Maria Isabel Nuñez

Maria Isabel Nuñez
University of Granada | UGR · Department of Radiology and Physical Medicine

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91
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Publications

Publications (91)
Article
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This retrospective study aimed to provide some clinical outcomes regarding effectiveness, toxicity, and quality of life in PCa patients treated with dose-escalated moderately hypofractionated radiation therapy (HFRT). Patients received HFRT to a total dose of 66 Gy in 22 fractions (3 Gy/fraction) delivered via volume modulated arc therapy (VMAT) in...
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Breast cancer continues to be one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality globally and was the leading cause of cancer death in women in Spain in 2020. Early diagnosis is one of the most effective methods to lower the incidence and mortality rates of breast cancer. The human metalloproteinases (MMP) mainly function as proteolytic enzymes degr...
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The objective of this pilot study was to gather and analyze data on radon concentrations in workplaces in three buildings of Granada University (Southern Spain) constructed in different centuries. All measurements were made at basement or ground floor level under normal use conditions except for one space (mineral store), in which measurements were...
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Radiotherapy (RT) is a modality of oncologic treatment that can be used to treat approximately 50% of all cancer patients either alone or in combination with other treatment modalities such as surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and therapeutic targeting. Despite the technological advances in RT, which allow a more precise delivery of radiation w...
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In breast cancer (BC), the presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) has been related to relapse, metastasis, and radioresistance. Radiotherapy (RT) is an extended BC treatment, but is not always effective. CSCs have several mechanisms of radioresistance in place, and some miRNAs are involved in the cellular response to ionizing radiation (IR). Here, we...
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Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Radiotherapy (RT) is one of the mainstay treatments for cancer but in some cases is not effective. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) within the tumor can be responsible for recurrence and metastasis after RT. Matrix metalloproteases (MMPs), regulated mainly by tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs)...
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Breast cancer (BC) is the most common tumour in women and one of the most important causes of cancer death worldwide. Radiation therapy (RT) is widely used for BC treatment. Some proteins have been identified as prognostic factors for BC (Ki67, p53, E‐cadherin, HER2). In the last years, it has been shown that variations in the expression of MMPs an...
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Aim: To explore the influence of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) on the cell cycle progression of MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines and to evaluate the radiosensitizing effect of magnetotherapy during therapeutic co-exposure to EMFs and radiotherapy. Material and methods: Cells were exposed to EMFs (25, 50 and 100Hz; 8 and 10mT). In the c...
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e20010 Background: Due to the prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), even at initial stages we need to characterise better our patients in order to know their prognosis. The purpose of our study is to find some prognostic factors to help us to choose the best therapeutic approach. We found some data about histology and tumor lymphocytic i...
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The characterization of colon cancer stem cells (CSCs) may help to develop novel diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. p53 loss increases the pool of CSCs in colorectal cancer (CRC). Recent reports suggest that the oncostatic effects of melatonin could be related to its ability to kill CSCs. Although there are no data linking the loss of p53 funct...
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e20080 Background: New classification of adenocarcinomas and better typing of histological characteristics of lung tumors leads us to wonder if these histological data could have a prognostic repercussion in the NSCLC who were into curative intent surgery Methods: We followed 95 patients with stage I-III NSCLC underwent surgery in a 4 year period (...
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The aims of this study were to characterize electromagnetic fields of radiofrequency (RF-EMF) levels generated in a Neonatal Medium Care Unit and to analyze RF-EMF levels inside unit’s incubators. Spot and long-term measurements were made with a dosimeter. The spot measurement mean was 1.51±0.48 V/m. Higher values were found in the proximity to the...
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The relationship between exposure to electromagnetic fields from non-ionizing radiation and adverse human health effects remains controversial. We aimed to explore the association of environmental radiofrequency-electromagnetic fields (RF-EMFs) exposure with neurobehavioral function of children. A subsample of 123 boys belonging to the Environment...
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Purpose: To evaluate matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity and invasion after ionizing radiation (IR) exposure and to determine whether MMP could be epigenetically modulated by histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition. Material and methods: Two human breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7) were cultured in monolayer (2D) and in laminin-ri...
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The performance of radiography in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) may be associated with a certain level of radiation exposure for staff and patients in the unit. Little evidence on exposure levels is available in the literature. However, healthcare professionals in the ICUs at our centre tend to leave the room during radiographic examinations, poten...
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To evaluate the influence of (11)C-choline PET/CT on radiotherapy planning in prostate cancer patients. Precise information on the extension of prostate cancer is crucial for the choice of an appropriate therapeutic strategy. (11)C-choline positron emission tomography ((11)C-choline PET/CT) has two roles in radiation oncology (RT): (1) patient sele...
