Mario Carretero

Mario Carretero
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid | UAM · Basic Psychology

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146
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Introduction
My research interests deal with History Education in both formal and informal environments. They also include the relation of national identity and historical master narratives.

Publications

Publications (146)
Chapter
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To date, there is a large and growing body of research in history education. This research has given scholars more clarity in what history learning involves, at the same time that has made the field more contested (Carretero, Berger & Grever, 2017; Cajani, Lassig & Repoussi, 2019; Metzger & Harris, 2018; Thünemann, Zülsdorf -Kersting & Köster, 2019...
Book
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La construcción de la memoria histórica en un mundo global Mario Carretero Documentos de identidad La construcción de la memoria histórica en un mundo global Mario Carretero #Enseñanza #Historia #Identidad #IdentidadNacional ¿Qué pesa más al momento de enseñar, la construcción romántica de una identidad o la búsqueda crítica de la verdad histórica?...
Chapter
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In this chapter we analyse the relations between historical maps included in textbooks and the narrative constructions of the past. The historical map is a contemporary pedagogical device that depicts the configuration of territory through human action, but most importantly, it explains historical phenomena led by connections of causality and histo...
Article
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This article represents an attempt to establish a fruitful dialogue among the field of border studies, history education, sociocultural psychology, and the history of cartography. Seminal studies on borders have asserted that the historical maps included in textbooks are basically an imagined representation. This paper will consider the extent to w...
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Psychological mechanisms are implied in the process of making democracy an actualized state of affairs and not only a formal political system. For this purpose the author uses an interdisciplinary approach trying to establish a real and meaningful dialogue with problems and issues, which come from several disciplines like social psychology, cogniti...
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Master narratives , xenophobic views and politics .
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In this chapter, we reflect upon the narrative construction of school history and the intersections between history, national identity, and citizenship in education. We aim to contribute to advancing history education research from the discussion of the current approaches in the field, based on the studies we have conducted in Latin America and Spa...
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History education strongly influences the construction of national identities through so-called myths of origin. Taught and subsequently appropriated by students these myths play an important role in most educational systems and practices. This chapter is concerned with how this happens. For this purpose a number of studies will be analyzed focusin...
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This chapter deals with the contribution of both formal (schools) and informal (museums, exhibitions, etc.) history education to the possibility of imagining the future. It considers that history education is indeed related not only to the past but also to both the present and the future. Also, from a theoretical point of view, this chapter develop...
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This chapter deals with an interdisciplinary attempt to consider how the teaching of violent and recent past implies a challenge for history education in and out of the school. For this purpose three meanings of “history” (school history, popular one and historiography) are considered as they imply different representations of both the past and how...
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In this chapter, we examine laypeople’s narratives about historical processes, collectively constructed, transacted, and transmitted in an effort to remember and make sense of past events, and focus on the constitutive relations between hegemonic and counter-narratives. We rely on concrete examples of narratives about a specific process drawn from...
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The aim of this introductory chapter is to render intelligible how history teaching can be enriched with knowledge of social psychological theories that deal with the issue of conflict transformation and partcularly the notions of prejudice reduction and reconciliation. A major aim of history teaching is to engage students with historical texts, es...
Data
This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This volume discusses the effects, models and implications of history teaching in relation to conflict transformation and reconciliation from a social-psychological perspective. Bringing together a mix of established and young researchers and academics, from the fields of psychology, education, a...
Book
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This volume discusses the effects, models and implications of history teaching in relation to conflict transformation and reconciliation, with an emphasis on how social psychological theories can enrich our understanding of history teaching in relation to processes of conflict transformation.. Bringing together a mix of established and young resear...
Technical Report
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The way recent and old intergroup conflicts are presented around the world in curricula, textbooks, civil society and social representations can be characterised by four main approaches. In the first approach, a moratorium is imposed and any reference to the conflictual past is avoided; the second is a selective approach where nation-states or grou...
