Maria Łanczont

Maria Łanczont
Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lublin · Zakład Geoekologii i Paleogeogr.

professor of Earth Sciences

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161
Publications
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (161)
Poster
Full-text available
Settlement processes in Europe during the LGM period are a hotly debated issue. In Eastern Europe we observe several major settlement centres including the camp at Doroshivtsy III located in the Middle Dniester valley. It is one of the very important sites to understand the settlement processes at LGM and the importance of refugia, as well as studi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The contemporary landscape of the Middle Dnieper Valley is characterized by pronounced asymmetry on both sides of a wide flood plain now occupied by dam reservoirs. The high and steep right bank – the edge of the hilly plateau of the Dnieper Upland, contrasts with the left bank – gently sloping and low of the Dnieper Terraced Plain. In this area, l...
Article
The study focuses on the loess–palaeosol sequence at Roxolany, exposed in the cliffs on the left bank of the Dniester Liman in the Black Sea Lowland. The sequence is one of the longest and most complete terrestrial records of Quaternary climate change in Ukraine. The Pleistocene sequence, i.e. loess, soil and fluvial units, is quite thick, i.e. abo...
Article
Full-text available
New research at the Doroshivtsi site in Ukraine has provided data that allow fresh insights into a well-known and important Gravettian site in the Middle Dniester Valley.
Article
The lowest section of the Upper Dniester River Valley (DRV), located between the uplands of Opillia and Eastern Subcarpathians, was a separate and specific Pleistocene geoecosystem, interesting for the hunter-gatherer communities. This is evidenced by three main (Yezupil, Mariampil and Halych), and a dozen or so additional Palaeolithic open-air sit...
Article
Full-text available
In Poland, loess mainly occurs in the southern part of the country, in the Polish Uplands, and on the northern foreland of the Sudetes and the Carpathians. Most of these sediments come from the time of the last glaciation–the Vistulian (Weichselian) glaciation. Thin covers of loess from the penultimate glaciation have been preserved in Upper Silesi...
Article
Full-text available
A set of brick samples from 26 historical buildings in SE Poland was taken for archeomagnetic study. As a result of this study, the secular variations of inclination of the geomagnetic field from 1200 to 1800 AD were defined for SE Poland. The course of them is approximately the same as obtained in other parts of Europe. The only remarkable differe...
Article
The role of environmental change in the evolution of cultural traits is a topic of long-standing scientific debate with strongly contrasting views. Major obstacles for assessing environmental impacts on the evolution of material culture are the fragmentary nature of archaeological and – to a somewhat lesser extent – geoscientific archives and the i...
Article
A provenance study was carried out on loess deposits of SE Poland and Ukraine. For this purpose, loess samples were taken from 18 loess outcrops, and the U-Pb ages of detrital zircons were determined using a SHRIMP IIe ion microprobe. Additionally, studies of the anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility were conducted in the selected sections in order...
Article
The paper presents the results of the newly discovered Epigravettian site situated in the San river valley in the Carpathian foreland close to the Przemyśl Gate – sub- and cross-mountain route. The site lies at the edge of that culture's post-LGM re-settlement of that area. It is a unique remnant documenting the presence of an Epigravettian Culture...
Article
Full-text available
The studied Radymno loess section is located in the large, fore-Carpathian San River valley (Sandomierz Basin, SE Poland) and shows the sequence building the Pleistocene cover of middle terrace of the San River. Such sequence is quite rare in loess deposits because it combines different depositional environments: subaqueous – the late Eemian-Early...
Article
Over many years of archaeological research a number of Middle Paleolithic sites have been discovered in the vicinity of Mariampil, including Bukivna IV, Bukivna V, Yezupil I, Kolodiiv, Mariampil I, Mariampil V and others. The site of Mariampil I was discovered in the 1920s by Yu. Polanski. Since then the site has not been researched, although it is...
