• Home
  • Laval University
  • Centre de Recherche en Aménagement et Développement
  • Marie-Hélène Vandersmissen
Marie-Hélène Vandersmissen

Marie-Hélène Vandersmissen
Laval University | ULAVAL · Centre de Recherche en Aménagement et Développement

About

45
Publications
3,643
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
419
Citations

Publications

Publications (45)
Article
This work provides a long-term study of housing development in the Brest region (France). Its main objective is to test the efficiency of the French laws and of urban planning bylaws to control housing development in the coastal zone. Based on the yearly status of available plots, a panel longitudinal analysis (1968-2009) is developed. It combines...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides methodological insights into the development of design guidelines for accessible pedestrian infrastructure for individuals with physical disabilities (IPD) in Québec’s municipalities that could be replicated elsewhere. Nominal groups of experts including people with disabilities, health clinicians and researchers, and representa...
Presentation
La communication orale part d’une analyse centrographique pour caractériser l’évolution de la centralité et de la dispersion spatiale des lieux de résidence des ménages de veuves et de veufs de 65 ans et plus entre 1996 et 2011 dans la région métropolitaine de Québec (RMQ). La pertinence d’analyser les localisations résidentielles de ces deux group...
Article
Centrographic measures of spatial dispersion, such as the standard distance, provide a numerical value to summarize the radial scattering of a set of points around their centre of gravity or centroid. This paper develops a procedure to test for the statistical significance of differences in dispersion between two sets of phenomena intertwined in sp...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Due to the ageing population and higher prevalence of individuals living with physical disabilities, there is a critical need for inclusive practices when designing accessible pedestrian infrastructures for ensuring social participation and equal opportunities. Purpose: Summarize the physical characteristics of current pedestrian infras...
Article
Full-text available
To create enabling environments for as many individuals as possible, including individuals with physical disabilities (IPD) who are more prone to encounter environmental barriers limiting their social participation, we need to examine current municipal practices related to accessibility. The objectives of this study were to describe existing practi...
Article
The main purpose of this research is to provide new insights for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions linked to transportation, furthering our knowledge on linkages between urban form and economic constraints, travel behaviour, and ability-to-pay of households based on residential choices and property ownership statuses. With Quebec City (Canada...
Article
The main purpose of this research is to provide new insights for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions linked to transportation, furthering our knowledge on linkages between urban form and economic constraints, travel behaviour, and ability-to-pay of households based on residential choices and property ownership statuses. With Quebec City (Canada...
Article
This research aims to provide decision makers with reliable tools to evaluate the risk of sociospatial exclusion of lone-parent families in order to promote public policies that reduce social inequities in urban areas. Lone-parent families are considered one of the most disadvantaged groups in society. This article focuses on the spatial aspects of...
Article
This research aims to provide decision makers with reliable tools to evaluate the risk of sociospatial exclusion of lone-parent families in order to promote public policies that reduce social inequities in urban areas. Lone-parent families are considered one of the most disadvantaged groups in society, this article focuses on the spatial aspects of...
Article
During the last few years, car sharing has undergone significant growth, both in Canada and around the world. In this type of service, users share access to a fleet of vehicles, thereby giving them most of the advantages of automobile use, such as its temporal and spatial flexibility, without many of the constraints of ownership. This study analyze...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Ce projet de recherche transdisciplinaire étudie la forme urbaine et l'offre de services des quartiers résidentiels et scolaires fréquentés par les adolescents en lien avec leurs habitudes de vie comme facteurs d'influence potentielle du surplus de poids. Quelle est la part des saines habitudes de vie dans le quotidien des adolescents? Dans quelle...
Article
In this article we focus on trips by adults who chauffeur their child/children to activity locations (including schools and other places), especially in Quebec’s major cities. More specifically, we question the burdensome or restrictive character of these trips, insofar as they are integrated into a daily regime of activities that have been planned...
Article
Full-text available
The research presented in this paper analyzes the emergent residential behaviors of individual actors in a context of profound social changes in the work sphere. It incorporates a long-term view in the analysis of the relationships between social changes in the work sphere and these behaviors. The general hypothesis is that social changes produce c...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to examine associations among adolescent’s travel mode according to their residential location in Quebec City’s Metropolitan Area. This research combines the results of two studies. First, a 2005 qualitative survey of 30 teenagers aged between 12 and 18 and living in six exurban territories within the Quebec City Metropolit...
Article
Résumé Cet article vise à mieux documenter les ressources individuelles en matière de mobilité, les caractéristiques de la mobilité quotidienne et les territoires extrascolaires pratiqués par les adolescents résidant dans la région métropolitaine de Québec. Nous nous posons deux questions : est-ce que l’automobile en tant que conducteur permet vrai...
Article
When the Quebec City public transport system was reorganized in 1992, two specific transit services were set up: the "express" and the "Metrobus." The aim of the paper is to determine whether the reorganization of this system improved employment accessibility for residents, especially women, and supported their professional mobility by making them...
Article
