María Celeste Dávila de León

María Celeste Dávila de León
Complutense University of Madrid | UCM · Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociología

PhD
Senior lecturer in Complutense University of Madrid

About

48
Publications
29,359
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834
Citations
Additional affiliations
November 2006 - June 2020
Complutense University of Madrid
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (48)
Article
Full-text available
This following study aimed to determine the discriminant validity of Sense of Belonging and the different types of organizational commitment, and analyse the relationship and the predictive capacity of these constructs for subjective and psychological well-being. 354 people completed surveys measuring the constructs described. The results showed th...
Article
The present research focuses on the role of collective, social influence and intraindividual processes in shaping preventive behaviours during the COVID‐19 pandemic. In two correlational studies conducted in Spain, we explored the impact of participation in the ritual of collective applause (carried out daily for over 70 days during the lockdown) a...
Article
This study focuses on the role of individuals’ social networks and motivations in predicting their intention to participate socially. In an online survey, university students (N = 263) estimated the likelihood of their future participation in several types of civic and political activity and evaluated their possible motivations. Participants also i...
Article
El emprendimiento social es un fenómeno relativamente novedoso en nuestro país, pero a pesar de su importancia para el tercer sector y de las potenciales conexiones con otras formas más tradicionales de participación social, apenas se encuentran estudios que hayan abordado el análisis de tales relaciones. El propósito de este trabajo es analizar la...
Article
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Activism and volunteering are two noticeable forms of social participation. Although some researchers consider them similar, others affirm that they differ in their frames (charity versus change), effects (cohesion versus tension), social representations , and also in their psychosocial correlates. Drawing on role-identity theory, this study based...
Article
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El propósito de este trabajo es analizar el perfil de las redes personales de mujeres y varones en cuanto a la participación social de sus contactos, y el diferente papel que pueden tener sus contactos débiles y fuertes a la hora de explicar la intención de desarrollar diversas formas de participación social. A través de una encuesta on-line 263 es...
Article
The analysis of TV violence cannot be limited to the quantification of its incidence, but should also take into account the type of violence broadcast and its context (what is depicted and how). Thus, normative models of violence (legitimized violence with positive consequences for the aggressor, or vice versa) could be understood as positive, whil...
Article
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Studies on the benefits of volunteering in young people have received some attention, although important knowledge gaps still exist concerning this matter. The main aim of this study is to analyse the different profiles of those who choose to take part in voluntary activities and those who do not; another aim being to analyse the benefits of volunt...
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The increasing violence broadcasted by the media is subject of concern and social interest. Hard emissions frequently raise the accusation toward the mass media of fostering a morbid curiosity in the audience just to raise audience ratings. But the concept of morbid curiosity includes wide and imprecise meanings. The object of this paper is to (re)...
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[EN] Introduction. The regulation of violent, among others, contents in certain times of the day aims to protect minors of their effects. However, it is necessary to analyze the characteristics of violence to be able to anticipate their consequences. This work aims to analyze and compare aggressive acts broadcast on Spanish TV in times with differe...
Article
The aim of this article was to examine the role of social networks in the fostering of volunteering as a social activity among older adults. Two different data sources were used. First, a secondary analysis was conducted of 2,057 Spanish respondents to the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, previously published in 2013. The features...
Article
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El estudio de la relación entre conducta prosocial y bienestar se ha convertido en una temática de interés en los últimos años. A pesar de ello pocos han sido los estudios que han abordado las conductas concretas de ciudadanía organizacional (CCO). El objetivo de este trabajo era analizar la relación entre CCO, los motivos para su desarrollo (inter...
Article
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Con base en datos del SHARE (Survey of Health Ageing and Retirement in Europe), este estudio, por un lado, compara el perfil sociodemográfico de las personas mayores que realizan y no realizan actividades de voluntariado u otras obras de beneficencia y, por otro lado, analiza la relación existente entre la práctica de voluntariado y el bienestar fí...
