Marie Besse

Marie Besse
University of Geneva | UNIGE · Laboratory of Prehistoric Archaeology and Anthropology

Professor
Head of the Laboratory of Prehistoric Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Geneva, Switzerland

About

200
Publications
37,034
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1,227
Citations
Citations since 2017
73 Research Items
953 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200

Publications

Publications (200)
Article
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The Petit-Chasseur megalithic necropolis is a key archaeological context for analyzing the social and ideological changes at the end of the Neolithic in the Alpine region of Central Europe. The link between the funerary monuments and settlement sites was established by means of ceramic archaeometric analysis. Domestic pottery from settlement sites...
Article
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The spread of the Bell Beaker phenomenon across Europe is still strongly debated today. Small-scale technological studies investigating its integration in local contexts remain rare, even though these are crucial to observing disruptions in traditions. In this article, we studied the ceramic technology of Final Neolithic, Bell Beaker period, and Ea...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to explore the integration of the Bell Beaker phenomenon in a local context, in order to examine the mechanisms underlying its introduction and discuss possible factors related to it. As a case study, the authors use the Upper Rhône valley in southwestern Switzerland and focus specifically on the renowned Sion ‘Petit-Chasse...
Article
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This paper discusses the pros and cons of the application of automated SEM-EDS analysis to the characterization of pottery findings by means of a thorough discussion of the basics of its technology as well as its use in archaeometric research. An in-depth investigation of coarse prehistoric pottery (42 thin sections) from the Petit-Chasseur necropo...
Article
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Here we present a technological analysis of Yabrudian lithic assemblages from three major sites in the Levant: the eponymous site of Yabroud (shelter I), located in a steppe region, and the sites of Tabun and Adlun (Bezez Cave), both located in coastal zones. Our research focuses on the definition of the Yabrudian in the Levantine region, on the on...
Book
Full-text available
Campaniforme et âge du Bronze En raison de la construction d'un abri militaire et de l'exploitation de gravières, des fouilles d'urgence ont été menées sur la commune vaudoise de Rances entre 1974 et 1981 et elles ont touché les lieux-dits Sur la Cheneau, la Vy-des-Buissons et Champ Vully, qui s'étendent en bordure d'un replat morainique dominant l...
Article
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Français: Situé dans le canton de Genève, le site du Pré-du-Stand a fait l'objet de fouilles préventives en 2015 et 2016. Elles ont mis en évidence une succession de couches archéologiques très altérées pour lesquelles plusieurs horizons d'occupation sont définis, depuis le Néolithique moyen jusqu'à la période romaine. Les vestiges sont peu nombreu...
Article
Four combustion structures of the Late Bronze Age (LBA), three of which filled with fire-cracked rocks, were recently discovered during the rescue excavation of the Pré-du-Stand site (Grand-Saconnex, canton of Geneva). Charcoal analysis was performed in order to better understand firewood selection strategies at play in relation to these specific f...
Article
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This paper’s primary focus is the investigation of Late Iron Age funeral practices. This is carried out by means of a multidisciplinary study of two necropolises, Randogne – Bluche and Sion – Parking des Remparts, which are located in southwestern Switzerland. The overall purpose of this paper is to enhance the socio-cultural understanding of this...
Article
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Sex estimation is essential for forensic scientists to identify human skeletal remains. However, the most sexually dimorphic elements like pelvis or skull are not always assessable. Osteometric analyses have proven useful in sex estimation, but also to be population specific. The main purpose of this study was to test the validity of contemporary G...
Article
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Owing to its well‐preserved and long‐lasting archaeological record, the necropolis of Petit‐Chasseur in the Upper Rhône Valley (3100–1600 BC) showcases the economic, social, and ideological changes of 3rd and 2nd millennium BC Europe excellently. An in‐depth investigation of pottery artifacts was carried out using multiple spectroscopic and microsc...
Article
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RANK Ligand is necessary and sufficient to promote osteoclastogenesis and a key pathogenic factor in osteoporosis. Failure of periosteal apposition to compensate for bone loss due to endosteal resorption further contributes to bone fragility. Whether these two processes are biologically related however remains unknown. Using HR-pQCT, we first exami...
Book
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Neolithic and Bronze Age Studies in Europe: from material culture to territories presents eight papers from the 2018 UISPP Congress. Topics include the neolithisation process in the Iberian Peninsula; faunal exploitation in early Neolithic Italy; the economic and symbolic role of animals in eastern Germany; Copper Age human remains in central Italy...
Article
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This research focuses on the Neolithic populations of Western Switzerland (5500–2200 BCE) and on establishing their paleopathological profile. This chronological period presents varying burial practices, and the aim was to be able to synthesise all information regarding the pathologies these populations exhibited, in such a way that statistical tes...