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Objective To characterize the exposure to electric fields and magnetic fields of non-ionizing radiation in the electromagnetic spectrum (15 Hz to 100 kHz) in the dwellings of children from the Spanish Environment and Childhood-“INMA” population-based birth cohort. Methodology The study sample was drawn from the INMA-Granada cohort. Out of 300 boys...
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Tumor expression of estrogen receptor (ER) is an important marker of prognosis, and is predictive of response to endocrine therapy in breast cancer. Several studies have observed that epigenetic events, such methylation of cytosines and deacetylation of histones, are involved in the complex mechanisms that regulate promoter transcription. However,...
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Background: DNA methylation is the main epigenetic modification in cancer. The pathological features of breast cancer follow a sequential progression from transition of a normal cell to benign proliferative hyperplasia, hyperplasia with atypia, in situ carcinoma and, eventually, to invasive and metastatic disease. Purpose: This study was designed t...
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Background: Expression of 14-3-3 σ is a tumor suppressor gene induced in response to DNA damage, and has been implicated in G2/M cell cycle arrest by p53. Hypermethylation of CpG islands located in the promoter regions of tumor suppressor genes is now firmly established as an important mechanism for gene inactivation. Objective: To correlation met...
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Researchers have recently shown an increased interest in free radicals and their role in the tumor microenvironment. Free radicals are molecules with high instability and reactivity due to the presence of an odd number of electrons in the outermost orbit of their atoms. Free radicals include reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, which are key playe...
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One of the main goals in radiobiology research is to enhance radiotherapy effectiveness without provoking any increase in toxicity. In this context, it has been proposed that electromagnetic fields (EMFs), known to be modulators of proliferation rate, enhancers of apoptosis and inductors of genotoxicity, might control tumor recruitment and, thus, p...
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33 Background: Expression of 14-3-3 σ is a tumor suppressor gene induced in response to DNA damage, and has been implicated in G2/M cell cycle arrest by p53. Hypermethylation of CpG islands located in the promoter regions of tumor suppressor genes is now firmly established as an important mechanism for gene inactivation. To correlation methylation...
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1041 Background: Identification of gene expression-based breast cancer subtypes is considered a critical means of prognostication. Genetic mutations along with epigenetic alterations contribute to gene-expression changes occurring in breast cancer. However, the reproducibility of differential DNA methylation discoveries for cancer and the relations...
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It is now widely accepted that the development and progression of a tumor toward the malignant phenotype is highly dependent on interactions between tumor cells and the tumor microenvironment. Different components of the tumor microenvironment may have stimulatory or inhibitory effects on tumor progression by regulating the gene expression repertoi...
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224 Background: To determine whether Estrogen Receptor (ESR1) (+) and ESR1(-) status relates to epigenetic changes in breast cancer-related genes and to correlate with molecular breast cancer subtypes. Methods: Since January/02 to June/05, we quantified methylation levels ERS1 gene in serum of 92 pts breast cancer. A PCR quantitative technique was...
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Either higher levels of initial DNA damage or lower levels of radiation-induced apoptosis in peripheral blood lymphocytes have been associated to increased risk for develop late radiation-induced toxicity. It has been recently published that these two predictive tests are inversely related. The aim of the present study was to investigate the combin...
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e13577 Background: Aberrant CpG methylation of 14-3-3 σ promoters results in inactivation of tumor suppressor genes induced in response to DNA damage, and has been implicated in G2/M cell cycle arrest by p53. The p53-regulated gene 14-3-3sigma undergoes frequent epigenetic silencing in several types of cancer including of the breast. To correlation...
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s: Thirty-Third Annual CTRC‐AACR San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium‐‐ Dec 8‐12, 2010; San Antonio, TX Background: Expression of 14-3-3 σ is a tumor suppressor gene induced in response to DNA damage, and has been implicated in G2/M cell cycle arrest by p53. Hypermethylation of CpG islands located in the promoter regions of tumor suppressor genes i...
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DNA-damage assays, quantifying the initial number of DNA double-strand breaks induced by radiation, have been proposed as a predictive test for radiation-induced toxicity. Determination of radiation-induced apoptosis in peripheral blood lymphocytes by flow cytometry analysis has also been proposed as an approach for predicting normal tissue respons...
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Childhood exposure to physical contamination, including non-ionizing radiation, has been implicated in numerous diseases, raising concerns about the widespread and increasing sources of exposure to this type of radiation. The primary objective of this review was to analyze the current state of knowledge on the association between environmental expo...