Article
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In order to understand previous and contemporary political conflicts about borders and walls through history education in both formal and informal environments, it is imperative to comprehend what has happened. For example, the role of both individual and collective aspects should be taken into account. However, it is equally essential to consider...
Book
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Flyer of the handbook of research in historical culture and education. The handbook is a comprehensive guide to contemporary historical scholarship and its relation to public issues. It explores education, collective memory, heritage and different kinds of historical representations. The handbook speaks to historians, educators, museum curators and...
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In the Introduction Carretero, Berger and Grever present an overview of the main issues that are currently discussed in relation to historical culture and history education. They introduce the 38 chapters of the Palgrave Handbook of Research in Historical Culture and Education written by scholars from the Americas, Europe and Asia, providing an int...
Article
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Firstly, a view on the contributions and advances of history education in the last decades will be presented.I will argue that in the area of research of history education, and particularly in the field of the role of history education for conflict resolution and reconciliation, we need to establish a more meaningful relation between these two área...
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In this article we advance a qualitative approach to study the interconnection between representations of history and representations of citizenship. We argue that representations of the national past are important resources on which different constructions of citizenship are based. Our empirical context is the heated debate that emerged as a resul...
Chapter
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Carretero discusses how people in present societies represent historical master narratives in and out of school. His argument is developed in relation to current problems of school history teaching and learning and to citizenship issues. Some psychological and educational approaches, such as Egan’s ideas about narrative development, are considered....
Chapter
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How we think about civic participation has changed dramatically in the last decade. This affects research and it affects education, practice and policy. These changes derive in part from a changing perspective on democratic processes in stable industrialized societies, but in part also from taking seriously the conditions, forms of governance and f...
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Master national narratives are critiziced in this paper and the possibility of developing an ironic view of national historical development is presented. This position is based on my own research and also on J. Wertsch ideas.
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Civic education is currently a field of vibrant research and practice that is producing significant pedagogical innovation. However, it is a contested field with intense discussions about its goals and what teaching and learning processes should be privileged. These discussions reflect a transition from “traditional” models of civic education to “n...
Research
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History education as a research topic has developed considerably in both Spain and Latin America since the eighties. Thus, numerous recent publications could be mentioned (Amézola 2008; Monteiro 2007; Plá/Rodríguez Ledesma/Gómez Gerardo 2012, among many of them). Yet, an interesting precursor can be found at the beginning of the twentieth century....
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The Conquest of the Desert was a military campaign waged by the Argentine government against the indigenous population during the late 19th century. This period of national organization and territorial expansion involved the extermination of the native populations, with thousands being killed or sold to wealthy landowners. This article reports the...
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This article focuses on university students' understanding of the concept of nation. First an analysis of this concept from a historiographical point of view is presented. This allows for distinguishing between different conceptions of the nation related to 3 main approaches: the romantic, the modernist, and the ethnosymbolic approaches. Based on t...
Article
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Master narratives about national history have been recognized as powerful cultural tools, influencing both historical understanding and national identity construction. For example, by the work of James Wertsch and studies on national history representation from a sociocultural point of view. However, the appropriation of these narratives needs to b...
Article
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MARIO ON FEBRUARY 05, 2015 • (3) Are historical representations and collective memories one and the same thing? Why and how do they coincide or differ? Local and national contexts most definitely play an important role in this respect. But it is also important and necessary to examine which social and cultural processes influence citizens in aligni...
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National narratives are a key element in the process of history consumption and production. These master narratives have been analyzed in both theoretical and empirical studies as general schematic templates producing an essentialist and nationalist representation of the own past. The majority of studies examining historical representations of nati...
Article
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Master narratives frame students’ historical knowledge, possibly hindering access to more historical representations. A detailed analysis of students’ historical narratives about the origins of their own nation is presented in terms of four master narrative characteristics related to the historical subject, national identification, the main theme an...
