Marianna Visser

Marianna Visser
Stellenbosch University | SUN · Department of African Languages

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35
Publications
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161
Citations

Publications

Publications (35)
Article
This article examines a specific attempt of agenda-setting which is realised by topic shift in the confrontation stage of a critical discussion as an MP introduces a ‘new agenda’ of discussion in an institutional context of the Tanzanian parliamentary debate in Kiswahili. The article further investigates how this topic shift results in a derailment...
Article
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The task-based language teaching approach related to the second language learning process is a widely researched area across many global languages. Yet this approach is given scant attention in South African tertiary education. This study, therefore, explores an isiZulu task-based syllabus design for doctor-patient communication aimed at enhancing...
Article
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Kiswahili is a foreign language (FL) in Uganda. Formally, the teaching of Kiswahili begins in the lower secondary phase. In this phase, Kiswahili had been taught for many years without an authorised syllabus. Nonetheless, in 2008, the government of Uganda launched the existing grammatical syllabus (hereafter, 2008 syllabus). It should be noted that...
Article
The paper analyses the discourse linguistic notion of 'objectivity' in 'hard' news reports on the two ZANU PF led Anti-Sanctions campaigns in Zimbabwe. In examining the campaigns, which occur in Zimbabwe's first republic and when Zimbabwe was still under the leadership of the now late President, Robert Gabriel Mugabe, the paper seeks to compare the...
Article
This study asserts that humour, primarily a verbal art, is a domain for identity construct among the Ham of the Nok culture from north-central Nigeria. To validate the idea that humour is linked to identity, we offer the context which illustrates how hilarity is orally deployed and provide examples of a variety of humour typical in the discourses o...
Article
Developed within the cross-linguistic framework of meteorological constructions formulated by Eriksen, Kittilä and Kolehmainen, the present article reviews and analyses manners of the encoding of precipitation events in isiXhosa (S 41). These include expressions of rain, hail, sleet, and snow. Overall, the evidence provided corroborates various syn...
Article
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In Uganda, delays in teaching and learning of Kiswahili in primary schools have been experienced since their establishment in the education systems in the 1920s. At present, the language-in-education policy requires the National Curriculum Development Centre (NCDC) to prepare instructional materials for facilitating the teaching of Kiswahili as a c...
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The authors argue that the synchronic variation of cognate objects of weather verbs exhibited in six African languages of South Africa (Sepedi, Sesotho, Tshivenda, isiXhosa, Xitsonga, and isiZulu) has a diachronic explanation, and may be represented as a grammaticalization path. This path gradually leads from prototypical cognate objects that disal...
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This paper contends that the Ssenteza Kajubi commission report of 1987 attempted to evenly consider the position of Kiswahili and its subsequent realization and promotion in schools amidst social, economic and political tensions of various dimensions in Uganda. Thus, it attempts to contextualize and present analytic perspectives on the outcomes of...
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The article examines the texts of songs of the Ham of Nigeria, a minority group, whose social links originate from kinship with a commonly held ancestry, to establish how such a relationship could be explicated in the content of the songs people from the society engage with. The study seeks to demonstrate the relationship between language and cultu...
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This paper demonstrates that the status of Clitic LD in Xhosa is a result of the mosaic evolution of Xhosa grammar. It emerges as an accumulation and combination of two more individual, distinct and, at least, initially separated developments and characteristics – LD sensu stricto and Object Agreement. This view enables the authors to propose a pos...
Chapter
The chapter seeks to, through the theoretical lenses of the linguistic discourse theory of Appraisal, analyse the notions of journalistic ‘objectivity’ in Zimbabwean newspapers comparatively. The focus of analysis here is news reports of the factional politics within the ZANU PF political party, specifically with regards to the demise of the politi...
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The notion of ‘subjectivity’ in news reports has been widely researched, especially from the media perspective. However, ‘subjectivity’ is realised in various forms and the varied contexts and theoretical approaches offer new understanding of the notion. This article departs from such media-theoretic perspectives to a discourse-linguistic approach...
Chapter
The chapter makes a critical exploration of the Zimbabwean divergent parliamentary debates held after the ‘controversial' March 2008 election and June 2008 run-off. Considering the impact of the deliberations in the parliament, not much discourse- linguistic research occurs on Zimbabwean and African parliamentary discourse yet research on language...
Chapter
This chapter interrogates political discourse in popular songs of Shona expression with a view to establish the nature of their evaluation of state performance in Zimbabwe in the period, 2000-2015. By analysing the themes and the language of the songs (verbal, nominal and other constructions and figurative language), we aim to demonstrate the exten...
Article
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The present paper demonstrates that insights from the affordances perspective can contribute to developing a more comprehensive model of grammaticalization. The authors argue that the grammaticalization process is afforded differently depending on the values of three contributing parameters: the factor (schematized as a qualitative-quantitative map...
