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Maria Luisa Balestrieri

Maria Luisa Balestrieri
Università della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli" · Precision Medicine

BiolD, PhD
Full Professor of Biochemistry, Department of Precision Medicine, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy

About

163
Publications
27,303
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5,405
Citations
Citations since 2017
67 Research Items
3523 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
Additional affiliations
December 2018 - present
Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (163)
Article
This review provides the current laboratory criteria for the detection and evaluation of the possible causes of alteration of non-concentrated industrial derivatives of tomatoes (peeled tomatoes, pulps, purees, sauces, and fillets), packaged in coated or uncoated tinplate cans. We discuss how the product alterations are typically the consequence of...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between dietary constituents and the onset and prevention of colorectal cancer (CRC) is constantly growing. Recently, the antineoplastic profiles of milk and whey from Mediterranean buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) have been brought to attention. However, to date, compared to cow milk, the potential health benefits of buffalo milk exosome...
Article
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In the present study, we aimed at assessing the influence of breed and feeding system on the bovine milk profile of betaines and carnitines and milk capacity in counteracting the inflammatory endothelial cell (EC) damage induced by interleukin (IL)-6. In the first experimental design, two breeds were chosen (Holstein vs. Modicana) to investigate th...
Article
This study aimed at investigating the SGLT2 expression in human cardiomyocytes. Human studies evaluating cardiomyocyte SGLT2s expression are limited. To better clarify this issue, SGLT2 protein expression was assessed in human hearts of diabetic and non-diabetic patients, and in AC16 human cardiomyocyte cell line. A prospective study with a follow-...
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Emerging evidence indicates that defects in sirtuin signaling contribute to impaired glucose and lipid metabolism, resulting in insulin resistance (IR) and endothelial dysfunction. Here, we examined the effects of palmitic acid (PA) treatment on mitochondrial sirtuins (SIRT2, SIRT3, SIRT4, and SIRT5) and oxidative homeostasis in human endothelial c...
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Background High glycated-hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels correlated with an elevated risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes despite renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibition in type-2 diabetic (T2DM) patients with reduced ejection fraction. Using the routine biopsies of non-T2DM heart transplanted (HTX) in T2DM recipients, we evaluated whether the diabe...
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Recent pharmacological research on milk whey, a byproduct of the dairy industry, has identified several therapeutic properties that could be exploited in modern medicine. In the present study, we investigated the anticancer effects of whey from Mediterranean buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) milk. The antitumour effect of delactosed milk whey (DMW) was eva...
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Objectives We evaluated whether Angiotensin receptor/Neprilysin inhibitors (ARNI) reduce heart failure (HF) hospitalizations and deaths in cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRTd) non-responders patients at 12 months of follow-up, modulating microRNAs (miRs) implied in adverse adverse cardiac remodeling. Background adverse cardi...
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Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are characterized by blunted immune responses, which are affected by glycaemic control. Whether glycaemic control influences the response to COVID-19 vaccines and the incidence of SARS-CoV-2 breakthrough infections is unknown. Here we show that poor glycaemic control, assessed as mean HbA1c in the post-vaccinatio...
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Sirtuins (SIRTs) are a family of class III histone deacetylases (HDACs) consisting of seven members, widely expressed in mammals. SIRTs mainly participate in metabolic homeostasis, DNA damage repair, cell survival, and differentiation, as well as other cancer-related biological processes. Growing evidence shows that SIRTs have pivotal roles in chro...
Article
Naturally occurring milk compounds have recently been investigated for their health-promoting properties; in fact, their anti-microbial, immuno-modulatory, antioxidant and anti-thrombotic activities, have increasingly gained interest within the scientific community. We have reported a translational, randomized, controlled clinical trial (RCT) on hu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are characterized by blunted immune responses, which are affected by glycaemic control. Whether glycaemic control influences the response to COVID-19 vaccines and the incidence of SARS-CoV-2 breakthrough infections is unknown. To explore the association between glycaemic control and immune responses or breakthrou...
Article
Ergothioneine (Egt) is a dietary amino acid which acts as an antioxidant to protect against aging‐related diseases. We investigated the anticancer properties of Egt in colorectal cancer cells (CRC). Egt treatment exerted cytotoxicity in a dose‐dependent manner, induced reactive oxygen species accumulation, loss of mitochondrial membrane potential,...
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Background The viral load of asymptomatic SAR-COV-2 positive (ASAP) persons has been equal to that of symptomatic patients. On the other hand, there are no reports of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) outcomes in ASAP patients. Therefore, we evaluated thrombus burden and thrombus viral load and their impact on microvascular bed perfusion i...
