Marie-Julie Allard

Marie-Julie Allard
McGill University | McGill · Department of Pediatrics

MSc PhD

About

24
Publications
1,949
Reads
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152
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2019 - November 2019
McGill University Health Centre
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2015 - August 2019
McGill University
Position
  • PhD Student
January 2014 - August 2015
Université de Sherbrooke
Position
  • Master's Student
Education
September 2015 - August 2019
McGill University
Field of study
  • Integrated Program in Neuroscience
January 2014 - August 2015
Université de Sherbrooke
Field of study
  • Immunology
September 2010 - December 2013
Université de Sherbrooke
Field of study
  • Pharmacology

Publications

Publications (24)
Article
Full-text available
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is one of the most common bacteria isolated in human chorioamnionitis, which is a major risk factor for premature birth and brain injuries. Males are at greater risk than females for developing lifelong neurobehavioural disorders, although the origins of this sex bias remain poorly understood. We previously showed that e...
Article
Full-text available
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a commensal bacterium present in the lower genital tract of 15-30% of healthy pregnant women. GBS is the leading cause of chorioamnionitis and cerebral injuries in newborns, occurring most often in the absence of maternofetal pathogen translocation. Despite GBS being the most frequent bacterium colonizing pregnant wom...
Article
Full-text available
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is one the most common bacterium responsible of maternal infections during pregnancy. Offspring in utero-exposed to GBS-induced placental inflammation displayed sex-specific forebrain injuries. Sex differences have been reported in several neuropsychiatric disorders. Hence, we hypothesized that female rats in utero-expos...
Article
Full-text available
Chorioamnionitis and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) are risk factors for cerebral palsy (CP). Common bacteria isolated in chorioamnionitis include group B Streptococcus (GBS) serotypes Ia and III. Little is known about the impact of placental inflammation induced by different bacteria, including different GBS strains. We aimed to test the i...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) kinetics appear to change with intake, which is an effect that we studied in an older population by using uniformly carbon-13-labeled DHA ((13)C-DHA). Objective: We evaluated the influence of a fish-oil supplement over 5 mo on the kinetics of (13)C-DHA in older persons. Design: Thirty-four healthy, cognit...
Article
Full-text available
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is one of the most common bacteria isolated in human chorioamnionitis. Placental infection due to GBS is a major risk factor for fetal organ injuries, preterm birth, perinatal morbidity and mortality, and life-long multiorgan morbidities. Preclinical and clinical studies have shown that GBS-induced infection drives polym...
Article
Full-text available
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of placental infection, termed chorioamnionitis. Chorioamnionitis is associated with an increased risk of neurobehavioral impairments, such as autism spectrum disorders, which are more prominent in males than in female offspring. In a pre-clinical model of chorioamnionitis, a greater inflammatory respo...
Article
Full-text available
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) infection during pregnancy is involved in maternal sepsis, chorioamnionitis, prematurity, fetal infection, neonatal sepsis, and neurodevelopmental alterations. The GBS-induced chorioamnionitis leads to a plethora of immune and trophoblast cells alterations that could influence endothelial cells to respond differently to...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To test the association between exposure to perinatal inflammation – i.e. clinical chorioamnionitis or early-onset neonatal infection – in preterm children without severe neonatal brain injury and neurodevelopmental outcome at 30 months of corrected age (CA). Design Cross-sectional study from a French regional cohort of clinical follow-u...
Article
Background: Antibiotic therapy during preterm labor with intact membranes has been associated with an increased risk of neonatal death. Objectives: Using an established rat model of group B Streptococcus (GBS)-induced chorioamnionitis, we hypothesized that ampicillin treatment increases placental inflammation, as shown in other bacterial infecti...
Thesis
Although some bacteria can be beneficial for the host immune system, others can cause harm during pregnancy. The perinatal period involves highly elaborate and time-specific neurodevelopmental processes, which can be disrupted by many types of environmental insults such as maternofetal immune activation. Changes in placental histology may impact fe...
Article
BACKGROUND: Group B streptococcus (GBS) is the main bacteria that infects pregnant women and can cause abortion and chorioamnionitis. The impact of GBS effects on human trophoblast cells remains largely elusive, and actions toward anti-inflammatory strategies in pregnancy are needed. A potent anti-inflammatory molecule, uvaol is a triterpene from...
Article
Introduction Environ 30% des nouveau-nés sont exposés à une antibioprophylaxie intrapartum. La dernière méta-analyse Cochrane évaluant l’impact de l’antibiothérapie intrapartum dans la menace d’accouchement prématuré sans rupture des membranes a mis en évidence une augmentation significative de la mortalité néonatale associée à ce traitement (RR :...
Article
Infection or inflammation during pregnancy is known to lead to maternal immune activation triggering a fetal inflammatory response syndrome associated with deleterious effects, such as brain injury and neurodevelopmental disabilities. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) - one of the most common bacterium colonizing pregnant women - can be responsible for c...
Chapter
It is known that gestational and/or perinatal inflammation combined or not with hypoxia-ischemia (HI) is a risk factor for brain injuries, but the mechanisms underlying are still unclear. This chapter discusses about animal models mimicking those conditions, allowing scientists to uncover mechanisms involved and to study the adverse effects on the...
Thesis
Résumé : Le streptocoque de groupe B (SGB) est une bactérie commensale présente dans le tractus génito-urinaire de 10 à 30 % des femmes enceintes en santé. Ce pathogène est responsable de chorioamnionite, associée aux naissances prématurées et aux dommages cérébraux du nouveau-né. Les infections durant la grossesse, la chorioamnionite et la prématu...
Article
Full-text available
We have previously demonstrated that carrying the apolipoprotein (apo) E epsilon 4 (E4+) genotype disrupts omega-3 fatty acids (n − 3 PUFA) metabolism. Here we hypothesise that the postprandial clearance of n − 3 PUFA from the circulation is faster in E4+ compared to non-carriers (E4−). The objective of the study was to investigate the fasted and p...

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