Marilyn Aita

Marilyn Aita
Université de Montréal | UdeM · Faculty of Nursing

Ph.D.

About

71
Publications
7,541
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693
Citations
Citations since 2017
38 Research Items
368 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
Introduction

Publications

Publications (71)
Article
Full-text available
Aim To present the development, evaluation and adaptation of the PAIN‐Neo theory. Design Theory development. Data Sources A review of literature was conduct from 1980 to 2021. Results Using a critical realism paradigm, this paper presents the PAIN‐Neo theory, which was developed from an analysis of existing theoretical perspectives on paediatric...
Article
Objective The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the study design of a randomized controlled trial, and an experimental neonatal nursing intervention. Design and Setting A pilot parallel randomized controlled trial was conducted in a level-III NICU. Participants Dyads of mothers and very preterm i...
Article
Introduction: Sensitive mother-infant interactions are important predictors of long-term mother-infant relationship, which is one factor having a positive impact on infant development. Considering preterm infants’ immaturity, mother-infant interactions and maternal sensitivity may not develop optimally. A systematic review showed that current evide...
Article
Family-centered care (FCC) in NICUs aims to support parents and children facing the distressing experience of a preterm infant’s NICU hospitalization. Neonatal nurses must also have proper knowledge of the support interventions for parents’ and siblings’ adaptation during the NICU hospitalization. This paper describes comprehensive and innovative c...
Article
In the neonatal intensive care unit, preterm infants undergo many painful procedures. Although these can impair their neurodevelopment if not properly managed, only half of the painful procedures are optimally handled. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate nurses' perceptions of preterm infants' pain, to evaluate nurses' pain assessment and...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: To describe the state of health of Quebec nursing staff during the pandemic according to their exposure to COVID-19, work-related characteristics and sociodemographic factors (gender, generational age group). State of health was captured essentially by assessing psychological distress, depression symptoms and fatigue. Design and methods: A...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm infant are still a contemporary concern. To counter the detrimental effects resulting from the hospitalisation in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), developmental care (DC) interventions have emerged as a philosophy of care aimed at protecting and enhancing preterm infant’s development and p...
Article
Objective: The review aims to critically appraise the measurement properties and adaptation processes of all cross-cultural adaptations of the Family Resilience Assessment Scale. Background: A number of family resilience instruments have been developed over the past decade; however, the Family Resilience Assessment Scale reports the best psychom...
Article
Full-text available
To compare light and sound levels before and after a change of design and evaluate these levels considering recommended NICU standards. A pre-test/post-test design. Light and sound levels were compared between the former open ward (OW) NICU of 34 beds and the current 40-bed unit composed of both pods and single-family rooms (SFR). Light levels were...
Article
Purpose To translate and conduct the preliminary psychometric validation of a skin-to-skin contact instrument in French (SSC-F) with a sample of nurses from Quebec and France working in neonatal intensive care units. Methods The 20 items of the SSC instrument containing four subscales (knowledge, attitudes and beliefs, training and education and i...
Article
Objective: This systematic review will assess the association between painful procedures performed on preterm infants while hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit and short-, mid-, and long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes. Introduction: Preterm infants hospitalized in the neonatal unit undergo many painful procedures. The repetition o...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Primary objective of this pilot study is to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the NeuroN‐QI and the study procedures. Secondary objectives are to assess the feasibility and acceptability of the NeuroN‐QI by the nurses, assess the nurses’ training needs about the components of the NeuroN‐QI, and estimate the preliminary effect...
Article
Introduction : Theoretical perspectives are essential for guiding clinical practice and nursing research.Context : The understanding of pain has evolved considerably, leading to new theoretical models integrating the different components of pain (sensory-discriminative, affective-motivational, and cognitive).Objective : To conduct a critical review...
Article
Care offered to preterm infants varies worldwide, ranging from less than essential lifesaving care to highly technological and neuroprotective care oriented towards survival with optimal outcomes. In high-income countries, developmental care has been implemented to some extent as standard care in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) and guidelines...
Article
