Mario D'Amore

Mario D'Amore
German Aerospace Center (DLR) | DLR · Institute of Planetary Research

Dr.

About

251
Publications
10,091
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
696
Citations
Citations since 2016
104 Research Items
509 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
Introduction
I am curently involved in the ESA/BepiColombo MERTIS spectrometer project, mainly as principal Data Archiver and for the calibration campaign. I collaborate to the NASA/MESSENGER mission, mainly analyzing MASCS spectral data to better understand Mercury. I'm also experienced in in space mission Data Archiving (PDS NASA standard,PFS-MEX experiment) and Fourier Transform Spectrometer calibration (PFS-VEX experiment).
Additional affiliations
August 2008 - present
German Aerospace Center (DLR)

Publications

Publications (251)
Article
Full-text available
In 2022 JAXA issued an Announcement of Opportunity (AO) for receiving Hayabusa2 samples returned to Earth. We responded to the AO submitting a proposal based on using a multi-prong approach to achieve two main goals. The first goal is to address the subdued contrast of remote-sensing observations compared to measurements performed under laboratory...
Article
Full-text available
Key knowledge about planetary composition can be recovered from the study of thermal infrared spectral range datasets. This range has a huge diagnostic potential because it contains diagnostic absorptions from a planetary surface and atmosphere. The main goal of this study is to process and interpret the dataset from the Thermal Infrared channel (T...
Article
Full-text available
Context. JAXA’s Hayabusa2 mission rendezvoused the Ryugu asteroid for 1.5 years to clarify the carbonaceous asteroids’ record for Solar System origin and evolution. Aims. We studied the photometric behavior of the spectral parameters characterizing the near-infrared (NIR) spectra of Ryugu provided by the Hayabusa2/NIRS3 instrument, that is to say 1...
Conference Paper
In the planetary sciences, the amount of remote sensing data and derived research products has been continuously increasing over the last few decades. The amount and complexity of the data require growing sophistication in data analysis, data management and data provision targeted at a wider research community. Here we present a prototype for struc...
Article
Full-text available
In the planetary sciences, the volume of remote sensing data and derived research products has been continuously increasing over the last five decades. The amount and complexity of data require growing sophistication in data analysis, data management, and data provision targeted at a growing research community. In order to efficiently manage and fa...
Chapter
In this work we apply unsupervised learning techniques for dimensionality reduction and clustering to remote sensing hyperspectral Visible-Near Infrared (VNIR) reflectance spectra datasets of the planet Mercury obtained by the MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) mission. This approach produces cluster maps, whi...
Chapter
We have come a long way in terms of data volume and complexity since the start of planetary exploration. These trends have accelerated in the last decade. Two main challenges are visible that benefit from machine learning approaches. On one hand we have a dramatic increase in the sheer volume of data sets from planetary surfaces. Current and future...
Conference Paper
In den Planetenwissenschaften ist die Menge der Fernerkundungsdaten und der daraus abgeleiteten Forschungsprodukte in den letzten Jahrzehnten kontinuierlich gestiegen. Die Menge und Komplexität der Daten erforderten eine immer komplexere Datenanalyse, Datenverwaltung und Datenbereitstellung für eine breitere Forschungsgemeinschaft. In diesem Beitra...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
OpenPlanetary, or simply "OP", is an international non-profit organisation that promotes open research in the planetary science and exploration communities: sharing ideas and collaborating on planetary research and data analysis problems, new challenges, and opportunities [1]. OpenPlanetary started in 2015 as a way for participants of the ESA’s Pla...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The JAXA/Hayabusa2 mission observed the Ryugu asteroid for one year and half and acquired images by means of the ONC camera and NIR spectra in the 1.8-3.6 microns range thanks to the NIRS3 spectrometer. Ryugu is a very dark body (albedo of 0.043, Sugita et al., 2019) and its NIR spectrum is characterized by the shallow 2.72 and 2.8 microns absorpti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Haybusa-2 spacecraft approached the C-type Near Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu on June 2018. Haybusa2 is equipped with three remote sensing instruments such i.e. as the Thermal Infrared Imager TIR, the NIRS 3 spectrometer [3] and the Optical Navigation Camera-Telescopic (ONC-T) with a wideband and seven narrow band filters.Ryugu is a top-shaped Cb...
Conference Paper
The MErcury Radiometer and Thermal Infrared Spectrometer (MERTIS) is an instrument to study the mineralogy and temperature distribution of Mercury’s surface in unprecedented detail. MERTIS was proposed in 2003 as payload of the Mercury Planetary Orbiter spacecraft of ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission and will reach Mercury in 2025. MERTIS will map the w...
Article
New spectral orbital thermal infrared data of Mars are being acquired by the thermal infrared channel TIRVIM (in honor of Vassily Ivanovich Moroz) of the Atmospheric Chemistry Suite (ACS) of spectrometers on board of ExoMars2016 mission. TIRVIM encompasses the spectral range of 1.7–17 μm. A major challenge brought by the analysis of these data of p...
Conference Paper
