Mariela Gonzalez

Mariela Gonzalez
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile | UC · Escuela de Psicología

PhD

About

23
Publications
11,834
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Citations
Introduction
My professional research has been based on a multi-disciplinary perspective in tandem different fields of Health, such as medicine, nutrition, among others. Throughout the years I have participated in multiple research that aim to study the psychological component associated with chronic illnesses, specifically I have devoted my career to the obesity treatment, due to the multi-factorial nature of this disease. I have experience in analyzing data. I have knowledge of SPSS, R, MPlus, Tableau.

Publications

Publications (23)
Article
Full-text available
Irritable bowel syndrome it is a functional abnormality of the intestinal motility that constitutes a problem that compromise the quality of life when presenting a very varied physical symptom that has only been managed from the medical point of view. The present investigation approached the linking of the psychological variables with the irritable...
Article
Full-text available
BODY IMAGE DISSATIFACTION AND PERSONAL BEHAVIORAL CONTROL IN OBESE PATIENTS WHO ARE ATTENDING TO TREATMENT Objective: Determine the predictive ability of self-efficacy for weight control, locus of control of weight and weight self-management skills in body image dissatisfaction in treatment attending Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study...
Article
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El objetivo del presente trabajo fue resaltar la importancia de la participación de los psicólogos en los equipos multidisciplinarios que atiendan a pacientes con enfermedades gastrointestinales. Existe una variedad de alteraciones emocionales que experimenta cada paciente, pero aun hoy se desconoce si son estas las que originan el padecimiento o s...
Article
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Introduction. During the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, a set of daily stressors are being experienced, all this affects people's mental health, leading them to have a set of emotional disturbances. Little is known about how people's age can influence their emotional well-being in the face of prolonged stress generate by the pandemic. Objective....
Article
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Introduction and objective: This study aimed to examine the relationship between acute stress and food intake using a sample of people without emotional disturbances. In order to manipulate the stress and evaluate the aforementioned relationship, an experimental scenario was designed, through a version modified of the Social Stress induction protoc...
Article
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Both depressive-anxiety symptoms and psychosocial stressors are elements involved in gastrointestinal disorders [1]. What is debatable is to clarify what is the role of these factors, either as consequence or as cause in the appearance, or in the recurrence of these diseases. It can be considered that in some cases there are symptoms where there is...
Article
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Introduction. Coronavirus (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). As the COVID-19 pandemic and its far-reaching implications continue to unfold globally, it is normal for people to experience a wide range of feelings and psychological reactions such as stress and anxiety. There are...
Article
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Introduction. Executive functions (EF) are important variables in interrelationships of cognitive processes. Therefore, it is relevant to understand the way in which these are articulated in the execution of certain behaviors and in the appearance of certain deficits. Their adequate detection requires valid and reliable instruments that are also us...
Article
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La obesidad es considerada un problema médico y social, constituyendo un motivo de preocupación tanto colectivo como individual. Se asocia con distintos problemas de salud física y mental. Ello pone en relieve, la importancia del desarrollo de tratamientos que idealmente incluyan intervenciones multidisciplinarias. No obstante, las recaídas después...
Book
Pareciera que tomar la decisión de emigrar y dejar atrás las raíces, costumbres, familia y país, se ha vuelto algo tan común hoy en día, que se ha puesto a un lado aquellas emociones o alteraciones que pueden aparecer al querer buscar una mejor calidad de vida. Es así, como los psicólogos estamos ante una situación que representa un factor de riesg...
Article
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Crohn’s disease is a non-specific inflammatory process, presenting a chronic evolution, which affects the whole digestive tract. This process has a significant effect on the patient’s lives, physically, psychologically, personally and socially. In addition to representing a physical disorder in the intestine, Crohn’s disease currently presents seve...
Article
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Introduction: Failures in adherence to diet programs are explained by the influence of psychological factors. From this perspective, the perspective of stress suggests that its chronicity could generate an imbalance in endocrine parameters, increasing food intake in people under a program of dietary control, which would lead to the development of o...
