María Prieto-Ursúa

María Prieto-Ursúa
Universidad Pontificia Comillas | UPCO · Department of Psychology

Ph. D. Psychology

About

98
Publications
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566
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Introduction
Based on my professional experience as a therapist, I have always tried to direct my research towards improving the quality of clinical interventions. At present my research activity focuses on the Psychology of Forgiveness, especially the cognitive nature of forgiveness, self-forgiveness and interpersonal reconciliation
Additional affiliations
September 1997 - October 2015
Universidad Pontificia Comillas
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (98)
Article
Full-text available
The authors present a psychometric study of the questionnaire proposed by the Gamblers Anonymous organization for the self-assessment of problem gambling. The study was carried out in Spain with two samples: one of 127 problem gamblers (mean age: 41.67; sex: 78.7% men; mean duration of the problem: 5 years) and the other of 142 social gamblers (mea...
Article
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En el presente trabajo se estudia la relación entre la presencia de creencias irracionales en profesores y las puntuaciones en distintas medidas de malestar docente. Para ello, a los sujetos (71 profesores de educación secundaria) se les aplicó la escala Escala de Creencias Irracionales del Profesor (TIBS, Teacher Irrational Beliefs Scale) y se ana...
Article
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This work presents the psychometric properties of the Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults (SAQ-A30) with university students and analyses the differences and similarities in social anxiety in the sample. The 15, 504 participants, students of 20 degree subjects in 17 Spanish Autonomous Community regions, were applied the SAQ-A30 and the "Liebowi...
Article
Full-text available
The first attempts to conceptually address self-forgiveness tended to consider it based on the findings of the theory of interpersonal forgiveness, aiming to find parallels between the two forms of forgiveness. However, there are empirical data that question whether self-forgiveness can be considered to be just another type of forgiveness, since in...
Article
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Although much research has focused on the role of job demands and job resources in teacher well-being, few studies have targeted the function of personal variables.The aim of this study is to develop a comprehensive model of teacher well-being, using burnout and engagement in order to reflect, not only job demands and professional resources, but pa...
Article
Background. There is increasing concern regarding the quality of palliative nursing care. However, despite the growing number of studies identifying related variables, there is still a paucity of studies analyzing models of how these variables interrelate. Objective. The study aimed to identify the role played in the quality of palliative care of n...
Article
Full-text available
Given the scarcity of instruments in Spanish to measure forgiveness, two studies were conducted in this population to obtain validity evidence of the Heartland Forgiveness Scale (HFS), an instrument that measures dispositional forgiveness of self, others, and situations. In the first study, 203 students (65% women) participated. After ensuring the...
Conference Paper
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Los programas de intervención grupales en los centros penitenciarios permiten trabajar con un conjunto de usuarios al mismo tiempo, lo cual supone beneficios económicos y temporales. De este modo encontramos diferentes programas destinados a personas que han cometido delitos de la misma índole, como es el caso de los delitos sexuales. Actualmente,...
Conference Paper
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Introduction: Current treatment in Spanish penitentiary centers is addressed to both people convicted for adult (PCASO) and minor sexual offending (PCMSO) (Garrido and Beneyto, 1996). However, the last program update was made fifteen years ago (Rivera, et al., 2006). Therefore, the need for an evidence-based review of the program is proposed in ord...
Article
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The purpose of this research was to study the interviewees' experience of their reconciliation process and the influence of the Amataba Workshops on their healing process. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with five pairs (N=10) of Tutsi survivors of the Rwandan genocide and their perpetrators, members of the Hutu majority; they...
Article
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Forgiveness seeking after a relational transgression is an important aspect of relational repair from an interpersonal perspective, although it has received much less attention than the process of granting forgiveness. This research focuses on the victim's perspective of the transgressor's behaviors and how they are related to forgiveness and offen...
Article
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Con este trabajo se pretende realizar una revisión exhaustiva de los posibles efectos derivados de sufrir una experiencia de abuso sexual y las variables influyentes. El principal objetivo de este estudio es identificar las claves que debe tener una entrevista de evaluación para estas víctimas, revisando los principales protocolos existentes y trat...
