Maria Nunez

Maria Nunez
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid | UAM · Basic Psychology

PhD in Psychology

About

41
Publications
13,138
Reads
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547
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 1999 - September 2015
Glasgow Caledonian University
Position
  • Lecturer
October 1997 - December 1998
University of Kent
Position
  • Lecturer
October 1994 - September 1997
University of Oxford
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
Full-text available
The lack of consensual measures to monitor core change in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or response to interventions leads to difficulty to prove intervention efficacy on ASD core symptoms. There are no universally accepted outcome measures developed for measuring changes in core symptoms. However, the CARS (Childhood Autism Rating Scale) is one o...
Article
Neuroconstructivism can provide Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) with a developmental framework to understand mental disorders. Neuroconstructivism proposes that mental disorders are the outcome of a developmental trajectory. Based on this assumption, symptoms would reveal the system's adaptation to optimize functioning according to the system's exp...
Article
Background/aims: Despite the advances in understanding visuo-spatial processing in developmental disorders such as ASD and fragile X syndrome (FXS), less is known about the profile of those with a comorbid diagnosis, or the role of within-disorder disparities between individuals across the ASD spectrum. Methods and procedures: Using a developmen...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Sperber y Wilson (1986, 1987) han propuesto un modelo psicológico que incorpora las implicaturas en los procesos pragmáticos de comprensión del lenguaje. Los objetivos del trabajo eran: 1) determinar empíricamente la realidad psicológica de las implicaturas conversacionales mediante un paradigma experimental nuevo; 2) contrastar la hipótesi...
Article
En: Estudios de Psicología Madrid 2000, n. 65-66 ; p. 137-182 Los comportamientos de engaño suelen relacionarse conla intencionalidad y la conciencia, aunque desde una perspectiva evolutiva amplia puede apreciarse que el engaño es una estrategia evolutiva bastante antigua. En este artículo se discutirá en que medida los engaños que producen los ser...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract This study investigates the early understanding of the emotional consequences involved in the violation and the completion of bilateral agreements between peers. Three- and –four-year-old children listened to stories in which two characters agreed to an exchange of mutual benefit (a bargain) involving a conditional rule. They were then pr...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the role of early communication opportunities in the development of interpersonal reasoning by comparing hearing and deaf children in mental state attribution. Children’s performance in a set of tasks that assess their inferences about the beliefs and emotions of a character was compared. The two groups of hearing children (3- a...
Conference Paper
Background: It is well documented that individuals with autism (ASD) are relatively spared in tasks that require visuo-spatial construction abilities. However, research has found the opposite pattern in individuals with fragile X syndrome (FXS). The differences in visuo-spatial construction tasks between these two groups are apparent despite othe...
Article
For 25 years, research on theory-of-mind (ToM) has consolidated the fact that young children attribute mental states to themselves and others in order to understand and predict their behaviour. The assessment of these inferential processes, however, is typically made through behavioral measures that test the child’s inferences ‘off-line’ (usually t...
Article
Some inferential assumptions of the false belief test (FBT) are explored in three studies. Study 1 explores the assumption of domain specificity for mental-state inferences. In support of this assumption findings show a dissociation between "belief conservation" and "number conservation" in 4-year-old children. Study 2 explores three further assump...
Article
Infants can inhibit a prepotent but wrong action towards a goal in order to perform a causal means-action. It is not clear, however, whether infants can perform an arbitrary means-action while inhibiting a prepotent response. In four experiments, we explore this executive functioning in 18–24-month-old children. The working memory and inhibition de...
Article
Starting from Karmiloff-Smith's proposal (1992), this commentary focuses on the idea that domain specificity and (re-defined) modularity can be understood as products of development rather than as artifacts generated by the nativist theories in the 1980s and 1990s. Emphasising the notion of interactive specialisation (see e.g., Johnson and Karmilof...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research with adults has suggested that they readily understand conditional rules that include a deontic or prescriptive element. The possibility that young children might also understand such conditional rules when they are embedded in the context of an exchange agreement was explored in three studies. Children 3-7 years of age listened to...
Article
Deceptive behaviours are usually related to intentionality and consciousness. But in an evolutionary wide scope it can be said that deception is an ancient adaptative strategy. Here we will discuss to what extent some human and other primate deceptions could be considered as a byproduct of a basic mentalistic competence. The consensual criterium in...
Article
Full-text available
The classic test of the theory of mind (Wimmer & Perner, 1983) allows the study of the comprehension development of some mental verbs. These verbs have particular semantic and logical attributes. In the classical task, the usual questions are about ‘to think’ or ‘to believe’ that are intentional verbs. We designed a new task that allows research on...
Article
En: Cuadernos de Pedagogía Barcelona 2000, n. 296, noviembre ; p. 60-63 Uno de los temas de investigación en los que ángel Rivière prestó especial atención fue la llamada Teoría de la Mente, que define la capacidad de atribuir intenciones, deseos, creencias, conocimientos y otros estados internos de los demás y así predecir su comportamiento. Se ha...
Article
Este dossier trata de una manifestación "específica" de la especificidad de dominio en el desarrollo: la distinción entre una mente física y una mente social. En él se analizan y presentan algunos datos y teorías que han contribuido durante las dos últimas décadas al establecimiento de esta distinción en la psicología evolutiva. Más concretamente,...
Article
Despite recent research showing that children rapidly interpret human action in terms of intention, a long tradition of empirical research on moral development and recent conceptual analyses of the deontic domain suggest that children do not apply their understanding of intention to the deontic domain. However, two experiments are described showing...
Article
In 4 experiments, 3- and 4-year-olds displayed an understanding of actions that would breach a permission rule. In Experiment 1, children heard stories about a protagonist given permission to perform an action if a condition was met (e.g., play outside if a coat was worn). When shown 2 pictures of the protagonist performing the action either meetin...
Article
Full-text available
La tarea clásica de teoría de la mente (Wimmer y Perner, 1983) permite el estudio del desarrollo de la comprensión de algunos verbos mentales. Estos verbos tienen particulares atributos semánticos y lógicos. En la tarea clásica, las preguntas habituales son sobre los verbos «pensar» o «creer» que son verbos intencionales. En este trabajo hemos dise...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Sperber y Wilson (1986, 1987) ban propuesto un modelo psicológico que incorpora las implicaturas en los procesos pragmáticos de comprensión del lenguaje. Los objetivos del trabajo eran: 1) Determinar empíricamente la realidad psicológica de las implicaturas conversacionales mediante un paradigma experimental nuevo; 2) Contrastar la hipótesi...
Article
En: Siglo Cero Madrid 2001, v. 32 (1), n. 193, enero-febrero ; p. 25-39 Se analiza el cambio producido en el campo del autismo a raíz de que se descubriera el déficit específico de los niños con autismo en la capacidad de atribuir estados mentales para poder explicar y comprender la conducta, es decir, su incapacidad para adquirir la llamada Teoría...
Article
Tesis doctoral inédita. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Psicología, Departamento de Psicología Básica, 1993 Bibliografía: p. 420-445