Chapter
Full-text available
The paper presents a concept of development the Giełczew valley floor in the village Wygnanowice (the Lublin voivodeship), with particular emphasis on its tourist potential. The article analyzes the landscape values (natural and cultural), recreational value and specialized value in tourist space. In addition it analysis state of the environment in...
Chapter
Full-text available
Rewitalizacja krajobrazu doliny Giełczwi w obszarze wsi Wygnanowice (Wyżyna Lubelska) 1. Wstęp Pojęcie rewitalizacji krajobrazu w Polsce kojarzy się najczęściej z zespołem działań urbanistycznych i planistycznych, które mają na celu przekształcenie obszarów miejskich i podmiejskich, będących w kryzysie społeczno-ekono-micznym. Działania rewitalizac...
Article
The azimuth of imbrication of minimum magnetic susceptibility axes in the youngest loess from Ukraine defines prevailing wind directions during aeolian sedimentation. It changes along the studied sections. These changes can be directly correlated with the fluctuations of the Fennoscandian Ice Sheet. The northern and northeastern winds noted in the...
Article
The article presents the results of research on the formation conditions and the age of glaciogenic deposits left by the Scandinavian ice sheet in the Eastern Carpathian Foreland, in its part drained by the Dniester River and its tributaries (Black Sea basin). These deposits (till, erratics, glaciolacustrine and glaciofluvial sediments), preserved...
Article
Nowa Biała 1 is a unique site of the Federmesser culture in the area of Carpathian Mountains, and also one of the few Final Palaeolithic sites known from this territory. From taxonomic point of view the artefacts represent the Federmesser culture as an element of Arch-backed points technocomplex (APT) – well known from the European Plain and practi...
Article
The Volochysk site belongs to important and unique loess sites in the Podolia Upland (W Ukraine) because it contains relatively well-developed loess deposits representing the last and penultimate glacial cycles. This loess–palaeosol sequence consists of pedocomplex S1 (MIS 5) developed on loess L2, and loess L1 (MIS 4-2) with the palaeosols of lowe...
Article
Full-text available
Litho-, pedo- and palynological analyses constrained by radiometric dating of two loess-palaeosol sequences, Nahirne and Velyka Andrusivka, exposed in a cliff at the eastern edge of the Dnieper Upland, Ukraine, document regional environmental changes in the western marginal zone of the Dnieper lobe. The postglacial loess sedimentation cycle was ini...
Article
A loess-palaeosol succession from the last glacial cycle was palaeomagnetically studied in the Rivne abandoned brickyard (western Ukraine). Two samples of undisturbed loess from the same depth of parallel sections display steep negative inclinations. These reversed directions in the loess dated at c. 18 ka may possibly be correlated with the Hilina...
Article
Measurements of the anisotropy of whole-rock magnetic susceptibility (AMS) and U-Pb ages of detrital zircons have been combined to define the palaeowind directions and sources of wind-blown dust in the loess-palaeosol key section at Roxolany (southern Ukraine). Zircon dating has also been used to determine the age and provenance of the interbedded...
Article
The subject of interdisciplinary studies was the Magdalenian archaeological site and its vicinity situated in the SE part of Kolbuszowa Plateau (Sandomierz Basin, SE Poland). The results of geoarchaeological analysis were not limited only to the area of archaeological excavations, but also include a wider background. From palaeogeographical point o...
Article
The Fore-Carpathians part of Svicha River valley partially covers Morshyn and Zalissia Uplands and Stryi-Zhydachiv depression. Within the Svicha and Sukil' river valleys, there are well-developed different-age terraces with thick stratified loess covers. The investigation of the last ones can help to define nomenclature and age of the terraces. The...
Article
We present major element glass data and correlations for the ‘Roxolany Tephra’ − a so far geochemically unconstrained volcanic ash layer previously described in last glacial (Marine Isotope Stage 2) loess deposits of the Roxolany loess–palaeosol complex in south-west Ukraine. This exceptionally well-preserved, 2–3-cm-thick tephra layer is character...