Article
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Raising the possibility of forgiveness in child sexual abuse is a delicate matter. At times, forgiveness has been used by abusers as a way of guaranteeing the victim's silence. The pressure by the community on the victim to forgive can be understood as contempt for his or her suffering, as a way of detracting from the seriousness or importance of t...
Article
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Resumen: El perdón a uno mismo es un proceso compuesto por los siguientes elementos: aceptación de la responsabilidad, sentimientos negativos (culpa, vergüenza) y conductas reparatorias. El objetivo fue estudiar la relación entre culpa y perdón a uno mismo mientras se comprobó si dicha relación estaba mediada por la aceptación de la responsabilidad...
Article
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Coronavirus has blighted our world, hitting some countries harder than others. Morbidity and mortality rates make Madrid one of the worst affected places so far in the wake of the coronavirus. The aim of this study was to analyze the presence of post-traumatic growth during the coronavirus crisis and to understand the contribution of meaning, relig...
Article
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Aims: Develop and psychometrically assess the Palliative Nursing Care Quality Scale (PNCQS, escala de Calidad del Cuidado Enfermero Paliativo, CCEP, in Spanish). An interview‐based qualitative study (1) was conducted to verify construct validity evidence, with psychometric properties of reliability and validity verified by two quantitative studies...
Article
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Momentos históricos, ya lo sabemos; estamos viviendo momentos históricos. Estamos viviendo momentos confusos, acelerados, con novedades importantes cada día. Pero además de lo excepcional, esta experiencia tiene características que la hacen especialmente traumática.
Article
The aim of this research was to explore the role of forgiveness in the interviewees´ experience of reconciliation through the Amataba Workshops (based in the Ubuntu philosophy). Qualitative interviews were conducted with 5 pairs of victims of the Rwandan genocide and their aggressors (N = 10) who had participated in this reconciliation oriented psy...
Preprint
Full-text available
El artículo se centra en la experiencia del perdón desde la perspectiva del individuo que ha agredido violenta e injustamente a otro, a partir del modelo de desconexión moral y el proceso de perdón a sí mismo después cometer la agresión. Además, se detallan los pasos imprescindibles para iniciar y completar este proceso, y los puntos más difíciles...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have shown differences in the motivational processes that lead to excessive alcohol consumption among adolescents. The paper focuses on the analysis of the reasons for alcohol consumption among minors, and compare the differences according to sex, age, and level of consumption. Method: A representative sample (N = 2,865) of adolesce...
Article
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Esta investigación tiene como objetivo estudiar el desarrollo del perdón en niños en relación con el desarrollo evolutivo y la teoría de la mente (ToM). La muestra está formada por un total de 47 participantes, agrupados en dos cohortes de edad: de 4-6 años (n = 21) y de 7-11 años (n = 26). Se evaluaron cinco variables relacionadas con el perdón (g...
Article
Full-text available
Despite increasing attention to the study of forgiveness, the links between forgiving real-life interpersonal hurts and psychological well-being have been overlooked. With a sam-ple of 456 Spanish adults (aged 18–80years), the aims of this study were to examine: (1) whether variables related with the victims’ appraisal of a specific offense (time...
Article
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Resumen Son varias las expresiones referidas a la relación entre el perdón y el olvido, que dan a entender que el perdón lleva consigo olvidar que la ofensa ocurrió. Sin embargo, el perdón sólo es posible recordando la ofensa, no se puede perdonar desde la amnesia o la negación de la ofensa o del daño. Lo que el perdón sí implica es la reducción de...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to gain a deeper knowledge of how children develop forgiveness in relation to developmental progress and theory of mind (ToM). The sample was formed by 47 children, grouped into two age cohorts: 4-6 years (n = 21) and 7-11 years (n = 26). We designed a questionnaire to assess forgiveness through five variables (severity of...
Article
Full-text available
El artículo se centra en la experiencia del perdón desde la perspectiva del individuo que ha agredido violenta e injustamente a otro, a partir del modelo de desconexión moral y el proceso de perdón a sí mismo después cometer la agresión. Además, se detallan los pasos imprescindibles para iniciar y completar este proceso, y los puntos más difíciles...