Article
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En los últimos años se han planteado dos alternativas teóricas que explican, desde perspectivas contrapuestas, la influencia del conocimiento en el razonamiento humano (1) Teoría de reglas y (2) Teoría de modelos mentales. Desde la teoría de reglas se defiende que el razonamiento humano se basa en la activación de una serie de reglas formales unive...
Article
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In this paper, emotional and identity preferences regarding the foundational historical narratives of 240 Latin American adolescents and adults from Argentina, Chile, and Spain are analyzed. Also the arguments used to justify their preferences are studied. This is part of a broader study where specific analyses of subjects' historical narratives we...
Article
Full-text available
National narratives are a key element in the process of history consumption and production. These master narratives have been analyzed in both theoretical and empirical studies as general schematic templates producing an essentialist and nationalist representation of the own past. The majority of studies examining historical representations of nati...
Chapter
Full-text available
The discipline of history has been traditionally associated with the construction of national identity. Since the eighteenth century, the whole discipline has been structured around the concept of nation, portraying a naturalized and romantic conception of nation and national identity. Romantic national narratives around the world were produced as...
Chapter
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History is about what people have done and what has happened to them, but it can also be about the shape of society or institutions at particular times in the past. History seems to be about everyday, commonsense things - decisions that people make, actions that people take. We all make decisions and take actions every day, so many people believe t...
Chapter
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Conceptual change has been given less empirical attention in historical knowledge than in the natural sciences. As a matter of fact, in the previous edition of this Handbook there was only one chapter devoted to this topic (Leinhardt & Ravi, 2008). This is clearly a consequence of the fewer cognitive studies about historical knowledge compared to t...
Article
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A commentary of Jens Brockmeier’s paper “Remapping memory” (2010) is presented. Also, a number of relations to previous commentaries about the same paper are presented. First, we agree with Brockmeier and Haye with respect to the artificial and useless separation of memory and other psychological functions. On the other hand, five implicit assumpti...
Chapter
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In this chapter we discuss how people in present societies construct historical narratives. This topic, related to the field of the teaching and learning of history, extends to the debates in the last decade about the "history wars" maintained in numerous societies. All these cases share a process of consumption and production of historical narrati...
Book
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How is history represented? As just a record of the past, as a part of a present identity or as future goals? This book explores how historical contents and narratives are presented in school textbooks and other cultural productions (museums, monuments, etc) and also how they are understood by students, in the context of increasing globalization. I...
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The past decades have witnessed a profound controversy regarding the function of history teaching in educational systems and its contribution to civic education (Foster & Crawford, 2006; Grever & Stuurman, 2007; Nakou & Barca, 2010). Underlying this ongoing debate is the tension between two predominant theoretical perspectives that have influenced...
Chapter
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Se analizan los marcos teóricos desde los que se ha abordado el proceso de cambio conceptual y la deuda intelectual que estas investigaciones tienen con el trabajo pionero de Piaget. Se recogen algunas de las relevantes interpretaciones que Delval ha realizado de la teoría piagetiana y se señala la fundamental distinción entre conocimiento intuitiv...
Book
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Memory construction and national identity are key issues in our societies, as well as it is patriotism. How can we nowadays believe and give sense to traditional narrations that explain the origins of nations and communities? How do these narrations function in a process of globalization? How should we remember the recent past? In the construction...
Article
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The relation between history learning processes, in and out of school, and the construction of national identities is nowadays an increasingly important topic, being studied through the appropriation of historical narratives, which are frequently based on the official history of any nation state. In this paper, college students’ historical represen...
Chapter
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Narrative structures have an essential role when analyzing historical remembering and its importance at both individual and social levels. This influence is particularly decisive in the production of narratives, primarily reflected in school history textbooks and other informal cultural devices, and also when people consume these narratives in orde...
