Maria Elide Vanutelli

Maria Elide Vanutelli
University of Milan | UNIMI · Department of Philosophy

PhD
Postdoc Researcher at University of Milan - Department of Philosophy

About

87
Publications
100,015
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871
Citations
Introduction
Post-doc researcher at University of Milan - Department of Philosophy. My current project is about Special Creativity: Assessment and enhancement of cognitive flexibility and creative thinking in typical and atypical neurocognitive conditions
Education
October 2014 - June 2015
SIUA - School of Human-Animal Interaction
Field of study
  • Ethology and animal behavior: Consultant for Human-Cat relationship
November 2012 - November 2013
Catholic University of the Sacred Heart
Field of study
  • Neuropsychology: Assessment, Diagnosis and Rehabilitation
September 2009 - March 2012
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
Field of study
  • Neuropsychology

Publications

Publications (87)
Article
Full-text available
People with intellectual disabilities (ID) show cognitive deficits that are subject to an earlier deterioration and they experience difficulties in the social-emotional sphere. Various stimulation techniques exist to strengthen these skills that, however, are not usually proposed to individuals with ID because 1) the users are not necessarily in se...
Article
Full-text available
In the last 25 years, the field of neuroscience has seen exponential growth due to technological advances, which have not only allowed for collecting more accurate data, but also for addressing a variety of innovative studies for human development understanding. Neurofeedback (NF), and particularly Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) applications, are...
Preprint
In the last 25 years, the field of neuroscience has seen exponential growth due to technological advances, which have not only allowed for collecting more accurate data, but also for addressing a variety of innovative studies for human development understanding. Neurofeedback (NF), and particularly Brain–Computer Interfaces (BCI) applications, are...
Article
Full-text available
Mathematics, being a very ancient discipline, is usually seen as a formal subject that must be learned for school purposes, which is very far from creativity and fun. Also, mathematical skills are often considered a talent, so students are easily divided into gifted and not gifted, with a focus on speed and accuracy rather than encouraging the proc...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mathematics, being a very ancient discipline, is usually seen as a formal subject that must be learned for school purposes, which is very far from creativity and fun. Also, mathematical skills are often considered a talent, so students are easily divided into gifted and not gifted, with a focus on speed and accuracy rather than encouraging the proc...
Article
Full-text available
Neurofunctional models of developmental dyslexia (DD) point out disruption of the left-lateralized reading network. In individuals with DD, the left temporo-parietal (TP) regions are underactivated during reading tasks and a dysfunctional activation of the contralateral regions is reported. After a successful reading intervention, left TP lateraliz...
Presentation
In a historical moment like the present one, characterized by a continuous flow of information and emotions, it becomes even more important to use flexible cognitive strategies that allow us to deal with change in a functional and adaptive way. An area of particular attention related to the pandemic concerns the emotional domain, which is often cha...
Article
Full-text available
Decisional conflicts have been investigated with social decision-making tasks, which represent good models to elicit social and emotional dynamics, including fairness perception. To explore these issues, we created two modified versions of the UG framed within an economic vs. a moral context that included two kinds of unfair offers: advantageous (u...
Presentation
Full-text available
Intellectual disability (ID) is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significant limitations in intellectual and adaptive functioning. From a cognitive point of view, individual with ID systematically show rigidity in thinking, with difficulties in planning, problem-solving abilities, in adapting to new situations and in think...
Book
Full-text available
Il libro nasce dalla volontà di offrire riferimenti teorici e supporto pratico a tutti coloro che sono interessati alla creatività nell’ambito scolastico. Un lavoro pensato e progettato nel corso degli ultimi due anni, grazie anche al contributo e alla passione di numerosi studenti, ma che ha trovato la propria realizzazione durante la quarantena d...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Recently several studies in the psychological and social field have investigated the social function of gift exchange as a useful way for the consolidation of interpersonal and social relationships and the implementation of prosocial behaviors. Specifically, the present research wanted to explore if gift exchange, increased emotional s...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, different psychological studies have been interested in identifying the factors that regulate the development and maintenance of long-lasting interpersonal and social relationships. Specifically, the present research explored the link between gifts exchange, gratitude, and cognitive effects. The behavioral performance and neural activity...
Article
Empirical management research has focused more on the investigation of important interpersonal factors that could be beneficial for a company’s well-being, including emotional and empathic engagement between managers and employees. Recent research has increasingly embodied a neuroscientific methods and paradigms. Specifically, the capacity to under...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research in social neuroscience has shown how prosocial behavior can increase perceived self-efficacy, perception of cognitive abilitites and social interactions. The present research explored the effect of prosocial behavior, that is giving a gift during an interpersonal exchange, measuring the hyperscanning among two brains. The experiment...
