María Victoria Carrera-Fernández

María Victoria Carrera-Fernández
University of Vigo | UVIGO · Faculty of Educational Sciences

PhD Educational Sciences

About

110
Publications
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1,155
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Citations since 2016
53 Research Items
908 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Introduction
María Victoria Carrera-Fernández currently works at the Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Vigo. María Victoria does research in Quantitative Social Research, Qualitative Social Research and Sociological Theory. Her research focuses on bullying as a gendered practice of heteronormative and ethnocentric control and adopts a feminist post-structuralist perspective, working from a critical and queer pedagogy.

Publications

Publications (110)
Article
The arrival of unaccompanied minors from Africa in Spanish territory has been a constant since the last decade of the twentieth century. This migratory phenomenon has forced the child welfare system to attend to thousands of migrant children. The transition to adult life is a decisive stage in overcoming the situation of social exclusion. This rese...
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Introducción. La adolescencia tutelada por el sistema de protección protagoniza itinerarios formativos en los que solo una minoría logra cursar estudios post-obligatorios. Objetivo. Comprender que estrategias del acompañamiento socioeducativo, que realizan las figuras profesionales del sistema de protección, facilitan o dificultan el logro de objet...
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Background The process of transition to adult life of youth with a record of protection is crucial to overcome the difficulties to achieve an independent life.Objective This research aims to analyze the conditions under which protected youth are emancipated, as well as the factors that facilitate emancipation.MethodA qualitative study was performed...
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Students with administrative care measures have historically faced difficulties in achieving school goals. The Covid-19 pandemic forced the declaration of a lockdown, which accelerated changes in the schools’ pedagogical actions. This investigation analyses the strategies used by the educational system to promote the academic inclusion of students...
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El sistema de protección a la infancia acompaña a la adolescencia extranjera en situación de vulnerabilidad. La ausencia de apoyos sociales primarios hace imprescindible que adquieran un nivel alto de autonomía, fundamental para asumir en buenas condiciones un proceso de transición a la vida adulta de duración más breve que el de la juventud nacion...
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Abstract: The child protection system accompanies foreign adolescents who are in vulnerable situations. The absence of primary social supports makes it imperative for foreign adolescents to acquire a high level of autonomy, which is essential to assuming a transition process to adult life that is shorter than that of the coexisting national youth....
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Introduction: The protection system must still adapt protective action to the specific needs of youth. Literature on the issue has indicated that the administration should design policies that facilitate the integration of vulnerable youth. Objetive: To compares Galiza and Portugal's response to the needs of vulnerable children who have an adminis...
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Introducción/objetivo: El acoso sexual es una de las violencias que más debe preocupar a la comunidad educativa, por ello, el objetivo de este estudio consiste en analizar los conocimientos, las percepciones y las actitudes de los y las estudiantes universitarios hacia el acoso sexual. Método: Desde un enfoque cualitativo se han realizado diez ent...
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El objetivo de este estudio consiste en analizar los conocimientos, las percepciones y las actitudes de los y las estudiantes hacia el acoso sexual. Para esto, se han realizado diez entrevistas individuales a estudiantes (seis alumnas y cuatro alumnos) y ocho grupos de discusión heterogéneos formados por 67 estudiantes. Todos pertenecientes a una u...
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Bullying is a severe public health problem, and bystanders’ reactions are a key variable in its perpetration and maintenance. This study aimed to assess the level of secondary victimization of bullying victims as a function of the student’s sex and the victim’s category (nonnormative vs. normative) in three experimental conditions (feminine, mascul...
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El objetivo de este estudio consiste en analizar los conocimientos, las percepciones y las actitudes de los y las estudiantes hacia el acoso sexual. Para esto, se han realizado diez entrevistas individuales a estudiantes (seis alumnas y cuatro alumnos) y ocho grupos de discusión heterogéneos formados por 67 estudiantes. Todos pertenecientes a una u...
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Adolescence, a period of physical, social, cognitive and emotional development, represents a target population for sexual health promotion and education when it comes to achieving the 2030 Agenda goals for sustainable and equitable societies. The aim of this study is to provide an overview of what is known about the dissemination and effectiveness...
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Background: The prevailing sex education (SE) model falls within a neoliberal prevention- and risk-oriented paradigm. This model ignores the identity dimension of sexuality, is based on the cis-heteronormative and ethnocentric matrix and stigmatizes sexual and cultural diversity; this has significant consequences for sexually and culturally divers...
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Background: Within the context of the widespread use of technologies by adolescents, the objectives of this study were to identify the perpetrators of intimate partner cyberstalking (IPCS) in adolescents; to analyze the relationship between IPCS and gender, age, sexting behaviors, pornography consumption, and ambivalent sexism; and to investigate...