Article
Full-text available
This study explored the relationship between religion, religiosity and alcohol consumption in a sample of 2.890 adolescents (ages 12–18) in Madrid, Spain. Results showed that non-believers were the group that consume and abuse alcohol the most, as opposed to Catholics. Besides, religiosity was related to a lower alcohol use. Therefore, religion and...
Article
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Almost 25 years after the extreme cruelty and violence that occurred in Rwanda during the genocide of 1994, the perpetrators and victims live together as neighbors. Psychology is of extraordinary value in explaining both the horror and its overcoming. We cannot explain the processes of interpersonal or national reconciliation without first understa...
Book
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En este libro contamos historias; siete historias bonitas, historias de grandeza y esperanza, historias de perdón y reconciliación. Todas tienen lugar en Ruanda, país que visitamos dos de las autoras del libro hace unos meses, Pero no se trata solo de Ruanda y de su reconciliación interna, admirable, imitable e increíble. Este libro trata principal...
Article
Casi 25 años después de la extrema crueldad y violencia que hubo en Ruanda durante el genocidio de 1994, agresores y agredidos vuelven a convivir como vecinos. La psicología tiene un valor extraordinario para explicar tanto el horror como la superación del mismo. No podemos explicar los procesos de la reconciliación interpersonal o nacional sin ant...
Article
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RESUMEN Actualmente no existen antecedentes de herramientas robustas de evaluación del Abuso de Autoridad Docente en el contexto español. El objetivo del estudio es presentar el proceso de desarrollo de la Escala de Abuso de Autoridad Docente Percibido (EAADP) así como plantear un modelo de medida que permita estructurar teóricamente la escala. La...
Article
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El cuidado es la esencia de la profesión enfermera y cobra todo su sentido en el ámbito de paliativos. La enfermería de paliativos adquiere un papel relevante en la relación con el paciente y/o familia y acompañamiento en el sufrimiento. Analizar si los cuidados enfermeros proporcionados al paciente con enfermedad terminal y familiares, son o no de...
Article
Resumen El artículo presenta algunas características distintivas de la psicología y la espiritualidad femenina, para pasar a revisar los elementos de la espiritualidad ignaciana relacionados con ellas. Así, se revisan las diferencias cognitivas, afectivas y conductuales entre hombres y mujeres y se identifican las áreas clave de la espiritualidad f...
Article
This study explored the relationship between religion, religiosity and alcohol consumption in a sample of 2.890 adolescents (ages 12–18) in Madrid, Spain. Results showed that nonbelievers were the group that consume and abuse alcohol the most, as opposed to Catholics. Besides, religiosity was related to a lower alcohol use. Therefore, religion and...
Article
En este artículo se revisan los dos ámbitos fundamentales de aprendizaje del perdón: la familia y la escuela. Se profundiza en la comprensión del concepto de perdón, sus facilitadores y el papel de la religiosidad/espiritualidad en él. Se subrayan los beneficios del perdón. Finalmente se proponen programas que ayudan en la consecución del perdón.
Article
Among the beliefs and concepts people hold about the nature of forgiveness, their notions of conditionality and unconditionality have not received sufficient study. The concept of conditional forgiveness posits that before forgiveness can be granted, the offender must take certain steps and meet specific conditions. From an unconditional forgivenes...
Article
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Abstract Introduction. The aim of this study was to explore the specific vocational identity of second-ary school students whose first choice of degree program is Psychology. In particular, this study analyzes when their interest in Psychology began, the curriculum track taken in high school and their profile of vocational interests and values. M...
Article
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Introducción. El objetivo de este estudio fue explorar la identidad vocacional específica de los estudiantes de 2º de Bachillerato que tienen como opción de estudios preferente el Grado de Psicología. En concreto, analiza el momento de inicio de su interés hacia los estudios de Psicología, la rama de Bachillerato cursada y su perfil de intereses y...
