Maria Vittoria Mazzamuto

Maria Vittoria Mazzamuto
University of Wyoming | UW · Haub School of Environment and Natural Resources

PhD
Research Scientist in Wildlife Conservation and Management

About

34
Publications
14,018
Reads
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336
Citations
Introduction
Maria Vittoria Mazzamuto currently works at the Department of Theoretical and Applied Sciences, Università degli Studi dell'Insubria. Maria Vittoria does research in Ecology and Zoology.
Additional affiliations
May 2016 - present
Università degli Studi dell'Insubria
Position
  • Research Associate
March 2015 - May 2015
The University of Arizona
Position
  • Researcher
September 2013 - September 2013
Education
September 2009 - July 2011
University of Catania
Field of study
  • Biology
September 2005 - April 2009
University of Catania
Field of study
  • Biology

Publications

Publications (34)
Article
Full-text available
Gray foxes (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) are considered a widespread and common species in the southwestern United States, although little is known about their spatial ecology that can inform rabies management strategies. We used data acquired from very high frequency and global positioning system satellite collars on gray foxes in the White Mountains...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decades, wildlife diseases and the health status of animal populations have gained increasing attention from the scientific community as part of a One Health framework. Furthermore, the need for non-invasive sampling methods with a minimal impact on wildlife has become paramount in complying with modern ethical standards and regulations...
Article
Semi-desert grasslands in the southwestern United States have undergone significant ecological changes as a result of anthropogenic activities beginning in the 1800s. As efforts to restore semi-desert grasslands continue, importance should be placed on understanding the habitat requirements of species, and their relationships with other plants and...
Article
Full-text available
The trade of non-native pets, especially of non-domesticated and exotic animals, and their subsequent release and establishment of populations is one of the major pathways of introduction for invasive alien reptiles, amphibia, birds and mammals. Here, we use a group of arboreal mammals, tree squirrels of the genus Callosciurus, as a well-documented...
Article
The assessment of the conservation status of a species is the first step to prevent local extinction and to plan appropriate, effective and scientifically sound conservation actions, hence knowledge of the distribution, population trends and characteristics of preferred habitat is crucial for the conservation of a species. Galliformes are facing in...
Article
Full-text available
Animal space use is affected by spatio-temporal variation in food availability and/or population density and varies among individuals. This inter-individual variation in spacing behaviour can be further influenced by sex, body condition, social dominance, and by the animal’s personality. We used capture-mark-recapture and radio-tracking to examine...
Article
Full-text available
Tropical forests comprise a critically impacted habitat, and it is known that altered forests host a lower diversity of mammal communities. In this study, we investigated the mammal communities of two areas in Myanmar with similar environmental conditions but with great differences in habitat degradation and human disturbance. The main goal was to...
Article
Full-text available
When an alien species is introduced in a new area, the new population may be genetically and phenotypically different from the parent population because of the population bottleneck, increased inbreeding rate and adaptation to the new environment. In this study we investigated the variation in shape and size of the mandible among and within three p...
Article
Full-text available
The EU Regulation no.1143/2014 on invasive species requires the EU Member States to respond promptly and efficiently in eradicating the invasive alien species listed as species of Union concern. The Northern raccoon (Procyon lotor) was introduced in Northern Italy along the river Adda and we carried out its eradication campaign between 2016 and 201...
Article
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Intraspecific variation in home range size has important implications for the distribution of animals across landscapes and the spatial structuring of population, community, and ecosystem processes. Among species of similar trophic guild and body mass, differences in home range size can reflect extrinsic variables that exert divergent selective for...
Article
In the southwestern United States, climate change and climate-fire dynamics are affecting the distribution of natural and managed ecosystems. Forest obligate species on sky islands can experience a restriction in range with the increase of destructive forest fires. Using presence/absence data collected by hair tubes, we identified key habitat featu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Squirrels (family Sciuridae) are globally distributed members of the order Rodentia with wildlife occurrence in indigenous and non-indigenous regions (as invasive species) and frequent presence in zoological gardens and other holdings. Multiple species introductions, strong inter-species competition as well as the recent discovery of a...
Article
Full-text available
Camera trapping has a wide range of research application, but, while research designs are often focused on the study of a single focal species, cameras can also record other non-target species. Occupancy modeling using by-catch data can be a valuable resource to gain information on these species maximizing the scientific effort and efficiency of wi...
Article
Full-text available
Competition between animal species can cause niche partitioning and shape an individual’s phenotype, including its behaviour. However, little is known about effects of interspecific competition on personality, the among-individual variation in behaviour that is consistent across different spatial and temporal contexts. We investigated whether alien...
Article
Full-text available
Eurasian red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris) in the British Isles are the most recently discovered animal reservoir for the leprosy bacteria Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromatosis. Initial data suggest that prevalence of leprosy infection is variable and often low in different squirrel populations. Nothing is known about the presence of l...