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El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la primera experiencia de violencia sexual que han sufrido las mujeres a través de los tuits de denuncia en la Campaña #PrimAcoso. Durante un mes se identificó un total de 2,887 tuits publicados con el hastag #PrimerAcoso, de los cuales 688 eran tuits y 2,199, retuits. Los resultados muestran que 76% de los t...
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O documento presenta unha compilación de acordos sobre educación primaria aprobados en cento tres reunións internacionais celebradas entre os anos 1934 e 1958 en diferentes países do continente americano. Estes acordos poñen de relevo o interese dos organismos internacionais, especialmente latinoamericanos, en promover a Educación para a Paz e a Co...
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As two cis-hetero woman feminist educators, we provide an educator’s perspective on transexclusionary radical feminist (TERF) discourses. We begin by discussing the heterosexual matrix and the gender violence that it produces in schools as well as other socializing institutions. The socially constructed sexual binary constrains identity production...
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The emancipation of youth that had been protected by the public administration is crucial to overcome their situation of social difficulty as well as to break the chain of social exclusion. The qualitative aims were to analyze whether socio-educational accompaniment strategies are effective during the transition process to adulthood, as well as to...
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Los itinerarios académicos de exclusión escolar son mayoritarios entre el alumnado con expediente administrativo de protección. La declaración del estado de alarma, motivado por la alerta sanitaria del Covid-19, se traduce en un cambio en las dinámicas escolares. Esta investigación se propone analizar qué aspectos de la planificación docente, así c...
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El Sistema de Protección a la Infancia y a la Adolescencia español utiliza los mismos mecanismos con la población tutelada nacional que con la extranjera de origen latinoamericano. Con esta investiga-ción se pretende conocer las dificultades específicas de la juventud procedente de América Latina, en edad de emancipación y que tie-ne expediente de...
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Libro de Actas del XX Coloquio de Historia de la Educación, celebrado en Galicia, en verano de 2019, sobre el tema: Identidades, internacionalismo, pacifismo y educación, coordinado por Xosé Manuel Cid Fernández y María Victoria Carrera Fernández, con la participación de casi 200 investigadores e investigadoras de todo el mundo, como refleja el lib...
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Objectives: This study had a double goal: (i) analyzing the beliefs, attitudes and behaviors of Portuguese adolescents regarding trans and gender diverse people; and (ii) validating the short version of the Genderism and Transphobia Scale. Methods: A sample of 1,005 Portuguese adolescents aged between 13 and 18 years took part in the study. Results...
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The bullying phenomenon has been simplified and studied primarily from a psychological perspective. In this study, the phenomenon of bullying was examined by analyzing the joint influence of sociocultural factors such as gender stereotypes, sexism, and attitudes toward sexual and cultural diversity on bullying participation as a bully and a bully f...
Book
Investigacións presentadas ao XI Congreso do Centro de Estudios Chamoso Lamas de O Carballiño. 30 traballos en case 500 páxinas que dan conta, por unha parte da historia local da comarca de Terras do Carballiño, con contribucións interesantes, entre outras, sobre a festa do pulpo que se celebra anualmente nesa localidade galega. Por outra parte, in...
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BACKGROUND This study examined the combined influence of gender variables (specifically gender stereotypes, sexism, and genderism/transphobia) as well as racism/xenophobia and attitudes toward bullying roles on gender‐bashing. METHODS A trans‐cultural sample of 2410 Spanish and Portuguese students participated in the study (mean age = 15.13). Stru...
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e-Book: Pedagogías Queer - ISBN: 978-956-362-007-8
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Significant changes have been applied to the regulation of criminal law concerning road traffic in Spain, in a similar way to many of the countries surrounding us. This has led to a gradual increase in the number of individuals who are convicted with custodial sentences or sentenced to community service. Nevertheless, the available data on the psyc...
Book
Libro promovido polo programa de doutoramento en Ciencias da Educación e do Comportamento para recoller os avances das investigacións realizadas por doutorandos e doutorandas, tanto na liña de investigación e intervención socioeducativa, como en TICs aplicadas á educación, necesidades específicas de apoio educativo, ou en saúde, sexualidade e xéner...
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The purpose was to analyze the joint influence of sexism, homophobia and moral disengagement on attitudes toward cultural diversity. A total of 1245 adolescents aged from 14 to 19 years old participated in the study. Of these, 57% were Spanish and 43% were Portuguese (54.9% were female and 45.1% were male). Structural equation modeling confirmed th...
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El objetivo del estudio es analizar la percepción que tienen los/as adolescentes de las víctimas de bullying desde una perspectiva de género, concretamente desde la aproximación de la Teoría Queer. Se lleva a cabo un estudio cualitativo a través de grupos de discusión, en el que participaron voluntariamente 93 adolescentes españoles (48 chicas y 45...