Article
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La familia constituye el mejor ámbito en el que los adolescentes se pueden desarrollar y el más adecuado para prevenir y protegerlos frente a las conductas de riesgo. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la relación que existe entre la estructura familiar y el afecto y cariño familiar con el consumo de alcohol en adolescentes. El estudio es de...
Article
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Introduction. Family is the best environment for teenagers to develop, as well as to prevent and protect them from risk behaviors. Objective: to analyze the relationship between the consumption of alcohol, family structure and the affection that teenagers perceive of their parents. Methodology: descriptive, inferential study carried out with an ad...
Article
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Alcohol is the substance adolescents consume most in their leisure spaces, and these differ according to special social categories. Aims. This article aims to approach the relationship between ethnic Latino identity and Spanish nationality in alcohol consumption by Madrid adolescents. It includes an analysis of the reasons why they drink alcohol an...
Article
The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between the institutionalization of a dependent elderly relative and the family caregiver’s mental health, quality of life and caregiving satisfaction. We present data from 140 family caregivers caring for elderly family members, of whom 77 continued to live with family members and 63 had b...
Article
En ocasiones, los conflictos económicos o políticos se convierten en conflictos de identidad, y la identidad, individual y grupal, es una necesidad básica del ser humano. Hay una parte importante de la sociedad catalana (dejemos aparte las discusiones sobre si son mayoría o no: son muchos) que lleva tiempo diciendo que les resulta imposible mantene...
Article
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El trabajo revisa, desde la psicología, las consecuencias personales y relacionales de los conflictos graves en el ámbito familiar. La autora propone el trabajo sobre reconciliación como vía de restauración y renovación de las relaciones dañadas. Se profundiza sobre los obstáculos tanto emocionales como cognitivos que dificultan el proceso de recon...
Article
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Todos hemos experimentado alguna vez el dolor de ser agredidos o dañados por otras personas, conocidas o no. Además de ser una experiencia negativa en el nivel emocional, el recibir una agresión de manera intensa e injusta tiene también implicaciones en nuestra identidad: pasamos a sentirnos vulnerables, impotentes, débiles o fáciles de faltar al r...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La Psicología del Perdón es un área de estudio reciente que resulta de especial interés para aportar orientaciones de intervención clínica en los procesos de recuperación personal tras una situación de ataque o agresión intencionada. Numerosos estudios han puesto de manifiesto los efectos positivos del perdón en el individuo que perdona, aunque tam...
Article
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Research with psychopathic samples using the technique of evoked potentials is rather limited and almost exclusively concerned with the study of the P300 component; no studies have been found (to date) that assess shorter wave latencies. This research focuses on the emotional and attentional processes in young people with psychopathic characteristi...
Article
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Previous research recently revealed the presence of positive aspects in caregiving. This study had a double objective: first, to identify positive aspects of family caregiving; second, to analyze the relationship between these caregiving rewards and different variables. A total of 140 family caregivers of dependent elderly participated in the study...
Article
Full-text available
Throughout this article we aim to defend the presence of psychopathic traits in child and adolescent population. In psychology there are two fundamental theoretical contributions to the understanding of this disorder in childhood. One focuses on the aspects of antisocial behaviour (Lynam, 1997); and the other highlights the presence of a fundamenta...
Article
Full-text available
Los primeros intentos de abordar conceptualmente el perdón a uno mismo tendieron a considerarlo en el contexto de la teoría del perdón interpersonal, tratando de encontrar paralelismos entre ambas formas de perdón. Sin embargo, hay datos que cuestionan que pueda ser considerado simplemente un tipo más de perdón, y apuntan a que el perdón a los demá...
Article
Full-text available
Throughout this article we aim to defend the presence of psychopathic traits in child and adolescent population. In psychology there are two fundamental theoretical contributions to the understanding of this disorder in childhood. One focuses on the aspects of antisocial behaviour (Lynam, 1997); and the other highlights the presence of a fundamenta...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La Psicología del Perdón es un campo relativamente nuevo que necesita investigación, y dentro de él, el abordaje del perdón en la práctica clínica y los posicionamientos de los terapeutas en relación con este tema es uno de los menos abordados. El perdón puede ser una poderosa herramienta clínica. Muchos estudios han puesto de relieve los beneficio...