Article
Asian tropical forests are among the most affected by overhunting of wildlife species. Bushmeat is not just a source of food, but is also often seen as an income source due to the increasing regional demand for wildlife products. In this study, we assess for the first time the medium- and large-size vertebrate species present in Lampi Marine Nation...
Article
Full-text available
Forest edges can affect the behaviour, physiology and demography of small mammals. We tested whether there was a response in abundance, distribution, personality selection or foraging behaviour of ground-dwelling rodents to a forest-meadow edge in two study areas in Northern Italy over a 1 year period. We used capture-mark-recapture to evaluate spe...
Article
Full-text available
The Open Field Test (OFT) and Mirror Image Stimulation (MIS) are used to measure behaviours related to an individual’s personality. These tests, carried out in a same novel arena, have been used for different taxa, but only a few papers underline the importance of method validation. Here we investigate how Eurasian red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris)...
Article
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In late summer and autumn, many species of hibernating temperate bats that form mixed-sex groups visit swarming sites (typically caves or mines). Swarming behaviour is mostly prevalent among bats of the genus Myotis and has a crucial role in maintaining gene flow among colonies that are socially isolated and thus demographically independent. This n...
Article
The present study was undertaken to describe Cryptosporidium spp. infection in tree squirrels from 17 locations in Northern Italy. A total of 357 squirrels were examined, including species native to Europe (Sciurus vulgaris; n=123), and species introduced from North America (Sciurus carolinensis; n=162) and Southeast Asia (Callosciurus erythraeus;...
Article
Full-text available
Alien species can affect native species through several ecological processes such as competition. Here we tested the hypothesis of interspecific competition for space and food resources between the native Eurasian red squirrel and the invasive Pallas’s squirrel introduced in Italy. We used an experimental study design comparing space and habitat us...
Article
Full-text available
When alien species introduced into a new environment have a strong niche overlap with ecologically similar native species, interspecific competition can cause a decrease in abundance and distribution of native species. Pallas’s squirrel (Callosciurus erythraeus) was introduced in Northern Italy where it currently co-occurs with native Eurasian red...
Article
2016AbstractIntroduction of alien species into new areas can have detrimental effects on native ecosystems and impact the native species.The present study aims to identify coccidia infecting native and introduced squirrels in Italy, to gain insight into possible transmission patterns and role of monoxenous coccidia in mediating the competition betw...
Article
Full-text available
Temporal patterns of masting in conifer species are intriguing phenomena that have cascading effects on different trophic levels in ecosystems. Many studies suggest that meteorological cues (changes in temperature and precipitation) affect variation in seed-crop size over years. We monitored cone crops of six conifer species in the Italian Alps (19...
Article
Full-text available
Integrative taxonomy, a multi-disciplinary approach adding modern techniques to traditional morphology-based methods (e.g., molecular and morphological criteria), can play an important role in bioinvasion research to identify introduced taxa, discover pathways of introduction and inform authorities to control and prevent future introductions. This...
Article
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The aim of the present study was to investigate the macroparasite fauna of Pallas's squirrel, Callosciurus erythraeus, native to SE Asia, recently introduced to Italy and co-occurring with the native Eurasian red squirrel Sciurus vulgaris. A total of 161 Pallas's squirrels harboured a poor macroparasite fauna, characterized by two main ectoparasite...
Conference Paper
Invasive alien species (IAS) can alter the natural evolution of the native ones by competitive exclusion, hybridization, predation and niche displacement which can, ultimately, result in native species extinction. The outcome of the invasion process may be affected also by parasites, and infection transmission can become a threat to native species...
Article
Full-text available
Wildcats are endangered felid species living in Europe, Asia, and Africa. Regrettably, scientific information on parasites of wildcats is particularly meager and they often rely on data gained by necropsies of a small number of animals. In the present study, scat collection was used to assess the parasite spectrum of European wildcats living in the...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract In invasion ecology, reliable measures of female fecundity are necessary to infer population growth rate and develop control programs to determine the proportion of animals that should be culled to reduce population size. Here, we present a reliable staining technique of uterine scars to determine individual fecundity in terms of both seas...
Article
Full-text available
This study identifies techniques to maximize trap efficiency and minimize trapping effort when using live traps to capture the invasive alien Pallas’s squirrel (Callosciurus erythraeus), which was introduced in Italy near the Swiss borders. We explored the effects of time of day, season, number of checks in the capture session and type of live trap...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) is a species common throughout Eurasia. In Great Britain, Ireland and Italy, their numbers have decreased drastically in recent years, also in association with the introduction of alien tree squirrels, mainly the eastern grey squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) from North America. Our study was focused on the squirre...
Article
Full-text available
An hair trapping protocol, with camera trapping surveillance, was carried out on the south-western side of the Etna, inhabited by an abundant population of the European wildcat. We aimed to collect hair for genetic analysis on the base of a field study conducted in Switzerland, where valerian tincture had been used to attract wildcats to rub again...

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