María Fernanda Simoniello

María Fernanda Simoniello
Universidad Nacional del Litoral | UNL · Faculty of Biochemistry and Biological Sciences FBCB

PhD

About

46
Publications
13,883
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812
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
March 1998 - present
Universidad Nacional del Litoral
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
El objetivo de este trabajo es describir las concepciones referidas a la docencia universitaria y actividades relacionadas que se reconocieron en un grupo de jóvenes doctores en Ciencias Biológicas identificando cuáles podrían direccionar su proceso formativo como docentes universitarios. Se les realizaron entrevistas en las que debían describir ca...
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The quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) has been one of the most promising approaches to perform rapid and accurate quantification of DNA in various biological systems. The aim of this study was to standardized the qPCR technique for the analysis of important genes involved in the main routes of antioxidant defense against react...
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Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is an antioxidant enzyme that acts as a component of first-line defense system against reactive oxygen species (ROS). Copper/Zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn-SOD) is one of the isoforms of SOD enzyme and is sensitive to the exposure of different environmental factors, in different species and tissues. Caiman latirostris i...
Article
The safety of creating fish farms in agricultural settings was evaluated by growing Piaractus mesopotamicus in a pond, while crops where cultivated in a nearby field under a pesticide application regime typical of the Pampa region. Atrazine, glyphosate and its metabolite, aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA), were detected in the water of the pond at...
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Agricultural expansion and the consequent use of pesticides lead to the loss and fragmentation of natural habitats of several wild species. Then, many species are inevitably exposed to a wide amount of pesticide formulations. Glyphosate (GLY)-based formulations are the most used herbicide, whereas two of the most employed insecticides are chlorpyri...
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The toxicity of glyphosate-based herbicide (GBH) and arsenite (As(III)) as individual toxicants and in mixture (50:50 v/v, GBH-As(III)) was determined in Rhinella arenarum tadpoles during acute (48 h) and chronic assays (22 days). In both types of assays, the levels of enzymatic activity [Acetylcholinesterase (AChE), Carboxylesterase (CbE), and Glu...
Article
Cypermethrin (CYP) is a synthetic pyrethroid insecticide, used to control pests in domestic, industrial and agricultural environments. According to recent reports, it is one of the most common contaminants in freshwater aquatic systems. The aim of this study was to evaluate its potential genotoxic effect and the activation of the superoxide dismuta...
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The use of toxic pesticides has become a world problem because they can contaminate streams and rivers, producing an adverse impact on non-target aquatic biota, including fishes. Cypermethrin is one of the most important insecticides to control ectoparasites in wide-scale. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of commercial formulations...
Article
The surface used for agricultural production in Argentina significantly increased in recent years, mainly due to the expansion of soybean crops. As a result, the use of agrochemicals increased too. Many natural populations of Caiman latirostris (broad-snouted caiman) are affected by habitat fragmentation and the constant exposure to pesticides. Thi...
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Neonicotinoids are one of the most widely used insecticides in the world. DNA damage is considered an early biological effect which could lead to reproductive and carcinogenic effects. The present study aimed to evaluate DNA damage and bases oxidation as a mechanism of genotoxicity, on the freshwater fish Australoheros facetus acutely exposed to im...
Article
Cypermethrin (CM), widely used for control of indoor and field pests, is one of the most common contaminants in freshwater aquatic systems. We evaluated CM genotoxicity and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in retinal cells of adult zebrafish. Histological and immunofluorescence techniques show the presence of apoptoti...
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Watercress (Nasturtium officinale, Cruciferae; W. Aiton) is a vegetable widely consumed in our country, with nutritional and potentially chemopreventive properties. Previous reports from our laboratory demonstrated the protective effect of watercress juice against DNA damage induced by cyclophosphamide in vivo. In this study, we evaluated the in vi...
Article
Poultry litter (PL), which is usually used as organic fertilizer, is a source of nutrients, metals, veterinary pharmaceuticals and bacterial pathogens, which, through runoff, may end up in the nearest aquatic ecosystems. In this study, Leptodactylus chaquensis at different development stages (eggs, larval stages 28 and 31 here referred to as stages...
Article
This study examined the effects of waterborne silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on juvenile fish Piaractus mesopotamicus (“pacú”), and analyzed toxicological endpoints such as metal burdens, oxidative stress and genotoxicity in a short-term assay. Fish were individually exposed to 0 (control), 2.5, 10, and 25 g AgNPs/L. After 24 h, silver accumulation w...
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The agricultural expansion over the past decades, along with the associated increase in the use of pesticides, represents a high risk for many wild species. Caiman latirostris is a South American caiman with many features that make it highly vulnerable to pesticide exposure. Considering previous finding on the genotoxicity of the glyphosate-based f...
Article
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease with high female predominance in reproductive years. It is characterized by a pronounced inflammation and production of a variety of autoantibodies. SLE pathogenesis is influenced by genes, hormones and environmental agents. The aim of this study was assess the possible effect of environme...
Article
The agrochemicals are an effective method to control harmful species of interests to humans, but when they are applied indiscriminately, they can cause environmental and health damage to people. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that has a wide range of clinical manifestations and severity. While the etiology of SLE is unk...
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Amphibians have complex life cycles with aquatic and terrestrial life and uncovered skins; therefore, they are exposed to chemical contamination, where dermal exposure is a significant route for pesticide uptake in both habitats. In this study, measurements in blood samples such as levels of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), carboxylesterase (CbE), glu...
