Mario Clemente Estable

Mario Clemente Estable
Ryerson University · Faculty of Science

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21
Publications
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377
Citations

Publications

Publications (21)
Article
Full-text available
A long-standing problem in biology is how to dissect traits for which no tractable model exists. Here, we screen for genes like the nude locus (Foxn1)-genes central to mammalian hair and thymus development-using animals that never evolved hair, thymi, or Foxn1. Fruit flies are morphologically disrupted by the FOXN1 transcription factor and rescued...
Article
Bacteria cultured from thermal features (cultures OS and 44) and from sedimentary rock of the continental margin (SA) are capable of growth on methane as a sole carbon source under thermotolerant (OS and 44) to thermophilic (SA) conditions. All three grew better on enriched medium, suggesting methane is not a preferred substrate. Sequencing (16S rD...
Article
Full-text available
Translocations between the human Mixed Lineage Leukemia (MLL) and AF4 Family (AFF) member genes, are implicated in leukemia. Mutations to AFFs can disrupt lymphopoesis, CNS development and spermatogenesis. However, despite the growing list of pathologies linked to AFF members, their evolutionary relationship and the structure/function of individual...
Article
Full-text available
Although the prototypical HIV-1 LTR sequences were determined 22 years ago from the initial isolate, elucidating which transcription factors are critical to replication in vivo, has been difficult. One approach has been to examine HIV-1 LTRs that have gone through the gamut of in vivo mutation and selection, in search of absolutely conserved sequen...
Article
Full-text available
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replication is coupled to T-cell activation through its dependence on host cell transcription factors. Despite the enormous sequence variability of these factors, several cis elements for host factors are highly conserved within the 5′ long terminal repeats (LTRs) of viruses from AIDS patients; among thes...
Article
Positive transcription elongation factor-b (P-TEFb) contains CDK9 and cyclin T(1). P-TEFb was affinity purified from a stably transfected cell line that expresses epitope-tagged CDK9, and proteins that appeared to be specifically bound were sequenced. In addition to CDK9, previously identified isoforms of cyclin T (including T(1), T(2A) and T(2B)),...
Article
We have examined the human Cyr61 gene and its expression in normal fibroblasts. The core promoter, second intron, and 3' untranslated region (UTR) are highly conserved between the human and mouse genes. Cyr61 expression was induced slightly slower but more transiently in human fibroblasts compared to Rat-2 fibroblasts. These differences may relate...
Article
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is classified into subtypes on the basis of phylogenetic analysis of sequence differences. Inter- and intra-subtype polymorphism extends throughout the genome, including the long terminal repeat (LTR). In this study, the importance of the upstream stimulating factor (USF)-binding site (E-box) in the core-...
Data
On Oct 28, 2005 this sequence version replaced gi:19879837.
Article
The combination of high turnover and error-prone reverse transcription results in naturally occurring human immunodeficiency virus-1 long terminal repeats that differ considerably from the prototype sequence. Although no transcription-factor-binding site escapes mutation, the only mutated site that appears to be invariably compensated by co-occurre...
Article
Full-text available
Approximately 38% of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected patients within the Vancouver Lymphadenopathy-AIDS Study have proviruses bearing partial 15- to 34-nucleotide duplications upstream of the NF-kappaB binding sites within the 5' long terminal repeat (LTR). This most frequent naturally occurring length polymorphism (MFNLP) of t...
Article
Full-text available
Despite extensive in vitro studies identifying a myriad of cellular transcription factors that bind the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 5' long terminal repeat (LTR), the relative contribution of these factors to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 replication in infected individuals remains obscure. To address this question, we investigated 47...
Article
An accurate method is described for measuring the relative abundance of HIV-1 regulatory mRNAs directly in clinical specimens. Specimen RNA is reverse transcribed and coamplified with a common competitor containing tat, rev and nef internal standards using fluorescent primers and a competitive polymerase chain reaction. After amplification, individ...
Article
Full-text available
During liver development, the tandem alpha 1-fetoprotein (AFP)/albumin locus is triggered at the AFP end and then asymmetrically enhanced; this is followed by autonomous repression of the AFP-encoding gene. To understand this regulation better, we characterized the two early developmental stage-specific DNase I-hypersensitive (DH) sites so far iden...
Article
During liver development, the tandem alpha 1-fetoprotein (AFP)/albumin locus is triggered at the AFP end and then asymmetrically enhanced; this is followed by autonomous repression of the AFP-encoding gene. To understand this regulation better, we characterized the two early developmental stage-specific DNase I-hypersensitive (DH) sites so far iden...
Article
The sequential development of the early phases of leptomeningeal cyst formation was studied in an experimental model. Light, transmission and scanning electron microscopic data were compared with those from human arachnoid cysts. Common features observed were: the participation of leptomeningeal cells in the structure of the cysts with exclusion of...
Article
The authors describe the histological and ultrastructural features of a well demarcated single abscess. Histopathological features are consistent with those observed in experimental models and human material. In addition this study allowed the ultrastructural definition of some of the capsule components as meningothelial-like structures and myofibr...

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