Résumé Le réseau d’autobus de la ville de Québec a subi une importante restructuration en 1992 avec la création du Métrobus et l’ajout de lignes express. L’objectif de cet article est de vérifier si la restructuration de ce réseau a permis d’améliorer l’accessibilité aux emplois des résidentes et de favoriser leur mobilité professionnelle. Les donn...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to assess differences on homeworking and teleworking behaviour among genders considering age groups, professional statuses, household structures and car access. The analysis is based on a sample of more than 30,000 workers responding to the 2001 origin-destination (O-D) survey data in Quebec City (Canada). Moreover, this pa...
Article
Most Canadian urban centres are facing difficulties with public transport systems. As car ownership has increased, urban areas have experienced a long-term decrease in per capita ridership. At present, a significant proportion of riders in most cities is considered to be transit captives, which usually refers to carless individuals or members of ca...
Article
Urban work trips have changed in important ways during the last decades. In Québec City, a medium-sized Canadian metropolitan area, commuting distances increased for both male and female workers between 1977 and 1996, while durations increased for male workers and decreased for female workers. This article seeks to identify spatial and social facto...
Article
An inverse relation can be postulated between the social cohesion of an urban area and the level of social and economic disparities within its neighbourhoods. These disparities are often related to employment and household income, which stem from changes in Canada's labour market over the last 30 years. In this paper, we examine the influence of ge...
Article
This paper presents a modelling and simulation procedure to evaluate optimal routes (minimising impedance costs) and to compute travel times for each individual trip of an OD survey database. Canadian postal codes provide accurate locations within street blocks for each trip beginning and end point. Using TransCAD GIS software, the procedure finds...
Article
Full-text available
Based on an extensive study completed for the Department of Transportation of the province of Quebec (DTQ), Canada, in 2002, the paper presents a case study of travel demand forecasting in the Montreal Metropolitan Area (MMA) between the South Shore and the rest of the RMM (mainly the Island of Montreal). The main objective was to diagnose the need...
Article
Résumé L’atteinte d’une certaine cohésion sociale dans une région urbaine repose en bonne partie sur la réduction des disparités socio-économiques internes. Ces disparités socio-économiques ne sont pas étrangères aux problèmes liés à l’emploi et au revenu des ménages, qui découlent des transformations subies par le marché du travail au cours des de...
Article
Full-text available
Mobility Changes of Women Living in the Quebec Urban Area Between 1977 and 1996 Canadian cities have seen important socio-economic changes in the last twenty years. These changes have also transformed the inhabitants' daily travels. The aim of this paper is to describe the mobility changes of women living in the Quebec urban area during this period...
Article
Full-text available
Au Quebec, comme dans la plupart des pays occidentaux, la feminisation du marche du travail a marque les dernieres decennies. Les nouvelles structures familiales impliquernt que de plus en plus de femmes ont la charge financiere d’une famille. L’ecart salarial entre les hommes et les femmes justifie que l’on s’interroge sur la dimension geographiqu...
Article
Canadian cities have seen important socio-economic changes in the last twenty years. These changes have also transformed the inhabitants' daily travels. The aim of this paper is to describe the mobility changes of women living in the Quebec urban area during this period. We used an extensive data base from two origin-destination surveys produced by...
Article
Effects of geographical mobility and accessibility on occupational mobility of women.-As in most western countries, feminisation has probably been the most significant change occurring in the Quebec labour market in the last twenty years. The rise of female-headed single-parent families contributes to the resulting need for women to be "breadwinner...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a simulation procedure that uses GIS technology for integrating accessibility to services and working places in order to improve modeling of houses values. Most real estate models use simple functions of distance to CBD in order to evaluate access to services and centrality. However, cities are complex systems. Secondary busines...
Article
This paper compares highway crashes in Quebec and Belgium in order to understand their broad geographical distribution. The goal is to prove that highway accidents in both places follow an identical pattern of distribution, the only differentiating factor being the dimension (scale) of the territory in which accidents occur. The study uses models i...
Article
Cet article a pour objectif de demontrer, par comparaison, que la structure spatiale des accidents de la route est independante du pays dans lequel le phenomene est mesure et que seul le facteur d'echelle constitue une difference. Les entites spatiales choisies pour cette demonstration sont le Quebec et la Belgique. La structure spatiale des accide...
Article
Si les caracteristiques des accidents de la route et les mesures de prevention mises en place sont communes a bien des pays, qu'en est-il des caracteristiques des victimes ? L'etude presentee dans cette note de recherche se limite a la comparaison des caracteristiques demographiques simples de deux pays a forte insecurite routiere : la Belgique et...
Article
Cet article traite de la relation géographique entre les accidents de la route et l'intervention policière sur les routes en milieu rural. On pose la question à savoirsi les accidents se produisent généralement là ou les policiers assurent une certaine intervention et surveillance et si, réciproquement, les caractéristiques géographiques des accide...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to assess differences on home-based working and telecommuting behaviour among genders and professions considering age groups, household statuses, car access location within the city and travel distances. The analysis is based on a sample of more than 30,000 workers responding to the 2001 origin-destination survey data in Qu...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (5)
Project
Développer et appliquer des solutions innovantes permettant de réduire les obstacles à la participation sociale des personnes ayant des incapacités en milieu urbain en appliquant les approches de conception et d'accessibilité universelle à l’environnement bâti, aux technologies et aux services collectifs.