Marijana Basic

Marijana Basic
Hannover Medical School | MHH · Institute of Laboratory Animal Science

Dr.rer.nat

About

91
Publications
13,427
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
3,009
Citations
Citations since 2016
80 Research Items
2899 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600

Publications

Publications (91)
Article
Full-text available
Genetic defects in SLC26A3 (DRA), an intestinal Cl⁻/HCO3⁻ exchanger, result in congenital chloride diarrhea (CLD), marked by lifelong acidic diarrhea and a high risk of inflammatory bowel disease. Slc26a3−/− mice serve as a model to understand the pathophysiology of CLD and search for treatment options. This study investigates the microbiota change...
Article
Full-text available
Our understanding of microorganisms residing within our gut and their roles in the host metabolism and immunity advanced greatly over the past 20 years. Currently, microbiome studies are shifting from association and correlation studies to studies demonstrating causality of identified microbiome signatures and identification of molecular mechanisms...
Article
Full-text available
Microbiome research needs comprehensive repositories of cultured bacteria from the intestine of mammalian hosts. We expanded the mouse intestinal bacterial collection (www.dsmz.de/miBC) to 212 strains, all publicly available and taxonomically described. This includes strain-level diversity, small-sized bacteria, and previously undescribed taxa (one...
Preprint
Background & Aims Hepatocyte growth and proliferation is dependent on the synthesis of membrane phospholipids. Lipid synthesis, in turn, requires short chain fatty acids (SCFA) generated by bacterial fermentation, delivered through the gut- liver axis. We therefore hypothesized that dysbiotic insults like antibiotics treatment not only negatively a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Crohn’s disease (CD) is associated with changes in the microbiota, and murine models of CD-like ileo-colonic inflammation depend on the presence of microbial triggers. Increased abundance of unknown Clostridiales and the microscopic detection of filamentous structures close to the epithelium of Tnf ΔARE mice pointed towards segmented filamentous ba...
Article
Full-text available
Studies indicate that the intestinal microbiota influences general metabolic processes in humans, thereby modulating the risk of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, allergy, cardiovascular disease, and colorectal cancer (CRC). Dietary factors are also directly related to chronic disease risk, and they affect the composition and function of th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Microbiome research is hampered by the fact that many bacteria are still unknown and by the lack of publicly available isolates. Fundamental and clinical research is in need of comprehensive and well-curated repositories of cultured bacteria from the intestine of mammalian hosts. In this work, we expanded the mouse intestinal bacterial collection (...
Article
Background Crohn’s disease (CD)-like inflammation in TNFdeltaARE mice (ARE) mice is triggered by dysbiotic gut microbial communities. Similar to the therapeutic effect of exclusive enteral nutrition in CD, dietary intervention using semi-synthetic experimental diet prevents disease development in ARE mice. The aim of this study is to identify the c...
Article
Full-text available
The intestinal microbiota conveys significant benefits to host physiology. Although multiple chronic disorders have been associated with alterations in the intestinal microbiota composition and function, it is still unclear whether these changes are a cause or a consequence. Hence, to translate microbiome research into clinical application, it is n...
Article
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by inappropriate immune responses to the microbiota in genetically susceptible hosts, but little is known about the pathways that link individual genetic alterations to microbiota-dependent inflammation. Here, we demonstrated that the loss of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP), a gene as...
Article
Deficiency in X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) is the cause for X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome 2 (XLP2). About one-third of these patients suffer from severe and therapy-refractory inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but the exact cause of this pathogenesis remains undefined. Here, we used XIAP-deficient mice to characterize the...
Article
Hexokinases (HK) catalyze the first step of glycolysis limiting its pace. HK2 is highly expressed in gut epithelium, contributes to immune responses, and is upregulated during inflammation. We examined the microbial regulation of HK2 and its impact on inflammation using mice lacking HK2 in intestinal epithelial cells (Hk2ΔIEC). Hk2ΔIEC mice were le...
Article
The composition of intrinsic microbial communities determines if invading pathogens will find a suitable niche for colonization and cause infection or be eliminated. Here, we investigate how commensal E. coli mediate colonization resistance (CR) against Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Tm). Using synthetic bacterial communities, we show that the capacity...
Article
Full-text available
The intestinal microbiota modulates IL-22 production in the intestine, including the induction of IL-22-producing CD4+ T helper cells. Which specific bacteria are responsible for the induction of these cells is less well understood. Here, we demonstrate through the use of novel gnotobiotic knock-in reporter mice that segmented filamentous bacteria...