Article
Functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a relatively new neuroimagingtechnique adequate and useful for exploring neural activity in social contexts involving humaninteractions. Compared to functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI), fNIRS is easy-to-usesafe, noninvasive, silent, relatively low cost and portable, and applicable to subject...
Presentation
Full-text available
Decision-making is configured as a very complex construct that it is influenced by different variables (Rilling & Sanfey, 2011; Fehr & Camerer 2007; Wang, Liu, & Ruhe, 2004), such as emotions and cognitive evaluation (Frith & Singer 2008; Groot et al., 2017; Stallen, Smidts, & Sanfey, 2013), that allow individuals to consider personal interests, po...
Presentation
Full-text available
The functional role of the prefrontal cortex has often been related to decision-making. Moreover, depending on the task that has to be carried out, it can be even more functionally specialized (Ernst & Paulus, 2005). The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), for example, seems to be activated by complex tasks solving, working memory processing an...
Article
Full-text available
How do people make decisions? Previous psychological research consistently shed light on the fact that decisions are not the result of a pure rational reasoning, and that emotions can assume a crucial role. This is particularly true in the case of moral decision-making, which requires a complex integration of affective and cognitive processes. One...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper describes a pilot educational project made in a Primary School in Italy (Scuola Primaria Alessandro Manzoni at Mulazzano, Milan) implemented in 2016 and 2017. The project was born from a specific request: the school aimed at improving the results achieved by students aged 7 during the National Tests for Mathematics since they registered...
Article
Organizational research started including neurosciences exploring pivotal phenomena and promoting organizational well-being. Leadership was investigated by assessing psychophysiological responses during performance review characterized by narrative or quantitative assessments and their effects on employees' well-being. As is known, rating could be...
Chapter
La relazione tra uomo e animale è diventata negli ultimi anni un tema di grande interesse, e gli effetti positivi di questo incontro sono stati valutati attraverso percorsi terapeutici specifici che coinvolgono la presenza di un animale nello sviluppo o nel recupero di alcune competenze motorie o cognitive. Tuttavia, al di là della percezione comun...
Article
Full-text available
Research suggests that doctors are failing to make use of technologies designed to optimize their decision making skills in daily clinical activities, despite a proliferation of electronic tools with the potential for decreasing risks of medical and diagnostic errors. This paper addresses this issue by exploring the cognitive basis of medical decis...
Article
Leadership in organizations consists of a complex process, which includes the interpersonal relationship with collaborators. By using a neuroscientific approach, we evaluated the effect of the presence of unidirectional versus reciprocal feedback (provided only by the leader or by both figures), as well as the assignment of a quantitative or just a...
Chapter
Full-text available
La creatività rappresenta un costrutto multidimensionalee per questo risulta difficile definirla in modo unico e universalmente riconosciuto. Al contrario, è necessario fare riferimento a diversi modelli definitori, ognuno in grado di porre in evidenza alcuni suoi particolari aspetti, o dimensioni. Al massimo livello di generalità, i vari modelli c...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this experimental research was to demonstrate that creative thinking could be trained in primary school children. After asserting the difficulty to determine a unique definition of creativity – the concept fits to several fields and areas of interests – the capacity to produce numerous ideas and to think divergently was chosen as the fr...
Article
Brain-to-brain coupling during cooperation is a core question of study on social interactions. The aim of the present study was to investigate the neural basis of interbrain cooperation and the cognitive performance underlying the execution of jointactions by using EEG coherence measures. Synchronicity of the cognitive variables (response times, RT...
Article
Full-text available
Background Social behavior and interactions pervasively shape and influence our lives and relationships. Competition, in particular, has become a core topic in social neuroscience since it stresses the relevance and salience of social comparison processes between the inter-agents that are involved in a common task. The majority of studies, however,...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research on Schizophrenia (S) revealed anomalies in brain responsiveness during emotion processing, as shown by neuroimaging and electroencephalography (EEG) measures. Nonetheless preserved capacities to explicitly evaluate the emotional significance of affective stimuli in term of valence have been found. The present study applied functio...
Article
Full-text available
Previous work showed that, when we interact with other people, an alignment of psychophysiological measures occur as a clue about the intensity of the social interaction. Available evidence highlighted increase autonomic synchrony, known as physiological linkage, during intense dyadic situations, like conflictual conversations within romantic coupl...
Article
Full-text available
Creativity, meant as the ability to produce novel, original and suitable ideas, has received increased attention by research in the last years, especially from neuroaesthetics and social neuroscience. Besides the research conducted on the neural correlates of such capacities, previous work tried to answer the question of whether it is possible to e...
Poster
The consumption of energy drink is commonly associated with greater physical and cognitive performance. However, there are contradictory results on this issue because the influence of each single component, nor the interactions between them, is still not clear. In addition, the mechanisms underlying neuromarketing techniques and their influence on...
