Marichelle Leclair

Marichelle Leclair
Université de Montréal | UdeM · Department of Psychology

MSc Epidemiology -- CIHR Vanier Scholar
PhD Candidate in psychology and health program evaluation at UMontréal

About

26
Publications
2,349
Reads
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67
Citations
Introduction
I'm a doctoral candidate in psychology (Université de Montréal), with a background in epidemiology and public health (McGill University, UMontréal). My research uses a health equity lens to improve mental health services for highly underserved and marginalized people in Canada, more particularly those who are justice-involved. Please feel free to shoot me an email at *marichelle.leclair@umontreal.ca* or through ResearchGate. I'm always happy to share my work.
Additional affiliations
August 2019 - present
Université de Montréal
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • PSY1004 - Quantitative analyses in psychology 1
April 2019 - present
Université de Montréal
Position
  • Project Manager
Description
  • Pathways to violence and desistance (PIs: Anne Crocker, Jean Proulx)
April 2019 - present
Douglas Mental Health University Institute
Position
  • Analyst
Description
  • AMONT project (risk of homelessness and criminal justice involvement among first-time mental health service users; PI: Laurence Roy)
Education
September 2018 - August 2023
Université de Montréal
Field of study
  • Psychology
August 2016 - August 2018
McGill University
Field of study
  • Epidemiology and Biostatistics

Publications

Publications (26)
Article
The early and late starter model provides one of the most enduring frameworks for understanding the developmental course and severity of violence and criminality among individuals with severe mental illness. We expanded the model to account for differences in the age of onset of criminal behavior and added a group with no prior contact with the jus...
Chapter
Forensic mental health systems have evolved over time as a function of legal frameworks, health care environments, and broader social and cultural processes. The past 20 years has seen a general increase in demand for forensic services in many countries around the world, a phenomenon that has sometimes been referred to as forensication. The goal of...
Article
Objective: Housing First is increasingly put forward as an important component of a pragmatic plan to end homelessness. The literature evaluating the impact of Housing First on criminal justice involvement has not yet been systematically examined. The objective of this systematic review is to examine the impact of Housing First on criminal justice...
Article
FREE ACCESS UNTIL MAY 12 2019: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1YmeaheKdgNgN The goal of this study is to identify patterns of various forms of aggression in the general population and their psychosocial and environmental correlates. Data from the Montreal Epidemiological Catchment Area study (N = 1855) were analyzed using latent class analysis an...
Article
Full-text available
Objective This study investigates the association between impulsiveness and six dimensions of recovery among homeless people with mental illness. Method The sample was composed of 418 participants of a randomized controlled trial of Housing First, a recovery-oriented program that provides immediate access to permanent housing. The reliable change...
Preprint
The text proposes a protocol for a scoping review to explore what culturally safe forensic mental health services look like, identify its key components, and the best practices for implementation. The review aims to answer these two questions: What do we know about what culturally safe forensic mental health services may or should look like? How ca...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The objective of the present study is to describe the patterns of health service use and of prescription claims in the year preceding an offense leading to a verdict of not criminally responsible on account of a mental disorder (NCRMD). Methods Provincial health administrative databases were used to identify medical services, hospitaliz...
Article
Full-text available
This paper adopts a conventionalist approach to shed light on the problems of measurement and reification that underlie the quantification of desistance from crime in the scientific literature. Analysis of 100 papers spanning three decades indicates that approaches based on theoretical classification have recently lost ground in favour of sophistic...
Article
Full-text available
(ENGLISH FOLLOWS.) RÉSUMÉ. Plusieurs programmes et services ont été développés en vue d’adapter les interventions policières et les processus judiciaires aux besoins des personnes ayant des troubles mentaux, de surcroît lorsque celles-ci sont en situation d’itinérance. La présente étude adopte un devis qualitatif descriptif afin d’explorer l’expér...
Article
This study aimed to characterize lifetime criminal involvement among homeless people with mental illness in Canada ( N = 1,682). A latent profile analysis yielded five classes. Most participants fell within the Fewer Needs (75.5%) group, characterized by less complex psychosocial histories and few criminal charges. Participants with Extensive Crimi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Persons with mental illness who experience homelessness are at increased risk of penalization and interactions with police services. However, there is a dearth of quantitative literature on the impact of time on the street on the incidence of police interactions. The objective of this study is to examine the dynamic prospective association between...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objective: Impulsiveness has been shown to be associated with negative outcomes in psychiatric samples. This study investigates the association between impulsiveness and six dimensions of recovery: clinical, physical, functional, criminological, social, and existential. Method: The sample was composed of 418 homeless individuals with mental illne...
Article
Full-text available
Using data from the National Trajectory Project, we compared 50 individuals found Not Criminally Responsible on account of Mental Disorder (NCRMD) for sexual offences with 50 age- and gender-matched individuals found NCRMD for nonsexually violent offences. We also described the concurrent offenses, the symptoms at the time of the offense and the ch...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is based on the report following the National Research Agenda Meeting on Mental Health, Justice, and Safety held in Montreal on November 19, 2014, which convened academics; health, social, and legal professionals; and people with lived experience of mental illness from across Canada. The goal was to identify research priorities addressin...

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