Maria Ntinou

Maria Ntinou
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | AUTH · School of History and Archaeology

PhD

About

72
Publications
19,166
Reads
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860
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2015 - present
The American School of Classical Studies at Athens
Position
  • Fellow
January 2013 - November 2015
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Position
  • Research Associate
October 2008 - July 2016
Hellenic Open University
Position
  • Educational Staff

Publications

Publications (72)
Article
Full-text available
The surveys and excavations carried out in the highland zone of the Grevena Pindus Mountains have revealed that the watershed that separates western Macedonia from Epirus was (seasonally) inhabited in different prehistoric times, from the Middle Palaeolithic to the Bronze Age. The highest concentration of 'sites' is known from the surroundings of t...
Article
The late Pleistocene and early Holocene vegetation of southeastern Greece is coming to light through the study of well-preserved wood charcoal assemblages from cave sites in the Peloponnese dating from the Middle Palaeolithic to the Neolithic. New anthracological results from Klissoura Cave 1 in the Argolid are presented. These, alongside the recen...
Article
The archaeological site La Marmotta (AnguillaraSabazia, Italy) is a singular place as regards the conservation and recovery of wood and plant remains. The exceptional preservation at the site allowed the recovery of five canoes and numerous objects related to navigation, house building, agriculture, hunting and craft activities. The wide range of a...
Article
Full-text available
The paper discusses aspects of cooking pottery technology and operation through observations made in a series of experiments, utilizing the results of archaeological ceramic analysis in Neolithic northern Greece. The first stage of experiments focused on the experimental manufacture of three types of cooking pots, following the Neolithic techniques...
Article
Full-text available
Viticulture and wine making have been at the heart of discussions concerning the Mycenaean society with elite groups which emerged in the Mediterranean during the Bronze Age. In the south of Greece, in Crete and the Peloponnese, viticulture and wine consumption are mentioned in 2nd millennium bc Linear B texts. Despite the key role of the grapevine...
Article
Full-text available
Wood charcoal analysis at the Sanctuary of Poseidon at Kalaureia, Poros aims to provide information on the vegetation of the area and its management and on the range of plants used in the activities taking place at the sanctuary. During the excavations of 2003–2005 in Areas D and C, systematic samples from fills and features from all the excavated...
Chapter
Full-text available
La pobla de Ifach tiene una breve historia, desde 1298, cuando Roger de Llúria solicitó a la Corona de Aragón permiso para construirla, hasta su parcial destrucción y progresivo abandono, a partir del año 1359 (Menéndez Fueyo et alii, 2007; Ntinou et alii, 2013). A pesar de esta breve existencia, la población necesitaba recursos vegetales y, en con...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper discusses the importance of wood charcoal analysis from the Palaeolithic and Neolithic archaeological sites for the interpretation of their chronology as well as for understanding the use of plant resources by prehistoric people and characterizing the environmental conditions near the sites. For these purposes, the anthracology has been...
Article
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The multi-period (~38,000–6000 cal BP) site of Franchthi Cave, located in the Argolid peninsula of southern mainland Greece, is unique in the Eastern Mediterranean for preserving a long archaeological sequence extending from the Upper Palaeolithic through to the end of the Neolithic period. In this paper, we present new anthracological (carbonized...
Data
(A) Dendroanthracological data for 1344 charcoal fragments from trenches H1A and FAS; (B-1) Results of Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA) run on dendroanthracological features on all fragments: eigenvalues, percentage of variance and cumulative percentage of variance for each dimension; (B-2) Results of Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA) ru...
Data
(A) Dendroanthracological data (CD, Bark, Pith and Ray Width) for 502 Amygdalus charcoal fragments; (B-1) Results of Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA) run on Amygdalus dendroanthracological features: eigenvalues, percentage and cumulative percentage of variance for each dimension; (B-2) Results of MCA run on Amygdalus dendroanthracological fea...
Data
(A) Absolute charcoal fragment counts for all excavation units sampled from FC Trenches H1A and FAS; (B-1) Botanical zones as defined by Hansen [14] and their correlation with sampled FC excavation units; (B-2) Correlation of FC excavation units that have produced charred plant remains with lithostratigraphic units (FC Strata). (XLSX)
Data
Definition of the Charcoal Stratigraphy Units (CSUs) used for constructing the FC anthracological diagram. (XLSX)
Data
(A) Data matrix (taxon counts) for FC samples containing both wood charcoal and non-wood charred plant remains (trenches H1A, FAS); (B-1) Results of Correspondence Analysis (CA) run on the per-sample charcoal and non-wood botanical taxon counts: contribution to dimensions and cos2 values; (B-2) Results of CA run on the per-sample charcoal and non-w...
Data
Data matrix (taxon counts) for all FC samples containing non-wood charred plant remains (all trenches). (XLSX)
Data
Baseline data for the FC anthracological diagram: Absolute and percentage charcoal fragment counts of FC CSUs grouped by Charcoal Phase (C-Phase). (XLSX)
Article
Full-text available
Resinous and tarry materials have been valuable commodities since prehistory as their widespread use for numerous purposes indicates, but remain largely neglected by archaeological research, in part due to their poor preservation and the need for chemical analyses to identify them. This paper explores the use of these plant exudates in northern Gre...