Article
A total of 213 oriented samples were taken for palaeomagnetic investigations from 11 m of loesspalaeosol sediments cropping out in the Korolevo new section (W Ukraine). As the background of our palaeomagnetic investigations we present the results of granulometric, chemical (content of humus and iron oxides), mineralogical (heavy minerals) and struc...
Article
Full-text available
SE Poland – the Carpathian foreland and the northern part of the Carpathian Mountains – is a marginal, easternmost part of the area settled by Magdalenian people. Several sites of this culture were investigated in this area by archaeologists and naturalists during the last decades. Based on the results of those studies, landscape of the surrounding...
Article
Full-text available
The Jaksice II Gravettian site was occupied when the landscape was a mosaic of steppe, tundra, and parkland (having rare groups of trees). Results from new excavations show that the site was part of a hunting camp inhabited by groups of Late Gravettian hunters 24,000e20,000 14 C BP. Archaeological and palaeontological assemblages consist of, among...
Article
Full-text available
The Kraków Spadzista open-air site, situated in the loess belt in southern Poland, belongs to the best-known Gravettian sites of Europe. Many years of archaeological studies revealed a wealth of faunal remains (especially mammoths) as well as numerous Aurignacian, Gravettian and Epigravettian stone artefacts in several cultural layers. Field pedoge...
Article
The paper presents the results of interdisciplinary studies on environmental characteristics of the Middle and Upper Pleistocene (MIS 8-2) of central Ukraine based on an example of the new research site at Maksymivka. The tested profile is situated on the left bank of the Dnieper River on the western edge of the Dnieper Plain. It is a representativ...
Article
The stratigraphic rank of warming, distinguished in marine deposits as ‘marine oxygen isotope stage 7’ (MOIS 7) and recorded in terrestrial deposits as a palaeosol, has been discussed for a long time. The purpose of this paper is to describe the climate and environment of the time, determined from palaeopedological and palynological investigations...
Article
The Middle Palaeolithic site in Pronyatyn village is situated on the Ternopil Plateau, on the eastern, long and straight slope of the Krucha Gora hill (369.5 m a.s.l.). The structure of loess cover in this area was investigated in the series of archaeological excavations to a depth of 5–6 m in 1977–1985, 2010 and 2011. Lithological, palaeomagnetica...
Article
The main research task was to explain the location of the Kraków Spadzista Gravettian site, based on the analyses of land relief and deposit lithology in the surroundings. Field geological (drilling and pit) investigations, geoelectric recognition, tachimetric geomorphological measurements, and geospatial analysis (GIS) were carried out in the site...
Article
The Jaksice II Gravettian site was occupied when the landscape was a mosaic of steppe, tundra, and parkland (having rare groups of trees). Results from new excavations show that the site was part of a hunting camp inhabited by groups of Late Gravettian hunters 24,000–20,000 14C BP. Archaeological and palaeontological assemblages consist of, among o...
Article
Ihrovytsia, an important site of Middle and Upper Palaeolithic settlement, is situated in the central part of the Podolia region (western Ukraine). During the excavations (33 m2) in the years 1988–1989 and 1996, archaeological materials were found in a complicated stratigraphic (geological) situation in the 3 m thick loess-soil sequence (MIS 5-1)....
Article
Velykyi Glybochok is an important multi-cultural Palaeolithic site, known since 1979. Besides the Late Palaeolithic (I) and Upper Palaeolithic (II) cultural layers, in this site the following Middle Palaeolithic layers are found: III-B in the soil from the last interglacial, III-A in the Ternopil soil horizon from the penultimate glaciation, and II...
Data
Czasopismo jest indeksowane w bazie Copernicus i znajduje się na liście ministerialnej czasopism punktowanych. Artykuły czasopisma w elektronicznej wersji są dostępne w bazach: CEEOL, EBSCOhost, Proquest i na portalu ePNP i IBUK.
Article
Paleolithic site Bugliv V is one of the oldest sites of the Ternopil Paleolithic region. There were identified two cultural layers (I, II) of Early and Late stages of Middle Paleolithic accordingly. Both of cultural layers occur in unstratificated sections that is why questions of its dating are controversial. Especially it concerns cultural layer...