Article
Rationale Global warming has the potential to impact on the olfactory features of bergamot essential oil, which is a key component of perfumes, ointments and juices. Objectives The present study aimed at evaluating the hypothesis of a possible correlation between the chemical compositional characteristics of bergamot essential oil and climatic con...
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Background The pathogenesis of experimental diabetic cardiomyopathy may involve the activator protein 1 (AP-1) member, JunD. Using non-diabetic heart transplant (HTX) in recipients with diabetes, we examined the effects of the diabetic milieu (hyperglycemia and insulin resistance) on cardiac JunD expression over 12 months. Because sodium/glucose co...
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Emerging strategies to improve healthy aging include dietary interventions as a tool to promote health benefits and reduce the incidence of aging-related comorbidities. The health benefits of milk are also linked to its richness in betaines and short-chain acylcarnitines, which act synergistically in conferring anticancer, anti-inflammatory, and an...
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Objective: We evaluated sodium-glucose co-transporter2 (SGLT2) expression and the effect of SGLT2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) therapies on carotid plaques of asymptomatic diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Methods: Plaques were obtained from 296 non-diabetic patients and 227 patients with type 2 diabetes undergoing carotid endarterectomy. 97 patients wi...
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Understanding the mechanisms of colorectal cancer progression is crucial in the setting of strategies for its prevention. δ-Valerobetaine (δVB) is an emerging dietary metabolite showing cytotoxic activity in colon cancer cells via autophagy and apoptosis. Here, we aimed to deepen current knowledge on the mechanism of δVB-induced colon cancer cell d...
Article
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Background and purpose: pericoronary fat over-inflammation might lead to the development and destabilization of coronary plaque in patients with pre-diabetes (PDM). Notably, pericoronary fat could over-express the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) and leptin, along with decreased sirtuin 6 (SIRT6) expression in PDM vs. normoglycemic (NG) pati...
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Dietary phenolic compounds possess potent bioactivity against inflammatory pathways of chronic inflammatory conditions, such as type 2 diabetes. Here, the phenolic profile and bioactivity of Italian red wines Gaglioppo, Magliocco, and Nerello Mascalese were characterized. NMR, HPLC/UV-Vis and spectrophotometric characterization showed that Magliocc...
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BackgroundsObese pre-diabetics over express cytokines that influence myocardial function via microRNAs (miRs) expression.Objectives To evaluate inflammatory/oxidative stress, miRs’ expression and cardiovascular function in obese pre-diabetics assigned to metformin therapy vs. placebo vs. normo-glycemics at 12 months of follow-up.Materials and metho...
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Rationale About 50% of hospitalized coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) developed myocardial damage. The mechanisms of direct SARS-CoV-2 cardiomyocyte infection include viral invasion via ACE2-Spike glycoprotein-binding. In DM patients, the impact of glycation of ACE2 on cardiomyocyte invasion by SARS-CoV-2 can...
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Recently, several concerns have been expressed on red meat quality and consumption. The aims of this study were to evaluate the influence of different breeding techniques and a prolonged post dry aging (PDA) maturation process on biomolecules level in raw buffalo meat. In the first experiment, two groups of animals were maintained with different sp...
Article
Objectives We examined the association of the coronary thrombus microbiota and relative metabolites with major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in hyperglycemic patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Background Hyperglycemia during STEMI may affect both development and progression of coronary thrombus via gut and thr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives. We examined the association of the coronary thrombus microbiota and relative metabolites with major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in hyperglycemic patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Background. Hyperglycemia during STEMI may affect both development and progression of coronary
Article
The effect of green feed on health-promoting biomolecules in milk was examined in dairy buffaloes. Buffaloes received a total mixed ration (TMR) (Control, C; n = 40) or TMR + alfalfa green feed (30% of diet) (Treated, T; n = 40). Biomolecules and functional activity were measured in milk obtained twice-monthly. Treated buffaloes had higher milk l-c...
Article
The effect of GLP‐1R agonists on DNA methylation levels of NF‐κB and SOD2 genes in human aortic endothelial cells exposed to high glucose and in diabetic patients treated and not with incretin‐based drugs, was evaluated. Methylation levels, mRNA and protein expression of NF‐κB and SOD2 genes were measured in human endothelial cells exposed to high...
Article
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Betaines are food components widely distributed in plants, animals, microorganisms, and dietary sources. Among betaines, δ-valerobetaine (N,N,N-trimethyl-5-aminovaleric acid, δVB) shares a metabolic pathway common to γ-butyrobetaine (γBB). The biological properties of δVB are particularly attractive, as it possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory a...
