Marika Rullo

Marika Rullo
Università degli Studi di Siena | UNISI · Department of Social, Political and Cognitive Sciences

Phd
Assistant Professor in Social Psychology @University of Siena- Department of Social, Political and Cognitive Sciences

About

56
Publications
21,657
Reads
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341
Citations
Citations since 2016
44 Research Items
328 Citations
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Additional affiliations
September 2016 - September 2017
University of Lausanne
Position
  • PostDoc Position
June 2016 - September 2016
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • PostDoc Position
January 2015 - March 2016
University of Kent
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
La pandemia di Covid-19 ha rappresentato e continua a rappresentare un momento di crisi per molte società nel mondo. In tempi di difficoltà come questo, le teorie del complotto si diffondono molto rapidamente in quanto forniscono spiegazioni semplici a eventi complessi dando l'illusione di avere il controllo di una realtà sconosciuta e spesso spave...
Article
Anxiety associated with the COVID-19 pandemic and home confinement has been associated with adverse health behaviors, such as unhealthy eating, smoking, and drinking. However, most studies have been limited by regional sampling, which precludes the examination of behavioral consequences associated with the pandemic at a global level. Further, few s...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper examines longitudinally how subjective perceptions about COVID-19, one’s community, and the government predict adherence to public health measures to reduce the spread of the virus. Using an international survey ( N = 3040), we test how infection risk perception, trust in the governmental response and communications about COVID-19...
Article
Despite the effectiveness of intergroup contact in reducing prejudice, opportunities for contact are not always associated with positive mutual intergroup perceptions. This might be due, at least partly, to negative contact, i.e., intergroup encounters perceived as unpleasant, and to individual characteristics which might shape reactions to opportu...
Article
Full-text available
Before vaccines for COVID-19 became available, a set of infection prevention behaviors constituted the primary means to mitigate the virus spread. Our study aimed to identify important predictors of this set of behaviors. Whereas social and health psychological theories suggest a limited set of predictors, machine learning analyses can identify cor...
Article
Full-text available
Anxiety associated with the COVID-19 pandemic and home confinement has been associated with adverse health behaviors, such as unhealthy eating, smoking, and drinking. However, most studies have been limited by regional sampling, which precludes the examination of behavioral consequences associated with the pandemic at a global level. Further, few s...
Article
Understanding the determinants of COVID-19 vaccine uptake is important to inform policy decisions and plan vaccination campaigns. The aims of this research were to: (1) explore the individual- and country-level determinants of intentions to be vaccinated against SARS-CoV-2, and (2) examine worldwide variation in vaccination intentions. This cross-s...
Article
Full-text available
Tightening social norms is thought to be adaptive for dealing with collective threat yet it may have negative consequences for increasing prejudice. The present research investigated the role of desire for cultural tightness, triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic, in increasing negative attitudes towards immigrants. We used participant-level data from...
Article
During the initial phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, U.S. conservative politicians and the media downplayed the risk of both contracting COVID-19 and the effectiveness of recommended health behaviors. Health behavior theories suggest perceived vulnerability to a health threat and perceived effectiveness of recommended health-protective behaviors dete...
Article
Full-text available
With the rise of prejudice and discrimination against ethnic and immigrant minorities, strategies to reduce prejudice and discrimination, and to counteract the impact of intolerant, anti-egalitarian ideologies, are needed. Here we focused on cultural humility, i.e., the ability to have a humble and other-oriented approach to others’ cultural backgr...
Article
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This paper presents the findings of a pilot study that involved the participants of the Specialization course for support activities, held at the University of Siena for the academic year 2018-2019. The study represents the first phase of broader research that aims to detect the impact of training devices in supporting the construction of a sense o...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines whether compliance with COVID-19 mitigation measures is motivated by wanting to save lives or save the economy (or both), and which implications this carries to fight the pandemic. National representative samples were collected from 24 countries (N = 25,435). The main predictors were (1) perceived risk to contract coronavirus, (...
Article
Full-text available
Witnessing acts of uncommon moral virtue can elicit feelings of moral elevation, which translate further into prosocial intentions and behaviour. Recent findings suggest that moral identity strengthens the elevation response after witnessing such acts. In the present paper, we propose that the positive relationship between moral identity and elevat...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Coronavirus is highly infectious and potentially deadly. In the absence of a cure or a vaccine, the infection prevention behaviors recommended by the World Health Organization constitute the only measure that is presently available to combat the pandemic. The unprecedented impact of this pandemic calls for swift identification of factors most i...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this work, we study how social contacts and feelings of solidarity shape experiences of loneliness during the COVID-19 lockdown in early 2020. We draw on cross-national data, collected across four time points between mid-March until early May 2020. We situate our work within the public debate on these issues and discuss to what extent the public...
Preprint
Full-text available
According to health behavior theories, perceived vulnerability to a health threat and perceived effectiveness of recommended health-protective behaviors determine motivation to follow these recommendations. Because the U.S. President Trump and U.S. conservative politicians downplayed the risk and seriousness of contracting COVID-19 and the effectiv...
Article
Full-text available
The PsyCorona collaboration is a research project to examine processes involved in the COVID-19 pandemic, such as behavior that curbs virus transmission, which may implicate social norms, cooperation, and self-regulation. The study also examines psychosocial consequences of physical distancing strategies and societal lockdown, such as frustration o...
Article
Full-text available
People comply with governmental restrictions for different motives, notably because they are concerned about the issue at hand or because they trust their government to enact appropriate regulations. The present study focuses on the role of concern and political trust in people’s willingness to comply with governmental restrictions during the Covid...
Article
Full-text available
Mapping the Moods of COVID-19: Global Study Uses Data Visualization to Track Psychological Responses, Identify Targets for Intervention
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper examines whether compliance with COVID-19 mitigation measures is motivated by wanting to save lives or save the economy (or both), and which implications this carries to fight the pandemic. National representative samples were collected from 24 countries (N=25,435). The main predictors were (i) perceived risk to contract coronavirus, (ii...
Preprint
Full-text available
Previous studies suggested that public trust in government is vital for implementations of social policies that rely on public's behavioural responses. This study examined associations of trust in government regarding COVID-19 control with recommended health behaviours and prosocial behaviours. Data from an international survey with representative...
