Mariëlle Leijten

Mariëlle Leijten
University of Antwerp | UA · Management (MNG)

PhD

About

195
Publications
35,122
Reads
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1,321
Citations
Introduction
Associate professor at the University of Antwerp I am conducting various research projects related to writing. One of my main focusses in on Inputlog: a keystroke logging tool. Besides I focus on professional writing, L1-L2 writing and writing difficulties. Furthermore I teach Digital Communication to master students of the Master in Multilingual Professional Communication. www.uantwerpen.be/marielle-leijten
Additional affiliations
October 2013 - present
University of Antwerp
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
October 2010 - present
University of Antwerp
Position
  • Post doc researcher - Research Foundation - Flanders (50%)
January 2008 - August 2008
University of Antwerp

Publications

Publications (195)
Article
In this paper we explore the influences of normal ageing and verb transitivity on sentence production. The underlying aim is to provide a foundation for further research on sentence production in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We used a computer-based written sentence production task, designed to elicit intransitive, monotransitive and ditransitive sent...
Article
Researchers often decide on the number of trials included in an experiment without adhering to an empirical method or framework. This might compromise generalizability and unnecessarily increase participant burden. In this article we want to put forward generalizability theory as a guide for task reduction. We will use a sentence production task to...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we explore if the observation of writing behavior can assist in the screening and follow-up of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and mild dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease (AD). To this end, we examined the extent to which overall writing process measures and pausing behavior during writing differed between 15 cognitively impaired...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we report on a study that investigates how master’s students consult external sources for reading-to-write integrated tasks in their L1 (Dutch), L2 (English), and L3 (French). Two hundred and eighty master’s students in professional communication wrote synthesis texts based on three external sources, including a report, a web text,...
Data
Writing process data of 15 cognitively impaired patients and 15 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were obtained. Each of them completed two typed picture description tasks that were logged with Inputlog, a keystroke logging tool. Variables included time on task; number of characters, pauses and Pause-bursts per minute; proportion of pause ti...
Article
We are happy to make a multilingual corpus available (open access) that currently consists of more than 5000 copy tasks. The + 5K corpus is carefully cleaned and fully anonymized. The Shiny interface allows users to filter the corpus based on about 10 variables. The selection can be downloaded in different formats and levels of aggregation (from...
Article
Full-text available
To writing anything on a keyboard at all requires us to know first what to type, then to activate motor programmes for finger movements, and execute these. An interruption in the information flow at any of these stages leads to disfluencies. To capture this combination of fluent typing and typing hesitations, researchers calculate different measure...
Data
Writing process data of 90 healthy elderly (50 - 90 years) were obtained. Each of them completed a typed sentence production task that consisted of 40 trials. Time on task, production time, and pause times before sentences, between words and within words were logged with a keystroke logging tool (ScriptLog). The data were used to examine the influe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Este estudio investiga cómo estudiantes de máster (N = 209) incorporan las fuentes en tareas de escritura de síntesis en su L1 (neerlandés), L2 (inglés) y LE (francés y español). Los procesos de escritura y el uso de las fuentes se registraron mediante el programa de grabación de escritura Inputlog. Para mostrar la complejidad que caracteriza el us...
Article
In keyboard writing, typing skills are considered an important prerequisite of proficient text production. We describe the design, implementation, and application of a standardized copy-typing task in order to measure and assess individual typing fluency. A test-retest analysis indicates the instrument’s reliability. While the task has been develo...
Article
As typing has become more and more our preferred way of text production, keystroke logging has become one of the major observation tools used in writing process research. It allows for fine grained data collection without intruding into the writers’ activities or influencing the writing dynamics. This article describes how keystroke logging — more...
Data
Writing process data of 116 participants (50 - 90 years) were obtained. Each of them completed a typed sentence production task that consisted of 40 trials. Pause times between and within all words, target nouns and target verbs were logged with a keystroke logging tool (ScriptLog). The data were used to perform a Generalizability and a Decision st...
Article
Full-text available
OPEN ACCESS - https://www.jowr.org/abstracts/vol12_1/Vandermeulen_et_al_2020_12_1_abstract.html Keystroke loggers facilitate researchers to collect fine-grained process data and offer support in analyzing these data. Keystroke logging has become popular in writing research, and study by study we are now paving the path to a better understanding of...
Article
