María Rosa Mosquera-Losada

María Rosa Mosquera-Losada
University of Santiago de Compostela | USC · Department of Crop Production

33.17
 · 
Agroforestry

About

276
Publications
42,551
Reads
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1,937
Citations
Research Experience
January 2007 - December 2012
Universidad de Santiago de Compostela
Position
January 2007 - December 2013
University of Florida
Position
  • invited proffessor
March 1994 - present
High Politechnic School
Position
  • Department of Crop Production

Publications

Publications (276)
Article
Wildfires have always been an integral part of the ecology of many terrestrial ecosystems, but their frequency is increasing in many parts of the world. Wildfires were once a natural phenomenon, but after humans learned to control fire, it has been used as a management tool to increase soil fertility, to regenerate natural vegetation for grazing an...
Article
Full-text available
Floristic diversity changes substantially depending on the type of land management. We evaluated the impact of a continuous (CG) and rotational (RG) grazing system on the dynamics of plant diversity and community composition in a heather-gorse understory after a two and six-year pause from horse grazing. Previously grazed sites had higher total and...
Article
Full-text available
Wildfires have always been an integral part of the ecology of many terrestrial ecosystems, but their frequency is increasing in many parts of the world. Wildfires were once a natural phenomenon, but after humans learned to control fire, it has been used as a management tool to increase soil fertility, to regenerate natural vegetation for grazing an...
Conference Paper
Silvopasture is the combination of woody vegetation with forage and animal production on the same land that allows the diversification of agricultural income and productivity. In the silvopastoral systems, the fertilisation with sewage sludge could increase tree growth and pasture production at the same time that the pasture biodiversity is modifie...
Conference Paper
Agroforestry (AF) is a climate-smart agriculture (CSA) practice of deliberately integrating woody vegetation (trees or shrubs) with crop and/or animal systems to benefit from the resulting ecological and economic interactions. It is recognized as a proactive “negative emissions technologies” (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change (IPCC) 1.5SR)...
Conference Paper
Mixed pasture establishment is considered as a key point to increase livestock production due to the higher quality it has compared with unmanaged shrubby species. They also provide a set of ecosystem services such as carbon sequestration and higher biodiversity. Moreover, herbaceous pasture establishment effectively contributes to biomass producti...
Conference Paper
Sewage sludge use in agriculture is promoted by the European Union since the normative of cleaning waters related to the compulsory use of depuration plants in all cities over 2000 inhabitants was finally implemented in 2005. The University of Santiago de Compostela (USC) has been conducted long-term experiment research about the application of dif...
Article
The Circular Economy Package adopted by the European Commission proposes that when a product reaches the end of its life, it should be used again to create further value. In this context, it is important to valorise and characterize the effect of waste on soil fertility and pasture/crops growth. In this experiment we used two types of bio-waste bas...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Policy is one of the main drivers of agricultural land management in Europe because Community Agricultural Policy spends around the 40% of the EU budget representing €55 billion per year. There are two main pillars in the CAP, the first deals with the direct payments and the second with the rural development. Lack of consistency between Pillars hav...
Conference Paper
Adaptation to climate change is becoming more and more relevant in the recent years due to the changing environment that are European Union is facing, but also due to the higher frequency of extreme events than before. Mediterranean countries placed in the South of Europe are the member states that will be more prone to suffer environment changes w...
Conference Paper
Agroforestry is a sustainable land use system that has been categorized as a “negative greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions tool” by the IPCC (Global warming of 1.5°C. An IPCC Special Report) at the end of 2018 and can be implemented at the plot, farm and landscape level. Policy makers should develop strategies and direct funding to promote agriculture (...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Chestnut stands are forest and permanent crop lands of high economic importance in the north of Spain for both high timber value and fruit production. Nowadays, the lack of profitability of some chestnut stands linked to the high amount of man power needed to harvest the chestnut fruits in high step mountain areas. A good option to increase profita...
Conference Paper
Silvoarable or alley cropping practices are one of the best forms to intensificate cropland systems based on the best optimization of the available resources (light, fertilizers) as the biomass production could be increased by 25% per unite of land. However, to perform silvoarable practices it is key to know which are the best varieties of crops to...
