Marina Novelli

Marina Novelli
University of Brighton · School of Sport and Service Management

Doctor of Philosophy

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52
Publications
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (52)
Book
This book provides a comprehensive and readable overview of the critical debates and controversies around tourism in Africa, and the major factors that are affecting tourism development now and in the future. Drawing upon research emerging from collaborations between a growing number of African academics and practitioners based in the continent and...
Chapter
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This Handbook has offered a varied and far-reaching set of insights into the workings of tourism in Africa. Nonetheless, the range of themes, geographical locations and issues covered in here only scratches the surface of all that is evident on the continent in terms of the potentials, challenges and success of tourism development in Africa is faci...
Article
In a tourism industry historically dominated by outside influences, the island of Bali has striven for greater local resident involvement. Community-based tourism (CBT) has thereby become an increasingly preferred tourism development approach rooted in promises of more inclusive opportunities for community empowerment, a notion reflected in the UN...
Presentation
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On Tourism Sustainability Webinar Series: After the Virus TOPIC: From Overtourism to a COVID-19 Immobile world DATE: Apr 24, 2020 at 10.30am London time. Tourism like any other industry would need to be regulated and managed in a post COVID-19 era. The third webinar will focus on issues concerning the crisis surrounding the tourism industry: The...
Book
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The purpose of this Handbook is to critically evaluate the evolution of the contemporary niche tourism phenomenon. By framing the discussions around contemporary sustainable development concepts and thinking, authors are invited to critically reflect on niche tourism trends and practices, and are particularly encouraged to highlight stories of succ...
Conference Paper
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That overtourism has come to dominate discourses on destinations groaning under the weight of rapid visitor economy growth has become increasingly obvious. In some quarters, the issue is seen as an exaggeration of phenomena that is not new and is instead put down to media sensationalism and mismanagement. While in others, overtourism is seen as gen...
Article
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Overtourism is a contemporary phenomenon, rapidly evolving and underlined by what is evidently excessive visitation to tourist destinations. This is obvious in the seemingly uncontrolled and unplanned occurrence of urban overtourism in popular destinations and arguably a consequence of unregulated capital accumulation and growth strategies heavily...
Cover Page
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SPECIAL ISSUE: Overtourism and Tourismphobia: a journey through four decades of tourism development, planning and local concerns GUEST EDITORS: Claudio Milano, Marina Novelli and Joseph M. Cheer
Chapter
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As the European summer of 2019 beckons, it seems more than likely that the spectre of overtourism will once again emerge amidst the hordes of travellers flocking to popular cities including Barcelona, Venice, Amsterdam and Reykjavik as featured in this volume. But of course, these destinations represent one end of the overtourism spectrum; that is,...
Article
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Over the past four decades, while the increasing demand for mobility, leisure and unique experiences have been examined as key factors in the growth of tourism, the attendant growth paradigm has historically centered around exponential increments in visitation and this has been at the centre of debates concerning the pressure from and dependence on...
Article
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Global tourism growth is unprecedented. Consequently, this has elevated the sector as a key plank for economic development, and its utility is deeply embedded in political, economic and social-ecological discourse. Where the expansion of the sector leverages natural and cultural landscapes, this applies pressure to social and ecological underpinnin...
Data
This book examines the evolution of the phenomenon and explores the genesis of overtourism and the system dynamics underlining it. The ‘overtourism’ phenomenon is defined as the excessive growth of visitors leading to overcrowding and the consequential suffering of residents, due to temporary and often seasonal tourism peaks, that lead to permanent...
Chapter
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This book is concerned with the various dimensions of overtourism, including the social and economic impacts of excessive tourism and the management and policy measures to address it. The 10 chapters present case studies contributing to the overtourism discussion from diverse perspectives and contexts including urban, coastal and rural destinations...
Technical Report
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Introduction Overtourism’ is a relatively new term in the public and academic debate on negative consequences of tourism. However, the phenomenon itself is not a new one, as problematic forms of tourism crowding and their effects on local communities and environment have been studied for decades. Yet, there is much evidence that the character of...
Article
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The summer holidays are in full swing – and protests against overtourism have begun (yet again) in a number of popular European cities. Overtourism is not a new problem.
Article
Many recent crisis and disasters affecting tourism have been studied, but few explicitly explore health related crisis in developing countries. This study analyses the effect of the Ebola Virus Disease Epidemic (EVDE) on The Gambia, where, despite no reported cases, EVDE had devastating consequences. A Rapid Situation Analysis is used to gain insig...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports findings from an opportunity study on the appropriateness of implementing community-based tourism standards (CBTS) certification through the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) criteria, as a way to improve sustainable tourism provision in the region. Framed by critical reflections on community-based tourism (CBT) lite...
Article
Full-text available
Travel philanthropy is an evolving phenomenon. It owes its origins to rising frustrations with conventional aid and traditional philanthropic giving and is seen as development assistance enabling resources to flow directly from the tourism industry into community development and conservation initiatives. Philanthropists have long sought to achieve...
Book
Over the past 20 years, the perception of tourism as an effective contributor to socio-economic development in the developing world has propagated, with many viewing tourism as a provider for poverty alleviation and towards other UN Millennium Development Goals. Over the same period, readers have become familiar with the paradoxes, complexities and...
