Marie Claude Bal

Marie Claude Bal
University of Limoges | UNILIM · GEODE

Dr

About

55
Publications
10,336
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792
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2007 - September 2010
Autonomous University of Barcelona
Position
  • post doctorate

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
Full-text available
Small ruminants are suited to a wide variety of habitats and thus represent promising study models for identifying genes underlying adaptations. Here, we considered local Mediterranean breeds of goats (n = 17) and sheep (n = 25) from Italy, France and Spain. Based on historical archives, we selected the breeds potentially most linked to a territory...
Article
The Mirambel woodland on the margins of the Millevaches plateau (Massif Central) is one of the few ancient broad-leaved woodlands in France. Historical sources show that it has occupied the same surface area for the past 250 years, despite being in a region that underwent considerable anthropogenic changes during this period. We explored the Miramb...
Preprint
Full-text available
In a context of climate change, identifying the genes underlying adaptations to extreme environments is essential. Small ruminants are adapted to a wide variety of habitats and thus, are promising study models. Here, we considered 17 goat and 25 sheep local Mediterranean breeds, in Italy, France and Spain. We proposed, and empirically tested a new...
Article
This paper presents the first pedoanthracological study carried out on two mountains of the Northern Apennines, Monte Cimone, and Corno alle Scale, where the results provided new palaeoenvironmental data. The pedoantracological sampling followed an elevation gradient from the current timberline to the highest possible elevation, also adapted to the...
Article
Full-text available
Anthracological analyses were carried out on charcoal platforms located in the Monte Cimone and Corno alle Scale mountain areas in the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines (Northern Italy), at high altitude. Analyses of charcoal fragments contained in these man-made structures have allowed the reconstruction of human-forest relationships over the last centurie...
Article
Full-text available
The BRAIN (Botanical Records of Archaeobotany Italian Network) database and network was developed by the cooperation of archaeobotanists working on Italian archaeological sites. Examples of recent research including pollen or other plant remains in analytical and synthetic papers are reported as an exemplar reference list. This paper retraces the m...
Article
Full-text available
The nutrient-poor grasslands of Western Europe are of major conservation concern because land use changes threaten their high biodiversity. Studies assessing their characteristics show that their past and on-going dynamics are strongly related to human activities. Yet, the initial development patterns of this specific ecosystem remain unclear. Here...
Book
Full-text available
This book aims to provide case studies and a general view of the main processes involved in the ecosystem shifts occurring in the high mountains, and to analyse the implications for nature conservation. Although case studies from the Pyrenees are preponderant, conclusions are aimed at any mountain range surrounded by highly populated lowland areas....
Poster
Full-text available
Background. In 2015, a paper on the archaeobotany as a key tool ‘for the understanding of the bio-cultural diversity of the Italian landscape’ gave rise to a new initiative, the realization of the first cooperative network of archaeobotanists and palynologists working on archaeological sites located in Italy. The Botanical Record of Archaeobotany I...
Chapter
Full-text available
Proper management of the perceived value of any geographic space requires the capacity to interpret research results from spatial, temporal, and environmental points of view, applying the principles of environmental geohistory. Basic concepts such as baseline, threshold, or resilience are discussed from a long-term ecological perspective, with exam...
Article
Full-text available
Unravelling the precise Holocene altitudinal fluctuation of the highland vegetation communities (>1800 m asl) in the Gredos Range (Central System, Spain) is challenging owing to the complexity of the long-term human-environmental interactions in the area. Aiming at improving the knowledge of these highland dynamics, a pedoanthracological analysis w...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the use of soil charcoal analyses in order to identify the origin of a Nardus stricta grassland in a mountain system (Mont Lozère, France), and the use of environmental resources and the construction of a cultural landscape. Two opposing theories have been proposed to explain the origin of this open landscape (1450–1700 m altitu...
Article
Full-text available
Archaeological survey and test excavations were conducted at high altitude in the western Catalan Pyrenees since 2001 to 2010. Together with palaeoecological studies of lake cores and peat bogs, these studies (including a series of 27 radiocarbon dates) permit one to discuss human occupations of the high mountains from Mesolithic times to the early...
Conference Paper
The Central Range of the Iberian Peninsula, arranged SW-NE, constitutes the boundary between the Duero and Tagus basins. It holds the highest altitudes (>2500 m a.s.l.) at its middle-west: the Gredos mountains, a strong siliceous massive of this submediterranean range. The current absence of natural forests at the highlands of Gredos (Central Iberi...
Article
Using an interdisciplinary methodology based on pedoanthracology, palynology and sedimentary charcoals, landscape transformation in the Pyrenees mountains during the Holocene is analyzed, with special attention to altitudinal variation in the treeline. The data sources were eight soil profiles on a transect at 2000–2600 m a.s.l. and a sedimentary r...
Article