Article
Full-text available
La presente investigación tiene como objetivo la realización de una aproximación a la creación de un modelo matemático para conocer la dinámica de crecimiento del maíz de variedades locales, cultivado en asociación o no a una leguminosa en las condiciones agroecológicas de la provincia de Imbabura. El desarrollo del modelo partió de la siembra de m...
Poster
Full-text available
Nowadays, the lack of profitability of some chestnut stands linked to the high amount of man power needed to harvest the chestnut fruits in high step mountain areas. A good option to in- crease profitability of these areas is to rare animals to use fruit as feeds. Most of the mountain chestnut stands are associated to less favored areas where autoc...
Poster
Full-text available
Agroforestry is considered a sustainable form of land management that optimizes the use of natural resources (nutrients, radiation, water). Agroforestry was a traditional land use system in Europe before modern times. However, before the sixties land intensification and conso- lidation destroyed millions of trees all over Europe. On the contrary, s...
Poster
Full-text available
Agroforestry is one of the most prominent tools to make easy the transition of European agricultural and forestry farms to more sustainable land use systems such as agroforestry. The extent of agroforestry in Europe is 19.5 million of hectares, of which 85% is allocated to silvopastoralism mainly associated to European Southern countries but also p...
Poster
Full-text available
Secuestro de carbono en las distintas fracciones del suelo de un sistema silvopastoral establecido con nogales (Juglans regia L.) en Galicia
Book
Full-text available
Es un placer presentaros el libro de actas del VII Workshop de REMEDIA: Red Científica de Mitigación de Emisiones de Gases de Efecto Invernadero con un enfoque en el sector agroforestal. El cambio climático es ya un hecho que despierta muchas inquietudes a nivel social y en España necesitamos un empuje importante para llegar a los niveles de concie...
Article
Full-text available
Agroforestry, relative to conventional agriculture, contributes significantly to carbon sequestration, increases a range of regulating ecosystem services, and enhances biodiversity. Using a transdisciplinary approach, we combined scientific and technical knowledge to evaluate nine environmental pressures in terms of ecosystem services in European f...
Article
The study assessed the economic performance of marketable ecosystem services (ES) (biomass production) and non-marketable ecosystem services and dis-services (groundwater, nutrient loss, soil loss, carbon sequestration, pollination deficit) in 11 contrasting European landscapes dominated by agroforestry land use compared to business as usual agricu...
Chapter
Full-text available
As regiões mediterrânicas ocorrem na transição entre as zonas climáticas temperadas e tropicais, em latitudes que variam sensivelmente entre os 30° e 40° Norte e Sul, na parte oeste dos continentes (Gómez-Sal, 2000). Distribuem-se pela bacia do Mediterrâneo, África do Sul, sudoeste da Austrália, Chile e Califórnia. Na Europa, a região mediterrânica...
Article
n Europe, sewage sludge has to be stabilised before its use as fertiliser in agricultural land. Stabilisation processes can cause differences in the concentration of heavy metals in sewage sludge, such as that of zinc (Zn), one of the heavy metals with the highest proportion in sewage sludge. This study was undertaken to examine during a five-year...
Article
Short-term production in silvopastoral systems is often limited due to inappropriate soil-fertility management. Sewage sludge fertilisation could enhance productivity of silvopastoral systems (including understory and trees). After taking into account heavy metal concentrations, the main aspects related to adequate use of sewage sludge as an organi...
Article
Agroforestry is an integrated land use management that combines a woody component with a lower story agricultural production recognized as one of the most important tools to mitigate and adapt to climate change. The objective of this paper is to provide a categorization and extent of agroforestry practices linked to agricultural and forest lands at...
Article
Full-text available
El conocimiento de la calidad nutritiva de la vegetación es esencial para el desarrollo de una gestión eficiente y ecológicamente sostenible de los sistemas silvopastorales. Se compararon 11 parámetros nutricionales: Fibra Ácido Detergente (FAD), lignina, celulosa, sílice, proteína bruta (PB), digestibilidad in vitro (DMO), materia seca (MS), fósfo...