Background and problem A Family-Centered Care (FCC) quality improvement project was implemented with nurses to promote families' and siblings' adaptation during the NICU hospitalization of a preterm infant. The objective of this quality improvement project was to compare the nurses' knowledge and perceptions as well as their implementation of nursi...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study was to translate, adapt and conduct initial psychometric validation of the French version of the Nurses’ Attitudes and Perceptions of Pain Assessment in neonatal intensive care Questionnaire (NAPPAQ) developed by Polkki in 2010. Background Assessing nurses’ perceptions, attitudes and knowledge about pain managemen...
Article
Full-text available
Background As preterm infants’ neurodevelopment is shaped by NICU-related factors during their hospitalization, it is essential to evaluate which interventions are more beneficial for their neurodevelopment at this specific time. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions initiated d...
Article
This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the effectiveness of parent-infant interventions for parents of preterm infants on parental sensitivity compared to standard care or active comparators. This review follows the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines and was prospectively registered in...
Article
Although nurses, whether researchers or clinicians, may use measuring instruments in their daily practice, instruments deemed credible sometimes present with several undisclosed biases. These biases can undermine the credibility of the results obtained from their use in research or practice. This article aims to synthesize the most frequent biases...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Maternal sensitivity is an important predictor of long-term mother-infant attachment and infant development. Considering the behavioral specificities of preterm infants that may impede the development of maternal sensitivity, it is essential to promote these outcomes soon after a preterm birth. A systematic review showed that current ev...
Article
Many aspects may interfere with siblings' adaptation when an infant is born prematurely and hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). During this critical period, siblings may have sudden change of behaviors if their needs are not adequately met. Parents and neonatal nurses are often unaware of the importance of supporting siblings i...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background and Objective As preterm infants’ neurodevelopment is shaped by NICU-related factors during their hospitalization, it is essential to evaluate which interventions are more beneficial for their neurodevelopment at this specific time. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of interventio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background : As preterm infants’ neurodevelopment is shaped by NICU-related factors during their hospitalization, it is essential to evaluate which interventions are more beneficial for their neurodevelopment at this specific time. The primary objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions i...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: As preterm infants’ neurodevelopment is shaped by NICU-related factors during their hospitalization, it is essential to evaluate which interventions are more beneficial for their neurodevelopment at this specific time. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions initiated...
Article
Parental sensitivity predicts long-term parent-infant attachment and is central to preterm infants' development. Through a case study, the project evaluated the effect on parental sensitivity of a clinical intervention that included teaching the stress and stability cues of preterm infants and a combination of four parental care involvement activit...
Article
Background Preterm and full-term neonates undergo many painful procedures during their hospitalization in the neonatal intensive care unit. Unrelieved and repeated pain can have important repercussions on their motor and intellectual development. Still, pain management interventions are limited for neonates. Objective This systematic review aimed...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In the NICU, interventions intended to enhance maternal sensitivity are indicated in order to optimize preterm infant development and long-term mother-infant attachment. A novel nursing intervention was developed following a theory-oriented methodology and is based upon the guided participation theory for mothers to participate in thei...
Article
Hospitalization of a preterm infant in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) places additional strain on the family and influences the siblings' adaptation. Although it is essential to support the siblings’ adaptation and provide family-centered care in the NICU, sibling involvement is rarely integrated into nursing care. An evidence-based interv...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Repeated and untreated pain can lead to long-term consequences in preterm infants, such as pain hypersensitivity and impaired motor and intellectual development. Studies on pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for pain management in preterm infants are limited. Thus, we piloted an intervention based on olfactive stimu...
Conference Paper
Background Parental sensitivity is the parent’s ability to recognize and interpret their infant’s cues, and identify and apply an appropriate response quickly. Sensitivity is central to the parent-infant relationship and predicts long-term attachment which also influences the child’s neurodevelopment. Parents of preterm infants are not less sensiti...
Article