Article
News reporting studies have largely been confined to the Western cultures and languages, yet news reporting in other languages has proliferated throughout the world (Thomson et al. 2008; Thomson & White 2008). This article explores news reporting in Runyankore-Rukiga, an agglutinating Ugandan Bantu language, focusing on land conflict. Assuming the...
Article
This article proposes a typology of Shona popular songs employing a systemic functional linguistics (SFL) informed genre theory, which distinguishes texts on the basis of their textual patterns and the meanings they intend to convey. The increasing and wide appropriation of songs as communicative media by political parties, groups and individuals h...
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Zimbabwe held ‘fresh’ elections on July 31, 2013 under a new constitution. This was in line with the provisions of the Global Political Agreement (GPA), a political power-sharing compromise signed between Zimbabwe's three main political parties, following the heavily disputed 2008 harmonised presidential and parliamentary elections. The GPA establi...
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On the eve of the heavily contested 2002 harmonised Zimbabwean Presidential and Parliamentary elections, the United States of America (USA) and the European Union (EU) imposed ‘sanctions’ on Zimbabwe. In the course of time, subsequent annual renewals of the sanctions were effected by the same imposers. This article analyses the discourse linguistic...
Article
The main purpose of this paper is to explore various agreement phenomena in Xhosa within the government-binding (GB) framework of generative grammar. The principles of the null subject parameter postulated in (Chomsky 1981), which accounts for the absence of an overt subject in phonetic representation, are shown to extend to the analysis of agreeme...
Article
This article investigates the morphosyntactic realisation of definiteness in Xhosa and Northern Sotho, representative of African languages, characterised respectively by the presence and absence of a noun class preprefix (i.e. initial vowel). The Minimalist theory (Chomsky, 1995) is employed as theoretical framework for the study. It is argued that...
Article
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The article investigates questions relating to the morphosyntactic realization of (in)definiteness and (non-) specificity in isiXhosa. The interaction of syntax, semantics and pragmatics is explored in establishing the interpretation of noun phrases as regards (in)definiteness and (non-)specificity in isiXhosa, with particular attention to the obje...
Article
The approach to subject- and object-verb agreement within the government-binding (GB) theory of transformational generative grammar is reviewed. The principles of this approach are applied in the analysis of agreement in Xhosa. It is shown that the phonologically null element or empty category, pro, plays a major role in Xhosa syntax. A crucial que...
Article
The syntactic realization of the argument structure of deverbal event nominais in Xhosa and Venda are investigated and compared in this paper. The argument structure of deverbal event nominais in Xhosa and Venda is generally realized in genitive structures, hence the term thematic genitives is often used to refer to these constructions. It is demon...
Article
Two main types of co-ordination in Xhosa are considered, where the distinguishing factor for determining these two types relates to a temporal condition associated with the preceding clause. The main emphasis in this article is on temporal co-ordination. When the second conjoined clause is in the subjunctive mood, the occurrence of such a clause mu...
Article
Hierdie studie het as teoretiese uitgangspunt die leksi kaal- interpretatiewe model van generati ewe grammatika, gepostuleer in Bresnan (1978). Binne die kader van hierdie teorie word 'n analise gegee van enkele semantiese relasies, in die besonder die aktief-passiefrelasie, in 'n aantal Xhosa-sinstrukture. Daar sal aangetoon word dat die voorgeste...
Article
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The syntax of the infinitive in Xhosa. The syntax of the infinitive in Xhosa is explored. The general framework which is assumed is the version of transformational generative grammar known as the theory of Government and Binding. The central issue addressed relates to the nature of the infinitive, taking into account the fact that it exemplifies bo...
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This article investigates the use of cognitive complexity analysis to inform the grading and sequencing of tasks for the purposes of curriculum design of a specific purposes isiXhosa course for student teachers. Two frameworks of cognitive complexity, that of Skehan and Robinson, are discussed, after which two communication tasks are analysed in te...
Article
The successful implementation of a multilingual language policy in the public and private sectors in South Africa depends on vibrant research. This article explores the design and nature of the isiXhosa communication tasks for specific purposes second language teaching in local government context, within a framework of genre-based and task-based ap...
Book
Full-text available
Uit statistische gegevens blijkt dat zeker 7% van de kinderen last heeft van psychiatrische problemen waarvoor professionele behandeling noodzakelijk is. Maar slechts 2,5% maakt daar gebruik van. Het boek 'Psychiatrische stoornissen' geeft een beknopt overzicht van de meest voorkomende kinder- en jeugdpsychiatrische stoornissen. Ieder hoofdstuk is...
Article
This article examines cliticization in Xhosa within the framework of the government-binding theory (henceforth GB theory) of transformational generative grammmar. In particular, the assumption is explored that the possibility for a clitic to occur in Xhosa verbal morphology can be explained in terms of one (or more) of the subsystems of principles...

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