Article
Key Paleolithic site Vanzhuliv I (Zamchysko) belongs to perspective monuments which related to Pleistocene periglacial loess-soil series of Northern Podillia. The site was discovered by M. Levchuk in 1986. There are three Paleolithic cultural layers and the artefacts of Neolithic-Eneolithic and maybe Bronze ages were detected on the site. The eldes...
Article
This paper present the results of geochemical analyses of peat sediments in three peatlands: Ługi (Warta River Valley), Podwódka (Szczerców Ba-sin) and Rąbień (Łask Plain) (Fig. 1). The objec-tive of the geological and geochemical analyses of the above peatlands was to reconstruct the denuda-tion intensity. The works included: – mapping of the biog...
Article
The paper concerns the issues of age as well as lithological and pedological development of the loess-paleosol sequence available for direct research at the Korshiv site in the Volhynian Upland (West Ukraine). For dozens of identical samples, a series of comparative laboratory TL dating (Gdańsk, Lublin) and OSL dating (Gliwice) was performed, suppl...
Article
Full-text available
Many studies conducted in the last few years in Poland indicate that the results of thermoluminescence dating of loess are reliable and correspond well to their geological ages. They can form the basis for determination of the chronology of changes of palaeoenvironmental conditions. In this paper we report dating results from the Halych IIC profile...
Article
Full-text available
In many papers different authors was described problem of systematic underestimation of TL ages for sediments older then 100 ka. We presented the results which probably are not significantly rejuvenated. This is another example of the TL dates made in Lublin laboratory which are likely in agreement with the stratigraphic interpretation. In 2002 Kus...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The beginning of reoccupation of the Central Europe area in the post-maximum phase of the Weichselian Glaciation during the ice-sheet retreat was associated with the activities of Magdalenian groups, which migrated eastwards in several waves. Population of this culture penetrated these terrains as far as the right-bank part of the Vistula basin, an...
Article
At environs of the village Dovhe in Ivano-Frankivs’k region (oblast) the fourth, fifth and sixth terraces of the Dnister River are well developed. They occur in the close vicinity to each other and are fully exposed. The authors published sections of the V and VI terraces earlier. In the present paper the description of the IV terrace is given. All...
Article
Full-text available
The loess site at Boynychi (the Volyn Upland) is of essential importance for the stratigraphy of Middle and Upper Pleistocene in Central Europe. The profile was recently dated by Fedorowicz and Prylypko in 2007 (parallel dating), and by Kusiak in 2009. The Upper Vistulian loesses are much thicker in the exposure from 2009 than in the earlier examin...
Article
DELLUVIAL-SOLIFLUCTIONAL PROCESSES AND PROBLEMS OF REDEPOSITION AND DATING OF PALAEOLITHIC CULTURAL HORIZONS (in Ukrainian with English summary) Conditions of peryglacial zones repeatedly appeared on the territory of Volhyn-Podillia Upland in Pleistocene. In the Upper Pleistocene four distinct paleocryogenic stages appeared there – Torchyn, Basiv-K...
Article
Full-text available
The history of the interlaboratory comparison of TL dating results in Poland started in the 1980s. At that time the Lublin, Warsaw and Silesian laboratories made the first attempts at TL dating of the same loess samples from the Odonów profile. However, the cooperation ceased for many years due to great differences in the obtained TL age estimates....
Article
This is a contribution to the reconstruction of the eolian transport processes and wind directions in south-eastern Europe during the Weichselian Pleniglacial. The study is based on eight loess sections: three west and five east of the Carpathian Mountains. The loess dispersal patterns in the area is interpreted by the loess grain-size distribution...
Article
The article deals with new interpretation of Paleolithic site Proniatyn that is based on archaeological and geological researches. Analysis of collections of artifacts allow authors to determine its flint industry as Early-Würm, Western-Podillia, Levalloise, radial-parallel, flakes-and-blades one without two-sided tools and with domination of knife...