Introduction: Light and noise levels may influence preterm infants and their mothers when they are experiencing skin-to-skin contact [SSC] in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit [NICU]. Methods: A pilot randomized controlled trial [RCT] of an intervention aiming at reducing light and noise levels during SSC was conducted. Twenty-one neonatal nurses...
Article
Developmental care interventions, which may promote preterm infant's neurodevelopment during the hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, should be implemented and integrated to care delivered by nurses, other healthcare professionals, and parents. These interventions may have an impact on the preterm infants' developing brain and optim...
Article
Les nouveau-nés prématurés ressentent la douleur et sont soumis à de nombreuses procédures douloureuses au cours de leur hospitalisation en service de néonatologie. La douleur non soulagée et répétée peut entraîner des répercussions importantes pour leurs développements intellectuel et moteur. Il est donc essentiel de soulager leur douleur. Cet art...
Article
Background: It is well known that preterm neonates can feel pain which can be expressed through specific behaviors and signs. Repeated and untreated pain has consequences for the preterm neonates such as hypersensitivity to pain, as well as important repercussions on their motor and intellectual development. The use of non-pharmacological interven...
Article
The development of synaptic connections in the foetus’ brain peaks during the third trimester of gestation. In case of preterm birth, the infant is vulnerable in the neonatal intensive care unit because of its immature and rapidly developing neurologic system. Therefore, developmental care interventions (DCI) are particularly important during the N...
Article
This article presents a clinical project of the development and evaluation of an educational intervention that aimed at promoting the development of a sense of mastery of the anticipated paternal role in soon-to-be fathers. The preventive role supplementation conceptual framework guided the development of 4 educational sessions that were delivered...
Article
Background: Preterm infants generally spend weeks in the neonatal intensive care unit where light intensity can fluctuate as well as be high, leading to physiological instability and increased motor activity in these infants. To date, 2 lighting control methods have been studied: cycled lighting and continuous near darkness. The most appropriate m...
Article
Even though direct breastfeeding holds many benefits for preterm infants, the transition from gavage to direct breastfeeding remains suboptimal in this population. Failing this transition can contribute to an early cessation of direct breastfeeding and jeopardize the preterm infants’ growth and development. Preterm infants could benefit from interv...
Article
ABSTRACT This article presents the development and evaluation of an educational intervention aiming at an evidence-based practice of skin-to-skin contact at birth among nurses of a maternity care unit. Based on the Iowa Model of Evidence-Based Practice to Promote Quality Care, four educational sessions were developed according to an active-learning...
Article
Aim To describe the development and the evaluation of a pilot nursing educational intervention aiming to promote an evidence-based transition from gavage to direct breastfeeding in preterm infants. Method The Iowa Model for Evidence-Based Practice to Promote Quality of Care was used as the conceptual framework guiding the development and implement...
Article
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pain response of 28-32 weeks gestational age preterm infants during a heel lance following a 4-h period where they had worn eye shields and earmuffs as a light and noise reduction intervention. A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 44 preterm infants recruited from four level III NICU. Heart ra...
Article
Purpose: To review and analyze studies evaluating the effects of massage on term and preterm infants. Design: A systematic review of literature. Results: Benefits of massage for term infants are: improved weight gain, growth, and sleep and decreased hyperbilirubinemia. Benefits for preterm infants are: improved weight gain, decreased response to pa...
Article
Full-text available
The active participation of nurses in research activities is desirable in clinical settings. This manuscript highlights the Professional Codevelopment Groups (PCGs) as an opportunity for clinical nurses to be the leading instigators of research projects relevant to their nursing practice, emphasizing another facet of their professional role in clin...
Article
Aim. To present a concept analysis of physiological stability. Background. Physiological stability is an ubiquitous concept in the literature. However, no operational definition of this concept seems to be clearly established even though a literature review demonstrates multiple uses of the concept. Thus, a concept analysis is required to clarify t...
Article
Developmental care is a combination of interventions that focused on the adaptation of the neonatal environment to support the development of preterm infants. Although the concept of developmental care emerges from psychology, its application is integrated into the nursing care of premature infants hospitalized in the neonatal unit. Analysis of dev...
Article
Developmental care principles based concept analysis Introduction : Developmental care is a combination of interventions that focused on the adaptation of the neonatal environment to support the development of preterm infants. Background : Although the concept of developmental care emerges from psychology, its application is integrated into the nur...
Article
Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) light and noise may be stressful to preterm infants. This research evaluated the physiological stability of 54 infants born at 28- to 32-weeks' gestational age while wearing eye goggles and earmuffs for a 4-hour period in the NICU. Infants were recruited from four NICUs of university-affiliated hospitals and rand...
Article
What about the NICU lighting ? NICU lighting is an important element of the environment in which preterm infants continue to develop. Although several researchers have conducted studies on the subject, the existing divergence among the findings and the recommendations of neonatal experts limit the generalization of the results of these studies to g...
Article
NICU lighting is an important element of the environment in which preterm infants continue to develop. Although several researchers have conducted studies on the subject, the existing divergence among the findings and the recommendations of neonatal experts limit the generalization of the results of these studies to guide neonatal clinical practice...
Article
Physiologic stability : a concept analysis Physiologic stability is a omnipresent concept in the scientific litterature. However, there is a limited number of conceptual definition of this concept in the litterature. A concept analysis about physiologic stability is a way to set the theoric basis of this multidimensionnal concept. Mutilidimension i...
Article
Aim: To present a concept analysis of physiological stability. Background: Physiological stability is an ubiquitous concept in the literature. However, no operational definition of this concept seems to be clearly established even though a literature review demonstrates multiple uses of the concept. Thus, a concept analysis is required to clarif...
Article
Full-text available
Skin-to-skin contact, or kangaroo mother care (KMC) has been shown to be efficacious in diminishing pain response to heel lance in full term and moderately preterm neonates. The purpose of this study was to determine if KMC would also be efficacious in very preterm neonates. Preterm neonates (n = 61) between 28 0/7 and 31 6/7 weeks gestational age...
Article
Plusieurs méthodes non pharmacologiques ont fait l’objet d’études sérieuses et rigoureuses, en ce qui a trait au soulagement de la douleur chez les enfants nés prématurément. Ces méthodes ont, d’ailleurs, été recommandées pour des douleurs légères et modérées par l’Académie américaine et canadienne de pédiatrie (2006). Cet article trace le portrait...
Article
Many non pharmacologic methods have been documented for pain relief in premature infants. These methods are recommended by the Canadian and American Paediatric Academy (2006) for the relief of mild to moderate pain. This article presents a review of the literature on currently available methods like sweet solutions, skin to skin contact, positionin...
Article
Over the past 10 years, there has been a propensity to translate research findings and evidence into clinical practice, and concepts such as knowledge transfer, research dissemination, research utilization, and evidence-based practice have been described in the nursing literature. This manuscript shows a selective review of the definitions and util...
Article
Abstract Whether conducted in a university or the healthcare field, research with human subjects gives rise to a multitude of ethical questions for healthcare professionals. While engaging in ongoing professional development on how to conduct research ethically, both clinicians and scientists need to expand their knowledge to provide answers to the...
Article
This study assessed the adoption by neonatal nurses of behaviors that prevent visual, auditory, and tactile overstimulations in preterm infants, as well as the intentions, attitudes, and subjective norms related to the adoption of these behaviors. The convenience sample consisted of 54 neonatal nurses working in three Montreal region teaching hospi...
Article
The survival rate of infants born prematurely and hospitalized in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) has increased due to improvement of the technology in obstetrics and neona tology that allows saving preterm infants at earlier gestational ages. Preterm infants are hospitalized in a care environment which is quite different from the maternal wo...
Article
Full-text available
Hardiness is a personal resource that can potentially diminish negative effects of life stress. To increase understanding of the role that it can have on the health protection and promotion of bereaved parents following a perinatal loss, this article uses J. Wilson's (1969) method to present a concept analysis of hardiness. This analysis provides n...
Article
Prenatal hospitalisation has not been shown to reduce perinatal morbidity and mortality, yet it is still the treatment of choice for women who experience preterm labour. Home care management may be an alternative means of delivering safe, efficacious and care for these women. The objectives of this controlled clinical trial were to examine differen...
Article
The main target of this clinical trial was to determine if, for a diagnosis of premature labour, a home prenatal follow-up compared to a classical hospitalization influenced the outcome of pregnancy in terms of gestation age and weight at birth. The participants were recruited in the population of pregnant women in hospital for a threat of prematur...
Article
Thèse (M. Sc.)--Université de Montréal, 1997. "Mémoire présenté à la Faculté des études supérieures en vue de l'obtention du grade de Maître ès sciences (M. Sc.) en sciences infirmières."

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