Mariana Achugar

Mariana Achugar
Universidad de la República de Uruguay | UdelaR · Departamento de Medios y Lenguajes

PhD

About

66
Publications
21,738
Reads
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1,315
Citations
Citations since 2017
18 Research Items
708 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
Additional affiliations
August 2003 - present
Carnegie Mellon University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2003 - July 2017
Carnegie Mellon University
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (66)
Article
Full-text available
Este trabajo presenta una innovación curricular diseñada con el fin de desarrollar un abordaje integral en la enseñanza de comprensión lectora en la lengua comunitaria (LC) (español) y en lenguas adicionales (LA) (inglés y portugués) de la carrera de Comunicación de una universidad pública uruguaya. Como base teórico-metodológica tomamos las concep...
Article
Popular culture connects us to people who have other histories and cultures. This qualitative study aims to analyze how the representation of others’ suffering in films affects youths’ empathy towards others different from them in terms of generation and cultural distance. We explore how empathy is expressed as semiotic processes of feelings and me...
Article
In this paper, we explore how advanced college students use the past history and experiences of others to understand the present while learning a foreign language through a content-integrated curriculum. To assess student learning we operationalize Norris (2006. “The Why (and How) of Assessing Student Learning Outcomes in College Foreign Language P...
Article
RESUMEN La descolonización de CDA en América Latina implica un cambio epistemológico, así como la profundización del conocimiento sobre la región. Desde el Sur Global y desde una posición no eurocéntrica, el análisis del discurso abre oportunidades para construir conocimiento e intervenir en la vida social simultáneamente. En este artículo, exploro...
Article
To cite this article: Mariana Achugar (2020): Rethinking social memory through Vygotsky and Halliday: the transmission of contested memories of the recent past in Uruguay, Mind, Culture, and Activity, ABSTRACT This paper explores social memory as a dynamic, agentive and semiotically mediated process drawing on some key principles from Vygotsky's an...
Research
Full-text available
Convocatoria de Artículos - Dossier "Escrituras del ambiente, el paisaje y el territorio: ecocrítica y estudios culturales en América del Sur" en Tekoporá [Nº 4] (2020) Editores responsables: Allison Mackey y Victoria Lembo Editores invitados: Mariana Achugar, Mauricio Cheguhem Riani y Sofía Rosa Desde el 1° de marzo hasta el 1º de mayo, Tekoporá...
Chapter
Full-text available
El cine sobre el pasado reciente tiene un fuerte vínculo con lo real a través de la denuncia de violaciones de los derechos humanos, entre otros factores. Este tipo de cine tiene el potencial de producir en el espectador un "sentimiento de realidad", ya que genera un efecto de existencia objetiva de lo que aparece en la pantalla (Martin, 2002). Ade...
Article
Full-text available
Daniel Renfrew's Life Without Lead: Contamination, Crisis, and Hope in Uruguay (2018) is a masterful undertaking on the anthropology of disaster and its everydayness. An ethnographic portrayal that is prismatic in its attention, the book combines numerous elements-place, civic performance, history, political economy-to bear on the lead poisoning ep...
Chapter
This chapter describes a critical SFL praxis approach for English Language Arts pre-service teacher education that focuses on the development of conceptual tools to foster productive disciplinary engagement. Teachers need to develop an adaptive expertise to guide their decisions in the classroom. The appropriation of conceptual tools contributes to...
Book
Full-text available
This volume explores how educators conceptualized and implemented critical approaches to systemic functional linguistics that support bilingual students in appropriating and challenging dominant knowledge domains in K-16 contexts. The researchers exhibit a shared commitment to enacting a culturally sustaining SFL praxis that validates multilingual...
Book
Debates about how to remember politically contested or painful pasts exist throughout the world. As with the case of the Holocaust in Europe and Apartheid in South Africa, South American countries are struggling with the legacy of state terrorism left by the 1970s dictatorships. Coming to terms with the past entails understanding the role different...
Chapter
Popular culture is an archive of cultural memory (Sobral, 2010). Youths’ active engagement with popular culture provides a space to observe intergenerational transmission processes in action. Cultural memory is constructed through the mnemonic activities of social groups such as the family, peers, and cultural-political communities. These sociocult...