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El uso creciente de nanomateriales en productos industriales y de consumo ha incrementado la preocupación mundial respecto a sus posibles efectos adversos en los sistemas biológicos. Como consecuencia de la falta de un marco legislativo y la ausencia de un consenso sobre los protocolos experimentales, las investigaciones ecotoxicológicas se llevan...
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Introducción: Según la Organización Mundial de la Salud, la enfermedad cardiovascular (ECV) es uno de los mayores problemas mundiales de salud pública. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue evaluar la prevalencia de factores de riesgo de ECV, en una población de adultos jóvenes, y establecer la interrelación de estas variables a través del Análisis...
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Yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis) has been consumed as popular infusions in South America for centuries, with potential beneficial effects on health. The aim of this study was to evaluate yerba mate antioxidant properties in human leucocytes exposed in vitro to oxidative damage, using the Comet assay. Human cells were exposed to 10 μM H2O2 and then...
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Introduction: According to the World Health Organization, the cardiovascular disease (ECV) is one of the most important public health problem in the world. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of ECV factors in a young adult population, and establish the interrelation of these variables through multivariate statistical analysis. Mat...
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Introduction: oxidative stress (OS) is associated with an imbalance between oxidation and antioxidant systems in favor to the former. The micronutrient dietary contribution could provide a protective effect against occupational exposure to oxidizing agents. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between nutritional status, dietary a...
Article
Agricultural chemicals can induce genetic alterations on aquatic organisms that have been associated with effects on growth, reproduction and population dynamics. The evaluation of DNA damage in fish using the comet assay (CA) frequently involves the utilization of erythrocytes. However, epithelial gill cells (EGC) can be more sensitive, as they ar...
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Prochilodus lineatus, a fish, was exposed to sublethal concentrations of cypermethrin: 0.075, 0.150, and 0.300 μg L(-1) and a control group (without cypermethrin) for 96 h. Five specimens were exposed in each concentration for triplicate (n = 60). Hepatic biochemical values and behavioral changes were studied. The results revealed a significantly h...
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In South America, the incorporation of genetically modified organisms (GMO) engineered to be resistant to pesticides changed the agricultural model into one dependent on the massive use of agrochemicals. Different pesticides are used in response to the demands of the global consuming market to control weeds, herbivorous arthropods, and crop disease...
Article
RESUMEN: Las aplicaciones de grandes cantidades de pesticidas en zonas agrícolas pueden encontrar su camino en los cursos de agua, lo que produce un impacto adverso en la biota acuática. En este estudio se utilizaron biomarcadores de daño oxidativo, peroxidación lipídica (TBARS) y defensas antioxidantes: Catalasa (CAT) y Glutation reducido (GSH), e...
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For a long time toxicity of pesticides was directly associated to acute effects, while nowadays the main problem is related to massive application and the effects induced by chronic exposure to pesticides and complex mixtures, even at very low concentrations. Among the wide range of damages cause by pesticides on health, genotoxicity and oxidative...
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En las últimas décadas, se ha incrementado el uso de plaguicidas en los países en desarrollo producto de la expansión agrícola. La aplicación de biomarcadores de efecto y de susceptibilidad permite evaluar la exposición humana a plaguicidas. El propósito de este trabajo fue evaluar el daño oxidativo al ADN en un grupo de personas expuestas a mezcla...
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Occupational exposure to photocopiers has been indicated as being responsible for a number of health complaints, particularly effects on the respiratory, immunological, and nervous systems. In this study, we investigated oxidative and genotoxic damage in photocopier operators by assessing catalase activity (CAT), reduced vs. oxidized glutathione ra...
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Los pesticidas utilizados en agricultura pueden representar un riesgo potencial para la salud de los agricultores expuestos y para el medio ambiente. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar trabajadores frutihortícolas expuestos a plaguicidas, categorizados por: exposición directa (n = 45), exposición indirecta (n = 50) y controles (n = 50) mediant...
Article
Pesticides are used in agriculture to protect crops but may represent a potential risk to farmers and environment. In spite of the economic advantages, in our country there is no control on the applicators working conditions, including general protective measures. Occupational exposure occurs during the preparation of mixtures, loading and/or washi...
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Full-text available
Pesticides are used in agriculture to protect crops but may represent a potential risk to farmers and the environment. The aim of this work was to evaluate horticultural workers exposed to pesticide, categorized by: direct exposure (n = 45), indirect exposure (n = 50) and controls (n = 50) using exposure and effect biomarkers: cholinesterase (ChE),...
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In the present study we report data obtained from the evaluation of subjects occupationally exposed to pesticide mixtures from Santa Fe province, Argentina, using biomarkers for butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activities, catalase (CAT), lipid peroxidation (by TBARS assay) and the Damage Index Comet Assay (DICA). Our re...
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Full-text available
Toxicants on fish may induce genetic alterations that can be used as genotoxic markers. We evaluated DNA damage using alkaline comet assay applied on erythrocytes after in vivo exposure of Prochilodus lineatus to different concentrations of Cypermethrin (0.300, 0.150, 0.075 and 0.000 microg/L) as a probable chemical mutagen. The results revealed a...
Article
Full-text available
Pesticides are used in agriculture to protect crops but represent at the same time a potential risk to farmers and environment. The aim of this work is the evaluation of 54 subjects occupationally exposed to pesticides and 30 subjects as a control group using the quantification of DNA damage level by means of the alkaline Comet assay and the evalua...

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Projects (2)
Project
The widespread use of agricultural chemicals in the food production and public health sectors releases large quantities of potentially toxic substances into the environment, most of which are non-specific, affecting non-target organisms as well as humans. The main objective of this project is to form a collaborative network of studies in Latin America.