Background: The analysis of writing is complex, with planning, translating, and reviewing processes interacting in a non-linear fashion. Intuitively negligible activities such as the revisions of typing errors can have a large influence on the writing process, and hence also on the analysis of writing processes. For the analysis of writing, the imp...
Article
Full-text available
Keyboarding is an essential mode of text production. In the context of typing courses, instruments have been developed to gauge typing skills but to our knowledge there is no computerized typing test measuring both motor skills and the influence of different levels of lexicality on typing fluency. That is why, we developed a strictly controlled cop...
Article
This article examines how master’s students consult and process sources in source-based writing tasks in L1 and L2. Two hundred eighty master’s students wrote a text in their L1 (Dutch) and L2 (English) at the beginning and end of the academic year. They wrote these texts based on three sources: a report, a web text, and a newspaper article. Their...
Article
This baseline study aimed to create a coherent set of images that can be used to describe language decline found in healthy elderly and to compare this to the language change found in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease. To this extend, a typed picture naming task was created, in which visual complexity, age-of-acquisition, frequency and name a...
Chapter
Keywords: linguistic analysis; natural language processing (NLP); working memory; fluency; L2; pause analysis; pausing behavior; S-Notation; word patterns; bursts In recent years, the analysis of keystroke logging data mainly focused on pausing and revision behaviour as an indicator of cognitive activities. For instance, pauses have been character...
Article
A reading-to-write task is a complex cognitive activity. The aim of this study is to gain insight into the difficulties that advanced learners of Spanish as a foreign language for professional communication purposes experience when they have to perform a reading-to-write task. This insight will help to improve writing instruction and training for t...
Article
The translator as a writer: Text production competence as a component of translation competence Most translation scholars and practitioners believe that translators should be able to write. What this writing competence for translators entails and how it differs from the competence of writers remains undiscussed. In this article we compare the relev...
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentation at the 17th International Clinical Phonetics and Linguistics Association (ICPLA) Conference in Malta.
Article
This study aims to explore the process of reading during writing. More specifically, it investigates whether a combination of keystroke logging data and eye tracking data yields a better understanding of cognitive processes underlying fluent and nonfluent text production. First, a technical procedure describes how writing process data from the keys...
Technical Report
We developed a strictly controlled, multilingual copy task guiding participants through seven modules in which different prompts are presented, each dealing with complementary levels of lexicality. Fine-grained logging allows for a range of analyses. The software is open and allows researchers to adapt the tasks to their specific needs.The task is...
Article
Background. The diagnostic work-up of Alzheimer Disease (AD) is complex, time-consuming, expensive, and quite demanding for the patients. Therefore, there is a growing need for simple non-invasive tools that add to the diagnostic work-up of patients. Objectives. This paper investigates a new method for monitoring motor functions in AD using everyda...
Poster
Full-text available
An exploratory study into typed narrative writing tasks. The analyses of both the writing product and writing process so as to measure language decline in healthy controls aged 50 to 79.
Poster
Full-text available
Data of thirty participants were used for this study. Fifteen healthy elderly were matched with fifteen cognitively impaired patients (10 MCI and 5 DAT). All were matched for gender (8 men and 7 women in each participant group) and age (74.27 years of mean age per group). Participants all completed the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Geri...
Article
This paper reports on an exploratory study into the effects of targeted writing instruction on the translation products and decision-making processes of professional translators. A pretest–posttest experimental design was used, in which five professional translators were trained in writing instructive texts in their L1 (Dutch). In the pretest and p...
Article
This paper presents the results of a study into the approach used by 60 students of the MA in Multilingual Professional Communication of the University of Antwerp for reading and processing external sources in reading-to-write tasks. We explore what indicators are most appropriate to describe this approach. Furthermore, we examine to what degree th...
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentation during the course Psycholinguistics at the Free University of Brussels.
Article
This paper reports on a quasi-experimental study of the effect of writing training on transediting in the translation product and process of undergraduate translation students. A classical pretest-posttest experimental design was used, in which the experimental group was trained in writing instructive texts in their mother tongue (Dutch) and the co...
Article
Special issue: Traducción, Ideología y Poderen la Ficción Audiovisual.
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentation during the BIODEM Meeting at the Institute Borne-Bunge at the University of Antwerp.
Chapter
Over the past decade writing has become an everyday activity for most people around the globe. Indeed, there seems to be a movement away from reading as the main literacy activity, mass reading, into what Brandt (2001) has described as an era of mass writing. The affordances of digital media for writing are enormous, and the impact of writing for c...