Estanilles peat bog, located in the northeastern Iberian peninsula, was studied to determine the anthropogenic changes in the landscape over the past seven millennia. The pollen diagram and sedimentary charcoal analyses from this site permit us to reconstruct the landscape changes in an area of both Mediterranean and Atlantic influence. In addition...
Article
Full-text available
The principal objective of this research is to determine the maximum elevation reached by the treeline, as well as its altitudinal variations and composition throughout the Holocene, in a high mountain zone of the Pyrenean range. The temporal intervals of pedoanthracological data begin in 11000 cal. b.p. with the oldest dated charcoal, permitting a...
Article
The study of macroscopic charcoal particles from peat bogs has led to a better understanding of climate, vegetation and fire history, and human impacts. To determine the relationship between human activities and the role of fire events in vegetation change during the last 3300 cal yr BP, we present the results of a multi-proxy approach based on the...
Article
Full-text available
Superimposed on the long-term climate variability attributed to orbital forcing, there are other modes of variability covering timescales from interannual to millennial throughout the Holocene. Their signatures in climate proxy archives can differ substantially because of their lower magnitude and regional diversity. However, if identified they can...
Article
Mont Lozère is located in the Massif Central (France). The area presents a wide diversity of long-term shaped landscapes, which result from complex strategies in natural resources management: farming, agro-pastoralism, forest exploitation, metallurgy… What is the relation between spatial and temporal variability in land-use patterns and the high la...
Book
Full-text available
A més de posar en evidència el valor natural i l’elevada riquesa d’aquest territori, l’estudi dels boscos, les pastures, el paisatge i els usos tradicionals han fet possible que en el llibre es proposin tot un seguit de criteris de gestió. També, que es posi de manifest que l’activitat humana ha contribuït a l’enriquiment de l’espai però, alhora, q...
Article
This article uses a method that combines pedoanthracological and pedo-archaeological approaches to terraces, complemented with archaeological pastoral data, in order to reconstruct the history of ancient agricultural terraces on a slope of the Enveitg Mountain in the French Pyrenees. Four excavations revealed two stages of terrace construction that...
Article
The growing interest raised by landscape studies and its past and present dynamics is generating a large number of methods which require a trans-disciplinary approach from very different scientific angles. The method proposed in this paper is based on interpreting the way of geographic spaces (understood as a complex system) works through the use o...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Les travaux d'archéologie pastorale entrepris à Anéou depuis 2004 sont inclus dans le PCR " Dynamiques sociales, spatiales et environnementales dans les Pyrénées centrales " co-dirigé par Ch. Rendu et D. Galop (CR au CNRS). Ils visent à saisir, à partir d'une zone atelier restreinte (l'estive d'Anéou), l'histoire et les transformations des systèmes...
Article
Our study compared the soil collembolan community at three semi-natural sites (a beech forest, a beech–fir forest and a fir stand) and three managed sites (Norway spruce, beech–fir and fir). Collembola were extracted from a total of 60 samples with a Berlese–Tullgren funnel, counted and identified to species level. A total of 7187 specimens, repres...
Article
The aim of this thesis is to demonstrate the existence of a link between vegetation dynamics and agro-sylvo-pastoral activities in Pyrenees since Neolithic. Pedoanthracology uses soil-charcoals to reconstruct palaeovegetation landscapes. This study focused on mountain intermediary areas since they present remnants of charcoal kilns and agro-pastora...
Article
Differences of collembolan communities within the organo-mineral A layer were studied in relation to physico-chemical changes in humus at nine sites of beech forests (Fagus sylvatica L.) and first generation spruce stands (Picea abies (L.) Karst.), planted on former beech forest 30 years ago (Central Pyrenees, France). Changes in humus form were ca...
Article
Full-text available
L’interès creixent per l’estudi del paisatge i de la seva dinàmica pretèrita i present dóna lloc a la utilització d’un gran nombre de metodologies que requereixen una aproximació transdisciplinària a partir de mètodes i de tècniques molt diferents. La proposta que es presenta aquí consisteix a interpretar el funcionament de l’espai geogràfic (entès...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
ANR JC JC – BENDYS (ANR-19-CE03-0010) Scientific evaluation committee CES 03 Human-Environment interactions BENDYS is an interdisciplinary project focusing on the last European Old-Growth Forests (OGFs) that brings together, for the first time, researchers in Humanities and Social Sciences (sociology, anthropology, archaeology, history, geography) and in Environment and Life Science (ecology, biogeochemistry, geology, biology). The project is focusing on the last European old-growth fir-beech forests that are today threatened by global warming, unsustainable uses and a lack of global conservation plans. The major issue for their better understanding and conservation is to accurately define their reference state. To tackle this issue, we must study long-term legacies and ongoing impacts of anthropogenic and natural drivers on the structure, functioning and biodiversity of current forest ecosystems. We propose to perform a comparative study on the Eastern Romanian Carpathians, where there are secular forests just classified by UNESCO, and the Northern central Pyrenees, which present the highest density of old-growth forests in Western Europe. To reconstruct their long-term trajectories and characterise the tolerable ones for biodiversity, we propose to combine palaeoecological, ecological, historical and sociological approaches into a multiscalar and systemic research in a retrospective and prospective perspective.