
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Background/objectives To compare the number of eye surgical procedures performed in Italy in the 2 months following the beginning of lockdown (study period) because of COVID-19 epidemic with those performed in the two earlier months of the same year (intra-year control) and in the period of 2019 corresponding to the lockdown (inter-year control)....
Article
To analyze the effect of the employment of polyvinylpyrrolidone-iodine (PVP-I) 0.6% eye drop on the clinical course of patients affected by Adenoviral Keratoconjunctivitis (AKC). Consecutive patients with clinical signs of AKC and positive results of AdenoPlus test were enrolled from four Italian Centres. Patients were randomized to receive: PVP-I...
Article
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Purpose: Quantify the spatial error in mapping perimetric stimuli for structure-function analysis resulting from the choice of mapping scheme and eye movements. Methods: We analyzed data from 17 healthy and 30 glaucomatous participants. Structural data of the macula were collected with a spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. We extracted...
Article
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Purpose: The purpose of this paper was to study fluorescein angiography (FA) findings in eyes with lamellar macular hole (LMH), and epiretinal membrane (ERM) foveoschisis. Methods: In this prospective, observational case series, 46 eyes of patients affected by either LMH or ERM foveoschisis were examined using optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
Article
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Objective To report the results of a global survey on cataract practice patterns related to preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative care, surgical setting and personnel allocation. Methods and analysis An online 28 questions survey was sent to 240 ophthalmologists asking to describe prevailing trends in their institutions across 38 countrie...
Article
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We propose a mechanical model of generation of vitreoretinal tractions in the presence of posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). PVD is a common occurrence with aging, and it consists in the separation of the vitreous body from the retina at the back pole of the eye, due to progressive shrinking of the vitreous gel. During this separation process, vi...
Article
Hospital Operating Rooms (ORs) are working spaces which demand an utmost clean air environment for enhancing both the safety and the comfort conditions of medical staff and patients, in order to reduce the risk of post-operative complications. In this context, an integrated experimental-numerical study has been carried out in the present work, to i...
Article
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Background: Choroidal metastasis represent the most common malignant intraocular tumours. Objectives: To detect the structural and vascular features of choroidal metastasis by multimodal imaging. Methods: Sixteen eyes of 16 patients with choroidal metastasis were enrolled in this prospective study. The multimodal imaging was performed in all p...
Article
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Purpose To compare the number of eye surgical procedures performed in Italy during the first month of lockdown with those performed in the same period in 2019. Methods Review of the surgical procedures performed from 10 March to 9 April 2019 and from 10 March to 9 April 2020 (the first month of lockdown because of the COVID-19 outbreak) at six aca...
Article
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The present work is aimed at investigating the chemicophysical properties of the interface between silicone oils (SOs) used in vitreoretinal surgery and aqueous solutions, in the presence of surfactant biomolecules. Such molecules are thought to play an important role in the formation of SO emulsions in vitrectomised eyes, in which the natural vitr...
Article
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Purpose: To study and compare the efficacy of different therapeutic options for the treatment of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR). Methods: This is a nonrandomized, international multicentre study on 1719 patients (1861 eyes) diagnosed with CSCR, from 63 centres (24 countries). Reported data included different methods of treatment and both r...
Article
Purpose To assess the incidence of normal vision following anatomically successful macular hole surgery and associated clinical variables. Methods Multicentre, retrospective chart review. Preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative clinical data were extracted from electronic medical records from seven European vitreoretinal units. Inclusion cr...
Article
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Background The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had a significant impact on practical activities and didactic teaching of residents and fellows. This survey aimed to propose long-term changes for ophthalmology training based on the changes experienced by trainees and their perception of new training opportunities. Methods An online...
Article
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had a significant impact on practical activities and didactic teaching of residents and fellows. This survey aimed to propose long-term changes for ophthalmology training based on the changes experienced by trainees and their perception of new training opportunities. An online survey was distribu...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To assess the fluidics of 23-gauge (G) large-port (L) and tear drop-port (TD) hypersonic vitrectomy probes (HVPs) compared with guillotine vitrectomy probes (GVPs) of various calibers (23G, 25G, and 27G) and geometries (single and double blades). Also, to identify the working parameters that provide the best balance between acceleration a...
Article
Background Optic disc drusen (ODD) are acellular deposits in the prelaminar optic nerve head. The most accredited theory is that they are secondary to abnormalities in axonal metabolism and degeneration, but the pathogenesis is not clear to date.Clinical manifestationAlthough ODD are often considered a benign condition, the great majority of patien...