Chapter
In this paper we briefly introduce keystroke logging as a research method in writing research, focusing more explicitly on the recently developed linguistic analysis technique. In a case study of two elderly people (healthy versus demented), we illustrate some aspects of this linguistic approach. This analysis aggregates event-based data from the c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cognitive writing process characteristics in Alzheimer’s disease Introduction For the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), a large variety of neuropsychological tests are available. In some of these tests, linguistic processing - both oral and written - is an important factor. Language disturbances might serve as a strong indicator for an underly...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fluency in writing has been studied from different perspectives and in different contexts. In recent studies fluency has been defined mainly on the basis of four dimensions: (a) production, (b) process variation, (c) revision, and (d) pause behavior. In this paper we want to elaborate the concept of fluency by comparing writing processes in which d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
When writing a text, writers frequently read and reread their Text Produced So Far (TPSF) in order to monitor it for spelling, lexical choice, further planning or organization. By means of this explicit reading and rereading of the TPSF, writers can gain confidence that the text matches their thoughts and the text's goals and conventions. However,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Using keystroke logging in writing research Keystroke logging has become instrumental in identifying writing strategies and understanding cognitive processes. These programs log and time stamp keystroke activity to reconstruct and describe text production processes. Recent technological advances have refined logging efficiency and analytical outpu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Technical Report
Full-text available
Help file / manual of Inputlog 6.0
Article
One of the main advantages of online learning materials is that they can be adapted for students with different learning styles. This article presents a study and a methodology to investigate whether students with different learning styles make use of the potential flexibility of online learning materials, i.c. in the context of an online writing c...
Article
Full-text available
Writing in the workplace: Constructing documents using multiple digital sources Leijten, M., Van Waes, L., Schriver, K., & Hayes, J.R. (2014) Journal of Writing Research, 5(3), 285-337. http://www.jowr.org/Ccount/click.php?id=76 In today’s workplaces professional communication often involves constructing documents from multiple digital sources—i...
Data
Het schrijvershoofd ontbloot. Schrijfprocessen Hoe verloopt de weg van idee naar tekst? Op die vraag is maar één antwoord: die weg is voor elke schrijver anders. In deze sessie staan we stil bij de manier waarop schrijvers hun schrijfproces organiseren. Ook demonstreren we een methode om dit proces automatisch te bewaren op je computer.
Article
Full-text available
One of the main advantages of online learning materials is that they can be adapted for students with different learning styles. This article presents a study and a methodology to investigate whether students with different learning styles make use of the potential flexibility of online learning materials, i.c. in the context of an online writing c...
Article
Full-text available
De ene tekst komt maar moeilijk en met veel zwoegen tot stand, de andere tekst krijg je makkelijk op papier gezet. Maar, wat betekent ‘vlot schrijven’ (writing fluency) nu eigenlijk precies? In dit artikel benaderen we writing fluency vanuit verschillende perspectieven en proberen we om zo een samengestelde maat op te bouwen om dit concept genuance...
Chapter
Een van de grote voordelen van online leeromgevingen is dat hun architectuur ons in staat stelt om optimaal ondersteuning te geven aan studenten met verschillende leerstijlen. In traditionele leeromgevingen is dat niet altijd eenvoudig. Dit artikel beschrijft een studie waarin we nagaan of studenten met gedifferentieerde leerstijlen ook daadwerkeli...
Article
Full-text available
Keystroke logging has become instrumental in identifying writing strategies and understanding cognitive processes. Recent technological advances have refined logging efficiency and analytical outputs. While keystroke logging allows for ecological data collection, it is often difficult to connect the fine grain of logging data to the underlying cogn...
Article
Moment to moment, a writer faces a host of potential problems. How does the writer’s mind coordinate this problem solving? In the original Hayes and Flower model, the authors posited a distinct process to manage this coordinating—that is, the “monitor.” The monitor became responsible for executive function in writing. In two experiments, the curren...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Keystroke-logging tools are widely used in writing process research. These applications are designed to capture each character and mouse movement as isolated events as an indicator of cognitive processes. The current research project explores the possibilities of aggregating the logged process data from the letter level (keystroke) to the word leve...
Conference Paper
Fluency in writing has been studied from different perspectives and in different contexts (see Latif 2009 for a review). In this paper we compare different measures that have been used in previous research studies to measure writing fluency (e.g. composing rate, i.e. the number of - correctly spelled - words or characters written per minute; length...