Article
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El presente trabajo recoge una revisión de los principales temas que han sido estudiados con relación al voluntariado de los jóvenes: características actuales de su voluntariado, motivos que les llevan a desarrollar este tipo de actividades, influencia de la familia e implicaciones del servicio comunitario obligado, efectos y beneficios del volunta...
Article
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Nowadays social care crisis facilitates the emergence of different institutional measures that try to reformulate the unequal distribution of care responsibilities between the market, the state, the family and the civil society, as it is, in the Spanish case, the development of the Law of the Promotion of Personal Autonomy and the Attention to depe...
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The condition of dependence, inherent to all human being, has been regulated politically and institutionally on the basis of a series of assumptions which articulate a gender construction of care. These a priori’s could be subject to an overhaul due to the implementation of political initiatives, such as the Dependency Act as it could induce to a s...
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The purpose of this work was to study the relationship between prosocial behaviour and well-being, specifically to examine the relationship between organizational cit izenship behavior, cit izenship motives, perceptions of organizational cit izenship behavior as in-vs. e xtra-role and emp loyee well-being. A total of 144 people at 17 educational co...
Article
The general purpose of this work is to analyze the overlap between organizational identification and commitment. Specifically, our study focuses on the analysis of the differences and similarities between sense of belonging (a dimension of organizational identification) and affective commitment (a dimension of organizational commitment). In order t...
Article
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El objetivo de la investigación que se presenta en este artículo era analizar el impacto de los valores del empleado y de la organización en el compromiso organizacional y en el comportamiento de ciudadanía organizacional (CCO), considerando tanto su influencia directa como su influencia indirecta en base a la interacción de los valores del emplead...
Article
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El voluntariado corporativo es un tipo de actividad que forma parte de la Responsabilidad Social Corporativa de las empresas. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar de forma preliminar cómo responden los empleados al desarrollo de este tipo de actividades. Un total de 102 empleados cumplimentaron un cuestionario que incluía medidas sobre beneficio...
Article
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El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar un análisis de la participación de la población inmigrante en actividades de voluntariado y de la relación que puede tener la práctica del voluntariado con su integración en el país de acogida. Para ello se presenta una revisión de los trabajos desarrollados hasta el momento en torno al voluntariado realizad...
Article
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Organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) are workplace activities that exceed an employee's formal job requirements and contribute to the effective functioning of the organization. We explored the roles of the dispositional traits of individualism and collectivism in the prediction of OCB. The relationship was examined in the context of other con...
Article
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Organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) are workplace activities that exceed an employee's formal job requirements and contribute to the effective functioning of the organization. The behaviors may be directed toward co-workers or the organization itself. The purpose of this study is analyzes the gender differences in OCB following functional an...
Article
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Recently, it has been demonstrated that attitudes toward an organization impact upon sustained volunteerism. We compared Spanish and Italian volunteers using the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ) and then investigated how organizational commitment related to the intention to remain in the organization. Confirmatory and multiple-groups c...
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Organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) is a prosocial activity with similarities to volunteerism. The purpose of this work is to contribute new evidence about the relevance to OCB of two models of sustained volunteerism, functional analysis and role identity theory. A total of 983 Spanish employees at49 organizations completed surveys measuring...
Article
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Las motivaciones juegan un papel determinante en la explicación del inicio y del mantenimiento del voluntariado. Los objetivos de este trabajo son, en primer lugar, analizar el perfil motivacional de los empleados que realizan voluntariado corporativo y compararlo con el perfil ofrecido por otros voluntarios no vinculados a la empresa. En segundo l...
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This work has explored the socioemotional selectivity theory (Cartensen, 1995) with the purpose of evaluating how people selectively optimize their activities involving social investments as they increase in age, investing more in self-relevant and emotionally meaningful goals. Specifically, the purpose of this study was to test hypotheses derived...
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Most of the explanatory models of volunteerism have focused on the study of assistantial volunteerism and have not verified whether their results could be generalized to other types of volunteerism. The purpose of this work is to verify the validity of the Volunteer Process Model in environmental volunteers. Therefore, a field study of 140 environm...