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Tesis doctoral inédita. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Psicología, Departamento de Psicología Básica, Social y Metodología, 1991 Bibliografía: p.344-364
Article
Tesis doctoral inédita. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Psicología, Departamento de Psicología Básica, Social y Metodología, 1988 Bibliografía: p. 394-424
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Theories about conceptual change have been generally related to historical and philosophical analysis of science. Yet, there is still much debate on how ideas coming from the history of science and their implications can be applied in this field. Our study intends to investigate the complex structure of conceptual change, by making use of some part...
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El artículo expone algunos de los principales problemas que plantea la apropiación de los acontecimientos conflictivos del pasado reciente para la enseñanza de la historia y la escuela en la actualidad en diferentes sociedades. Para ello, en primera medida, se enmarca la problemática dentro de las formas que ha tomado la gestión de la memoria colec...
Article
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In this article the findings of an empirical study on the narratives of 100 middle class argentine students, from 6 to 16 years of age, about the history of the "Discovery" of America are presented. 20 subjects of 6, 8, 10, 12, 14 and 16 years of age were interviewed. This historical event is considered to be the deepest and most controversial mile...
Article
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Las lecturas de imágenes en el contexto de la enseñanza de la historia plantean interesantes problemas que hemos abordado desde la perspectiva de la psicología cognitiva. Hemos estudiado las interpretaciones que los sujetos generan en las lecturas de las imágenes. Para ello realizamos un estudio comparativo en el que sujetos de diferentes edades (1...
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The introductory paper presents this monographic issue titled: Teaching and learning History: Cognitive and cultural aspects. In the first four sections, the current significance of the subject is justified and the contents of the monographic issue are introduced. They are organised around two important dimensions of History education: cognitive an...
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En los últimos años se ha producido un aumento significativo de los estudios centrados en el aprendizaje y la enseñanza de la historia. En el presente artículo, se recogen los estudios más relevantes que se han llevado a cabo desde la psicología cognitiva sobre los conocimientos y habilidades que caracterizan a los expertos en historia. Pensamos qu...
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En: Cuadernos de pedagogía Barcelona 2006, n. 362, noviembre ; p. 70-73 Frente a la lenitiva y desmemoriada historia oficial urdida alrededor de las dictaduras latinoamericanas. Se reflexiona sobre la necesidad de que el pasado reciente se constituya en objeto principal de trabajo en la educación histórica y política de la ciudadanía. El reto es ar...
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Teaching history, compared to other school subjects is characterised from country to country by widely varying content. This has been commented on by both historians ( and ) and psychologists (J of Narrative and Life History 4 (1994) 295). In this paper, some of the events that occurred in 1492 and their representation in history textbooks have bee...
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En: Cuadernos de pedagogía Barcelona 2001, n. 308, diciembre ; p. 52-56 La historia que se enseña en las escuelas en muchos países de Latinoamérica se utiliza para reproducir su propia imagen en un gesto narcisista donde no cabe la autocrítica. De esta forma se contribuye a la formación de una identidad nacional. Los análisis comparativos con otros...
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En: Cuadernos de Pedagogía Barcelona 2000, n. 296, noviembre ; p. 70-77 Tras la muerte de ángel Rivière se ofrecen diez testimonios de personas de su entorno, tales como su hija Lucía o su hermano Vicente Rivière, compañeros del departamento, de profesión y dos alumnas de la universidad donde impartía docencia. Estos diez testimonios rinden homenaj...
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En: Tarbiya : revista de investigación e innovación educativa Madrid 2000, n.26, septiembre-diciembre ; p. 73-82 Se introduce el término de cambio conceptual y su relación con la enseñanza, con el fin de ver cómo afecta a las disciplinas de Historia y Ciencias Sociales. Presenta unos objetivos disciplinares, para obtener una comprensión crítica del...
Book
This volume consists of the proceedings of an international conference on cognition and instruction in history. The papers cover several areas: historical narratives and history teaching; the use of texts, documents and images in learning history; and historical explanation and understanding.