Chapter
Full-text available
Dikili Tash appears today to be one of the prehistoric settlements with the longest occupational sequences in the Aegean and the Balkans (ca. 6500- 1100 B.C.). In the last fifty years, research at the site and in the surrounding Philippi Plain has offered information for understanding the role of natural and anthropogenic processes in tell formatio...
Article
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Exposures of Middle Pleistocene lacustrine sediments at the margins of an open-cast lignite mine at Marathousa near Megalopolis, western Arcadia, Greece yielded the partial remains of a Palaeoloxodon antiquus skeleton which exhibited signs of being butchered. Sedimentation occurred between ca. 400 and 480 ka. Lithic artefacts were found in close sp...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the distribution of archaeobotanical remains of Olea europaea (olive) across space and through time in mainland Greece and the Aegean from Neolithic to Hellenistic times (7th millennium-1st century bc) in order to explore the history of olive use in the study area. Olive stones and olive charcoal retrieved from prehistoric and...
Article
Wood charcoal (anthracological) remains accumulated in archaeological deposits provide a valuable tool for reconstruction of past local vegetation and its use. They can offer evidence complementary to pollen analysis or be the main source on past vegetation change in areas where no pollen preservation is available. The current study assembles the a...
Article
The study presents the combined results of wood charcoal and phytolith analysis at Alepotrypa Cave, southern Peloponnese, Greece. The cave preserves rich cultural remains (hearth and floor constructions, pits and platforms, human bone scatters, massive quantities of fine pottery, lithic artefacts and ornaments) spanning the late Early to the Final...
Chapter
Full-text available
À l’ occasion des fouilles universitaires à Vryokastro de Kythnos des échantillons couplés d’ origine terrestre et marine déposés simultanément aux mêmes couches stratigraphiques derrière l’ adyton du temple de Déméter, ont été collectionnés afin d’ être datés par la méthode de radiocarbone (technique AMS). Le but de ce travail est l’estimation des...
Article
Full-text available
Archaeobotanical data are often employed to reconstruct a site's or a region's palaeoecology, human use of plants such as agricultural regimes, and the interplay between vegetation and anthropogenic factors in the palaeoenvironment. This paper aims to show that a context-specific integration of such data helps to guide the focus beyond the macrosca...
Chapter
Full-text available
Meeting point: Neolithic forests in various regions of Europe. This paper discusses the importance of local plant resources for Neolithic societies on the basis of the botanical identification of wood charcoal. Neolithic plant landscapes and their variable response to the management by the first farming groups are presented. In the presentation of...
Article
This paper presents the results of wood charcoal analysis carried out on material from Theopetra cave in central Greece. The sequence dates from prior to 130-8 ka bp and is made up of layers of both anthropogenic and geogenic origins. The study of the wood charcoal samples from these layers sets out to distinguish changes in the local vegetation th...
Article
Changes in subsistence patterns during the Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic at Klissoura Cave 1 in southern Greece indicate that some shifts track local climatic changes, while others do not. Specifically, increases in ungulate species diversity correlate with wetter periods, and greater abundance of certain dry-loving small game animals (e.g., gre...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
revue bilingue de Préhistoire 81 résumé Quel que soit notre objet d'étude, l'environnement végétal sensu stricto, les pratiques anthropiques liées à l'usage du feu, ou les interactions entre l'homme et son environnement, la prise en compte des agents taphonomiques de distorsion des assemblages anthracologiques constitue une étape essentielle de la...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to specify the natural distribution of Olea europaea L. during the Early Holocene in the Northern Mediterranean by means of the identification of wood charcoal remains of this species at prehistoric sites. For this purpose, we have reviewed the relevant literature and extracted the data in which Olea charcoal has been ident...
Article
Excavations on the Rock of Ifach, Alicante, Spain have revealed the remains of a medieval settlement that flourished between a.d. 1297 and 1359. Wood charcoal analysis combined with archaeological evidence and historical records allow an assessment of the local vegetation of the area during the medieval period, the obtaining and use of firewood and...
Article
Full-text available
Theopetra Cave is a unique prehistoric site for Greece, as the Middle and Upper Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic periods are present here, bridging the Pleistocene with the Holocene. During the more than 20 yr of excavation cam-paigns, charcoal samples from hearths suitable for 14 C dating were collected from all anthropogenic layers, includi...
Chapter
Full-text available
The archaeological research carried out in the sanctuary of Poseidon at Kalaureia is one of the few cases of a Classical excavation, where a broad and multifaceted program for the retrieval and analysis of bioarchaeological remains has been adopted. The nature and dating of the site presents us with the particular challenge of how to integrate the...
Chapter
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Wood-charcoal samples recovered from a selection of pyres dug at the Agora Excavations were processed for analysis and species determination at the Wiener Laboratory of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens.