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A problem for many organizations is the low continuity of volunteers. Diverse theoretical models have been developed to explain sustained volunteerism, but most of these models have focused on the study of welfare volunteerism and not have verified whether their results could be generalized to other types of volunteerism. In this study, we propose...
Article
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Adolescents tend to be much later chronotypes than other age groups. This circadian phase delay is attributed as much to biological as psychosocial factors. Because the consequences of this change on performance and health have been documented, questionnaires to identify morning and evening-type adolescents are necessary. The aim of the present stu...
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The main objective of this paper was to describe the latest results of a longitudinal study carried out by our research team with a sample of social work volunteers, whose one-year follow-up has just been completed, allowing us to draw up what we have called the “Three-stage model of volunteers' duration”. Use of this model overcomes some of the ap...
Article
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The first purpose of this study is to research the existence of differences between two types of volunteerism in certain variables. The second purpose is to identify the variables that increasing the prediction of sustained volunteerism. 290 volunteers completed a questionnaire and after two telephone follow-ups were carried out to determine whethe...
Article
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El propósito de este trabajo es, en primer lugar, estudiar la existencia de diferencias entre diversos tipos de voluntariado en ciertas variables relevantes en la explicación de este fenómeno; y, en segundo lugar, identificar cuáles de estas variables pueden aumentar la predicción de la permanencia en función del tipo de voluntariado. Un total de 2...
Article
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Psychosocial factors and the type of volunteerism. The first purpose of this study is to research the existence of differences between two types of volunteerism in certain variables. The second purpose is to identify the variables that increasing the prediction of sustained volunteerism. 290 volunteers completed a questionnaire and after two teleph...
Article
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The first purpose of this study is to research the relationship between background profile and duration of sustained volunteerism in different types of volunteerism, and to analyse age’s influence in this relationship. 419 volunteers completed a questionnaire and after two telephone follow-ups were carried out to determine whether volunteers remain...
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Con el objetivo de estudiar la influencia del burnout en la permanencia de dos tipos de voluntariado habitualmente poco estudiados, 184 voluntarios que realizaban actividades de campo dirigidas a la defensa medioambiental, completaron el Inventario de Burnout de Maslach y tres medidas que evaluaban la intención de continuar como voluntario a los se...
Article
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El objetivo fundamental de este trabajo era comprobar si existían diferencias significativas entre voluntarios socioasistenciales y voluntarios ecologistas en una serie de variables psicosociales, y de ser así, cómo afectaba esto a algunos de los modelos predictivos de la permanencia de los voluntarios. Un total de 233 voluntarios que desarrollaban...
Article
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Las motivaciones de los voluntarios constituyen uno de los factores más importantes que permiten explicar la participación voluntaria, pero apenas se cuenta con instrumentos adecuados que logren acceder a este tipo de información. En este trabajo se describen nuevos datos sobre la adaptación al voluntariado español del Inventario de Funciones del V...
Article
En los últimos años, diferentes modelos explicativos han mostrado que las actitudes hacia la organización juegan un importante papel en la explicación de la continuidad de los voluntarios en las organizaciones. A pesar de ello, aún no se cuenta con instrumentos de evaluación adecuados que permitan un estudio más exhaustivo de estas actitudes en los...
Article
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En esta comunicación se analiza la relación existente entre apoyo social e intención de continuar como voluntario en las organizaciones, a través del estudio de una muestra de 217 voluntarios pertenecientes a organizaciones tanto de carácter asistencial, como medioambiental. Los resultados muestran la existencia de una relación significativa y posi...
Article
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El objetivo de este artículo es presentar una revisión de los trabajos llevados a cabo hasta el momento en torno al voluntariado y la tercera edad. La revisión se organiza en tres temas: factores que explican el desarrollo del voluntariado en población mayor, vinculación entre volunta-riado y trabajo remunerado y beneficios que se derivan de la prá...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Analyze the predictors of different types of social participation
Project
Analyze the benefits of volunteering in different groups of age