Article
Full-text available
Tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) activates NF-κB–dependent pro-inflammatory gene expression, but also induces cell death by triggering apoptosis and necroptosis. Inhibition of inhibitor of NF-κB kinase (IKK)/NF-κB signaling in keratinocytes paradoxically unleashed spontaneous TNFR1-mediated skin inflammation in mice, but the underlying mech...
Article
Full-text available
The balance between the responsiveness of the intestinal immune system and the gut environment is fundamental for the maintenance of intestinal homeostasis, which is required for an adequate recognition of entering antigens. The disruption of this homeostasis by exaggerated immune response to harmless antigens can lead to the development of intesti...
Article
Full-text available
With the increased interest in the microbiome research, gnotobiotic animals and techniques emerged again as valuable tools to investigate functional effects of host-microbe and microbe-microbe interactions. The increased demand for gnotobiotic experiments has resulted in the greater need for housing systems for short-term maintenance of gnotobiotic...
Article
Full-text available
Extibacter muris is a newly described mouse gut bacterium which metabolizes cholic acid (CA) to deoxycholic acid (DCA) via 7α-dehydroxylation. Although bile acids influence metabolic and inflammatory responses, few in vivo models exist for studying their metabolism and impact on the host. Mice were colonized from birth with the simplified community...
Preprint
Full-text available
Hexokinases (HK) catalyze the first step of glycolysis and thereby limit its pace. HK2 is highly expressed in the gut epithelium, plays a role in immune responses and is upregulated in inflammation and ulcerative colitis. Here, we examined the microbial regulation of HK2 and its impact on intestinal inflammation by generating mice lacking HK2 speci...
Article
Full-text available
Although it is generally accepted that dietary fiber is health promoting, the underlying immuno-logical and molecular mechanisms are not well defined, especially with respect to cellulose, the most ubiquitous dietary fiber. Here, the impact of dietary cellulose on intestinal microbiota, immune responses and gene expression in health and disease was...
Article
Although infection with the human enteropathogen Giardia lamblia causes self-limited diarrhea in adults, infant populations in endemic areas experience persistent pathogen carriage in the absence of diarrhea. The persistence of this protozoan parasite in infants has been associated with reduced weight gain and linear growth (height-for-age). The me...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND & AIMS After birth, the immune system matures via interactions with microbes in the gut. The S100 calcium binding proteins S100A8 and S100A9, and their extracellular complex form, S100A8–A9, are found in high amounts in human breast milk. We studied levels of S100A8–A9 in fecal samples (also called fecal calprotectin) from newborns and d...
Article
Full-text available
Following birth, the neonatal intestine is exposed to maternal and environmental bacteria that successively form a dense and highly dynamic intestinal microbiota. Whereas the effect of exogenous factors has been extensively investigated, endogenous, host-mediated mechanisms have remained largely unexplored. Concomitantly with microbial colonization...
Article
Full-text available
Gut microbial dysbiosis is associated with the development of autoimmune disease, but the mechanisms by which microbial dysbiosis affects the transition from asymptomatic autoimmunity to inflammatory disease are incompletely characterized. Here, we identify intestinal barrier integrity as an important checkpoint in translating autoimmunity to infla...
Article
Full-text available
Obesity has emerged as a major global health problem and is associated with various diseases, such as metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular diseases. The inbred C57BL/6 mouse strain is often used for various experimental investigations, such as metabolic research. However, over time, genetically distinguishable C57BL/6 su...
Article
Full-text available
The Oligo-Mouse-Microbiota (OMM12) is a recently developed synthetic bacterial community for functional microbiome research in mouse models (Brugiroux et al., 2016). To date, the OMM12 model has been established in several germ-free mouse facilities world-wide and is employed to address a growing variety of research questions related to infection b...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Experimental liver steatosis induced by overfeeding is associated with enhanced gut permeability and endotoxin translocation to the liver. We examined the role of the gut microbiota for steatosis formation by performing the feeding experiments in mice raised under conventional and germ-free (GF) housing. Methods: Adult wild-type and GF...
Article
Full-text available
The intestinal microbiota is a complex ecosystem implicated in host health and disease. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a multifactorial chronic disorder of the gastrointestinal mucosa. Even though the exact mechanisms are still unknown, the intestinal microbiota is crucial in IBD development. We previously showed that murine norovirus (MNV) in...
Article