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Infants who are siblings of older children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) present a heritable increased risk of developing the same disorder compared to the typical population, with a recurrence rate of 19%. From a neuroconstructivism perspective, it would be hypothesized that this genetic risk atypically constrains the processes of neurocognitive specialization. These processes make it possible the ontogenetic development of crucial human functions during the first year of life, such as the use of symbols, language and mentalization. Importantly, disorders in these functions represent the core of the cognitive phenotype of autism. The expected atypicality would be shown in the timing and degree of specialization, and in its relationship with the level of functioning in the particular domain object of study in comparison with that observed in typical development. This atypicality would result from a different early experience which, in turn, would derive from at least two interactive factors: different perceptive skills (i.e., atypical processing of the input) and a different developmental context. This different context would be mediated not only by the child’s response but also by the parents’ actions. We study the developmental trajectories of infants at risk of ASD and infants without such risk by analyzing, in a longitudinal design, their performance on perceptual narrowing tasks regarding different domains (i.e., face processing, language and music) and general functioning tasks, as well as the interaction patterns of adult-baby dyads.
Project
-This project will assess the relative credibility that children credit to their schoolteacher as compared to the Internet as knowledge and information sources (Do they trust one over the other?). - It will look how durable the information from each information source is after a 20- to 30-day period (Does the information from one source last longer than the other?) - An additional objective from the developmental perspective of this project is to analyse possible age differences in each of the points above.