Article
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Cataract surgery is the most common operation performed worldwide. A fixed topical corticosteroid-antibiotic combination is usually prescribed in clinical practice for 2 or more weeks to treat post surgical inflammation and prevent infection. However, this protracted schedule may increase the incidence of corticosteroid-related adverse events and n...
Article
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Purpose To provide useful guidelines, targeted at ophthalmology professionals, to minimize COVID-19 infection of both healthcare workers and patients. Methods In this review we present updated literature merged with our experience from hospitals in Bergamo, the epicenter of the COVID-19 European outbreak. Results Non-pharmaceutical interventions, h...
Article
This study aimed to assess the cytotoxic effect of low molecular weight components (LMWC) and conventional silicone oils (SOs) 1000 cSt with different degree of purification (raw, intermediate, and purified) using in vitro cytotoxicity tests. Direct contact cytotoxicity tests were performed in BALB 3T3 and human retinal pigment epithelial cells (AR...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Despite the high closure rate of large macular hole (LMH) after surgery, visual recovery is often worse than expected. Microperimetric biofeedback can improve visual function in macular pathologies. We evaluated the efficacy of biofeedback on macular function after successful inverted flap technique for LMH. Methods: In this prospective...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of curcumin formulation with a polyvinylpyrrolidone-hydrophilic carrier (CHC*; Diabec®-AlfaIntes, Italy) for the treatment of macular edema (ME) from uncommon etiologies. We conducted retrospective interventional case series, reviewing the medical records of patients referred to the E...
Article
Purpose: To study and compare the efficacy of different therapeutic options for the treatment of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR). Methods: This is a nonrandomized, international multicentre study on 1719 patients (1861 eyes) diagnosed with CSCR, from 63 centres (24 countries). Reported data included different methods of treatment and bot...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To study and compare the efficacy of different therapeutic options for the treatment of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR). Methods: This is a nonrandomized, international multicentre study on 1719 patients (1861 eyes) diagnosed with CSCR, from 63 centres (24 countries). Reported data included different methods of treatment and both r...
Article
Purpose: To determine clear-cut distinctions between tractional and exudative intraretinal cystoid spaces subtypes. Design: Retrospective, multi-center, observational case series. Methods: A cohort of patients diagnosed with intraretinal cystoid spaces and imaged with optical coherence tomography (OCT), fluorescein angiography (FA), blue fundus a...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To validate the cytotoxicity test of perfluorocarbon liquids (PFCLs) for intraocular use according to the ISO 10993-5 standard. Methods: BALB/3T3, ARPE-19 cell lines, and 3-mm human retina ex vivo samples were cultured in 96-well plates. Contact areas of 22%, 59%, and 83% and 2.5-, 12-, and 24-hour contact times were tested in cell line...
Article
Full-text available
Objective of the work is to investigate stress and deformation that corneal tissue and donor graft undergo during endothelial keratoplasty. In order to attach the donor graft to the cornea, different air bubble pressure profiles acting on the graft are considered. This study is carried out by employing a three-dimensional nonlinear finite element m...
Article
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Purpose: We evaluated chemical composition, and molecular and rheological properties in 10 commercially available silicone oils (SilOils), focusing on siloxane chains of low molecular weight (LMW components, LMWC) that are known to be "impurities" produced during the SilOil synthesis process. Methods: We assessed the type of SilOil polymer and m...
Article
Background To explore the role of foveal and parafoveal Müller cells in the morphology and pathophysiology of tractional macular disorders with a mathematical model of mechanical force transmission. Methods In this retrospective observational study, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images of tractional lamellar macular holes and patien...
Article
Full-text available
The most severe visual impairments due to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) are frequently caused by the occurrence of choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Although photodynamic therapy with verteporfin (PDT-V) is currently a second-line treatment for neovascular AMD, it can be conveniently combined with drugs acting against vascular endothelia...
Article
Full-text available
Diabetic macular edema (DME) is still one of the main causes of visual impairment. Repeated intravitreal injections of ranibizumab are considered the gold standard treatment, but the efficacy in patients with prominent cystic characteristics remains uncertain. In diabetic retinas, the identification of both antero-posterior and, particularly, tange...
Article
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Purpose: To investigate a novel approach for structure-function modeling in glaucoma to improve visual field testing in the macula. Methods: We acquired data from the macular region in 20 healthy eyes and 31 with central glaucomatous damage. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans were used to estimate the local macular ganglion cell density. P...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To describe swept-source optical coherence tomography and optical coherence tomography angiography retinal changes in a case of acute toxoplasmic chorioretinitis both at the time of diagnosis and after healing. Case presentation A 57-year-old white woman suffering from acquired toxoplasmic chorioretinitis underwent swept-source optical coh...