Marie-Christine Therrien

Marie-Christine Therrien
ENAP - École nationale d'administration publique | ENAP · Centre de recherche sur la gouvernance

Doctorat Ingénierie et Gestion

About

46
Publications
13,168
Reads
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492
Citations
Citations since 2016
26 Research Items
436 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
Additional affiliations
September 2006 - present
ENAP - École nationale d'administration publique
Position
  • Professor (Full)
September 2001 - June 2006
University of Maine
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
July 1993 - April 1996
Canadian Red Cross
Position
  • Emergency services expert

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Full-text available
Resilience has risen rapidly over the last decade to become one of the key terms in international policy and academic discussions associated with civil contingencies and crisis management. As government and institutions confront threats like environmental hazards, technological accidents, climate change, and terrorist attacks, they recognize that r...
Article
The capacities of organizational actors increase when they are linked in network relationships, especially when confronting complex problems such as climate change adaptation and the development of resilience. This Social Network Analysis (SNA) of organizations working on adaptation to climate change and resilience on the territory of Montreal was...
Article
en What transformations do municipal administrations implement to enact a resilience policy? This article responds to this question from a comparative perspective by analyzing enabling and impeding mechanisms developed in the cities of Montreal (Canada) and London (UK) as they establish their strategies. Collaborative network governance and institu...
Article
Purpose Health systems are periodically confronted by crises – think of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, H1N1, and Ebola – during which they are called upon to manage exceptional situations without interrupting essential services to the population. The ability to accomplish this dual mandate is at the heart of resilience strategies, which in heal...
Article
As urban resilience has become a public policy objective and has been increasingly present and at the forefront of the urban political agenda, local authorities are recognized as key actors in this implementation process. Urban civil servants responsible for resilience lack a clear and common objective to create an outcome, however they recognize t...
Article
Territorial social innovation (IST) aims to provide innovative systemic and transformative solutions to existing and emerging complex social issues in a given territory. One of the strategies increasingly implemented by public authorities and social actors to achieve this is the establishment of public policy instruments (PPI) focused on innovation...
Article
The propensity for public organizations to prioritize short-term over long-term recovery objectives and their lack of involvement with important stakeholders limits capacities for post-disaster recovery. This article approaches these persistent problems as challenges to the ambidexterity of public organizations, and more specifically organizations...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Les expériences passées lors des épidémies d’Ebola, de SARS ou Zika ont montré que les communautés engagées et impliquées dans la construction des solutions coopéreraient davantage pour endiguer les crises. L’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS), le Fonds des Nations Unies pour l’enfance (UNICEF), la Fédération internationale des Sociétés de la...
Technical Report
Full-text available
L’une des fonctions principales de la santé publique est la surveillance de la santé de la population, via la collecte, l’analyse et le partage de données afin d’aider à la prise de décisions. Contrôler des pandémies dépend des capacités à détecter des grappes d’infection et à les confiner afin d’interrompre la transmission communautaire. Les donné...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been criticized from many angles (Liverman, 2018). Despite these criticisms, their capacity to focus minds and mobilize activities across the most diverse settings and groups is obvious. This relates closely to A.O. Hirschman’s concept of the ‘hiding hand’ (Hirschman, [1967]/2020): Interventions may be able...
Technical Report
Full-text available
De nombreuses études ont démontré que la résilience individuelle et collective à la suite d’une crise repose en grande partie sur le nombre ainsi que la qualité des liens sociaux des individus. Cette notion de liens sociaux est généralement connue sous le concept de capital social dans les écrits scientifiques. Des publications scientifiques commen...
Research
Full-text available
Rapport de recherche. Le Cité-ID Living Lab – Gouvernance de la résilience urbaine (Cité-ID) et la Maison de l’innovation sociale (MIS) ont alors élaboré un projet de recherche visant à répondre à ces objectifs, en partenariat avec la Ville de Montréal. Ce projet a, comme fil directeur, d’évaluer la pertinence du concept de capital social comme vec...
Article
Full-text available
Despite growing interest in urban resilience, there is a significant gap between discourse and the capacity to develop resilience in practice. This scoping review assembles and shares evidence and insights from empirical studies of attempts to implement urban resilience published between 2005 and 2017. More precisely, it seeks to identify enabling...
Research
Full-text available
L’objectif de ce rapport est de présenter les résultats des trois jours de réflexion réalisés au printemps 2019 sur le rétablissement au Québec. L’analyse de ces résultats a permis d’identifier trois axes stratégiques qui permettront d’accroître les capacités de rétablissement post-sinistre au Québec. Pour chacun des axes stratégiques, un outil de...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The Fort McMurray Alberta wildfire was one of Canada’s largest natural disasters in history, burning 589,995 hectares of land until being controlled on July 5, 2016. In responding to the fire, Alberta Health Services (AHS) prompted a province-wide coordinated response. Through a combination of pre-emptive strategies and responsive acti...
Chapter
Resilience as a theoretical concept and policy proposition is constantly being redefined and clarified. But when it comes to implementation, public managers and bureaucrats have to take ownership of resilience and translate it into practical forms that make sense to them intellectually and operationally. In this chapter, we first explain how resili...