surface of Mercury has been mapped in the 400–1145 nm wavelength range by the Mercury Atmospheric and Surface Composition Spectrometer (MASCS) instrument during orbital observations by the MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) spacecraft. Under the hypothesis that surface compositional information can be efficien...
Article
AI-driven methods have potential to minimise manual labour during planetary data processing and aid ongoing missions with real-time data analysis. This white paper focuses on key areas of AI-driven research, the need for open source training data, and the importance of collaboration between academia and industries to advance AI-driven research.
Conference Paper
Based on lunar observations, we calibrated the observation geometry of the MERTIS instrument on board the BepiColombo spacecraft.
Conference Paper
In October 2020, BepiColombo performed a flyby maneuver at the Moon. The Mercury Radiometer and Thermal Infrared Spectrometer (MERTIS) was among the few instruments that could observe the Moon. We report on first preliminary results.
Conference Paper
The lunar infrared spectra (7-14 um) acquired by MERTIS on 10th April 2020 exhibit an unexpected maximum at 9 um. We formulate a new hypothesis and perform radiative transfer modeling to explain the unusual shape of the spectra.
Conference Paper
BepiColombo spacecraft is performing 9 flybys: among them, the Earth/Moon flyby on April 10, 2020, and the Venus flyby on October 15, 2020 (second Venus flyby around August 10, 2021). Among the few instruments that can operate is MERTIS.
Conference Paper
Two lunar soils: basalt and anorthosite, three glasses: synthetic glass, basalt glass, and obsidian measured in emissivity at 140°C. Soil with 20 µm glass on top was measured too, then heated to 900°C for four hours and then again measured in emissivity.
Conference Paper
We present results of spectral unmixing analyses of labradorite-enstatite-glass mineral mixtures using a non-linear unmixing model.
Article
Recent orbital data revealed the presence of hydrated minerals on the surfaces of asteroids, mainly through the identification and the study of the 3-μm spectral absorption band (Hamilton et al., 2019; Kitazato et al., 2019). The presence of an absorption feature around 3-μm on planetary bodies' surfaces is indicative of the presence of OH-bearing...
Article
Full-text available
Launched onboard the BepiColombo Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) in October 2018, the Mercury Radiometer and Thermal Infrared Spectrometer (MERTIS) is on its way to planet Mercury. MERTIS consists of a push-broom IR-spectrometer (TIS) and a radiometer (TIR), which operate in the wavelength regions of 7-14 μm and 7-40 μm, respectively. This waveleng...
Conference Paper
The MErcury Radiometer and Thermal Infrared Spectrometer (MERTIS) is an instrument to study the mineralogy and temperature distribution of Mercury’s surface in unprecedented detail . During the nominal mission, MERTIS will map the whole surface at 500 m scale, combining a push-broom IR grating spectrometer (TIS) with a radiometer (TIR) sharing the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present a spectral database for reflectance and emissivity of rocks for the interpretation of in situ/remote measurements for lunar and planetary missions.
Article
The Near-Earth Asteroid 162,173 Ryugu (1999 JU3) was investigated by the JAXA Hayabusa2 mission from June 2018 to November 2019. The data acquired by NIRS3 spectrometer revealed a dark surface with a positive near-infrared spectral slope. In this work we investigated the spectral slope variations across the Ryugu surface, providing information abou...
Article
Full-text available
BepiColombo has a larger and in many ways more capable suite of instruments relevant for determination of the topographic, physical, chemical and mineralogical properties of Mercury’s surface than the suite carried by NASA’s MESSENGER spacecraft. Moreover, BepiColombo’s data rate is substantially higher. This equips it to confirm, elaborate upon, a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Mercury Radiometer and Thermal Infrared Spectrometer (MERTIS) is part of the ESA BepiColombo Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) payload and consists of a push-broom IR-spectrometer (-TIS) and a radiometer (-TIR) [1]. MERTIS-TIS and -TIR make use of the same optics, electronics, and inflight calibration components [2, 3]. MERTIS-TIS operates at wav...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For planetary sciences, the main archives to archived access to mission data are ESA's Planetary Science Archive (PSA) and the Planetary Data System (PSA) nodes in the USA. Along with recent and upcoming planetary missions the amount of different data (remote sensing/in-situ data, derived products) increases constantly and serves as basis for scien...
Article
Inner Solar System bodies with absent or extremely tenuous atmospheres such as Mercury and several high-eccentricity Near Earth Objects (NEOs) are subject to a wide range of surface temperatures. Here we show how the thermal expansion induced by strong diurnal insolation variations affects the thermal infrared spectra of felsic-rich to mafic-rich r...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We studied the effect of graphite on reflectance and emissivity spectra of pure minerals, chosen among a list of mercury analogues, when mixed with 5% graphite.
Conference Paper
The project aims to a prototypical system for structured storage and visualization of planetary data compiled and developed within planetary institutions.
Conference Paper
MERTIS will observe Mercury's surface with IR grating spectrometer and a radiometer. PDS4 Data will be in FITS and ASCII, for machine and human interaction.
Conference Paper