Article
BACKGROUND The so called “Neapolitan limmo" or "lemoncetta Locrese" is an old and now rare Mediterranean sweet lime similar to lemon but smaller. It is a fruit distinguished from orange, lemon, mandarin and lime for its sweeter, watery and non‐acidic taste with a pH between 5.6 and 5.9. No compositional studies are currently available for this citr...
Article
Bergamot essential oil (BEO) is well-known for its food preservation activity, as well as anticancer efficacy. However, the poor BEO water solubility and deriving low bioaccessibility have limited its wider applications. The incorporation in nanoemulsions of BEO and its refined fractions was investigated to enhance its dispersibility in water to pr...
Article
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δ-Valerobetaine (δVB) is a constitutive milk metabolite with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Here, we tested the antineoplastic properties of milk δVB on human colorectal cancer cells. CCD 841 CoN (non-tumorigenic), HT-29 (p53 mutant adenocarcinoma) and LoVo (APC/RAS mutant adenocarcinoma) cells were exposed to 3 kDa milk extract, δVB...
Article
Objective: An important prognostic factor in any form of infection seems to be glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. There is no information about the effects of tight glycemic control on Covid-19 outcomes in patients with hyperglycemia. Therefore, we examined the effects of optimal glycemic control in patients with hyperglyce...
Article
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This study aimed to identify potential biomarkers for early pregnancy diagnosis in buffaloes subjected to artificial insemination (AI). The study was carried out on 10 pregnant and 10 non-pregnant buffaloes that were synchronized by Ovsynch-Timed Artificial Insemination Program and have undergone the first AI. Furthermore, milk samples were individ...
Article
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Background Early pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy (DMCM) may involve lipotoxicity of cardiomyocytes in the context of hyperglycemia. There are many preclinical studies of DMCM pathogenesis, but the human evidence is still poorly understood. Objectives By using a nondiabetic mellitus (non-DM) heart transplanted (HTX) in diabetes mellitus (DM...
Article
Full-text available
“Neapolitan limmo” is an ancient and rare sweet Mediterranean lime, now almost extinct but used until a few decades ago for the production of a fragrant liqueur called the “four citrus fruits”. The objective of this work was to compare, through the use of chemical (flavonoids, volatile organic compounds, and chiral compounds) and molecular (DNA fin...
Article
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Background How metabolic impairment leads to cardiac dysfunction in diabetics is unknown. A recent theory, derived mainly from rodent models, involves lipid over-storage to cardiomyocytes. Previous human study demonstrated cardiac steatosis on explanted hearts of diabetics with heart failure. However, this study did not provide any evidence about t...
Article
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Background/objectives: Pericoronary adipose tissue inflammation might lead to the development and destabilization of coronary plaques in prediabetic patients. Here, we evaluated inflammation and leptin to adiponectin ratio in pericoronary fat from patients subjected to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). F...
Article
Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is a pivotal treatment in ST‐segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. However, in hyperglycemic‐STEMI patients, the incidence of death is still significant. Here, the involvement of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) and miR33 on the pro‐inflammatory/pro‐coagulable state of the coronary thrombus was...
Article
The aim of the present study was to determine if space allocation influenced the concentration of biomolecules in buffalo milk and dairy products. Intensively housed buffaloes (n = 96) were randomly assigned to 2 groups according to days in milk, parity, and milk yield: group S10 had a space allocation of 10 m2 per buffalo and group S15 had a space...
Article
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: The role of sirtuin 6 (SIRT6) in adipose abdominal tissue of pre-diabetic (pre-DM) patients is poorly known. Here, we evaluated SIRT6 expression in visceral abdominal fat of obese pre-diabetic patients and the potential effects of metformin therapy. Results indicated that obese pre-DM subjects showed low SIRT6 protein expression and high expressi...
Article
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of metformin therapy on coronary endothelial function and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in patients with prediabetes with stable angina and nonobstructive coronary stenosis (NOCS). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Metformin therapy may be needed to reduce coronary heart disease risk in patients with prediabetes. A...
Article
δ-Valerobetaine (δVB), a constitutive metabolite of ruminant milk, is produced in the rumen from free dietary Nε-trimethyllysine occurring ubiquitously in vegetable kingdom. Biological role of δVB is poorly known. Here, the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential of buffalo milk δVB was tested in vitro during high-glucose (HG)-induced endotheli...
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Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported an error in Acknowledgment section. The last sentence should read as “All authors have read and approval the submission to Cardiovascular Diabetology.