Article
We investigate how a governmental agenda can penetrate easily inside various sectors. Our case is Health in All Policies in Quebec, Canada, between 2001 and 2012. Over 60 interviews and 100 documents were analyzed. We specify themes of Morin's metatheory of complexity (dialogy/hologram/recursivity) to uncover the dynamics at stake and current tende...
Chapter
The literature on paradoxes and pluralism has grown over the last decade. Although both concepts refer to multiplicity in or around organizations, they have been explored in parallel and have rarely been juxtaposed. The aim of this chapter is to discuss the possible interrelations between these concepts and their implications for the study of parad...
Article
Full-text available
Risk management is based on a network of actors, interdependent of each other where the decisions will impact the actions of the others. One danger is then loosely coupled governance where the lack of coordination, overlaps and discontinuities create vulnerabilities leading to crisis situations. The analysis of the train derailment in Lac-Mégantic...
Article
One of the main challenges in crisis management is to assess, ahead of time, the resilience of a system before a crisis erupts (pandemic, computer bug with large-scale effects, cascade effects in critical infrastructure, etc.). In this article, we propose to reconcile the multiple and sometimes divergent definition of resilience by explaining the c...
Article
Full-text available
Between members of a network, interorganizational resilience is favored by effective collaboration and coordination during a crisis. The quality of that collaboration depends on various iterative factors present between these organizations before the occurrence of a crisis. We find that these factors are iterative since collaboration factors follow...
Article
Full-text available
We analysed 26 studies of the use of public health resilience indicators (PHRIs) in an urban setting in western countries, provinces and states. We selected 279 PHRIs in these studies, of which 270 (97%) are used only once or twice. The analysis of the studies thus reveals a lack of consensus not only on the conceptual framework and the approach fa...
Chapter
Focusing on cooperation and coordination, we compare the security policies of Europe’s Schengen Agreement and the Canada-U.S. Smart Border Accord. To do so, we argue that national security is a public good and its production should be analyzed in a strategic context. We show that efficient border policies could require that countries collaborate an...
Article
This study applies a strategic framework for assessing organizational and network resilience of 75 critical infrastructure (CI) players in the Greater Montreal area. It identifies the challenges to these CIs' resilience. Contingency analysis is used to describe the main tendencies regarding values, practices, rules and norms, communicational and de...
Article
Full-text available
Using sustainable tourism indicators (STI) creates many difficulties resulting mainly from the multiple interpretations of the concept of sustainable development, and by extension of the concept of sustainable tourism. To these difficulties are added an absence of a strong academic background, which is the result of incompatibilities between the ne...
Article
Full-text available
Organizations today face increasing complexity in their environment. This situation is at the heart of many institutions nowadays: how to become an ethical decision-making organization. The objective of this paper is to analyze a particularly ethically sensitive situation the American Red Cross faced with the Liberty Fund. We will examine this by i...
Article
Focusing on cooperation and coordination, we compare the security policies of Europe’s Schengen Agreement and the Canada-U.S. Smart Border Accord. To do so, we argue that national security is a public good and its production should be analyzed in a strategic context. We show that efficient border policies could require that countries collaborate an...
Article
Organizational Strategies for Critical Transportation Infrastructure: Characteristics of Urban Resilience. The Case of Montreal. Stéphane Beauregard M.Sc. Candidate École nationale d'administration publique Julie-Maude Normandin Ph.D. Candidate École nationale d'administration publique Marie-Christine Therrien Professor École nationale d'administra...
Article
Full-text available
Professeure, École nationale d'administration publique du Québec • marie-christine.therrien@enap.ca RÉSUMÉ Afin de conserver la complexité liée à la composition inhérente des organisations et de liens interorganisationnels de celles qui font partie des infrastructures essentielles, nous proposons deux séries de caractéristiques de mesure de la rési...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to understand the learning acquisition and the transmission of experience processes by analysing the dysfunctions and the insufficiencies of forest fire management modes. A systemic model is developed in order to maintain the detailed complexity of the forest fire management system and to have access to the mental model...
Article
We argue that national security is a public good and its production can be analyzed in a strategic context. We first present the context of the border between Canada and the United States. Next, we discuss the options of status quo and adoption of a common security perimeter relative to sovereignty and security. We show that efficient border polici...
Article
This paper presents a study of the learning process in emergency management with an application to forest fire fighting. The first part presents the methodology used to determine the mental image of fire fighting management and to propose a model of representation of the individual experience gained during operations. The second part introduces a m...
Article
Organizations responding to disasters must coordinate their actions in order to be efficient. Interorganizational networks are put in place to respond to a disaster. Uncertainty and turbulence in the organizational environment pose a special problem in the coordination and decision making of disaster management. This paper presents the importance o...
Article
Full-text available
Fragility and interdependence have rendered large socio-technical systems, such as cities, vulnerable not only to terrorism but also to natural and technological disasters. Although there have been great innovations in terms of risk analysis and disaster prevention, large events are increasing in size and number throughout the world. These increase...