Article
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Consuming the milk of other species is a unique adaptation of Homo sapiens, with implications for health, birth spacing and evolution. Key questions nonetheless remain regarding the origins of dairying and its relationship to the genetically-determined ability to drink milk into adulthood through lactase persistence (LP). As a major centre of LP di...
Article
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The archaeological Bronze Age record in Europe reveals unprecedented changes in subsistence strategies due to innovative farming techniques and new crop cultivation. Increasing cultural exchanges affected the economic system. The inhabitants of Switzerland played a pivotal role in this European context through relationships with the Mediterranean,...
Article
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The discovery of a multi-chambered long cairn in central Brittany dating to the Middle Neolithic period challenges previous conceptions of the coastal focus of Neolithic society in this region.
Article
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La présente étude évalue les indices relatifs au développement squelettique afin de discuter des conditions socio-économiques d’individus laténiens de Suisse occidentale. Elle met en relation les indices archéologiques comprenant l'organisation des nécropoles, l'architecture des tombes, la position des défunts et le mobilier funéraire avec les indi...
Article
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This paper assesses and revises the ceramic typology and the absolute chronology of the Final Neolithic, Bell Beaker period, and Early Bronze Age settlements of the Upper Rhône valley (3300-1600 BCE). It brings together the acquisition of complete numerical and typological data on the ceramic assemblages and the recalibration of the available 14C d...
Article
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In Spain, the site of El Castillo is part of the emblematic cave system of Cantabria, famous for its cave art. They are registered as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 2008. This archaeological site is also important due its stratigraphic sequence, which spans several prehistoric occupation units and in particular the techno-complexes of the Mi...
Article
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Research on the third millennium BC in Western Europe has tried for decades to understand the mechanisms of the large-scale cultural changes that took place during its course. Few studies have focused on technological traditions, although these are key to considering continuities and disruptions. In this article, we used pottery technology to appro...
Presentation
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À peine quelques jours après l'ouverture de la nouvelle exposition «Mégalithes d'ici, Mégalithes d'ailleurs» proposée par le Laboratoire d'archéologie préhistorique et anthropologie, la crise du coronavirus nous a contraint de fermer nos portes. En attendant la réouverture de la salle, prévue pour le 1 er septembre, nous avons le plaisir de vous i...
Article
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Endocranial lesions known as serpens endocrania symmetrica (SES) appear relatively frequently in the paleopathological record, but their significance often goes undiscussed. For the past decade, however, research has proved conclusively that their presence is an indicator of illnesses within the corpus. As such, cases found in the archaeological re...
Chapter
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The research project LiVES (living conditions and biological standard of living in prehistoric Europe and South West Asia), funded by the Emmy-Noether-Programme of the German Research Foundation (DFG) and running from 2011 to 2019, focused - among other things - on the relationship between protein-intake and body height in prehistoric humans as a p...
Article
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Whilst undertaking a paleoepidemiological study of the neolithic and Bell Beaker culture populations of western Switzerland, a strange case was uncovered in the necropolis of Barmaz II. Individual R16 is only represented by three cranial fragments, two of them appearing grossly misshapen. Under different circumstances, the pathologies might have go...
Article
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Ce rapport présente les résultats de la campagne d’études des monuments mégalithiques de Menjez conduites par l’université de Genève en partenariat avec le Musée de préhistoire libanaise et le Château-Musée de Bélesta, sous l’égide de la Direction générale des antiquités du Liban (DGA). Ce travail a été réalisé dans le cadre d’un projet financé par...
Article
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This article is about an intervention introducing prehistoric life in primary education. Its objectives were to foster openness and interest for prehistory and archaeology, as well as content knowledge and conceptual learning with a focus on four main facets: basic knowledge about prehistoric life; conceptual learning/change regarding prehistory; l...
Article
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An exceptional discovery was made in 2013 in the northern French Alps, at the Grande Rivoire site in Sassenage (Isère department): an obsidian bladelet from Sardinia was found in a cultural horizon dated to about 5360–5210 cal b.c. The abundant arrowheads found with it are characteristic of the Early Neolithic in the South of France (Cardial/Epicar...
Article