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e13648 Background: To determine whether estrogen receptor (ER) (+) and ER (-) status relates to epigenetic changes in breast cancer-related genes and to correlate with molecular breast cancer subtypes. Methods: From January 2002 to June 2005, we quantified methylation levels ERS1 gene in serum of 92 pts breast cancer. A PCR quantitative technique w...
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e13619 Background: The CpG islands of many genes, which are usually unmethylated in normal tissue, are methylated in cancer. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between gene hypermethylation and the major clinicopathological features of breast cancer, diagnosis, and treatment response. Methods: We quantified methylation levels o...
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Background: The CpG island methylator phenotype is associated with distinct clinicophatological characteristics as Estrogen Receptor (ESR1) positive and amplification of HER2 in breast cancer.Objetive: To evaluate epigenetics differences in tumor-related genes to ERS1 and HER2/neu status in primary breast cancer.Material and Methods: We quantified...
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To determine the "in-vitro" intrinsic cell radiosensitivity (RS) as a risk indicator of radiation-related side-effects in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) compared with healthy subjects (control group). Moreover, we elucidated if clinical, therapeutic and biological parameters could affect the "in-vitro" intrinsic RS in patients wit...
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Resumen Lo que más preocupa a los profesionales de la medicina son los resultados de los procedimientos diagnósticos y terapéuticos que empleamos y proponemos. Nos gustaría que el diagnóstico fuese perfecto; esto es: que el método utilizado para diagnosticar la enfermedad fuese absolutamente fiable, sensible y específico y que la terapia fuese segu...
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The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between gene hypermethylation and main clinicopathological features of breast cancer, including diagnosis and treatment response. A sensitive SYBR green methylation-specific PCR technique was used to analyze the utility of circulating DNA with CpG island hypermethylation of ESR1, APC,...
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This 14-year-long study makes a novel contribution to the debate on the relationship between the in vitro radiosensitivity of peripheral blood lymphocytes and normal tissue reactions after radiation therapy. The aims were (1) to prospectively assess the degree and time of onset of skin side effects in 40 prospectively recruited consecutive patients...
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Fanconi anemia is a genetically heterogeneous recessive disease characterized mainly by bone marrow failure and cancer predisposition. Although it is accepted that Fanconi cells are highly sensitive to DNA crosslinking agents, their response to ionizing radiation is still unclear. Using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, we have observed that radiat...
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3-nitrotyrosine (NO2-Tyr) is thought to be a specific marker of cell injury during oxidative damage. We have evaluated the role of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1 (PARP-1) in protein nitration after treatment of immortalized fibroblasts parp-1+/+ and parp-1-/- with the alkylating agent 2'-methyl-2'-nitroso-urea (MNU). Both cell lines showed increased...
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p53 deficiency confers resistance to doxo (doxorubicin), a clinically active and widely used antitumour anthracycline antibiotic. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the reversal mechanism of doxo resistance by the potent PARP [poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase] inhibitor ANI (4-amino-1,8-naphthalimide) in the p53-deficient breast cancer...
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Radiotherapy outcomes might be further improved by a greater understanding of the individual variations in normal tissue reactions that determine tolerance. Most published studies on radiation toxicity have been performed retrospectively. Our prospective study was launched in 1996 to measure the in vitro radiosensitivity of peripheral blood lymphoc...
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Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1)-deficient mice are protected against septic shock, type I diabetes, stroke and inflammation. It is now accepted that inflammation and related events, such as activation of NF-kappaB, are key components in the initiation and progression of epithelial cancer and in particular in the neoplastic transformation of...
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This study was undertaken to investigate whether hypermethylation in p16(INK4a) gene promoter could serve as plasma biomarker of bladder cancer. We examined the p16(INK4a) status using methylation-specific PCR in 86 cancer patients and 49 controls (31 healthy people and 18 patients with benign urological diseases). The p16(INK4a) methylation was fo...
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Whenever radiation therapy is given with curative intent there is the risk of serious damage to normal tissue. This risk increases with the dose of radiation, as does the probability of local tumour control. In the attempt to cure, the doses reach a level that inevitably causes some undesirable adverse effects, ranging from undetectable, or minimal...
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Reporting of the outcome of radiotherapy is not satisfactory without a description of the treatment-related side effects. The purposes of this paper were: (1) to evaluate the frequency and the severity of collateral skin reactions in a group of breast cancer patients; (2) to report the acute reactions using some current scoring systems and to compa...
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The purpose of this study was to determine whether the distribution of sensitivities in breast cancer patients, measured using a DNA damage assay on lymphocytes, is likely to provide sufficient discrimination to enable the reliable identification of patients with abnormal sensitivities. Radiosensitivity (x) was assessed in 226 samples of lymphocyte...