Article
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Las funciones ejecutivas (FE) son un sistema de operaciones cognitivas complejas que participan en el control emocional y conductual, específicamente aquellas que se requieren para concentrarse, pensar, esforzarse y controlar impulsos ante una tarea determinada. Por tanto, son fundamentales para muchas de las estrategias que se despliegan en el log...
Article
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Introducción: El abordaje de las emociones en la atención de los hábitos alimenticios, se está convirtiendo cada vez más en un tema importante de estudio, en especial por el efecto que pueden tener sobre la selección de los alimentos. Objetivo: adaptar y validar un cuestionario para evaluar la alimentación emocional en personas con sobrepeso u obes...
Article
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Cuando estamos inmersos en momentos de crisis social, es habitual pensar que solo debemos de hablar acerca de los efectos que esta crisis tiene sobre nuestros ámbitos no solo personal sino también profesional. Emocionalmente nos podemos sentir estresados, ansiosos y deprimidos al estar en un estado de incertidumbre de vernos en el mismo lugar, a p...
Article
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Morbid obesity as an entity that is associated to numerous clinical complications, an increased mortality and a deterioration of the quality of life, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends surgical treatments as an alternative. In this sense, the physical and psychological benefits associated with bariatric surgery are well documented. Howe...
Article
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Introduction and Objective: In the last years there has been interest in how inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), influence the quality of life of those who suffer these diseases. The aim of this theoretical review is to emphasize the importance of investigating what psychosocial factors might be associated with quality of life of the people. Method:...
Article
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SOCIAL SUPPORT AND ADHERENCE TO THERAPY IN BIOENTERICS INTRAGASTRIC BALLOON Summary Introduction: The lack of success obtained applying medical treatments in obese people is a critical element that triggers the process of finding other therapeutic procedures, arising then the BioEnteric Intragastric Baloon (BIB). However, this procedure requires a...
Article
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Cuando se está ante un cuadro clínico de característica funcional, que combina variados síntomas digestivos crónicos no explicados por una causa estructural o física; se crea un ambiente de incertidumbre para quienes lo padecen pero también para quien hace el diagnóstico. Es por eso que la principal meta para el éxito del tratamiento de los pacient...
Article
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Introduction and Objective: In the last years the interest about the study regard to what kind of elements are the most important to people suffering from Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and facilitate the perception of decreasing their quality of life. The goal of this study is oriented to analyze the factors that have been affected in patients' li...
Article
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Aún para muchos, es un mito plantear que las causas principales de una enfermedad, estarían relacionadas con las emociones, actitudes y factores conductuales. La falsedad de este mito, revela que aún no se comprende cómo es la interacción de los componentes psicológicos y biológicos. Es decir, resulta difícil dilucidar el papel de los factores psic...
Article
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ABSTRACT: The goal of the study was to describe the self-control, self-efficacy and locus of control skills in obese patients who undergoto Laparoscopic Gastric Sleeve. Participants were 40 obeses (22 women and 18 men) between 19 and 65 years old (M = 41.72, SD =12.09), who had been attended at private clinic in Caracas city. It were applied tests...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Determine the relationship between the skills of self-regulation, self-efficacy, locus of control and adherence to therapy in patients who had been placed on bioEnterics intragastric balloon treatment. Patients: 75 obsess (56 women and 19 men) between 18 and 65 years old (M = 39.29, SD = 11.82), who had been attended at five centers in C...

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Projects (2)
Project
Objetivo General: Examinar la relación entre estrés, FE (control inhibitorio, flexibilidad cognitiva y memoria de trabajo) e ingesta alimentaria en estudiantes universitarios. Se espera que las FE tengan un rol moderador en la relación entre estrés e ingesta alimentaria. Objetivos Específicos: 1. Identificar el efecto del estrés sobre la ingesta alimentaria en estudiantes universitarios. 2. Evaluar el rol moderador que tiene el control inhibitorio en la relación entre estrés e ingesta alimentaria en estudiantes universitarios. 3. Evaluar el rol moderador que tiene la flexibilidad cognitiva en la relación entre estrés e ingesta alimentaria en estudiantes universitarios. 4. Evaluar el rol moderador que tiene la memoria de trabajo en la relación entre estrés e ingesta alimentaria en estudiantes universitarios.