Chapter
Processes of intergenerational transmission are discursive practices through which social actors, in interaction with other subjects and objects through time and space, give meaning to the past. As a communicative process, intergenerational transmission has an institutionalized space in school contexts (e.g., Heer, Manoschek, Pollak, and Wodak, 200...
Chapter
In the year 2000, Teve Ciudad — a public TV station run by the city of Montevideo in Uruguay — produced a documentary directed by Aldo Garay in which youth were interviewed to learn what they knew about the dictatorship. Despite the short time that had elapsed since the end of the dictatorship in 1985, most of the youth were not able to identify th...
Chapter
Why do family conversations matter in processes of intergenerational transmission? Family narratives provide a context for creating and re-creating individual and group identity. In addition to this consideration, families have different styles of reminiscing that may influence how individuals remember the past (Fivush, 2008). Family conversations...
Chapter
Maracaná. If you ask any Uruguayan youth about the events of Maracaná, anyone will most likely be able to answer what it means. The intergenerational transmission of the narrative of the 1950 soccer World Cup victory has been passed on for several generations. This narrative centers on how the Uruguayan national team was able to overcome incredible...
Chapter
Last year, I heard a report on the radio about a study of Czech deer that still avoided the Iron Curtain a quarter of a century after the end of the Cold War.1 Tracking 300 deer showed that the animals maintained the boundary even though the electric fences dividing the Czech-German border had been taken down. Despite the fact that the land is now...
Chapter
How do youth2 produce and negotiate the meanings of the past when interacting within their generation? What discourses about the past do they draw on in order to construct their positioning vis-à-vis their peers? How is the past used to construct their identities as youth? In this chapter, we explore youth-centered interactions to capture a glimpse...
Article
Full-text available
SFL research has focused on describing how language works in academic settings (e.g. Christie & Derewianka, 2008; Coffin, 2006; Fang, 2006). These descriptions have informed work on L2 instruction by identifying the linguistic demands these contexts pose on learners (e.g. Schleppegrell, 2001). Reading in an academic L2 context requires an understan...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen La globalización genera espacios multilingües de interacción donde existen conflictos en la interpretación de prácticas discursivas aceptables a nivel local, provocando una re-escalarización (Fairclough, 2010; Blommaert, 2014) de lo local, nacional, regional y global. Este trabajo explora cómo en el fútbol internacional – en que interactúan...
Chapter
How can we educate those who have a different language and experience from ours? How can we communicate ‘across unshared worlds’ and ‘different points of departure’ (Hasan, 2004)? How can we address issues of equity and social justice in the education of language minority learners? Ruqaiya Hasan’s work has provided us with some key ideas that have...
Article
Full-text available
_____________________________________________________________________________ Artículo _____________________________________________________________________________ La dictadura uruguaya en la cultura popular: recontextualizaciones de "A redoblar"
Article
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El Comité Directivo agradece la colabo-ración de todos los investigadores que parti-ciparon en las dos convocatorias para la re-cepción de artículos de la Revista de la SIEP. El 5to número se encuentra ya en impren-ta y su presentación está prevista para comien-zos del 2014. Los autores serán informados an-ticipadamente. Asimismo, el Comité Editori...
Article
Full-text available
Investigating how contested periods are remembered by younger generations allows us to better understand the contents that are passed on as well as the discursive processes through which intergenerational transmission occurs. This article explores the intersections of collective and personal memory. We investigate what Uruguayan teenagers know abou...
Article
This paper reports on a design experiment (Brown, 1992) where we explored how providing a linguistic support for understanding historical documents affected students comprehension of historical documents and their disciplinary literacy. The functional approach to disciplinary literacy parallels historians’ reading practices while supporting languag...
Article
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El discurso pedagógico de la historia en manuales revela lo que una sociedad considera que vale la pena enseñar y por qué. El presente trabajo exploró cómo se representa la última dictadura uruguaya y qué orientación se inscribe hacia este período y sus actores en manuales usados actualmente en enseñanza secundaria. También se investigó el uso de e...
