Maria-Therese Gustafsson

Maria-Therese Gustafsson
Stockholm University | SU · Department of Political Science

Doctor of Philosophy

About

40
Publications
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Introduction
I am Associate Professor at the Department of Political Science, Stockholm University, Sweden. Prominent themes in my research are natural resource governance, comparative politics, and development studies. I currently co-lead the research project ‘Bringing the social dimension into deforestation-free supply chain initiatives: Lessons from Europe’s beef and soy imports from Brazil’ (Formas). My research interests focus on social mobilization, participatory development, Peru and Brazil.

Publications

Publications (40)
Technical Report
Full-text available
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Mining plays an important role in the transition towards a low-carbon economy. At the same time, mineral extraction is associated with a wide range of sustainability challenges, many of which are likely to be exacerbated by climate change. For instance, mining requires large amounts of water, and water availability is likely to de...
Article
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There has been an unprecedented inclusion of Indigenous peoples in environmental governance instruments like free, prior, and informed consent; reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) projects; climate adaptation initiatives; and environmental impact assessment. We draw on theories of participatory governance to show ho...
Article
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Private companies have in recent years started to disclose information about their exposure and responses to climate risks. However, we still know little about how and why private actors engage in climate change adaptation, and to what extent they do so in ways that improve societal resilience. This article addresses these questions. It conceptuali...
Article
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This article introduces a new dataset on the climate change adaptation activities of international organizations (IOs). While climate change adaptation has been studied at the local level and in the context of major climate organizations, such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, we provide a first quantitative dataset on n...
Article
Indigenous peoples are often presented as natural allies in countering pressing environmental problems. The norm that depicts Indigenous peoples as environmental stewards has allowed international actors with different priorities to become involved in environmental projects that aim at ensuring both conservation and indigenous territorial rights. P...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change adaptation is increasingly being mainstreamed into all types of organizations across the world. A large number of intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), such as the European Union, the World Bank, or Food and Agriculture Organization, have already started to mainstream adaptation. Yet, despite a surge in scholarly interest in climat...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The workshop "The Sustainability of interregional linkages: Lessons from the Brazil-Europe Soy complex" was organized collaboratively by professors and researchers from the Ger-man Universities of Osnabrück and Lüneburg and the Brazilian University of Brasília as well as the newly founded Earth System Governance (ESG) centre in Brasília. The report...
Technical Report
Full-text available
O workshop internacional “A Governança socioambiental das conexões inter-regionais: Aprendizagens sobre o comércio da soja e carne bovina entre o Brasil e Europa” foi organizado em uma colaboração entre professores e pesquisadores das Universidades alemãs de Osnabrück e Lüneburg e da Universidade de Brasília, bem como do recém-fundado centro de Ear...
Article
Full-text available
The past decade has witnessed profound transformations in subnational territories engendered by a dramatic increase in natural resource extraction. Research to date has concentrated largely on why the transfer of extractive revenues often reinforces a "local resource curse"; however, little work has been done on subnational governments' attempts to...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change adaptation is increasingly perceived as a global and interconnected policy challenge among practitioners and academics, making localized solutions insufficient. In parallel to this trend, a growing number of international organizations that do not have climate as their core mandates link adaptation to various issue areas, such as ene...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, international actors have promoted international norms related to sustainable and inclusive resource governance. However, we know little about how such attempts are contested and adapted in domestic reform processes. Drawing on insights from norm diffusion and institutionalist theories, this article traces how first bilateral aid a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Despite growing awareness, skills and tools to address human rights and environment in an integrated manner are insufficient to address the global environmental crises. To bridge this gap the Environmental Governance Program in collaboration with the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment, the Global Alliance of National Human Ri...
Preprint
Full-text available
In recent years, international actors have promoted international norms related to sustainable and inclusive resource governance. However, we know little about how such attempts are contested and adapted in domestic reform processes. Drawing on insights from norm diffusion and institutionalist theories, this article traces how first bilateral aid a...
Article
Weak institutions have been identified as a principal cause of the poor developmental outcomes of many resource-rich states. Research has largely focused on national-level institutions and governance, whereas their subnational equivalents remain understudied. Subnational governments, partially empowered by decentralization reforms, have increasingl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Weak institutions have been identified as a principal cause of the poor developmental outcomes of many resource-rich states. Research has largely focused on national-level institutions and governance, whereas their subnational equivalents remain understudied. Subnational governments, partially empowered by decentralization reforms, have increasingl...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo pretende contestar la pregunta sobre cuál es la potencialidad del ordenamiento territorial para transformar los conflictos socioambientales asociados a la expansión de las acti-vidades mineras en el Perú. Sobre la base de entrevistas y documentos, el artículo muestra que, para que estos mecanismos contribuyan a generar las condiciones...
Book
Full-text available
The scholarly debate on deliberative democracy often suggests that participatory processes will contribute to make environmental governance not only more legitimate and effective, but also lead to the empowerment of marginalized social groups. Critical studies, however, analyse how technologies of governance make use of participation to draw bounda...
Book
This book explores how different corporate governance strategies affect community mobilization and the scope for influence when an area’s population is faced with the arrival of the extraction industry. Drawing on ethnographic research into Peruvian mining localities, the author analyses a series of relationships which are characterized by confront...
Article
Full-text available
Climate-related security challenges are transnational in character, leading states to increasingly rely on intergovernmental organizations (IGOs)—such as the European Union and the North-Atlantic Treaty Organization—for policy solutions. While climate security issues do not typically fit comfortably within the mandates of existing IGOs, recent deca...
Article