Article
Retention of volunteers is a main issue for no‐profit organizations. In the present study, using a cross‐sectional design, determinants of volunteers’ intentions to continue their service were investigated in a sample of 116 volunteers at different Italian organizations (Mage = 42.32, SDage = 15.91). Guided by the conceptual model of the volunteer...
Article
Usually people consider morality traits to be highly valuable, both in themselves and in others. Moreover, they tend to select moral groups and are often motivated to protect the positive identity of their groups by derogating immoral ingroup members. However, sometimes even moral ingroup members could represent a threat to the group and therefore...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This is a retrospective study on 18 patients affected by thoraco-lumbar junction burst fractures (TLJBF) A3 or A4 at computed tomography (CT) scan who referred to our hospital. To assess the surgical results in terms of pain and quality of life in a series of neurologically intact patients affected by TLJBF who underwent surgery after...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have underlined how chronic exposure to environmental noise may have negative effects on performance, wellbeing, and social relations. The present study (N = 90 employees of a motor factory who are chronically exposed to environmental noise) investigated whether the negative effects of chronic exposure of noise-sensitive individuals...
Article
Full-text available
Among relevant consequences of organizational socialization, a key factor is the promotion of organizational citizenship behaviors toward individuals (i.e. OCBI). However, the relation between organizational socialization and OCBI has received little attention. This study tests the validity of a moderated mediation model in which we examine the med...
Data
Appendix. Measures used in the study. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Social categorization is the differentiation between the self and others and between one’s own group and other groups and it is such a natural and spontaneous process that often we are not aware of it. The way in which the brain organizes social categorization remains an unresolved issue. We present three experiments investigating the hypothesis th...
Preprint
Among relevant consequences of organizational socialization, a key factor is the promotion of organizational citizenship behaviors toward individuals (i.e. OCBI). However, the relation between organizational socialization and OCBI has received little attention. This study tests the validity of a moderated mediation model in which we examine the med...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines how a social threat posed by a deviant behavior affects second-hand forgiveness over time toward ingroup and outgroup transgressors. In Study 1, using real news reports, we investigated intergroup rivalries between soccer fans in order to understand the role of group membership in predicting the intention to forgive transgressor...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research (Marques & Levine, 2016) suggests that the black sheep effect refers to the tendency of people to evaluate ingroup deviants members more negatively than outgroup deviants members. School students (N = 60) evaluated negative and positive performances attributed respectively to ingroup and outgroup members (unfavorable comparison) a...
Article
Background: Cervical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard exam in the assessment of patients affected by cervical myelopathy and is very useful in planning the operation. Herein we present a series of patients affected by long tract symptoms who underwent dynamic MRI in addition to the static exam. Methods: In the period between...
Article
Full-text available
After single or multilevel cervical corpectomy for the treatment of different diseases, many surgical options have been proposed over the years. As a single device, a winged expandable titanium cage (WETC) has been developed. We report the use of this device and our clinical results at 24 months of follow-up in a prospective series of 34 patients w...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To evaluate the impact of pelvic balance, physical activity, and fear-avoidance in a cohort of patients undergoing decompression and instrumented fusion for degenerative lumbar stenosis. Materials and methods This study includes consecutive patients undergoing decompression and instrumented fusion for degenerative lumbar stenosis by one mai...
Article
Full-text available
Literature shows that people having their peak performance in the evening (as opposed to morning) tend to experience greater sleep inertia during working days because they accumulate a sleep debt that it is compensated only during the weekend (also known as “social jet-lag” effect). Such sleep inertia not only determines lower efficiency but also l...
Chapter
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Article
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Background: The objective of this study is to evaluate the factors influencing the outcome of back pain and disability in patients operated for lumbar stenosis without instability and deformity using two classical surgical techniques: decompression alone and decompression plus fusion. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of patients who...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate the results of surgery for vertebral involvement in MM following the introduction of the new chemotherapy in 2006. Methods: Retrospective cohort study evaluating the patients with MM vertebral lesions from January 2006 to January 2014. Outcomes were based upon participation in ODI and EQ-5D. Statistical interpretation of the...
Article
Full-text available
This commentary discusses Tam’s contributions concerning the perceived norms perspective on the study of intergenerational cultural transmission; its aim is to provide insights into the impact of human cognition on the emergence of a culture and the normative structure of society. To that end, we elaborate the implications of parents’ goals for int...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Hypotheses Material and Methods Main Results Main Results Introduction: In the classic black sheep effect (BSE) an ingroup deviant member is usually evaluated more negatively than the corresponding outgroup deviant. This effect is usually obtained by using scenarios and asking people to imagine the situation as vividly as possible. However no infor...
Article
BACKGROUND Intradural extramedullary tumors (IDEMTs) are uncommon lesions that cause pain and neurological deficits. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of surgery for IDEMTs. METHODS This cohort study recruited all patients operated on for IDEMTs at the Department of Neurology and Psychiatry of Sapienza University of Rome from January 2003 to Janu...
Article
Full-text available
In the classic black sheep effect (BSE) an ingroup deviant member is usually evaluated more negatively than the corresponding outgroup deviant. This effect is usually obtained by using scenarios and asking people to imagine the situation as vividly as possible. The present study proposes a new method to investigate the BSE by considering the behavi...
Article
Full-text available
Past researches have demonstrate the proactive role of newcomers in the organizational socialization. It was observed in particular the effect of the work self-efficacy (Bandura, 1986) on outcomes of the organizational socialization. The aim of the present study is to investigate the role of social self-efficacy, identification and information seek...
Article
Background: Intradural extramedullary tumors (IDEMTs) are uncommon lesions that cause pain and neurological deficits. Objective: To evaluate the effects of surgery for IDEMTs. Methods: This cohort study recruited all patients operated on for IDEMTs at the Department of Neurology and Psychiatry of Sapienza University of Rome from January 2003 t...
Article
Full-text available
Study Design Prospective cohort study. Objectives To analyze the effectiveness and practicality of using cancellous bone substitute with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in posterolateral arthrodesis. Methods Twenty consecutive patients underwent posterolateral arthrodesis with implantation of cancellous bone substitute soaked with PRP obtained directl...