Article
The Economic Road Map and Visions of the East African Community member states (Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi) view tourism development not only as a key pillar for national development, but most importantly as a mechanism to alleviate poverty, generate foreign revenue for the government, and contribute to wildlife conservation. With...
Article
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Whilst there are studies of tourism development in sub-Saharan Africa, almost none explicitly explore tourism in post-conflict societies. This study, co-authored between an African ‘insider’ and European ‘outsiders’, analyses tourism development challenges in Burundi, a ‘situation of fragility’ emerging from a 12-year civil war. Framed by hopeful t...
Chapter
This book makes a contribution to the understanding of tourism controversies. Its purpose is to provide a platform for open debate and intellectual discourse with a variety of views on perceived controversies or manifest conflicts firstly within tourism (endogenous controversies), but also in the multidimensional contexts of environment and civil s...
Article
Over the past decade, academic research into the use of tourism as a contributor to poverty reduction has grown considerably; however, there are few insights on how the poor perceive the connections between poverty and tourism. Based upon interpretive and participatory fieldwork with the poor of Elmina in Ghana, this paper explores their understand...
Article
The widespread perception of tourism as a development tool in the developing world has propagated, with many seeing tourism as a means of contributing to the UN Millennium Development Goals (UN-MDGs). While this remains a credible assumption, current literature offers a rather limited set of empirical studies to support it. This paper contributes t...
Article
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Taking tourism as a metaphor for the complex and unequal relationship between the Majority World and the more affluent tourist-generating countries, this paper reports research into ways in which educational tourism can facilitate mutually beneficial exchanges between 'hosts and guests'. The empirical work is based on data collected as part of an i...
Book
A collection of essays from specialist scholars evaluating tourism as a means of simulating economic growth and fighting economic inequalities in poor countries: As a tool for poverty reduction in economically underdeveloped regions, tourism has been at the forefront of the international development agenda. This book takes an in-depth look at the s...
Book
In the current trend of increasing globalization, relationships are evolving between global and local realities, rich and poor regions of the world and 'old' and 'new' leisure and tourism patterns. The tourist has become an active agent in their travel experiences, moving between and among multiple localities, in an environment of transnational, in...
Article
Since the 1970s, the African continent has experienced exponential growth in tourism, where growth in numbers of visitors has not necessarily meant economic, social or environmental benefits for the host community. A review of the literature concerning tourism development and its effects on local communities forms the basis for the investigation of...
Article
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Despite the spatial significance of protected areas and the increasing threats posed to the world's biodiversity by various agents, successful conservation still remains controversial and inconsistent. In this context, protected areas have become a core attraction for nature-based tourism activities, valued for their ability to generate financial b...
Article
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In an era where tourism is dominated by requests for tailored experiences, SMEs play a key role in providing adequate products and services to tourists by responding to their most specific requirements.This paper uses network and clusters as a framework providing SMEs with innovative opportunities to operate in a competitive tourism environment. A...
Article
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Over the 20th century, wildlife-based tourism has experienced significant growth, with increasing emphasis placed on ecotourism as one of the most beneficial forms of sustainable tourism. A widely accepted argument is that ecotourism is a non-consumptive practice far better received than those consumptive forms, such as sport or trophy hunting tour...
Article
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The making and consuming of tourism takes place within a complex social milieu, with competing actors drawing into the 'product' peoples' history, culture and lifestyles. Culture and people thus become part of the tourism product. The implications are not fully understood, though the literature ranges the arguments along a continuum with culture be...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
Dr. Claudio Milano, Ostelea School of Tourism & Hospitality - University of Lleida, Barcelona, Spain Prof. Marina Novelli, School of Sport and Service Management, University of Brighton, Eastbourne, UK Dr. Joseph M. Cheer, Wakayama University, Japan Over the past four decades, a number of tourism studies’, theories and models have emerged concerning host and guest antagonism (Doxey, 1975), tourism area life cycle (Butler, 1980) and carrying capacity (O’Reilly, 1986). These have historically informed academic research as well as practitioners’ thinking, policy and planning interventions (Barcelona City Council, 2016) – however, these have often appeared to be shifting, rather than addressing the problem. Over the last decade, while many scholars have maintained their interest in the classical debate concerning the impacts of tourism, some have attempted new conceptualisations, while others have converged with the narrative of a number of social movements, and the subsequent coining of the terms ‘overtourism’ and ‘tourismphobia’ have emerged (Goodwin, 2017; Dredge, 2017; Milano, 2017a). Saarinen (2006, p. 1121) was prescient in his assertions that in the face of rapidly growing tourism economies, there is a “need for alternative and more environment and host-friendly practices in development, planning, and policies”. Moreover, Saarinen’s (2013, p. 10) call that “in order to have tools for setting the limits to growth in tourism in a local-global nexus with less tourism-centric evaluation criteria, stronger governmental and inter-governmental policies and regulations are most probably needed” is evidently more pressing today. In particular, this project will offer critical reflections on the contemporary evolution of tourism development and the implication of such processes on people, place and space through several publications. It is aimed at developing more nuanced insights into current tourism dynamics and to ultimately foster participatory and collaborative responses to what is evidently a rapidly evolving phenomenon with significant policy and practice implications (Dredge, 2017).