Recent archaeological investigations on the Getic royal necropolis in Sboryanovo National Archaeological Reserve in northeastern Bulgaria (Sveshtari, Razgrad Province) have uncovered a spectacular funerary complex under the same Mound – Tumulus 27. Dated from the late 4th - early 3rd century BC, it is characterized by several structures and especia...
Article
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In terms of funerary archaeology, the Bell Beaker period in Europe exhibits two main burial complexes: collective burials in the west and single graves in the east. This study focuses on the implication of stone wristguards, as well as other objects associated with archery, included in select single inhumation burials of the Eastern complex. Such s...
Article
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From around 2750 to 2500 BC, Bell Beaker pottery became widespread across western and central Europe, before it disappeared between 2200 and 1800 BC. The forces that propelled its expansion are a matter of long-standing debate, and there is support for both cultural diffusion and migration having a role in this process. Here we present genome-wide...
Article
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Perialpine areas of central Europe have undergone significant changes following the last Alpine glaciation and especially through the Holocene time. This study relies on geochronological, mineralogical and geochemical clues to explain the formation and paleoenvironmental significance of Fe-Mn nodules reported from the young soils (~4.5 ka BCE) of G...
Poster
L’analyse des isotopes stables des restes humains et animaux s’est montrée être un outil pertinent et très développé ces dernières années pour la compréhension de l’alimentation et des modes de vie au Néolithique. Le site de Barmaz (Collombey-Muraz, Valais) a permis de mettre au jour deux nécropoles contemporaines de type Chamblandes du Néolithique...
Conference Paper
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The soils and surface sediments of Geneva basin located in western Switzerland are intrinsically tied to the last Alpine glaciation that reached its maximum around 20 to 22 ky BP. Substantial areas have thereafter become free of ice due to the global warming and subsequent glacier retreat [1]. Colluvial and alluvial processes are considered parenta...
Article
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The interdisciplinary investigations of the tumulus were carried out in the frame of the Bulgarian–Swiss Project “Sboryanovo: Necropolises and Territory“, with the participation of students from Geneva University and 20 volunteers in the frame of Erasmus Program. The excavations of the tumulus (diam. 15 m, height 0.50 m) were based on the results o...
Article
Full-text available
The interdisciplinary investigations of the tumulus were carried out in the frame of the Bulgarian–Swiss Project “Sboryanovo: Necropolises and Territory“, with the participation of students from Geneva University and 20 volunteers in the frame of Erasmus Program. The excavations of the tumulus (diam. 15 m, height 0.50 m) were based on the results o...
Article
Full-text available
The investigations of the tumulus were carried out in the frame of the Bulgarian–Swiss Project “Sboryanovo: Necropolises and Territory“. The excavations of the tumulus (diam. 25 m, height 0.50 m) were based on the results of its geophysical prospecting. A complex of pits, a tumulus, and ditches surrounding a rectangular area of 800 sq.m was identif...
Poster
Full-text available
Cette recherche porte sur l’étude bioanthropologique et l’analyse des rituels funéraires de deux gisements laténiens en Valais central (Suisse) ; plus précisément, des sites de Randogne – Bluche et de Sion – Parking des Remparts. Ils sont chronologiquement compris entre 280 et 25 av. J.-C. et s’insèrent dans le territoire des Sédunes, l’une des qua...
Book
Full-text available
Scholars who will study the historiography of the European Neolithic, more particularly with regards to the second half of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century, will observe a progressive change in the core understanding of this period. For several decades the concept of “culture” has been privileged and the adopted approach aimed...
Chapter
Full-text available
This contribution aims to compare jewellery artefacts from some northern Italy archaeological sites, dated to different periods: the Copper age and Early Bronze age. Through a techno-typological and functional study that takes into account several morphometric, morphological and specific trace parameters (indicators of anthropic and/or wear activit...
Chapter
Full-text available
Scholars who will study the historiography of the European Neolithic, more particularly with regards to the second half of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century, will observe a progressive change in the core understanding of this period. For several decades the concept of “culture” has been privileged and the adopted approach aimed...
Chapter
Full-text available
Présentation des premiers résultats des fouilles préventives sur le site du Pré-au-Stand au Grand-Saconnex, Genève, Suisse. Occupations du Néolithique, de l'âge du Bronze et de l'âge du Fer.
Article
Full-text available
Au Bronze ancien I dans le sud du Leja, les habitants de Qarassa profitèrent des coulées de basalte altérées, se délitant facilement en petits blocs ou en grandes dalles selon les zones, pour construire des maisons à double abside, des enclos pour protéger leurs ressources et des dolmens pour leurs défunts. Outre un savoir-faire architectural qui c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
On the margins of the better known Hindu-Buddhist kingdoms of Srivijaya, Majapahit, and Malayu, adjacent indigenous societies, probably Austronesian, were settled in the forests, mountains, and plateaus of Indonesia, where they practiced “primitive” religions based on ancestor cults and the spirits of nature, a shared cultural heritage from East Ja...