Questions

Questions (2)
Question
Hi,
I was wondering whether one can compare attributions of uniquely human traits to one own national ingroup and to an outgroup defined by religion.
I've read many papers on infrahumanization where ingroup and outgrup were defined on the same dimensions (both religious groups or national groups etc) so I don't understand if I can use a religious group to measure infrahumanization among italians...not necessarily identified as Christians...
Thank you!
Question
Hi!
I would like to discuss the relationship between pain and cooperation among strangers. Some studies have demonstrated that when people share a painful experience they tend to cooperate more than people who share a non-painful experience.
Wich processes do you think are involved in this link?

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Enormous collective costs of tax evasion and the problem of why people protect or commend tax evaders are far from solved. This project advances a new psychological approach that focusses on the role of social norms. Individuals generally value honesty, but group dynamics can potentially lead them to perceive tax evasion as a norm. The project encompasses five studies to understand how and when this happens. Studies 1-2 survey Italian and UK participants to investigate culture-based differences in attitudes and beliefs toward tax behaviour. Studies 3-4 (UK) experimentally test the impact of group membership, focus of the norm (personal-gain vs. group loss), and of sanctions (group/individual) on tax evasion/compliance. Study 5 (Italy) experimentally tests the extent to which individuals will continue to pay tax to sustain the collective despite awareness of the presence of non-payers. Taken together, these studies will address whether, when and why group dynamics affect tax behaviour.
Project
The aim of this project is to investigate how group-based emotions affect social identities and influence group behaviour.