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El objetivo del trabajo es analizar las actitudes hacia la homosexualidad e identificar su relación con los estereotipos de género. Participaron 1405 adolescentes gallegos/as con una media de edad de 15.12 años. Se observa que los chicos son más instrumentales y expresan actitudes más negativas hacia la homosexualidad y el lesbianismo. Por otra par...
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Este trabajo se orienta al análisis de la influencia de los estereotipos de género en los intereses de niñas/os de 6º de Educación Infantil. La investigación se llevó a cabo en un CEIP con un total de 24 alumnas/os. Se realizó un estudio cualitativo, poniendo en práctica dos actividades. Los resultados ponen de manifiesto que los juegos tradicional...
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El objetivo de este estudio consiste en evaluar la prevalencia de la violencia en las relaciones de pareja de los y las adolescentes desde la perspectiva de la víctima. La muestra formada por 400 estudiantes de Secundaria de Galicia. La edad media fue de 16.29 años. Los resultados muestran bajas tasas de prevalencia en violencia física, sexual y re...
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En este trabajo se analizan las actitudes hacia la diversidad sexual en niñas/ os de 6º de Educación Infantil. La investigación se llevó a cabo en un CEIP de Galicia con un total de 24 alumnas/os. Se llevó a cabo un estudio cualitativo, poniendo en práctica un juego que consistía en la lectura y visionado del cuento–“La casa de colores”- donde se p...
Article
The purpose was to analyze the joint influence of sexism, homophobia and moral disengagement on attitudes toward cultural diversity. A total of 1245 adolescents aged from 14 to 19 years old participated in the study. Of these, 57% were Spanish and 43% were Portuguese (54.9% were female and 45.1% were male). Structural equation modeling confirmed th...
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The purpose of this investigation is dual. Firstly, we validated the Spanish version of the Sexting Attitudes Scale of Weisskirch and Delevi (2011) in adolescents, and secondly, we evaluated sexting attitudes and behaviors in a sample of Spanish adolescents. The sample was made up of 1284 students of Secondary Education, of whom 51.2% are girls and...
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Education for peace in its widest and most positive meaning comprises the doctrinal corpus of Freinet pedagogy, both in his origins as a teacher fighting for active, democratic and secular pedagogy, and in his conviction that teachers needed to work together to achieve the transformation of schooling and the profession. This article reviews progres...
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Resumen En este estudio teórico se ha llevado a cabo una revisión sistemática de los principales estudios existentes sobre la violencia en parejas homosexuales y bisexuales. Partimos de la revisión bibliográfica realizara por Richard, Noret y Rivers (2003) en la que se recopilaron un total de 26 estudios desde 1978 hasta 2002, se realiza una nueva...
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Recent research on achievement in science asserts that motivation, emotion, and metacognition are important driving forces for learning. This study sought to examine the relationships between two physics class emotions (hope and anxiety), their motivational predictors (instrumentality and self-efficacy), and their effects on metacognitive problem s...
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The purpose of the present study was to analyse adolescents’ perception of bullying and particularly of the ways intelligible masculinities and femininities are performed through violence in the framework of Queer Theory. We conducted a qualitative study using focus groups. The sample was composed of 93 Spanish adolescents (48 girls and 45 boys, me...
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Objective There is very little information available about the characteristics of drivers convicted for traffic offences. The objective of this study was to perform a comparative analysis of the psychosocial characteristics of Spanish prison inmates convicted of road traffic offences (CRTOs), drivers serving a prison sentence for other types of off...
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This research aims to analyze the current state of Social Education implementation in the field of health. For this purpose, it has been used the following methodology: Search in scientific databases, exploration in professional documents, analysis the studying plans of the degrees in Social Education in Spanish public and private universities, by...
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El impacto provocado por la generalización de las Redes Sociales ha supuesto drásticas transformaciones en las formas de comunicación y socialización. Esta realidad no deja al margen a los/las adolescentes, verdaderos/as nativos/as digitales. El objetivo de este estudio consiste en conocer los hábitos de uso en las Redes Sociales de los/as estudian...
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This study investigated the motivational predictors (self-concept and intrinsic value) of anxiety in a statistics class and their outcomes (use of self-regulatory and deep processing strategies, persistence, and performance). Moreover the similarities and differences of these structural relations in two samples of undergraduates, and the mediation...
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The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between class-related anxiety with perceived control, teacher-reported behavioral engagement, behavioral disaffection, and academic performance. Participants were 355 compulsory secondary students (9th and 10th grades; Mean age = 15.2 years; SD = 1.8 years). Structural equation models revealed p...