Article
The aim of this paper is to define the psychological concepts of forgiveness and reconciliation and review the main differences between them, moving later to review the psychological aspects involved in reconciliation. To do this, the psychological processes of reconciliation proposed in different contexts (identity conflicts, couples in trouble, c...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo es, en primer lugar, definir los conceptos que desde la psicología se mantienen de perdón y reconciliación y revisar las principales diferencias entre ambos, para pasar más adelante a revisar los aspectos psicológicos implicados en la reconciliación. Para ello, se revisan las propuestas de procesos psicológicos de reconc...
Chapter
Living together and relating to other people tend to facilitate situations in which offenses or aggressions occur, that is, situations in which one or both parties are somehow injured or hurt. Most people have had experiences in which they felt attacked, injured, betrayed, despised, or treated disrespectfully. The negative experience of unforgivene...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to analyze the impact of work demands, personal resources and job resources on teacher well -being. Variables were measured with self-reports of Tension, Secondary appraisal of stressful situations (demands), Cognitive and Behavioral Coping (personal resources), Autonomy, Feedback, Variety and Social Support (job resources), Burnout...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyzes how a sample of the general population conceptualizes forgiveness, how these beliefs relate to forgiveness and how the results can be used to draw implications for mental health counselors. 147 adults from general population participated in the study. A unilateral concept of forgiveness shows a positive and significant relation...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo del artículo es presentar una revisión de los conceptos más relevantes de la Psicología del Perdón y su aportación al trabajo clínico. Así, se exponen las cuestiones centrales sobre el concepto, las dimensiones y la definición del perdón, se revisan las principales clasificaciones de tipos de perdón y se señalan sus efectos sobre la sal...
Article
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This paper has two objectives: first, to further our knowledge of subclinical psychopathy by studying its relationship with the other two components of the "dark triad" of personality (narcissism and Machiavellianism) in order to shed more light on the debate about which of these two items is more closely related to psychopathy; second, we studied...
Poster
Full-text available
El papel de las demandas y los recursos (personales y organizacionales) en el bienestar docente
Article
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This paper has two objectives: first, to further our knowledge of subclinical psychopathy by studying its relationship with the other two components of the “dark triad” of personality (narcissism and Machiavellianism) in order to shed more light on the debate about which of these two items is more closely related to psychopathy; second, we studied...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar las propiedades psicométricas del “Cuestionario de ansiedad social para adultos” (CASO-A30) con universitarios y analizar las diferencias y similitudes en ansiedad social en esta muestra. Participaron 15504 estudiantes de 20 carreras universitarias de 17 comunidades autónomas españolas a los que se les aplic...
Conference Paper
Se analiza la relación de las estrategias de afrontamiento cognitivo con variables laborales en una muestra de 413 profesores. La evaluación se realizó mediante un cuestionario donde se presentaron tres situaciones estresantes diferentes, junto a ítems del Brief COPE y otros ítems diseñados para evaluar el afrontamiento cognitivo. La autoeficacia s...
Article
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Csikszentmihalyi (2003) states that new ideas can die from opposition or from non-critical acceptance and that there is a real danger that positive psychology becomes an ideological movement. The aim of this paper is to bring up the debate spurred by this approach, and to give the reader the opportunity to share the reflections held about the possi...
Article
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This study analyzes emotional and behavioral problems in children with siblings who have being diagnosed a mental disease (MD). The sample consisted of 153 children ranging from 4 to 18 years old, 58 of whom had MD siblings and 95 did not –control group. The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL, Achenbach and Edelbrock, 1983) was used to assess behaviora...
Article
This study analyzes emotional and behavioral problems in children with siblings who have being diagnosed a mental disease (MD). The sample consisted of 153 children ranging from 4 to 18 years old, 58 of whom had MD siblings and 95 did not -control group. The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL, Achenbach and Edelbrock, 1983) was used to assess behaviora...