María Manuela Moreno Fernández

María Manuela Moreno Fernández
University of Granada | UGR · Faculty of Psychology

PhD

About

18
Publications
3,737
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292
Citations
Citations since 2016
9 Research Items
120 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220510152025

Publications

Publications (18)
Article
Full-text available
Previous research proposed that cognitive biases contribute to produce and maintain the symptoms exhibited by deluded patients. Specifically, the tendency to jump to conclusions (i.e., to stop collecting evidence soon before making a decision) has been claimed to contribute to delusion formation. Additionally, deluded patients show an abnormal unde...
Article
Full-text available
Patients' beliefs about the effectiveness of their treatments are key to the success of any intervention. However, since these beliefs are usually formed by sequentially accumulating evidence in the form of the covariation between the treatment use and the symptoms, it is not always easy to detect when a treatment is actually working. In Experiment...
Article
Background The internet is a relevant source of health-related information. The huge amount of information available on the internet forces users to engage in an active process of information selection. Previous research conducted in the field of experimental psychology showed that information selection itself may promote the development of erroneo...
Article
Two experiments address the habituation of photonegative and exploratory responses in the flatworm planaria (Dugesia). Planarians possess a well-documented photonegative response; Experiment 1 showed that repeated exposures to a bright light source with short inter trial intervals (ITIs) within 1 experimental session gradually weakens the unconditi...
Article
Full-text available
Judgments of a treatment's effectiveness are usually biased by the probability with which the outcome (e.g., symptom relief) appears: even when the treatment is completely ineffective (i.e., there is a null contingency between cause and outcome), judgments tend to be higher when outcomes appear with high probability. In this research, we present am...
Preprint
BACKGROUND The internet is a relevant source of health-related information. The huge amount of information available on the internet forces users to engage in an active process of information selection. Previous research conducted in the field of experimental psychology showed that information selection itself may promote the development of erroneo...
Article
Full-text available
Causal illusions occur when people perceive a causal relation between two events that are actually unrelated. One factor that has been shown to promote these mistaken beliefs is the outcome probability. Thus, people tend to overestimate the strength of a causal relation when the potential consequence (i.e. the outcome) occurs with a high probabilit...
Article
Full-text available
A review of the literature suggests that attention, specifically attention to the contexts, also plays a relevant role on information retrieval. It also shows that attention to the contexts is modulated by the ambiguity of the situation, and the informative value contexts have. The virtues and limitations of different attentional theories of learni...
Article
Phishing is a form of electronic fraud in which attackers attempt to steal sensitive information by posing as a legitimate entity. To maintain the attack unnoticed, phishers typically use fake sites that accurately mimic real ones. However, there are usually subtle visual discrepancies between these spoof sites and their legitimate counterparts tha...
Article
Full-text available
In Experiment 1, human participants were pre-exposed to two similar checkerboard grids (AX and X) in alternation, and to a third grid (BX) in a separate block of trials. In a subsequent test, the unique feature A was better detected than the feature B when they were presented in the same location during the pre-exposure and test phases. However, wh...
Article
Full-text available
Para profundizar en el conocimiento del aprendizaje como proceso psicológico es necesario esclarecer cuáles son sus contenidos. En este sentido, durante parte del siglo pasado numerosas investigaciones se han dedicado a determinar qué asociaciones están implicadas tanto en el aprendizaje pavloviano como instrumental en animales no humanos, siendo m...
Article
Full-text available
Predictive value for continuously reinforced cues is affected by context changes when they are trained within a context in which a different cue undergoes partial reinforcement. An experiment was conducted with the goal of exploring the mechanisms underlying this context-switch effect. Human participants were trained in a predictive learning situat...
Article
Sensory evaluation of olive oil has been conducted by using the Classical Threshold Theory perspective. This approach does not allow the separation of purely sensory processes from other factors that may affect performance such as tasters' cognitive biases. Two experiments were conducted with the goal of developing a task that, using the logic of S...
Article
Full-text available
Numerosas investigaciones tanto en animales como en humanos muestran cómo en ciertas situaciones los estímulos contextuales pueden tomar un papel crucial en la recuperación de la información aprendida. Una de estas situaciones es cuando los contextos donde el aprendizaje tiene lugar poseen valor informativo, en cuyo caso toda la información aprendi...
Article
Full-text available
Experimental research in Psychology is characterized by ensuring a method that guarantees objectivity, reliability, validity and replication of results. In this theoretical study we propose a set of criteria for the preparation and review of quasi-experimental and experimental research manuscripts, which follows such methodological objective dictat...

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