MErcury Radiometer and Thermal Infrared Spectrometer (MERTIS) is an instrument to study the mineralogy and temperature distribution of Mercury’s surface in unprecedented detail. During the nominal mission, MERTIS will map the whole surface at 500 m scale, combining a push broomIR grating spectrometer (TIS) with a radiometer (TIR) sharing the same o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Japanese Hayabusa2 space mission approached the Near-Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu in June 2018. Since then, it is taking data and mapping in detail the asteroid surface, finding a very dark and boulder rich asteroid with very homogenous spectral reflectance properties in the near IR. Statistical and machine learning tools are applied on NIRS 3 s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Japanese Hayabusa2 space mission approached the Near-Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu in June 2018. Since then, it is taking data and mapping in detail the asteroid surface, finding a very dark and boulder rich asteroid with very homogenous spectral reflectance properties in the near IR. By using the data obtained by the NIRS 3 spectrometer, the int...
Conference Paper
MErcury Radiometer and Thermal Infrared Spectrometer (MERTIS) is an instrument to study the mineralogy and temperature distribution of Mercury’s surface in unprecedented detail. During the nominal mission, MERTIS will map the whole surface at 500 m scale, combining a push broom IR grating spectrometer (TIS) with a radiometer (TIR) sharing the same...
Conference Paper
The two natural satellites of Mars, Phobos and Deimos are both important targets for scientific investigation. The JAXA mission Martian Moons eXplorer (MMX) is designed to explore Phobos and Deimos, with a launch date scheduled for 2024. The MMX spacecraft will observe both Martian moons and will land on one of them (Phobos, most likely), to collec...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Venus Express mission has shown that orbital observations through transparent windows in the CO2 atmosphere of Venus near 1 μm can produce viable data of the surface below. The resultant six windows coincidentally lie in a spectral region where visible-near infrared (VNIR) features of both Fe2+ and Fe3+ occur. Here, we report on laboratory data...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Near-Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu is the target of the JAXA sample return Hayabusa2 mission, which arrived at the asteroid in June 2018 and will analyse the surface until December 2019. Reflectance spectra of the Ryugu surface, acquired by the NIRS3 spectrometer (Near-Infrared Spectrometer), revealed a dark object with a positive slope, ranging...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Interpretation of mineralogy using VNIR spectroscopy data from orbiters requires spectral libraries acquired under conditions matching those on the surfaces being studied. Recent advances in high-temperature laboratory spectroscopy at the Planetary Spectroscopy Laboratory at DLR provide the necessary data and enable novel instruments like the Venus...
Conference Paper
The Venus Emissivity Mapper is the first flight instrument designed to focus on mapping the surface of Venus using atmospheric windows around 1 micron. After several years of development, VEM has a mature design with an existing laboratory prototype verifying an achievable instrument SNR of well above 1000, as well as predicted error in retrieval o...
Conference Paper
The MErcury Radiometer and Thermal infrared Imaging Spectrometer (MERTIS) is a highly integrated instrument to study mineralogy and temperature distribution of Mercury’s surface in unprecedented quality. MERTIS was proposed in 2003 as payload of the Mercury Planetary Orbiter spacecraft of the joint ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission. With the planned lau...
Conference Paper
TROTIS (TROjan asteroid Thermal Infrared multi-Spectral imager) is a high spatial-resolution thermal imaging system optimized for targets in the outer solar system with heritage from the Miniaturized Asteroid thermal infrared Imager and Radiometer (MAIR) for the AIDA mission as well as Bepi-Colombo mission’s MErcury Radiometer and Thermal Infrared...
Conference Paper
Spectroscopy is still the most accurate methodology to remotely study the surface composition of celestial bodies (and its evolution). For more than ten years the Planetary Emissivity Laboratory (PEL) of DLR in Berlin has provided spectral measurements of planetary analogues from the visible to the far-infrared range for comparison with remote sens...
Conference Paper
The MErcury Radiometer and Thermal infrared Imaging Spectrometer (MERTIS) [1] is part of the payload of the Mercury Planetary Orbiter spacecraft of the ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission that will be launched in October 2018. MERTIS combines an imaging spectrometer covering the wavelength range from 7-14 μm with a radiometer covering the wavelength range...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A large amount and a wide variety of information can be retrieved from the study of the thermal emission and reflectance spectra of a planetary object. An analysis of spectral orbital and laboratory data is used to create a map of the Martian surface showing the global distribution of potential habitable regions. This will be of highest interest to...
Article
This study examines the level of structural uniformity within Mercury's regolith as a function of geomorphological unit. Using two categories of photometric models (Hapke versus Kaasalainen–Shkuratov), the variation between and within similar geomorphological units are examined with the Mercury Atmosphere and Surface Composition Spectrometer (MASCS...