Article
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The paper presents the results of wood charcoal analysis from Drakaina Cave for the Neolithic and the Chalcolithic period. The site is located at Poros Gorge, Kephalonia Island, Greece. According to the wood charcoal analysis, a rich environment would have existed in the gorge where both evergreen and deciduous species as well as some conifers woul...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The prehistoric site of Palamari – located on the northeastern coast of Skyros (38˚ 57΄ 52΄΄ N Lat., 24˚ 30΄ 35΄΄ E. Long) – is a fortified settlement of the Early and Middle Bronze Age (3rd and 2ndmillenniumBC) that has been excavated since 1981 (Parlama 2007, 2009; Parlama et al. 2010; in press). During the excavation, pieces of marine and terres...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper presents the results of wood charcoal analysis from Drakaina Cave, Kephalonia, Ionian Islands, Greece, for the Late Neolithic and the Chalcolithic period. The site is located at the south-eastern part of the island in the Gorge of Poros. According to the wood charcoal analysis, a rich environment would have existed in the gorge where ever...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The 5th International Meeting of Charcoal Analysis: Charcoal as Cultural and Biological Heritage, held in Valencia (Spain) from the 5th to the 9th of September 2011, is organized by the Department of Prehistory and Archaeology, University of Valencia, and convenes many of the principal specialists in the field. Natural and human-made fires are the...
Article
Full-text available
This report presents the results of a survey in inland Epirus (NW Greece). Although visibility for ground survey was in general low due to the abandonment of fields and the re-growth of thick vegetation cover, various locations suit-able for further investigation have been identified. The artefacts recovered in the investigated areas represent both...
Article
Full-text available
Dispilio is a lakeside settlement by the Orestias Lake, Kastoria, northern Greece. The site was inhabited from the Middle Neolithic to the Chalcolithic, with some surface evidence of Bronze Age occupation. Microfacies analysis of the sediments, supported by a suite of environmental indices, has provided detailed paleoenvironmental data and elucidat...
Article
Quel que soit notre objet d'étude, l'environnement végétal sensu stricto, les pratiques anthropiques liées à l'usage du feu, ou les interactions entre l'homme et son environnement, la prise en compte des agents taphonomiques de distorsion des assemblages anthracologiques constitue une étape essentielle de la recherche. Ces processus que nous appelo...
Article
The paper aims to define the natural distribution of Olea europaea L. var. sylvestris (Miller) Lehr. in the North Mediterranean basin during the Pleniglacial and the Early–Middle Holocene by means of the identification of its wood-charcoal and/or wood at prehistoric sites. For this purpose we have reviewed the previously available information and w...
Article
Full-text available
This chapter reports on 29 radiocarbon dates from Middle and Upper Paleolithic layers at Klissoura 1 Cave. All but two of the dates were obtained from material identified as wood charcoal. Both standard ABA and more stringent ABOX pre-treatment protocols were used for charcoal samples. The radiocarbon dates from the Aurignacian of layers IIIe–g and...
Book
Full-text available
“From the real to the imaginary,” a project developed between 2005 and 2010, studies Iberian flora in order to understand (and even approximate) the use and symbolism of plants within Iberian Iron Age societies. Our methodology combines a paleobiological approach, based on palinology, anthracology and paleocarpology with an iconographic approach. W...
Article
Full-text available
“From the real to the imagery” (Hum2004/04939HIST) is a research project which examines Iberian Iron Age flora (VI-I centuries BC) from a number of perspectives in order to understand the use of plants and their symbolism in ancient Iberia. The primary aim of this study was the development of a database of plants that were recognised and used by th...
Article
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There are description and results of the research in an archeological site of iberian times, where we discovered an specialized place of beekeeping. The site is dated in III century before C. by the cultural context
Article
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Using a new approach that combines high-quality coring with AMS dating, the authors are mapping the start of the Neolithic in Aegean Thrace - a missing link in the arrival of agriculture in Europe. The method also revealed the edge of the marine transgression dating to some 2900 years ago, implying that sites located near the coast in early Neolith...
Article
Full-text available
Using a new approach that combines high-quality coring with AMS dating, the authors are mapping the start of the Neolithic in Aegean Thrace – a missing link in the arrival of agriculture in Europe. The method also revealed the edge of the marine transgression dating to some 2900 years ago, implying that sites located near the coast in early Neolith...
Article
Full-text available
The surveys and excavations carried out in the highland zone of the Grevena Pindus Mountains have revealed that the watershed that separates western Macedonia from Epirus was (seasonally) inhabited in different prehistoric times, from the Middle Palaeolithic to the Bronze Age. The highest concentration of 'sites' is known from the surroundings of t...
Article
Full-text available
Current models of interactions between Neanderthals and modern humans and the Middle-Upper Palaeolithic transition are contradictory due to the uncertainties of the dating methods and the lack of diagnostic hominid fossil remains associated with early Upper Palaeolithic assemblages. In the Balkans and southeastern Europe available evidence consists...