Article
Full-text available
La presencia de vegetación leñosa en el interior y en los márgenes de terrenos agrícolas era relativamente común en España hasta el desarrollo de la mecanización de las tareas agrícolas a partir de mediados del siglo XX. El proceso de simplificación de los ecosistemas en entornos agrícolas y la separación efectiva de zonas forestales y zonas agríco...
Article
La Asociación Agroforestal Española nace oficialmente en 2016, con cuatro finalidades fundamentales: (i) promover la adopción de los sistemas y prácticas agroforestales en España; (ii) trabajar por la aplicación de la PAC de forma adecuada a los sistemas agroforestales; (iii) generar un lugar de encuentro entre investigadores y actores interesados,...
Article
Short-term production in silvopastoral systems is often limited due to inappropriate soil-fertility management. Sewage sludge fertilisation could enhance productivity of silvopastoral systems (including understory and trees). After taking into account heavy metal concentrations, the main aspects related to adequate use of sewage sludge as an organi...
Article
In Europe, sewage sludge has to be stabilised before its use as fertiliser in agricultural land. Stabilisation processes can cause differences in the concentration of heavy metals in sewage sludge, such as that of zinc (Zn), one of the heavy metals with the highest proportion in sewage sludge. This study was undertaken to examine during a five-year...
Article
Agroforestry is considered a sustainable form of land management that optimizes the use of natural resources (nutrients, radiation, water). Agroforestry is defined as the deliberate integration of woody vegetation with agricultural activities in the lower story. It provides a higher biomass production per unit of land, while providing more ecosyste...
Article
Full-text available
Desde el año 2006 en el que comenzaron los trabajos de campo relacionados con el Catálogo Galego de Árbores Senlleiras, en el marco de un convenio de colaboración entre la Consellería de Medio Ambiente y la Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, se han visitado, medido y fotografiado más de 1100 ejemplares y formaciones por toda la geografía galleg...
Article
Full-text available
Agroforestry is a sustainable land management system that should be more strongly promoted in Europe to ensure adequate ecosystem service provision in the old continent (Decision 529/2013) through the common agricultural policy (CAP). The promotion of the woody component in Europe can be appreciated in different sections of the CAP linked to Pillar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Please see the complete paper, pages 351-354, in the Conference Proceedings. Using biochar from sewage sludge and other feedstocks in European agroforestry: Opportunities and challenges. p 351-354. 4th European Agroforestry Conference - Agroforestry as Sustainable Land Use. Nijmegen, Netherlands. May 2018.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Agroforestry (AF) is the practice of deliberately integrating woody vegetation (trees or shrubs) with crop and/or animal systems to benefit from the resulting ecological and economic interactions. The appropriate application of AF practices is a key avenue to help the European Union to achieve more sustainable methods of food production. However, t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In 2014, FAO suggested five principles to guide strategic global development to provide ‘a basis for developing national policies, strategies, programs, regulations and incentives that will guide the transition to an agriculture that is highly productive, economically viable, environmentally sound, and which is based on the principles of equity and...
Conference Paper
In Europe, the adoption of agroforestry practices by farmers is limited. Therefore, it is important to understand how farmers perceive agroforestry practices to promote their adoption. The aim of this study was to understand the knowledge that farmers have on apple orchard silvopasture in Galicia (NW Spain) through an analysis of farmer qualitative...
Conference Paper
In the silvopastoral systems one of the main factors affecting pasture production is tree density. Therefore, it would be very useful to have management tools to estimate long-term pasture production when silvopastoral systems are established. In this context, the Yield-SAFE is a biophysical model to predict long-term pasture production taking into...
Article
Sewage sludge production has been increased in the last years because the wastewater treatment is mandatory in urban areas with more than 2000 inhabitants since 2005. Most adequate disposal of sewage sludge should be agricultural soils to improve their fertility and fulfill bioeconomy and circular economy requirements. However, the higher level of...