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In this special issue, the focus is on the dynamics and use of participatory mechanisms related to the rapid expansion of the extractive industries worldwide and the ways it increasingly affects sensitive natural environments populated by indigenous and other marginalised populations. We offer an empirically grounded and theoretically innovative co...
Article
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In the context of a growing number of socio-environmental conflicts, different actors emphasise that territorial planning promises to strengthen democratic participation, reduce conflicts, and enable the coexistence of mining with other economic activities. As there are few studies on these processes, this article contributes by asking: To what ext...
Research
Full-text available
The security implications of climate change have attracted increasing attention in policymaking and research circles since the early 2000s. Since climate change has far-reaching implications for human livelihoods and activities, the potential security implications are broad and complex. Responses from different policy communities—foreign affairs, d...
Technical Report
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There is growing consensus among practitioners and scholars that combined climate, conflict and fragility risks require integrated approaches. Development organisations have recently started to integrate security implications of climate change into high-level policies. However, the translation of high-level policies into geographical strategies and...
Book
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El libro agrupa una selección de disertaciones que fueron producidas en diferentes universidades suecas en años recientes. Decidimos incluir estudios de diversas disciplinas, sobre diferentes países latinoamericanos y temas de investigación. También incluimos autores de distintas universidades para presentar un ejemplo amplio de las investigaciones...
Book
Full-text available
El presente volumen agrupa una selección de disertaciones que fueron produci-das en diferentes universidades suecas en años recientes. Decidimos incluir estudios de diversas disciplinas, sobre diferentes países latinoamericanos y temas de investigación. También incluimos autores de distintas universidades para presentar un ejemplo amplio de las inv...
Article
Full-text available
Until recently, the Peruvian government to a great extent has given corporations the responsibility for resolving the increasing number of conflicts with local communities in mining localities. In the literature on political and economic reforms, mobilization, and democratic influence, few studies have addressed the role of corporations in relation...
Article
Various researchers have sought to explain why community organisations respond differently to mining projects. One important, understudied factor is the local history of state-society relations, which shape specific collective identities as well as organisational structures. This study compares the mobilisation processes in two Peruvian mining proj...
Book
Full-text available
This dissertation explores how different corporate governance strategies affect community mobilization and the scope for influence when an area’s population is faced with the arrival of the extraction industry. Drawing on ethnographic research into Peruvian mining localities, the author analyses a series of relationships which are characterized by...
Article
In recent years considerable scholar attention has been given to participatory democratic processes at the local level. This article examines the consequences of inclusion in the local politics on a indigenous community in the Peruvian Andes. By analyzing the effects, in terms of the internal dynamics of the community and its interaction with the p...
Article
Full-text available
El movimiento indígena ecuatoriano ha combinado movilización social con institucionalización política. La relación orgánica entre el movimiento social –CONAIE-y el partido (o movimiento) político -Pachakutik-ha sido tanto exitosa como complicada, con implicaciones en formas de conflictos internos y fragmentación. En el presente estudio se analizan...
Article
Den globala uppvärmningen medför att glaciärerna sakta men säkert smälter världen över. I delar av Peru är både småbönderna och industrierna beroende av vattnet från glaciärerna. Utan detta vatten skulle många småbönder inte kunna försörja sig på jordbruket, utan tvingas flytta till städerna. För att motverka en katastrofal vattenbrist de närmaste...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
Global demand for beef, soybeans, and palm oil is the principal driver of deforestation. In recent years, private and public initiatives for contributing to deforestation-free supply chains have increased. Whereas previous research has focused on the effectiveness of primarily corporate-led initiatives, we know little about the diverse initiatives’ effects on local communities. This project’s aim is to advance the research frontier by contributing to a better understanding of how deforestation-free supply chain initiatives could be designed and implemented in a way that accounts for the rights and interests of local communities. Drawing on and contributing to theories on multi-level governance, non-state actors in climate governance, and political ecology, we will first map different types of zero-deforestation initiatives in the supply chains of beef and soy from Brazil to selected European countries. Then on the basis of extensive field research and semi-structured interviews, we will compare the implementation of the initiatives in two Brazilian regions. Brazil is a major exporter of beef and soy and is key in the global struggle against deforestation. Taken together, the project will provide policy-relevant insights into the design and implementation of inclusive- and rights-oriented zero-deforestation initiatives as well as enhance our understanding about how a better policy integration of human rights, the agro-food complex and climate mitigation can be achieved.
Project
How, when and why does integrated governance of climate risks at the global level promote legitimate and just climate change adaptation in the global south? Integrated governance refers to the inclusion of climate risks into other policy areas, such as conflict or health, across domestic and global levels. These issues are at the heart of GlocalClim – a five-year research project at the Department of Economic History and International Relations at Stockholm University (2019-2023).
Project
GlocalClim is a five-year research project carried out by researchers from the Department of Economic History and International Relations at Stockholm University. The program is funded by Formas (Vägar framåt: Nationella forskningsprogrammet om klimat) and led by Lisa M. Dellmuth (responsible for the quantitative research in model 1 and 2) and developed in collaboration with Maria-Therese Gustafsson (responsible for the qualitative case studies in module 3). Human security will be increasingly affected as the climate changes. Yet, inadequate political compromise at domestic and global levels often leads to failure in helping individuals and communities adapt to the adverse effects of climate change. A popular solution to meet climate policy goals is integrated governance, i.e. inclusion of climate risks into other policy areas, such as conflict or health, across domestic and global levels. Yet, we know little about how, when and why integrated governance in fact leads to desirable outcomes. This project will examine the 'glocalization' of climate change adaptation through which global programs have ramifications for domestic adaptation to climate change. It will address the questions of how, when and why integrated governance of climate risks at the global level promotes legitimate and just climate change adaptation in the global south. For more information about the project see attachment or contact Maria-Therese Gustafsson (maria-therese.gustafsson@statsvet.su.se). Department of Political Science, Stockholm University.