Conference Paper
The presented performance, using an EEG-BCI (Brain Computer Interface), is dedicated to artists, scholars and experts interested in the whole world of creativity and the related psychological and neuro-cognitive mechanisms. The aims of this work are: to identify possible biomarkers (EEG) related to the creative process in specific tasks, exploring...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Real and virtual are often considered terms in reciprocal opposition, but the boundaries between the two are blurred. The main goal of our study consists in answering the question whether the presence of a third dimension (3D) is a fundamental step of the virtual toward the real world, and if it causes some difference in the neural activity of the...
Article
Full-text available
The diagnosis of Learning Disabilities (LD) is frequently subject to cognitive biases. In Italy, minimal diagnostic standards have been identified during a national Consensus Conference (2010). However, specialists use different protocols to assess reading and cognitive abilities. Thus, we propose to support LDs diagnosis with Artificial Neural Net...
Article
Emotional empathy plays a crucial role in social intra-species and inter-species interactions. However the role of interspecies interactions and of some personality components was underestimated. The present research explored electrophysiological correlates of affective processing in relation to emotionally valenced human-human (HH) and human-anima...
Article
Cooperation behavior is a core question of study on social neuroscience. In the present study, inter-brain functional connectivity and cognitive performance were considered during joint which was failing. The cognitive performance and the EEG (brain oscillations from delta to beta) underlying the execution of joint-actions were recorded when dyads...
Article
Functional connectivity during cooperative actions is an important topic in social neuroscience that has yet to be answered. Here, we examined the effects of administration of (fictitious) negative social feedback in relation to cooperative capabilities. Cognitive performance and neural activation underlying the execution of joint actions was recor...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The neural activity in response to ineffective joint actions was explored in the present study. Subjects involved in a cooperative but frustrating task (poor performance as manipulated by an external feedback) were required to cooperate (T1) during an attentional task in a way to synchronize their responses and obtain better outcomes....
Article
Full-text available
The neurophysiological basis of social ranking perception underlying the execution of cooperative joint-actions was explored in the present study. Self-perception of social ranking, personality trait (Behavioral Activation System (BAS) and locus of control (LoC)) and alpha brain oscillations were considered. Subjects were required to match their co...
Chapter
The Publication is following the yearly Editions of EVA FLORENCE. The State of Art is presented regarding the Application of Technologies (in particular of digital type) to Cultural Heritage. The more recent results of the Researches in the considered Area are presented. Information Technologies of interest for Culture Heritage are presented: multi...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research highlighted that during social interactions people shape each other’s emotional states by resonance mechanisms and synchronized autonomic patterns. Starting from the idea that joint actions create shared emotional experiences, in the present study a social bond was experimentally induced by making subjects cooperate with each othe...
Article
Full-text available
Inter-brain synchronization during joint actions is a core question in social neuroscience, and the differential contribution of intra- and inter-brain functional connectivity has yet to be clarified along with the role of psychological variables such as perceived self-efficacy. The cognitive performance and the neural activation underlying the exe...
Article
Previous research investigated the presence of differential autonomic responses towards the emotions expressed by individuals from ingroup or outgroup contexts. Results found increased affective reactions and typical identification bias that can be explained, according to "the similarity factor", as the tendency to tune stronger with those perceive...
Preprint
Full-text available
It is known that the longer an information has been memorized, the stronger is its memory trace. At the same time it is known that the emotionally-valenced information has a stronger memory trace than neutral one. Interactive effects between these factors are largely unknown. In this study electrical neuroimaging signals were recorded in healthy co...
Poster
Full-text available
Cooperation represents a main component of our social life. In previous studies it was found that cooperative tasks are often able to improve the subjective performance and that they simultaneously contribute to modify the self-perception of social ranking position. From a neurophysiological perspective, it was found the relevant contribution of pr...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cooperation and competition were compared in the present study. Brain correlates (electroencephalography, EEG frequency band, delta, theta, alpha, and beta) and hemodynamic measure of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS, O2Hb) were acquired during a joined cooperative (Experiment 1) or competitive (Experiment 2) task. Subjects w...
Article
Purpose: Human life is connoted by sophisticated interactions that involve not only single individuals, but larger social groups composed by members interacting each other. Cooperation secures a benefit to all the people engaged as well as important behaviors like helping, sharing, and acting prosocially. But what happens when the joint actions ar...
Poster
Full-text available
This abstract describe the effect of negative feedback on performance and brain activation using an hyperscanning paradigm during a cooperative joint task.
Article
Full-text available
Cooperation and competition, as two common and opposite examples of interpersonal dynamics, are thought to be reflected by different cognitive, neural, and behavioral patterns. According to the conventional approach, they have been explored by measuring subjects' reactions during individual performance or turn-based interactions in artificial setti...