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Once the inter­ven­tion phase is com­plete fol­low­ing a major event, the recov­ery peri­od presents cities and munic­i­pal­i­ties with sig­nif­i­cant chal­lenges. These local gov­ern­ments are expect­ed to make deci­sions and take actions over the short and medi­um term to restore, and ide­al­ly improve, social, eco­nom­ic, phys­i­cal and envi­ron­men­tal con­di­tions in the com­mu­ni­ty. They are also expect­ed to extract lessons that will help reduce risks in the event of future disasters. In this project, the ASCQ, work­ing with the Liv­ing-Lab, is sup­port­ing Québec munic­i­pal­i­ties and the Min­istry of Public Safety to meet these chal­lenges. The action research process mobi­lizes the knowl­edge of front-line prac­ti­tion­ers and com­bines it with sci­en­tif­ic knowl­edge on recov­ery. The project employs a high­ly inter­ac­tive approach involv­ing Cité-ID researchers and ASCQ members. The fol­low­ing table depicts the desired impact of the project, its gen­er­al objec­tive, and the sev­en steps involved in the action research on recovery. Sev­en steps of this action research : 1) Under­stand the chal­lenges involved in recov­ery and their inter­ac­tion, based on reflec­tion and dia­logue with stake­hold­ers (civ­il secu­ri­ty prac­ti­tion­ers, experts and researchers). 2) Iden­ti­fy chal­lenges con­sid­ered pri­or­i­ties by these stakeholders. 3) Devel­op, based on prac­ti­cal and sci­en­tif­ic knowl­edge, recov­ery mech­a­nisms that respond to pri­or­i­ty chal­lenges. These mech­a­nisms will take the form of pro­to­types. 4) Test the pro­to­types aim­ing to sup­port devel­op­ment of the desired recov­ery mechanisms. 5) Rec­om­mend recov­ery mech­a­nisms that have under­gone test­ing in order to see them implemented. 6) Doc­u­ment the accom­pa­ni­ment process dur­ing recovery. 7) Pro­duce a prac­ti­cal guide to trans­fer and dis­sem­i­nate project learn­ing and ground best prac­tices in field real­i­ties over the long term. Accom­plished using the Liv­ing-Lab approach, the recov­ery improve­ment project will unfold over 18 months (March 2019 to Sep­tem­ber 2020). It includes three co-con­struc­tion work­shops (Sum­mer 2019, Fall 2019 and Win­ter 2020) that will bring stake­hold­ers togeth­er. The project also includes peri­ods of doc­u­men­ta­tion, propo­si­tion and transfer.
Project
Analysis the process of institutionalizing the concept of social capital within a project between public administrations and community and citizen organizations in order to proactively develop urban resilience.
Project
For more than eight years, Lon­don Resilience Group has facil­i­tat­ed a week­ly tele­con­fer­ence between a wide range of part­ners from across the pub­lic, pri­vate and third sec­tors in Lon­don. This serves a hori­zon scan­ning func­tion and enables updates and infor­ma­tion to be shared rel­e­vant to pre­pared­ness for pre-planned or inci­dents. The objec­tive of this research project is to doc­u­ment the func­tion­ing of London’s unique mod­el before, dur­ing and after the week­ly meet­ings; to iden­ti­fy fac­tors that help explain its longevi­ty (e.g. moti­va­tion, effects, rou­tines, costs); and to analyse the effects of week­ly meet­ings and COP on col­lab­o­ra­tive gov­er­nance between organizations.