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Objectives We evaluate whether the thrombus aspiration (TA) before primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) may improve STEMI outcomes in hyperglycemic patients. Background The management of hyperglycemic patients during STEMI is unclear. Methods We undertook an observational cohort study of 3166 first STEMI. Patients were grouped on the...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: In obese patients the superficial adipose tissue expresses cytokines, and sirtuins, that may affect myocardial function. In this study, we investigated the effect of metformin therapy added to a hypocaloric diet on the inflammatory pattern and cardiac performance (MPI) in obese patients with pre-diabetic condition. Materials and Methods...
Article
Ruminants’ milk contains δ-valerobetaine originating from rumen through the transformation of dietary Nε-trimethyllysine. Among ruminant’s milk, the occurrence of δ-valerobetaine, along with carnitine precursors and metabolites, has not been investigate in buffalo milk, the second most worldwide consumed milk, well known for its nutritional value....
Article
Vacuum impregnation is a non-thermal technique used in food technology to replace the air occluded in the products with specific substances, thus modifying food quality. Here, this technique was employed to allow calcium ions to penetrate more efficiently in the tissue structure of diced tomatoes with consequent increase of the product firmness. Ca...
Article
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Background: No proper data on prognosis and management of type-2 diabetic ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with culprit obstructive lesion and multivessel non obstructive coronary stenosis (Mv-NOCS) exist. We evaluated the 12-months prognosis of Mv-NOCS-diabetics with first STEMI vs.to non-diabetics, and then Mv-NOCS-diabetics p...
Article
No proper data on prognosis and management of type-2 diabetic patients with non-obstructive coronary artery stenosis (NOCS)-Non–ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI) exist. We evaluated the 12-months prognosis of NOCS-diabetics (20-49% luminal stenosis) with first NSTEMI as compared with non-diabetics. Moreover, we investigated the 12-months...
Article
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Gaba-betaine (γ-aminobutyric acid betaine, GabaBet), a betaine formed by trimethyllysine (TML), is a precursor of the L-carnitine biosynthesis. Betaine, quater-nary ammonium compounds, are naturally occurring osmoprotectants or compatible solutes with a widespread distribution in plant and animal kingdoms. Among betaines, stachydrine (N,N-dimethyl-...
Article
p27Kip1 is a cell cycle regulator firstly identified as a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor. For a long time, its function has been associated to cell cycle progression inhibition at G1/S boundary in response to antiproliferative stimuli. The picture resulted complicated by the discovery that p27Kip1 is an intrinsically unstructured protein, with n...
Article
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Significance: Oxidative stress represents the common hallmark of pathological conditions associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), including atherosclerosis, heart failure, hypertension, aging, diabetes, and other vascular system-related diseases. The sirtuin (SIRT) family, comprising seven proteins (SIRT1-SIRT7) sharing a highly conserved nic...
Article
We report the LC-ESI-MS/MS determination of betaines in commercial flours of cereals and pseudocereals most utilized in human nutrition. Results showed that glycine betaine, trigonelline, proline betaine, Nε-trimethyllysine were metabolites common to all examined flours, whereas an uncommon betaine, valine betaine, and glutamine betaine were presen...
Article
Ergothioneine (ESH), the betaine of 2-mercapto-l-histidine, is a water-soluble naturally occurring amino acid with antioxidant properties. ESH accumulates in several human and animal tissues up to millimolar concentration through its high affinity transporter, namely the organic cation transporter 1 (OCTN1). ESH, first isolated from the ergot fungu...
Article
Ergothioneine (Egt), 2-mercapto-L-histidine betaine (ESH), is a dietary component acting as antioxidant and cytoprotectant. In vitro studies demonstrated that Egt, a powerful scavenger of hydroxyl radicals, superoxide anion, hypochlorous acid and peroxynitrite, protects vascular function against oxidative damages, thus preventing endothelial dysfun...
Article
Glucosylated forms of tyramine and some of its N-methylated derivatives are here reported for the first time to occur in Citrus genus plants. The compounds tyramine-O-β-d-glucoside, N-methyltyramine-O-β-d-glucoside, and N,N-dimethyltyramine-O-β-d-glucoside were detected in juice and leaves of sweet orange, bitter orange, bergamot, citron, lemon, ma...
Article
Sirtuin 6 (SIRT6) is a member of the sirtuin family NAD⁺-dependent deacetylases with multiple roles in controlling organism homeostasis, lifespan, and diseases. Due to its complex and opposite functional roles, this sirtuin is considered a two-edged sword in health and disease. Indeed, SIRT6 improves longevity, similarly to the founding yeast membe...
Article
Objective: We previously found in our embryonic studies that proper regulation of the chemokine CCL12 through its sole receptor CCR2, is critical for joint and growth plate development. In the present study, we examined the role of CCR2 in injury-induced-osteoarthritis (OA). Method: We used a murine model of injury-induced-OA (destabilization of...