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El objetivo fundamental de las Jornadas de Psicología del Pensamiento ha sido la reflexión sobre la práctica docente e investigadora de las personas que enseñan e investigan en estos temas en las universidades de todo el estado. En concreto, los objetivos fueron: (a) presentar y discutir las investigaciones desarrolladas en el estado sobre los tema...
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Tesis doctoral inédita. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Psicología , Departamento de Psicología Básica. Fecha de lectura: 2-4-98 Bibliografía: p. 281-323
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This paper deals with the extent to which subjects' causal historical explanations are influenced not only by domain specific knowledge but by specific characteristics of the historical event studied. Four historical events were presented. 120 students of different ages (15 or 17 years old) and domain specific knowledge (psychology and history) wer...
Article
Cognitive conflict has been proposed as a strategy to promote conceptual change. The history and philosophy of science have shown the importance of anomalous data to change scientific theories and to the progress of science. Often, scientists use anomalous data to develop new interpretations that lead to new conceptualizations and finally, to a dee...
Chapter
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This study analyses how secondary students and psychology and history Master students explain why the "discovery" of America happened. All participants were interviewed individually, analysing their understanding of historical agents and motives involved in this historical event. Significant differences were found betwwen groups with respect the ty...
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Two experiments using Wason's selection task are reported in this paper. Their main purpose was to test the meaning of universal connectives ( always and never ) against the hypothetical conditional connective ( if ). In the first experiment, these two different kinds of connectives were used with the same content and in logically equivalent situat...
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Mental models constitute an alternative to the rule-based systems in the explanation of human reasoning (Johnson-Laird, 1983). In this paper, we claim that the concept of believability generally used to categorize content and context effects is of little use within a semantic theory. Thus, we propose the use of categories that are directly extracte...
Article
A reading comprehension instructional programme was analyzed in two complementary studies. This programme was designed to improve knowledge and use of the text structure as a comprehension strategy. In the first empirical study, intervention was carried out through an instructional programme applied to a group of high school students (aged 14–15) a...
Chapter
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This study is concerned with how people perceive historical causation. Specifically, the authors ask: “What do people believe to be the causes of historical events?” The authors asked thirty-two individuals to write an essay on the causes of the collapse of the Soviet Union and subsequently asked them to rate a list of possible causes by importance...
Book
This volume is a direct result of an international conference that brought together a number of scholars from Europe and the United States to discuss their ideas and research about cognitive and instructional processes in history and the social sciences. As such, it fills a major gap in the study of how people learn and reason in the context of par...
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This paper presents a general view of contributions from Cognitive and Instructional research to History and Social Sciences� teaching. First, we discuss some of the issues concerning the relationship between Psychology and Didactics. Then, a general view of research on Social Sciences and History learning is presented. This is followed by some com...
Article
Este artículo presenta una visión general de las aportaciones de la investigación cognitiva e instruccional al estudio de la enseñanza de la Historia y las Ciencias Sociales. En primer lugar se indican algunas de las relaciones entre Psicología y Didáctica. Posteriormente se incluye un panorama general de la investigación sobre la comprensión y apr...
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En este experimento se examina la influencia de las teorías intuitivas sobre la enfermedad cuando se presentan problemas de correlación con contenido medico a sujetos expertos y profanos en medicina. Los sujetos participantes fueron 20 expertos (médicos de familia) y 20 profanos universitarios de la misma edad. Se les presentaban datos a favor y en...
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El objetivo de este artículo es presentar la línea de investigación sobre Psicología de la Instrucción desarrollada en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Esta línea se ha originado, en térrninos generales, a partir de los problemas que tenía planteados la teoría de Piaget en torno al estudio de las operaciones formales. El intento de explicar los r...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este artículo es presentar la línea de investigación sobre Psicología de la Instrucción desarrollada en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Esta línea se ha originado, en térrninos generales, a partir de los problemas que tenía planteados la teoría de Piaget en torno al estudio de las operaciones formales. El intento de explicar los r...