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La violencia de pareja afecta a personas transexuales, transgénero e intersexuales y así se visibiliza en investigaciones a nivel nacional e internacional. En este estudio teórico se ha llevado a cabo una revisión sistemática de las investigaciones realizadas con estos colectivos. Se realiza una revisión exhaustiva de las principales bases de datos...
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Este trabajo constituye un análisis sobre el papel de la Educación Social en la construcción de sociedades más justas e igualitarias, que reconociendo el valor de la diferencia de género y sexual garanticen la igualdad de oportunidades para todas y todos. En la primera parte hacemos una breve aproximación a la construcción de la identidad de género...
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El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar las actitudes hacia la diversidad sexual en adolescentes. Un total de 800 adolescentes españoles con una media de edad de 15.19 años (DT: .92) y un rango de 14 a 18 años (50.70% chicas y 49.30% chicos) completaron las versión española de la Escala Moderna de Homofobia, así como la validación española de la Esc...
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El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la división del espacio público y privado del colectivo docente no universitario español, teniendo en cuenta la tipología del centro educativo. La muestra representativa a nivel nacional, está compuesta por 744 docentes (62.5% son profesoras y 37.4% son profesores), con una media de edad de 41.3 (SD: 9.9). Se...
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El objetivo de este artículo es abordar los fundamentos de la teoría del sexismo ambivalente, tanto de las escalas desarrolladas para mujeres (ASI, Escala de Sexismo Ambivalente, Glick y Fiske, 1996) como para hombres (AMI, Escala de Actitudes Ambivalentes hacia hombres, Glick y Fiske, 1999) y su relación con otras escalas de sexismo moderno; así c...
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The aim of this study is to analyze the expressive and instrumental traits of the Spanish Educational Community (students, teachers and parents) and to determine whether fathers and mothers or teachers are who have the greatest infl uence in the transmission of stereotypes gender to students in secondary education. The sample were of teacher (n = 7...
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The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of bullying in its various forms from the perspective of all of the individuals involved (victims, bullies, and witnesses) and to explore its distribution as a function of gender. The study had a correlational design and used a representative sample of 1500 Spanish students attending compulsory...
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The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a short form of the Genderism and Transphobia Scale and assess adolescents' attitudes toward transpeople. A total of 800 Spanish adolescents aged between 14 and 18 years (50.70% girls, 49.30% boys) completed the Spanish version of the scale and other related questionnaires. The short form of...
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La teoría del amor de Lee es una de las más empleadas en la actualidad. La Escala de Actitudes hacia el Amor –fundamentada en la teoría de Lee– ha demostrado en otras culturas y poblaciones su adecuación psicométrica. No obstante, la escala no ha sido validada en adolescentes. Así, el objetivo del presente estudio es validar la Escala de Actitudes...
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Despite recent worldwide legal advances in the protection of LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) rights, legal systems continue to take the categories of ‘male’ and ‘female’ to be based on a fixed and permanent natural order. Taking the current Spanish law regulating changes in gender identity as an example, we analyze how this recent (2...
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The aim of the present study was to assess the combined influence of gender stereotypes, sexism, and homophobia on attitudes toward bullying and bullying behavior. A total of 1,500 Spanish adolescents between 12 and 18 years of age (49.3% girls and 50.7% boys) completed a questionnaire that included measures of bullying, attitudes toward bullying,...
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El objetivo de esta investigación es doble, por un lado se ha evaluado la fiabilidad y la validez de la versión española de la Escala de Homofobia Moderna en adolescentes; y por otro, se evaluará tanto los niveles de homofobia que los y las adolescentes tienen, así como la relación de la homofobia con el sexismo ambivalente. La Escala de Homofobia...
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El objetivo de este estudio es validar la Escala de Mitos hacia el Amor en una muestra de adolescentes y comprobar si existen diferencias en los mitos hacia el amor en función del género. La muestra está formada por un total de 800 estudiantesde Secundaria, 421 chicas y 387 chicos, con una media de edad de 15.98 años (DT = 1.53). El análisis factor...
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En este trabajo se ponen de relieve los fenómenos de otredad que tienen lugar en la escuela, analizando el caso concreto del fenómeno del maltrato entre iguales desde una perspectiva de género. Y se destaca el papel del educador/a social como agente de subversión social, promocionando así una pedagogía transgresora que permita a la comunidad educat...
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Introduction. Very few studies have examined the neuropsychological performance of HIV-positive women, and even fewer have attempted a comparison of cognitive functioning by gender. The aim of this study was to describe the nature of the neuropsychological performance of HIV seropositive patients by gender. Methods. A clinical sample made up of 151...
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Despite feminist understandings of the socially constructed nature of sex and gender and anthropological studies of alternative constructions, western societies tend to understand sex and gender in terms of mutually-exclusive hierarchical categories. We analyze the process by which a heteronormative sex-gender-sexuality system is constructed and le...