Crohn’s disease (CD) patients can be grouped into patients suffering from ileitis, ileocolitis, jejunoileitis, and colitis. The pathophysiological mechanism underlying this regional inflammation is still unknown. Although most murine models of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) develop inflammation in the colon, there is an unmet need for novel model...
Article
Epithelial barrier defects are implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD); however, the role of microbiome dysbiosis and the cytokine networks orchestrating chronic intestinal inflammation in response to barrier impairment remain poorly understood. Here, we showed that altered Schaedler flora (ASF), a benign minimal microbio...
Article
Gnotobiotics or gnotobiology is a research field exploring organisms with a known microbiological state. In animal research, the development of gnotobiotics started in the late 19th century with the rederivation of germ-free guinea pigs. Cutting-edge achievements were accomplished by scientists in the Laboratories of Bacteriology at the University...
Article
The microbiota and the gastrointestinal mucus layer play a pivotal role in protection against non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Tm) colitis. Here, we analyzed the course of Salmonella colitis in mice lacking a functional mucus layer in the gut. Unexpectedly, in contrast to mucus-proficient littermates, genetically deficient...
Article
Background Mendelian forms of IBD have provided novel insight into the mechanisms underlying intestinal inflammation in IBD. We and others have recently described mutations in the gene encoding X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) as the basis for a novel Mendelian form of Crohn’s disease (CD). However, the mechanisms through which XIAP d...
Article
Full-text available
Disease activity in Interleukin-10-deficient (Il10−/−) mice, a model for IBD, depends on genetic background and microbiome composition. B6.129P2/JZtm-Il10tm1Cgn (B6-Il10−/−) mice are partially resistant to colitis, whereas mice carrying the Cdcs1C3Bir haplotype on chromosome 3, B6.Cg-Il10tm1CgnMMU3(D3Mit11-D3Mit348)/JZtm (BC-R3-Il10−/−), are suscep...
Article
Full-text available
In Fig. 1d of this Letter, the third group along should have been labelled 'WT' rather than 'Tlr5'. This has been corrected online.
Article
Full-text available
The role of the spleen in the induction of an immune response to orally administered antigens is still under discussion. Although it is well known that after oral antigen administration specific germinal centres are not only formed in the Peyers patches (PP) and the mesenteric lymph nodes (mLN) but also in the spleen, there is still a lack of funct...
Data
Isolation and transfer of splenic IgM+ B cells. A. Time scale of the isolation protocol of IgM+ primed B cells after orally applied antigen: C57BL/6-Ly5.1 mice received OVA and CT orally. To evaluate the proliferation of the isolated cells, bromodesoxyuridine (BrdU) was applied intravenously and in the drinking water. On day 25, IgM+ B cells were i...
Data
Migration pattern of splenic IgM+ B cells without OVA-CT treatment. Isolated non OVA-CT treated IgM+ C57BL/6-Ly.5.1 cells were injected into non-treated (-OVA) and treated (+OVA) mice and the number of these cells in various tissues was analysed by flow cytometry. A. Analysis of cell migration in the spleen, mLN, PP and the gut. B. The percentage o...
Article
Full-text available
Gut-draining mesenteric lymph nodes (mLNs) are important for inducing peripheral tolerance towards food and commensal antigens by providing an optimal microenvironment for de novo generation of Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs). We previously identified microbiota-imprinted mLN stromal cells as a critical component in tolerance induction. Here we s...
Article
Akkermansia muciniphila is a common member of the intestinal microbiota of healthy human individuals. Its abundance is negatively associated with inflammatory bowel disease and metabolic disorders and the oral administration of A. muciniphila improves the symptoms of metabolic disease in mice. Therefore, A. muciniphila is a promising candidate for...
Article
Full-text available
Alterations in enteric microbiota are associated with several highly prevalent immune-mediated and metabolic diseases1,2,3, and experiments involving faecal transplants have indicated that such alterations have a causal role in at least some such conditions4,5,6. The postnatal period is particularly critical for the development of microbiota compos...
Chapter
In this chapter we provide a brief overview on the historical development of gnotobiology, housing, and maintenance systems as well as procedures used today in the gnotobiotic facility/laboratory. The techniques and equipment that prompted the development of the gnotobiology field were developed more than half a century ago. However, the main princ...
Article
Full-text available
The TLR4 co-receptor CD14 was identified as an IBD candidate gene. Here, its influence on the intestinal barrier was addressed utilizing E. coli Nissle (EcN), which induces severe inflammation in germfree TLR4-/- mice. After monoassociation, EcN was detected in spleens and livers of TLR4-/- and CD14-/- but not wildtype mice. Barrier impairment was...
Article
Full-text available
Gut microbes worth their salt The role of the gut microbiota in human disease is becoming increasingly recognized. In this study, Dominik Müller and colleagues report that a diet high in salt alters the composition of the gut microbiota in mice, causing pronounced depletion of the commensal Lactobacillus murinus and reduced production of indole met...