Mariana Costa Martins

Mariana Costa Martins
ISPA Instituto Universitário | ISPA · William James Center for Research

Master of Psychology
PhD student

About

15
Publications
1,391
Reads
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10
Citations
Introduction
Clinical Psychologist and PhD student in Development Psychology.
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
March 2021 - August 2021
ISPA Instituto Universitário
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Researcher (Scholarship)
September 2019 - June 2020
Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa Luís de Camoes
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Researcher (Scholarship)
June 2019 - September 2019
Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Lisboa
Position
  • Medical Professional
Education
September 2020 - September 2024
ISPA Instituto Universitário
Field of study
  • Development Psuchology
September 2011 - September 2015
ISPA Instituto Universitário
Field of study
  • Clinical Psychology

Publications

Publications (15)
Article
Full-text available
Bullying carries great harm for all involved, undermining academic achievement as well. The strength of such impact is yet to be clarified, existing many possibilities and variables to analyze – classroom behavior being one. The present cross-sectional investigation goal was to study the impact of bullying (mediated by the classroom behavior) on th...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing evidence suggests that attachment plays an important role in obesity. However, few studies examined this relationship in preschool children. This study aimed to systematically examine the empirical, peer-reviewed evidence regarding the relationship between attachment quality and obesity in the preschool years. Using established guideline...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, the development of social and moral emotions (often associated to pro-social behaviors) has become the subject of increased research interest. However, the relation between these emotions and attachment is less studied. The present systematic literature review (PROSPERO: CRD42021247210) was designed to synthesize current empirical...
Article
Full-text available
1) Background: One key assumption of attachment theory is the relationship between security and the development of prosocial behavior. A secure child is more likely to feel and show concern for another individual, resulting in higher levels of prosocial behaviors (defined as voluntary behavior intended to benefit others-e.g., helping, sharing, comf...
Poster
Full-text available
Respect is an ethically other-oriented positive emotion of esteem. It has an emotional component elicited when recognizing others “good” qualities, and a motivational component that encourages the gain of the qualities respected (Malti & Latzko, 2017). It changes in intensity and expression, depending on contextual , inter- and intrapersonal factor...
Article
Full-text available
Coparenting conflict and triangulation after separation or divorce are associated with poorer child adjustment when parenting gatekeeping and conflict occur. Fewer studies reported psychosocial adjustment of children under three. We explored the effects of authoritarian and permissive parenting styles and negative coparenting on child adjustment in...
Conference Paper
Several studies suggest that attachment security promotes positive social perspectives, enabling children to be active, positive, and to display initiative in social interactions. These findings support attachment theory assumptions by evidencing that attachment security emerges as a precursor to popularity and the ability to build high-quality fri...
Article
PurposeHip fractures are a worldwide health issue primarily for older patients, conditioning major morbidity and mortality. An experienced multidisciplinary team is essential to manage surgery and peri-operative implications, to enable rapid functional and cognitive recovery. Delirium is a recognizable problem associated with negative outcomes. Our...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Sleep is a physiological necessity that interferes with the activity during the day. This study aimed to analyze child perception about sleep quality and compare it with parent's perception about the quality of their children's sleep, and to investigate the sleep quality of Portuguese schoolchildren. Analyze the differences between th...
Article
Full-text available
No presente artigo propomos refletir sobre período vitoriano, enquanto contexto de mudanças e desenvolvimentos científicos ao nível da Psicologia. Dá-se relevo à pessoa e símbolo que deu o nome a este período e o moldou – a Rainha Victoria, através de uma análise psicodinâmica e psicossomática da própria. Victoria foi uma figura materna castradora...
Poster
This study examined the relations between preadolescents’ perceptions of parent-child attachment, the number of reciprocal friendships and preadolescent’s sense of self-worth.
Thesis
In Early adolescence, important physical, cognitive and social changes happen. However, attachment theory has given this period fewer attention. Therefore, it is pertinent to deepen about the implications in the relationship between parent and child introduced in this phase of life. Goal: to adapt the Security Scale (KSS) to the Portuguese populati...

Projects

Project (1)
Project
This project aims to study the relationship between attachment and social-emotional and moral development of preschool children, with special emphasis on two moral emotions - sympathy and guilt, both of which are empathic and pro-social aspects that children may develop towards others. It was based on the classical conceptions of attachment, as well as moral development and previous studies that have shown that the quality of attachment and the internalization of safe operating models are associated with attitudes and behaviors related to pro-social and less aggressive behaviors. Moral emotions are assumed to be one of the foundations of pro-social behaviors, by virtue of being considered necessary for their emergence (along with moral cognitions). Several studies associate pro-social and antisocial behaviors with moral emotions reported by children, namely, empathy, sympathy, and feelings of guilt. This research aims to answer the following question: will a secure attachment in childhood allow higher levels of sympathy and guilt in 4- and 5-year-old children? To answer this question, the following were delineated: (1) validation of the Child report Sympathy Scale for the portuguese population; (2) an exploratory and descriptive study of these variables in our sample; and (3) a longitudinal quantitative empirical study, which presupposes the two previous studies (validation of the instruments and a descriptive analysis) and will consist in an analysis of the mediation model between the variables under study. Attachment (Attachment Story Completion Task, ASCT, independent variable) and emotion regulation (mediating variable) will be assessed at age 4 (T1). Three months later, approximately at the age of 4 (T2), the measurement of emotion regulation will be repeated 5 and the dependent variables - sympathy and guilt through the Child report Sympathy Scale and the Social-emotional Responding Task (SERT) - will be measured. Finally, the same scales will be repeated 6 months later, at about 5 years of age (T3). It is expected that secure children will be more willing to show cooperative behaviors and more guilt feelings. Thus, we hypothesize that children with high initial values of attachment security later reveal higher values of sympathy and guilt than children with lower values of security. The aim is to combat the current empirical weakness in this area by validating instruments and deepening the knowledge and understanding of pro-social skills at preschool age (little studied when compared, for example, to adolescence) from a human development perspective, in the light of attachment theory as a behavioral system of proximity-seeking. The interest in studying and deepening the domains of attachment, sympathy and guilt will lead us to understand in detail how to promote more sympathy, compassion and tolerance in children's interactions. This is particularly pertinent in the face of discrimination, prejudice, and bullying, which seem to be on the rise, as well as the psychological, relational, and school-related harm associated with them.