Article
MartinJim R. & RoseDavid, Genre relations: Mapping culture. London: Equino, 2008. Pp. ix, 289. Pb. $29.95. - Volume 39 Issue 3 - Mariana Achugar
Chapter
History is a language-based discipline. In this discipline, language plays a central role in understanding, reasoning, and explanation. Doing history entails engaging in close reading and evaluation of particular texts, reading across texts to establish intertextual links, constructing meaning by juxtaposing a series of texts, and writing arguments...
Article
This paper analyzes the piropo in Spanish discourse as a speech event and as cognitive metaphor. This form of indirect speech act represents a Spanish discourse tradition that is still present in today’s discourse practices of Spanish-speaking cultures. These piropos are seen as reflections in language of the traditional roles of men and women in S...
Article
Institutional identity and social memory are used to construct legitimate images of self and justify past actions. The Uruguayan military as an institution was interested in constructing its own memory of the controversial period of the dictatorship to establish their new identity as political actors and to respond to outside critiques. As a result...
Article
This paper explores the role of Spanish in an academic community in Southwest Texas in order to demonstrate how power, history and place affect linguistic attitudes. The changing status of Spanish from being an index of low wage paying jobs to being a marker of membership in an exclusive academic community serves as a case to investigate how power...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores how language ideologies about monolingualism and bilingualism are reproduced and challenged by the media in a Southwestern border community in the United States. We investigate the particular ways in which these language ideologies are constructed and reconstructed through lexicogrammatical and discursive choices that evaluate...
Article
This article explores the construction of a bilingual professional identity in a bilingual creative-writing graduate program in southwest Texas by analyzing a classroom event and the participants' interpretation of it. In bilingual classrooms the resources available to construct professional identities include a large repertoire of linguistic pract...
Article
Educational interventions designed to serve the needs of English language learners (ELLs) in U.S. public schools are developed within a fractured social context. Recent language and immigration policy debates in the U.S. have focused on the importance of English in attaining socio-economic success. On the other hand, research in applied linguistics...
Article
This article examines how local norms for Spanish use in a multilingual Southwest Texas border setting respond to and contest dominant monolingual ideologies. The analysis focuses on notions of what languages are legitimate for use in the public sphere in this community and on the benefits of engaging in particular communicative practices. The corp...
Article
This article investigates the Uruguayan military's argumentative narrative about the last dictatorship (1973—85) in order to understand how violations of human rights are explained and justified. Through a historical perspective the investigation traces the changes and permanence of certain representational and discursive practices that construct t...
Article
Full-text available
Classrooms around the world are becoming more multilingual and teachers in all subject areas are faced with new challenges in enabling learners' academic language development without losing focus on content. These challenges require new ways of conceptualizing the relationship between language and content as well as new pedagogies that incorporate...
Article
In this article I report on a unique tertiary level bilingual graduate program in Southwest Texas where the content as well as the form of implementation are based on an additive model of bilingualism. The analysis focuses on how bilingualism and bilingual professional identity are conceptualized by the participants in this community of practice re...
Article
This paper explores patterns of language that construct causal reasoning in history textbooks used in the U.S. Two representative passages are analyzed to show how causality can be realized both explicitly and implicitly, and how the resources of the language contribute to highlighting some causal factors and downplaying others, particularly focusi...
Article
The aim of this article is to identify some of the discursive properties of the Uruguayan media coverage of the events of 11 September 2001 and their aftermath. The specific focus is on the construction of inand out-group identity through representation of the events and its participants. In addition, the article explores how local political agenda...
Article
Full-text available
In K-12 contexts, the teaching of English language learners (ELLs) has been greatly influenced by the theory and practice of content-based instruction (CBI). A focus on content can help students achieve grade-level standards in school subjects while they develop English proficiency, but CBI practices have focused primarily on vocabulary and the use...
Article
Degree granted in Spanish. Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of California, Davis, 2002.
Article
Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) (Halliday 1978, 1994; Halliday and Matthies- sen, 2004; Martin and Rose, 2003; among others) is a social theory of language that provides researchers with unique constructs, tools, and insights for the study of advanced L2 capacities. In addition, SFL is particularly well suited to provide theor- etical guidanc...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
In this study, we explore the role of historical fiction films and discussions of them in triggering empathy, knowledge, and action concerning issues of social and moral importance. We want to understand how representations of others’ history of suffering in films affects youths’ concern with suffering and willingness to social or political action.