Article
Full-text available
Potential benefits and costs of agroforestry practices have been analysed by experts, but few studies have captured farmers’ perspectives on why agroforestry might be adopted on a European scale. This study provides answers to this question, through an analysis of 183 farmer interviews in 14 case study systems in eight European countries. The study...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Agroforestry within the Pillar I can be established in arable lands, permanent grasslands and permanent crops, but the current Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) prevents from agroforestry practices extension. Some improvements have been carried out within the OMNIBUS regulation, mainly linked to avoid the reduction of loss of payments by the presenc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Agroforestry definitions and practices are difficult to understand mainly because of both time and spatial scale understanding is needed to fully be aware of the concept. The definition of agroforestry to facilitate the identification by policy makers could be "the deliberate integration of woody vegetation (trees and/or shrubs) as an upper storey...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Agroforestry has to play a key role in the next Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) with regard to the environment. Cross-compliance, Pillar I and Pillar II intend to protect the woody component in agricultural lands. However, the implementation is rather complex and usually inefficient as highlights the court of auditors. This paper summarizes the ma...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Agroforestry practices and systems are sustainable use land management that should be fostered by the global and European Union policies. Within the Common Agrarian Policy (CAP) there are opportunities to foster agroforestry practices and systems that are not fully recognized as agroforestry but that should be improved. Main challenges of agrofores...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Homegardens are probably the most difficult agroforestry practice to map because of their size and presence in non-agricultural outlines. The combination of the fields of “homegardens” and “woody component” at LUCAS point level revealed that around 60% of the homegardens in Europe can be considered agroforestry. However, agroforestry could also be...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Homegardens are probably the most difficult agroforestry practice to map because of their size and presence in non-agricultural areas. The LUCAS database allows to combine the “orchards” field with the “woody” component, needed to identify this agroforestry practice. The objective of this paper is to map and quantify the agroforestry homegardens in...
Book
Full-text available
Foreword. It is a great pleasure to share with you the excellent book of abstracts of the 4th European Agroforestry Conference carried out in the beautiful city of Nijmejen (The Netherlands) during the European Green Capital 2018. The book is plenty of extraordinary information and experiences about agroforestry practices and systems around the wo...
Article
The Betula genus is distributed throughout most of Europe, where it is mainly represented by two stand-formingtree species, Betula pubescens Ehrh. and Betula pendula Roth. Despite the many advantages of birch as a com-mercial timber tree, ease establishment, high value timber and a short rotation, it has a poor reputation in Spainwhere this study w...
Article
Agroforestry is a sustainable land management system recognized worldwide but not implemented in a extensive form in temperate and developed countries. Agroforestry has been promoted in the last decades at global level as it provides more efficient and sustainable farming systems. This review aims at summarizing the main research findings explainin...
Article
Agroforestry understood as the combination of a woody component (forest tree, shrub, fruit tree) with an agricultural use of the understory is not clearly identified as such by the European Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Despite the protection and promotion of the woody component in different parts of the CAP political text, the identification o...
Article
Full-text available
Agroforestry systems are known to provide ecosystem services which differ in quantity and quality from conventional agricultural practices and could enhance rural landscapes. In this study we compared ecosystem services provision of agroforestry and non-agroforestry landscapes in case study regions from three European biogeographical regions: Medit...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The report presents the findings of the EIP-AGRI Focus Group (FG) on 'Agroforestry: Integrating woody crops into specialised crop and livestock systems'. Agroforestry, here defined as the practice of integrating woody vegetation with crops and/or livestock systems, is a historical approach to farming that is being re-discovered. Agroforestry practi...
Article
Full-text available
The article is devoted to research of above-ground biomass of oak (Quercus robur L.) windbreaks. Described are the morphological, biological, ecological and forest meliorative properties of common oak growing in windbreaks. The dependence between the amount of biomass components and the main mensurational and meliorative indices such as protective...
Article
Full-text available
Whilst the benefits of agroforestry are widely recognised in tropical latitudes few studies have assessed how agroforestry is perceived in temperate latitudes. This study evaluates how stakeholders and key actors including farmers, landowners, agricultural advisors, researchers and environmentalists perceive the implementation and expansion of agro...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The EIP -AGRI Focus Group Agroforestry Mini Paper is focused on Education in Agroforestry. In detail, the paper considers three main aspects: a. providing a brief overview on the topic and already