Article
Full-text available
Hyperscanning brain paradigm was applied to competitive task for couples of subjects. Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) and cognitive performance were considered to test inter-brain and cognitive strategy similarities between subjects (14 couples) during a joint-action. We supposed increased brain-to-brain coupling and improved cognitiv...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Human creativity is not just the result of a cognitive encapsulated process, but is an online process that link together thoughts, emotions and sensory events in a complex fashion. Thanks to this property, that is to the development of mental reflection, we can always (or almost always) create a context in which to give sense to the world. Art and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aims of the present work were to identify possible biomarkers (EEG) related to the creative process in specific tasks; to explore the creative process in a real-time ecological setting; to investigate the relation between explicit and implicit mechanisms during creative processes; to explore the relation between creativity and personality trait...
Article
Full-text available
Cooperation is a construct within social cognition that requires both self-perception and the comprehension of others' actions. In the case of synchronized activities the adoption of common strategies is crucial, but this process can be strongly influenced by those variables. In fact, self-perceived efficacy within the social exchange can affect th...
Article
Neuromanagement deals with neuroscience methodological approaches to the management. A management construct is leadership, but objective psychophysiological data in support of it are still missing. The present pilot study aimed to apply the hyperscanning paradigm during a role-played employees' evaluation. Our purpose was to identify lexical and ne...
Article
Full-text available
Emotional empathy is crucial to understand how we respond to interpersonal positive or negative situations. In the present research, we aim at identifying the neural networks and the autonomic responsiveness underlying the human ability to perceive and empathize with others’ emotions when positive (cooperative) or negative (uncooperative) interacti...
Article
Introduction The present study explored the role of resting state and personality component (BIS/BAS measure) on prefrontal cortical responsiveness to emotional cues. Indeed, we supposed that lateralized resting activity (right vs. left) and approach (BAS) versus avoidance (BIS) attitude may explain the successive emotional processing within the pr...
Article
The aim of the present study was to investigate the neural bases of cooperative behaviors and social self-perception underlying the execution of joint actions by using a hyperscanning brain paradigm with functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). We firstly found that an artificial positive feedback on the cognitive performance was able to affe...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, the social ranking perception in competition was explored. Brain response (alpha band oscillations, EEG; hemodynamic activity, O2Hb), as well as self-perception of social ranking, cognitive performance, and personality trait (Behavioral Activation System, BAS) were considered during a competitive joint-action. Subjects were re...
Article
The activation of the prefrontal cortex during affective picture processing has been extensively studied in its temporal (by EEG), spatial (by neuroimaging studies), and peripheral (by autonomic system measures) features, even if little is known about the relation between neural measures, and between cortical and psychophysiological ones. Nonethele...
Article
Cooperation is usually described as a human tendency to act jointly that involves helping, sharing, and acting prosocially. Nonetheless clues of cooperative actions can be found also in non-humans animals, as described in the first section of the present work. Even if such behaviors have been conventionally attributed to the research of immediate b...
Article
Full-text available
The brain activity, considered in its hemodynamic (optical imaging: functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy, fNIRS) and electrophysiological components (event-related potentials, ERPs, N200) was monitored when subjects observed (visual stimulation, V) or observed and heard (visual + auditory stimulation, VU) situations which represented inter-species...
Poster
Objective The present study explored the effect of lateralized left–right resting brain activity on prefrontal cortical responsiveness to emotional cues and on the explicit appraisal of emotions based on their valence. Indeed subjective response to different emotional stimulus should be predicted by brain resting activity and should be lateralized...
Poster
Objective Because of its sudden temporal evolution and representation among different levels and complex neural networks, emotion processing should be examined by means of a multi-method approach. The possibility to acquire autonomic (arousal-related) and central (cortical-related) activities allows to better elucidate the reciprocal interplay of t...
Poster
Full-text available
Objective Our relationships are characterized by interactions with other humans, but also with animal companions. Such interactions are mediated by empathic competencies which, however, conventionally refers to emotional concerns for another person. Research revealed that human–animal relationships provide opportunities to increase empathy, but the...
Article
Affective response to observation of intra-species and inter-species interactions was considered in the present research. The brain activity (optical imaging: functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy, fNIRS; and event-related potentials, ERPs, N200) was monitored when subjects observed interactive situations (human-human, HH; human-animal, HA) with a...
Conference Paper
To explore the presence of differential cortical hemodynamic activations related to cognitive components of actions, we performed a fNIRS (functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy) study during Observation (O), Execution (E) and Imagination (I) of complex and meaningful (transitive and intransitive) gestures in ecological setting. A pilot sample of 5...
Article
The present research explored the effect of cross-modal integration of emotional cues (auditory and visual AV) compared with only visual (V) emotional cues in observing inter-species interactions. The brain activity was monitored when subjects processed AV and V situations which represented an emotional (positive or negative), inter-species (human-...